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Guatemalan general election, 1974: Wikis


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A general election was held in Guatemala on 3 March 1974. Voters went to the polls to elect a new President of the Republic and a new Congress.

As the election of 1974 approached, optimists could find some reason to hope that a new basis had been laid for reform. The coalition of opposition parties chose General Efraín Ríos Montt, an officer in the armed forces, to contend with General Kjell Laugerud García, another military officer.

Some allege that when returns showed Ríos Montt winning an absolute majority, the government abruptly suspended election reports, manipulated the results, and finally announced that Laugerud García had won a plurality of votes. The government-controlled National Congress promptly elected him.


Presidential election results

Candidate Party/Alliance Votes %
Gen. Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García National Liberation Movement (MLN) / Institutional Democratic Party (PID) 298,953 44.61%
Gen. José Efraín Ríos Montt National Opposition Front (FNO) * 228,067 34.03%
Gen. Ernesto Paíz Novales Revolutionary Party (PRG) 143,111 21.36%
Total valid votes 670,131
Spoilt and invalid votes 57,043 7.84%
Total votes/Turnout 727,174 46.41%
Registered voters 1,566,724
Population 5.900.000

* It was composed of the Guatemalan Christian Democracy (PDCG), the Social Democratic Party, and the Authentic Revolutionary Party (PRA) that was a split branch of the Revolutionary Party

Congressional confirmation (12.03.1974)

Candidate Party/Alliance Votes
Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García MLN/PID 32
José Efraín Ríos Montt FNO 0
Total votes 60

Legislative election

Parties and alliances Votes % Seats
Institutional Democratic Party (PID) / National Liberation Movement (MLN) * ?? ?? 30
National Opposition Front (FNO) ?? ?? 14
Revolutionary Party (PRG) ?? ?? 10
Central Aranista Organization (CAO) ?? ?? 6
Total ?? 100% 60
Spoilt and invalid votes ?? ??
Total votes/Turnout ?? ??
Registered voters 1.566.724
Population 5.900.000
  • MLN – 16, DIP – 14.

Presidents of the Congress

1970 Mario Augusto Sandoval Alarcón (MLN)

1970 – 1974 Luis Alfonso Lopez (CAO)


Guía del organismo legislativo República de Guatemala. Preparada por el Instituto Nacional de Administración para el Desarrollo, Dobierno de la República. 1968.

Villagrán Kramer, Francisco. Biografía política de Guatemala: años de guerra y años de paz. FLACSO-Guatemala, 2004.

Political handbook of the world 1974. New York, 1975.

Elections in the Americas A Data Handbook Volume 1. North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Edited by Dieter Nohlen. 2005.



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