|— Town —|
Location within Albany County
|- Total||58.7 sq mi (152.0 km2)|
|- Land||57.9 sq mi (150.0 km2)|
|- Water||0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)|
|Elevation||328 ft (100 m)|
|- Density||564.3/sq mi (217.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||12084, 12303, 12009, 12203|
|GNIS feature ID||0979030|
Guilderland is a town in Albany County, New York, United States. In the 2000 census, the town had a population of 32,688. The town's name means "Moneyland" in Dutch and is named for Gelderland, in the Netherlands. The town of Guilderland is on the north border of the county. It is west of Albany, the capital of New York.
The Dutch colonized the area in the 17th century and the region was once part of Rensselaer.
The town of Guilderland was formed in 1803 from part of the then-town of Watervliet. During WWII there was an ammo dump in Guilderland to supply fuel and ammunition to the war effort.
During the American Revolution, the town was divided in its loyalties.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.7 square miles (152.0 km²), of which, 57.9 square miles (150.0 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²) of it (1.31%) is water.
The town borders Schenectady County, New York, including the towns of Princetown and Rotterdam on the northern and western edges. It also borders the towns of Berne, Colonie and New Scotland and the city of Albany.
There are several ZIP codes in Guilderland, including 12084 (Guilderland), 12085 (Guilderland Center), 12203 (Albany), 12009 (Altamont), 12303 and 12306 (Schenectady), 12159 (Slingerlands), and 12186 (Voorheesville).
As of the 2000 census, there were 32,688 people, 13,422 households and 8,764 families residing in the town. The population density was 564.3 people per square mile (217.9/km²). There were 13,928 housing units at an average density of 240.5/sq mi (92.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.07% White, 2.51% African American, 0.14% Native American, 3.82% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population. 93.2% of population are native U.S. Citizens and 6.8% are immigrants.
There were 13,422 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 34.7% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $58,669 and the median income for a family was $68,472. Males had a median income of $48,742 versus $34,796 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,508. About 2.4% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over. 64.9% of workers are employed in the private-sector, and 29.1% are government employees.
Guilderland is served by the Guilderland Central School District. It has one high school, Guilderland High School, one middle school, Farnsworth Middle School, and five elementary schools. These include Guilderland Elementary School, Pine Bush Elementary School, Lynnwood Elementary School, Altamont Elementary School, and Westmere Elementary School. Some portions of the town are served by other school districts, including Voorheesville Central School District, based in the town of New Scotland; as well as Schalmont Central School District and Mohonasen Central School District, both of which are based in the town of Rotterdam.
The current town supervisor is Kenneth D. Runion (since 2000).
The current councilmen and councilwomen are Patricia Slavick (2000), Paul Pastore (2006), Mark Grimm (2008), and Warren Redlich (2008).
Rosemary Centi is the current town clerk.
Jean J. Cataldo is the current Receiver of Taxes, serving since 2000.
The current town attorney is Richard Sherwood.
The seat of Guilderland's government is the Guilderland Town Hall.
Emergency Medical Services for the town of Guilderland, except for the village of Altamont as well as Guilderland Center, are provided by two main, yet separate medical organizations. Both Western Turnpike Rescue Squad, serving the local community since 1939 and The Altamont Rescue Squad, established in 1937, which covers the village of Altamont, the hamlet of Guilderland Center, and parts of the town of Knox are the BLS transport ambulances for the town of Guilderland. Advanced Life Support Care is provided by the career paramedic staff of Guilderland EMS, which is a division of the Guilderland Police Department.
There are six main fire departments that also provide rescue; including Guilderland Fire Department, Westmere Fire Department Guilderland Center Fire Department, Fort Hunter Fire Department, Altamont Fire Department, North Bethlehem Fire Department, McKownville Fire Department and Pine Grove Fire Department.
Guilderland has its own police constabulary unit which is headquartered in town hall.
Libraries in Guilderland are members of the Upper Hudson Library System. The largest, Guilderland Public Library, serves as a cultural center for the town and the surrounding area. Some 59% of town residents hold library cards. Library use has grown with the population of the town. Since 1992, when the Library moved into its current location at 2228 Western Avenue, patron visits have almost doubled, from 177,996 to 343,144 annually, and circulation has more than doubled, from 214,446 to 519,426 items every year.