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Coordinates: 26°50′N 106°50′E / 26.833°N 106.833°E / 26.833; 106.833

Guizhou Province
Chinese : 贵州省
Guìzhōu Shěng
Abbreviations: 黔 or 贵  (pinyin: Qián or Guì)
Guizhou is highlighted on this map
Origin of name 贵 guì - Gui Mountains
州 zhōu - zhou (prefecture)
Administration type Province
Capital
(and largest city)
Guiyang
CPC Ctte Secretary Shi Zongyuan
Governor Lin Shusen (acting)
Area 176,100 km2 (68,000 sq mi) (16th)
Population (2004)
 - Density
39,040,000 (15th)
222 /km2 (570 /sq mi) (18th)
GDP (2008)
 - per capita
CNY 333.3 billion (26th)
CNY 8,824 (31st)
HDI (2006) 0.659 (medium) (30th)
Ethnic composition Han - 62%
Miao - 12%
Buyi - 8%
Dong - 5%
Tujia - 4%
Yi - 2%
Undistinguished - 2%
Gelao - 2%
Shui - 1%
Prefecture-level 9 divisions
County-level 88 divisions
Township-level* 1539 divisions
ISO 3166-2 CN-52
Official website
http://www.gzgov.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)
Source for population and GDP data:
《中国统计年鉴—2005》 China Statistical Yearbook 2005
ISBN 7503747382
Source for nationalities data:
《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》 Tabulation on nationalities of 2000 population census of China
ISBN 7105054255
*As at December 31, 2004
Template ■ Discussion ■ WikiProject China

About this sound Guizhou (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: pinyin: GùizhōuWade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. Its provincial capital city is Guiyang.

Contents

History

Guizhou was under Chinese control during the Han Dynasty and well known by the Chinese for thousands of years but it was not until the Ming dynasty[citation needed]that it came under heavy Chinese settlement and domination during which it was made a province. This prompted mass migration from Sichuan, Hunan and its surrounding provinces into Guizhou.

Countless rebellions by its native Miao people occurred throughout the Qing dynasty[citation needed]. It was said in the Qing dynasty that every thirty years there would be minor revolts, while every sixty years there would be major rebellions. All the revolts would be violently suppressed by the government.[citation needed]

Geography

Bouyei minority Shitou village, west Guizhou (near Longgong caves), China.

Guizhou adjoins Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality to the north, Yunnan Province to the west, Guangxi Province to the south and Hunan Province to the east. Overall Guizhou is a mountainous province however it is more hilly in the west while the eastern and southern portions are relatively flat. The western part of the province forms part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.

Other cities include: Anshun, Kaili, Zunyi, Duyun, Liupanshui and Qingzhen.

Guizhou has a subtropical humid climate. There are few seasonal changes. Its annual average temperature is roughly 10 to 20 °C, with January temperatures ranging from 1 to 10°C and July temperatures ranging from 17 to 28 °C.

Politics

The politics of Guizhou is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

The Governor of Guizhou is the highest ranking official in the People's Government of Guizhou. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor has less power than the Guizhou Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the "Guizhou CCP Party Chief".

Economy

Guizhou is a relatively poor and undeveloped province. It also has a small economy compared to the coastal provinces. Its nominal GDP for 2008 was 333.34 billion yuan (48 billion USD). Its per capita GDP of 8,824 RMB (1,270 USD) ranks last in all of the PRC.

Its natural industry includes timber and forestry. Other important industries in the province include energy (electricity generation) and mining, especially in coal, limestone, arsenic, gypsum, and oil shale. Guizhou's total output of coal was 118 million tons in 2008, a 7% growth from the previous year.[1]

Economic and Technological Development Zones

  • Guiyang Economic & Technological Development Area
  • Guiyang National New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Administrative divisions

Guizhou is made up of 9 prefecture-level divisions, 88 county-level divisions, and 1543 township-level divisions.

