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Guillermo Tell Villegas: Wikis


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Guillermo Tell Villegas

In office
28 June 1868 – 20 February 1869
Preceded by Manuel Ezequiel Bruzual
Succeeded by José Ruperto Monagas

In office
16 April 1870 – April 27, 1870
Preceded by José Ruperto Monagas
Succeeded by Antonio Guzmán Blanco

In office
17 June 1892 – 31 August 1892
Preceded by Raimundo Andueza Palacio
Succeeded by Guillermo Tell Villegas Pulido

65th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela
In office
7 August 1863 – 21 January 1864
President Juan Crisóstomo Falcón
Preceded by Antonio Guzmán Blanco
Succeeded by Antonio Guzmán Blanco

78th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela
In office
27 June 1868 – 24 February 1869
President José Ruperto Monagas
Preceded by Rafael Arvelo
Succeeded by Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl

Born 1823
Valencia, Carabobo
Died 21 March 1907 (aged 83–84)
Valencia , Carabobo
Political party Liberal Party

Guillermo Tell Villegas (Valencia, Venezuela, 1823 - Valencia, 21 March 1907), was interim President of Venezuela in 1868, 1870 and 1892.




Early career

His political career begins during the Federal War, after graduating as lawyer at the Central University of Venezuela. In 1859 was designated governor of Barinas, and in 1863, delegated in the Assembly of La Victoria. Later on July, evolved like subsecretary of Home Affairs and Justice during the government of Juan Crisóstomo Falcón, in August is named Minister of Home Affairs and Justice, and is in charge temporarily of the Ministry of Outer Relations, due to the absence of Antonio Guzmán Blanco. One of his most important profits being minister of Home Affairs and Justice, was the elaboration of a decree of Constitutional Guarantees, in which the capital punishment, the exile and prison for the political enemies of the government were eliminated, being guaranteed the freedom of expression.

In 1864, was designated member of the Federal Court and two years later, member of the Supreme Federal Court. In 1867, disappointed by the regime of Falcón, participates next to Pedro Ezequiel Rojas, Elías Rojas, Martin Sanabria and José Antonio Mosquera in the revolution known like La Genuina, directed by Luciano Mendoza. At the beginning of 1868, before the imminent outbreak of the Revolución Azul (Blue Revolution), Villegas acts like vice-president of a meeting of 1000 people carried out at the Caracas theater, with the purpose of conciliate the position of the Falcón government with the exigencies of the Blue Revolution, leaded by Miguel Antonio Rojas and José Tadeo Monagas.

Guillermo Tell Villegas (First of right) in a poster allusive to Venezuelan Federation, C. 1860s

Charges in government and provisional presidencies

On April, 1868, is designated president of the House of Representatives at the Venezuelan congress, where is openly against the government of Falcón. From the triumph on June, 1868 of the Blue Revolution, became an important figure of the new government, being designated as minister of Outer Relations, president of the Council of Government, and being in charge of the presidency of the Republic, on 28 June 1868. Having an important work at the amnesty to political prisoners, granting and declaring effective the Federal Constitution of 1864, the union of parties, vindication of citizen rights, practice of the genuine federal right and the complete abolition of the regime established by Falcón.

Like president, decreed official honors to the remains of general Ezequiel Zamora, honors and repatriation to Venezuela from New York City of the remains of José María Vargas, honors to the memory of general José Gregorio Monagas, the installation of a statue of Simón Bolívar in the main square of Caracas, the availability of 13000 pesos for the support of the national schools, the pardon to the political figures of the events of 1868, and the creation of the “Presidency of Cabinet”. On February, 1869, gives the presidency to José Ruperto Monagas, and on September, 1869, becomes Ministry of Home Affairs. In 1870, is in charge again of the presidency, when José Ruperto Monagas fought against the Revolución Liberal (Liberal Revolution), led by Guzmán Blanco. However, the triumph of the movement commanded by Guzmán, will retired Villegas of politics. On 1876, founds the school La Paz along with his nephew Guillermo Tell Villegas Pulido, from where a big educative work. In 1884 writes a Castilian Grammar book, and in 1887 is the author of Homófonos de la lengua castellana.

Later career and third provisional presidency

In 1889, like commissioner by the National Executive, presents a report to the minister of Public Instruction for the formation of a book catalogue of popular instruction in Venezuela. In 1889 is designated minister of Public Instruction by the government of Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl. In 1892, is designated president of the Federal Council in the government of Raimundo Andueza Palacio, in this charge, he assume the temporary presidency of the Republic during the outbreak of the Revolución Legalista (Legalist Revolution) directed by Joaquín Crespo. After the end of Andueza's government, and the triumph of the movement led by Crespo, Villegas leaves to exile, to return definitively distant of politics. In 1895, his most important work is published: Primer libro venezolano de literatura, ciencias y bellas artes. On 6 October 1901, was incorporated like individual of number of the National Academy of History, which could not be carried out due to his age.


See also


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