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Guntur
City of Spices
A primary road through the centre of the Municipal Corporation of Guntur.
Guntur
Location of Guntur
in Andhra Pradesh and India
Coordinates 16°18′03″N 80°26′34″E / 16.3008°N 80.4428°E / 16.3008; 80.4428
Country  India
Region Coastal Andhra
State Andhra Pradesh
District(s) Guntur
Mayor Rayapati Mohan Sai Krishna
Municipal Commissioner K.Ilambarthi
M.P Rayapati Sambasiva Rao
Parliamentary constituency Guntur
Planning Agency GMC, VGTMUDA
Population
Metro
 (2007)
1025707 (2007)
Sex ratio 984 [1] /
Official languages Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
Coastline
63.15 km2 (24 sq mi)
30 m (98 ft)
66 km (41 mi)
Climate
Precipitation
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter
Tropical (Köppen)
     989.1 mm (38.9 in)
     27 °C (81 °F)
     48 °C (118 °F)
     18.6 °C (65 °F)
Website http://www.gunturcorporation.org

Guntur About this sound pronunciation (Telugu: గుంటూరు, Urdu: گنٹور) is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, located 40 miles (64 km) to the north and west of the Bay of Bengal. It is approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) to the south of the capital, New Delhi. The city has an estimated population of 818,330 (514,707 as per 2001 census) with an Urban Agglomeration of approximately 1,028,667. Guntur is one of the larger (tier-2) cities in the country.

Guntur is a centre of learning and the administrative capital of Guntur district, which is home of historically significant Amaravati, Bhattiprolu and Sitanagaram monuments. The city is also a centre for business, industry, and agriculture. The region is identified as a major transportation and textile hub in India. Additionally, the Guntur area economy has an agricultural component that is internationally known for its exports of chillies, cotton, and tobacco.

Contents

History

The Kingdom of Pratipalapura of 500 BCE (Bhattiprolu in Guntur district), appears to be the earliest known kingdom in south India. The earliest recorded reference of Guntur comes from the Idern plates of Ammaraja I (922-929 CE), the Vengi Chalukyan king. Guntur also appears in two other inscriptions dated 1147 CE and 1158 CE. The original Sanskrit (ancient Vedic culture/tradition) name for Guntur was Garthapuri (a place surrounded by water ponds('garta'/'gunta')).

An old temple at Garthapuri

The 'Agasthyeswara Sivalayam' in the old city is an ancient temple for Lord Siva Sivalayam3.jpg Sivalayam.jpg Sivalayam2.jpg. It has inscriptions on two stones in 'Naga Lipi' (an ancient script) Nagalipi3.jpg Nagalipi1.jpg Nagalipi2.jpg dating back to about 1100 CE. It is considered one of the Hindu holy sites in the region. The backyard of the temple hosts a very historic tree Sivalayamtree1.jpg Sivalayamtree2.jpg Sivalayamtree3.jpg. It is said that Agastya built the temple in the last Treta-Yuga around the Swayambhu Linga and hence it has this name. The 'Nagals' were said to have ruled the region at that time. The region has been historically known for Buddhism and the first Kalachakra ceremony performed by Buddha himself [2][3].

LumbiniVanam

The place of Sitanagaram and the Guthikonda Caves [4] can be traced (through Vedic Puranas) back to the Treta-Yuga and Dwapara-Yuga (Traditional time scaleRef). Also check Timeline of Guntur.

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Modern Guntur

A city street

With the advent of the Europeans the city attained more international significance. The French shifted their headquarters from Kondavid Fort to here in 1752, probably because of the ample availability of water due to the two large tanks. This settlement formed the nucleus of the modern city. The Nizam and Haidar Ali too ruled the town till it came under the British in 1788. It was made the headquarters of a district named after it that was abolished in 1859, only to be reconstituted in 1904. The city rapidly became a major market for agricultural produce from the hinterland due to the opening of the railway link in 1890. The expansion continued post independence as well and was concentrated in what is now called "New Guntur". [5] [6] The current size of the city has an inner radius of about 6 miles (9.7 km). The City-region comprises the surrounding suburban and rural areas spanning in all the directions. New townships are mushrooming in these areas. [7] [8]