The nine prefecture-level divisions are:

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Administrative Seat Type
Guizhou prfc map.png
1 Bijie 毕节地区 Bìjíe Dìqū Bijie City Prefecture
2 Zunyi 遵义市 Zūnyì Shì Honghuagang District Prefecture-level city
3 Tongren 铜仁地区 Tóngrén Dìqū Tongren City Prefecture
4 Liupanshui 六盘水市 Liùpánshuǐ Shì Zhongshan District Prefecture-level city
5 Anshun 安顺市 Ānshùn Shì Xixiu District Prefecture-level city
6 Guiyang 贵阳市 Guìyáng Shì Yunyan District Prefecture-level city
7 Qianxinan (Buyei & Miao) 黔西南布依族苗族自治州 Qiánxī'nán Bùyīzú
Miáozú Zìzhìzhōu
Xingyi Autonomous prefecture
8 Qiannan (Buyei & Miao) 黔南布依族苗族自治州 Qiánnán Bùyīzú
Miáozú Zìzhìzhōu
Duyun Autonomous prefecture
9 Qiandongnan (Miao & Dong) 黔东南苗族侗族自治州 Qiándōngnán Miáozú
Dòngzú Zìzhìzhōu
Kaili Autonomous prefecture

Demographics

The long-horn tribe, one of the small branches of Miao living in the twelve villages near Zhijing (织金) County, Guizhou Province. The wooden horns remain daily attire for most women.

Guizhou is one of the provinces that contains the most minority groups. The minority groups account for more than 37% of the total population and they include Yao, Miao (including Gha-Mu and A-Hmao), Yi, Qiang, Dong, Zhuang, Buyei, Bai, Tujia, Gelao and Shui. 55.5% of the province area is designated as autonomous regions for them. Guizhou is the province with highest TFR in China with 2.19. (Urban-1.31, Rural-2.42) [2]

Culture

Guizhou is the home of the Maotai Distillery, distillers of Maotai liquor, China's most famous alcoholic beverage. The Chinese name of the distillery is Zhongguo Guizhou Maotai Jiuchang (simplified: 中国贵州茅台酒厂).

Tourism

Huangguoshu Waterfall, the largest in China.
Drum tower in the Dong village of Zhaoxing, southern Guizhou.

The province has many covered bridges, called Wind and Rain Bridges. These were built by the Dong minority people.

The southeastern corner of the province is known for its unique Dong minority culture. Towns such as Rongjiang, Liping, Diping and Zhaoxing are scattered amongst the hills along the border with Guangxi.

The rich population of minorities in Guizhou allow for a great many ethnic festivals throughout the lunar calendar. During the first lunar month (usually February), the early festival in Kaili (east of Guiyang) celebrates local culture with acts of bullfighting, horse racing, pipe playing, and comedy works.

Colleges and universities

Media

References

External links



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : China : South West : Guizhou

Guizhou (贵州; Gùizhōu) is a province in southwestern China.

Huangguoshu Waterfall near Anshun - the largest waterfall in China
Huangguoshu Waterfall near Anshun - the largest waterfall in China
  • Anshun - tourist center and home of the Huangguoshu Waterfalls
  • Guiyang - the capital
  • Kaili - gateway to the Miao and Dong minority regions
  • Zunyi - Communist pilgrimage site
  • Pingba

Talk

The local dialect of Guizhou is similar to that of Sichuan. Few can understand English. Standard Mandarin can be understood by most although in the countryside and smaller cities most people may only be able to reply in their local dialect. There are some unique terms in the various regional dialects in Guizhou although the most noticeable differences are in pronunciation which differs widely from standard Mandarin.

Get in

By air from Shanghai the journey takes around 2 and a half hours. The journey is about 1800km. The airport is old and small having around six gates. There is only a few local shops in the airport. The loos are reasonable.

Get around

Local roads are in good condition and taxis are plentiful.

See

The area is mountainous, and there are many opportunities for hiking. The paths can be slippery due to animal excrement and the bushes can be thorny. There is much beautiful scenery including valley views and distant horizons. One of the greatest attractions to Guizhou is the Huangguoshu Waterfall, known to be the biggest waterfall in China.

Do

There are many walks and places to visit in the vicinity of the city.

Eat

There is a wide variety of foods available, with the local taste being for spicy dishes. The food can be very tasty. The hot pot can be excellent.

Stay safe

While hiking on the glorious mountains watch out for the narrow ledges and always remember sunscreen and water while enjoying the countryside and the wildlife which is out there

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

From Mandarin trad. 貴州, simpl. 贵州 (pinyin: Gùizhōu)

Proper noun

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Guizhou

Plural
-

Guizhou

  1. a province in southwestern China
Translations

See also








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