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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Contents

Gum or GUM may refer to:

Natural gums

Trees and shrubs

Astronomy

Geography

Fiction

  • Mr. Gum, the central character in a series of novels for children by Andy Stanton
  • Gum, a character from the Jet Set Radio video game series
  • Great Uncle Matthew, a character in the novel Ballet Shoes by Noel Streatfeild

Codes

Other uses

See also


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
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Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also GUM

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Old English goma; akin to German Gaumen 'gums', Old Norse gomr ‘palate’.

Noun

Singular
gum

Plural
gums

gum (plural gums)

  1. (often in plural) The flesh round the teeth.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to gum

Third person singular
gums

Simple past
gummed

Past participle
gummed

Present participle
gumming

to gum (third-person singular simple present gums, present participle gumming, simple past and past participle gummed)

  1. To chew, especially of a toothless person or animal
  2. To befoul, to complicate, to mess up. Normally used with "up".
    • That cheap oil will gum up the engine valves.
    • The new editor can gum up your article with too many commas.

Etymology 2

Middle English gomme, from Old French gome, from Late Latin gumma, from Latin gummi, from Greek κόμμι, from Egyptian kema., kemai 'resin'.

Noun

Singular
gum

Plural
countable and uncountable; plural gums

gum (countable and uncountable; plural gums)

  1. (uncountable) any of various viscous or sticky substances that are exuded by certain plants
  2. (uncountable) any viscous or sticky substance resembling those that are exuded by certain plants
  3. (uncountable) chewing gum
  4. (countable) a single piece of chewing gum
    Do you have a gum I could have?
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

chewing gum See chewing gum

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb

Infinitive
to gum

Third person singular
gums

Simple past
gummed

Past participle
gummed

Present participle
gumming

to gum (third-person singular simple present gums, present participle gumming, simple past and past participle gummed)

  1. To apply an adhesive or gum to
  2. (colloquial) With up, to impair the functioning of a thing or process.

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of gmu
  • mug

Scots

Etymology 1

English gum

Noun

gum (plural gums)

Singular
gum

Plural
gums

  1. gum

Etymology 2

Origin uncertain; perhaps a specialised use of Etymology 1, above.

Alternative spellings

  • gumm

Noun

gum (plural gums)

Singular
gum

Plural
gums

  1. mist, vapour, haze

Simple English

A number of different things are called "gum":

  • Gums, or gingiva, the soft tissue partly covering teeth
  • Postage stamp gum
  • Gum Springs, Arkansas, a town
  • Trees:
    • Gum tree (Eucalyptus; Australia and cultivated in other warm areas)
    • Black gum (Tupelo, Nyssa; eastern North America)
    • Sweet-gum (Liquidambar; eastern North America and Asia)
    • Log gum
  • Astronomy:
    • Gum (crater), on the Moon
    • Gum Nebula, an emission nebula
    • Colin Stanley Gum (1924-1960), Australian astronomer and namesake of the nebula

See also: GUM








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