Geography

Guntur Region from a Satellite
  • Guntur Plains: Guntur is located at 16°12′N 80°16′E / 16.20°N 80.27°E / 16.20; 80.27[9]. It has an average elevation of 33 metres (108 ft) and situated on the plains. There are a few hills in the surrounding suburban areas. The city is located around 40 miles (64 km) to the west of the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of India. The Krishna Delta lies partly in Guntur district. There are other smaller rivers and channels in the region such as Guntur Channel, Chandravanka, Naagileru, Guntur Branch Canal [10] etc.
  • As quoted in NASA's website [11] "it is typical of the wider deltas along the southeast coast of India (known as the Coromandel Coast). The braided stream channels, broad floodplain, and extensive sandbars suggest that this part of the Krishna River flows through relatively flat terrain and carries a substantial amount of sediment, especially during the monsoon season." Image Website of NASA of the Guntur City and District/Region of India. With the ocean on the top portion of the image, the actual location of the city is on the bottom right side portion of the image.
  • Rain storms and hurricanes are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. The hurricanes could occur any time of the year, but commonly between May and November.
  • Also check Guntur City Region on Wiki-Maps.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[12], Guntur had a population of 514,707. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Guntur has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 62%. In Guntur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The region extends over an area of 11.68 sq. miles, while its population was about 25,000 by 1866 census and 30,183 by 1902 census. By 1961 census Guntur had a population of 187,122. It has grown about six times in its size during these 60 years. Currently the city is estimated to have population of around 800,000 with Urban Agglomeration of approximately 1,028,667.

Culture and diversity

Festival Parade

With the culture and traditions of ageless Sanatana Dharma/Ancient Vedic Civilization (known as Hinduism)GntSivalayam.jpg and its principles (Sarvē Janā Sukhinō Bhavantu), the Guntur Region had a place for all religions, castes, sects and creeds. Guntur is known for its diverse culture and acceptance of multiculturalism. One of the purportedly lost tribes of Israel called Bene Ephraim, has a presence in Guntur, with even a Jewish synagogue. Religious faiths such as Islam and Christianity lead a harmonious, peaceful existence.

Language and Festivals

A sand sculpture
Street Fireworks

Telugu is the main language of communication in the city. One of the earliest/purest forms[citation needed] of Telugu language can be noticed in this region. Other languages such as English and Hindi are used in the city to a minor extent. The culture is vibrant with many festivals (that have been celebrated over thousands of years). Those festivals observed in Guntur with great pomp and splendour are: Deepavali, Krishna-Ashtami, Rama Navami, Sankranti, Sivaratri, Ugadi, Vijaya Dasami, Vinayaka-Chaviti. Also, noticeable are festivals introduced before a few centuries, including Christmas, Eid ul-Fitr, ,Muharram, Ramadan. The 30th International Kalachakra festival was held at Amaravati near Guntur. Many Bhajans are held through the year (eg. Ayyappa Bhajan).

A late evening

City lifestyle

The city's lifestyle has a mixture of both urban and rural with some cosmopolitan element. Like any typical Indian city, the majority of the population is from middle class and lower middle class families. With a reasonable cost of living and most basic amenities readily available, the city attracts people from other regions. Guntur is known for its fusion of traditional Indian and Western cultures. Guntur's residents wear both Indian style and Western style clothing. The common traditional clothing for women is a Saree, Salwar and for men formally, a Dhovathi or Pancha or casually, a Lungi.

Economy

Cotton-Tobacco-Chilli city

Farming outside city

Guntur City and its region is a major commercial centre in India. Cotton, tobacco and chilli are some of the major commodities that are exported from here to different parts of the world. The city hosts the largest Asian market [13] for red chillies. The Tobacco Board, India, a part of the Government of India, is headquartered in Guntur. The chillies that are grown in this region are some of the hottest in the world, and are in constant competition [14] with chillies from Mexico for first place. One of the first of its kind, a global 'Spice Park' is currently being setup in the area. [15]. The cotton that grows in the region is used in making some of the finest sarees in India [16].

Industrialisation

The industrial development in the Guntur Region is of medium scale. On a positive note the region has minimal industrial and related pollution as compared to major cities in the country. It has a large skilled and educated workforce. Some of the industries in the area are: textile mills/handloom, silk, Sangam Dairy, Cement, Chemical and Biotechnology, Andhra Fertilizers, jute mills, granite industries, diamond and other ore processing (Hindustan Zinc Limited), Auto-Nagar and software/IT Companies. A Textile Hub is being developed on the southwestern side of the city [17], and the government is also encouraging the setting up of new industries. Another ongoing project is a 850 crore IT park in Guntur outskirts.[18] Possible future plans include a large scale Biotechnology Park, [19] as well as a Knowledge Park.

