Gujar Khan: Wikis

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Gujar Khan
Coordinates: 33°15′03″N 73°17′48″E / 33.250846°N 73.296581°E / 33.250846; 73.296581
Country Pakistan Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Rawalpindi
Government
 - Nazim Muhammad Azeem
Area
 - Total 1,466 km2 (566 sq mi)
Elevation 461 m (1,512 ft)
Population (1998[1])
 - Total 57,152
 Density 49.7/km2 (128.7/sq mi)
 - Estimate (2007[1]) 72,957
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 0513
Number of Union councils 33 [2]

Gujar Khan (Urdu: گوجرخان )also called the land of SHAHEEDS is a city in Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan. It is the headquarters of Gujar Khan Tehsil, the largest tehsil of punjab.[3] It is approximately 55 kilometres southeast of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan and 220 km to the north west of Lahore, capital of Punjab. Gujar Khan is bounded on the north by Rawalpindi, Islamabad and Attock, on the south by Jhelum, Lahore and Gujrat, on the east by Azad Kashmir and Kahuta and on the west by Chakwal and Khushab. The city has a population of approximately 73,000.[1] Gujar Khan lies at the heart of the Pothohar cultural region. The area has considerable natural resources in the form of petroleum and natural gas.

Contents

History

The place was named after Gujjars[4], while they formerly ruled the Gurjara Pratihara Kingdom for centuries.[5]

Transport

Gujar Khan is situated on the Islamabad-Lahore National Highway. Travel within Gujar Khan is diverse from auto-rickshaws and tanga.

Gujar Khan Railway Station is on the main line of Pakistan Railways. Trains operate to Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Rawalpindi.

Islamabad International Airport is about 45 kilometres from Gujar Khan.and bewal is 15 km away from gujar khan.

Administration

Administrative subdivisions of Rawalpindi District

Gujar Khan, as well as being tehsil capital, is administratively subdivided into 3 union councils:[6]

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the city had a population of 57,099.[7]

Natural resources

Large reserves of oil and gas were discovered in February 2002 at Tobra, about ten kilometres from Gujar Khan. The field is being developed by the Oil and Gas Development Company. The field could produce 1,600 barrels of crude oil daily.[8] The Ahdi oil and gas field is about 30 km from Gujar Khan, situated near Daultala town and is being operated by Pakistan Petroleum. According to the Oil and Gas Development Company, huge oil and gas reserves have been discovered at Missa oil and gas field, ten kilometres from Gujar Khan. The sources said that the drilling at well no. 3 of the Missa Kaswal oil and gas field at Tobra led to the discovery. The field could produce 1,600 barrels of crude daily.Arid Agriculture is main profession of area and cattle at homes.

Gujar Khan is 2 kilometres from the Dohngi Dam and about 35 kilometres from the much larger Mangla Dam.

Places of interest

There is an old abandoned Hindu temple in the village of Dera Bakhshian.

Main shopping places are Main Bazaar, Halwai Gali, Railway Road, Sabzi Mandi (vegetable and fruit market).

Sangni Forte is a fort built by Maharaja Kashmir on the borders of Gujar Khan and Kashmir. It is on the road to Bewal through Daryala, on a high rock with only one approach side.

List of banks

Gujar Khan has branches of all the major banks, including National Bank of Pakistan, Habib Bank, Muslim Commercial Bank, NIB Bank, and United Bank.

Hospital

Gujar Khan has one main hospital, Tehsil Headquarters Hospital. Private hospitals and health units are also in the city. Government Rural Health centers are also working in Mandra, Doultala & Qazian.33 Basic Halth Units are working in parifery.international hospital in bewal is under construction.Private hospitals are also running With surgeons and gynaecologists present round the clock.

Languages

Potwari is the main language of Gujar Khan, other languages are Urdu, Punjabi.

Telecommunication

The PTCL provides the main network of landline telephone. Many ISPs and all major mobile phone companies operating in Pakistan provide service in Gujar Khan.

Education

Government Colleges:

Private colleges:

  • Gujar Khan College of Commerce (GCC)
  • Indus Group Of Colleges
  • Gentry College
  • Pakistan Institute of Commerce and Computer Sciences(PICCS)http://www.piccs.edu.pk
  • IQRA College Of Commerce & Computer Sceiences
  • NICE College
  • Scholars College
  • Rehbar Foundation
  • Al Sardar Foundation Gujar Khan
  • Pascal Computer College Hayat Sir Road Gujar Khan City

Schools:

  • Islamia School, Gujar Khan
  • Govt M C Boys High School Gujar Khan.
  • Askari Public School
  • The Educators
  • Base School System
  • Crescent Education System, Mandra Tehsil Gujar Khan
  • Sir Syed Public School Majeed More G.T Road Gujar Khan
  • zain ul abaideen Model School ( Habib Kanyal Bawal Road )(Pri. Shafqat Janjua )

Major industries

Gujar Khan industrial estate was established in 1979 and sits on the main Grand Trunk Road just outside the main city. The total area of industrial estate is 17.44 acres.

  • Oil and Gas Development Corporation Limited
  • Pakistan Petroleum Limited
  • Lakson Tobacco Company Limited
  • Kohinoor Gujar Khan Mills Limited

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Stefan Helders. "World Gazzeteer". http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gpro&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-172&srt=npan&col=aohdq&pt=a&va=x&geo=443761330. Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  2. ^ Election Commission of Pakistan. "Zila, Tehsil & Town Councils Membership for Punjab". http://www.ecp.gov.pk/content/zttc/townpunjab.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  3. ^ Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan. "List of Administrative Units of Pakistan (Tehsil/Taluka)". http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/statistics/admin_unit/admin_list_tehsil.html. Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  4. ^ Ramesh Chandra Majumdar; Bhāratīya Itihāsa Samiti (1954). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. G. Allen & Unwin. p. 64. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=8QhuAAAAMAAJ&q=gujar+khan+#search_anchor. "." 
  5. ^ P.K. Mohanty (2006). Encyclopaedia Scheduled Tribes In India 5 Vol. Set. Gyan Publishing House. p. 184 to 185. ISBN 9788182050525. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=DfZBc1Gy9g4C&pg=PA185&. "Gujjars belonged to the Kshatria and Brahmin castes, while they formerly ruled the Gujara-Prathihara Kingdom....during the 6th and 12th Centuries." 
  6. ^ Towns & Unions in the City District of Rawalpindi
  7. ^ 1998 Census details - Official website of Rawalpindi District
  8. ^ Asia Times Online (Holdings) Ltd. "Business in Asia". http://www.atimes.com/bizasia/DB22Aa01.html. Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : South Asia : Pakistan : Punjab : Gujar Khan
Contents

Gujar Khan (گوجرخان) is a city in the Rawalpindi District of Punjab, in Pakistan.

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Simple English

Gujar Khan (Urdu: گوجرخان ) is a city located in Rawalpindi District, Punjab, Pakistan. It is the capital of Gujar Khan Tehsil, one of the seven tehsils or subdivisions of Rawalpindi District.[1] It is about 55 kilometres southeast of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan and 220 km to the north west of Lahore capital of Punjab.

Contents

Administration

Gujar Khan, as well as being tehsil capital, is divided into 3 Union Councils:[2]

  • Gujar Khan-I
  • Gujar Khan-II
  • Gujar Khan-III

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the city had a population of 57,099.[3]

Languages

Pothowari is the main language of Gujar Khan, other languages are Urdu, Punjabi and Pashto.

Twin cities

Gujar Khan has four twin cities, these are:

Redditch, UK
Taif, Saudi Arabia
Munich, Germany
Auckland, New Zealand

References


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