Farming and Vegetation

The Guntur region is one of the most fertile areas in India. With the River Krishna flowing to the north of the district, the area has many farmlands and paddy fields growing wide varieties of rice, other food grains, and other various crops. The Guntur Branch Canal (GBC) and other smaller rivers serve water to the farmlands in the region.

Green Motto

A social forestry project for Guntur is on the anvil to make the region greener; Guntur[20], (since only about 35% of the forest in the district has survived as per available statistics, a common issue throughout India). The government is closely working with other corporates in meeting the goals. As a part of this Green Guntur project, one crore saplings have been planted in the city. The city's UDA is also developing many medium and large scale parks throughout the city.

Ports and Shore points

Located about 40 miles (64 km) from the city's urban area, the region has abundant coastline for trade, transport, and tourism. Though the exports from Guntur region mainly depend on Chennai harbour, there is a push to bring back one of its shore points as a harbour, with a chemical park also under consideration [21].

A port city to be built[22] near Nizampatnam in Guntur District. This is part of a major renovation of the Nizampatnam Harbour. The development of this harbour will enable the Guntur region to be a major port player, with direct access to exports and imports to, around the world Projects Today,Yahoo News.

Suryalanka is a tourist shore point 40 miles (64 km) south of Guntur City, with all desirable features of a sea shore. It is complete with balmy beaches and world-class resorts. This is one of the top tourism hubs in the area.

Transportation

Roadways

Autos on a Street
Main Bus Station

The city is the regional headquarters of the State Road Transport System. It is connected to all the major cities of the country through various national and state highways. There are major highways such as MadrasGunturKolkata highway, GunturNagarjuna SagarHyderabad highway (which can take to other major routes like Mumbai and Delhi) and the Guntur— Vinukonda -Kurnool highway. Within the city the traffic primarily flows using the inner, outer ring-roads, few bridgesGntBridgeConstruct.jpg, main roads. Many intersections have innovative traffic signals and video cameras to control and monitor the traffic [23]. Common modes of road transport within the city are cars, motorcycles, buses, and auto-rickshaws; antique pedal rickshaws can still be seen. The city is also a major part of the 60,000 crore Golden Quadrilateral system, a national transportation project that has recently been completed.

Railways

Central Train Station
New Guntur Station

Guntur junction is one of the Divisional headquarters(Guntur division) and a major transit point of the Indian Railways System. All four "super metro" cities and most state capitals can be accessed through this transit point. Greater Guntur has the following stations: the Main Station (near Arundelpet and Railpet)GntWestModel.jpg and the others at Nallapadu, University-Center(Namburu), New Guntur(Reddipalem)Ngntst.jpg. Two other major transit points close to Guntur are: Tenali and Vijayawada with a future plan of running suburban trains in the suburban region. The Indian Railways is one of the most convenient and efficient systems of commute for the people throughout India.

Air travel

The closest major airport is located at Hyderabad (4.5 hours travel). A local airport at Gannavaram offers daily flights to Hyderabad, Chennai and Bangalore City. There is a proposal to build a more practical airport to the south-west of Guntur City [24].

Academics/education and research

A Campus
College Transport

Guntur is one of the first cities to provide higher education and graduate programs in India. The Acharya Nagarjuna University is one of the largest universities in the country, and covers various institutions from 3 districts. There are a number of graduate schools, colleges, and high schools providing basic and higher education (agricultural, arts, bio-med, engineering, management, medical, nursing, pharmaceutical, sciences, technology) in the region. The Guntur Institute of Medical Sciences is one of many premier institutes in the city region. The Vedic University near Guntur specializes in the teaching of Vedic Sciences, other related philosophies, and the Vedanta.

City Affairs

Sunny day

The climate in Guntur City is very tropical in nature, but there are dry spells especially during the winter season, Current Temperature@City. The average temperature is warm to hot throughout the year, with temperatures ranging from approximately 16C to 48C (60F to 118F). [25] The summer season (especially during May/June) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by monsoon rains in that season. The winter season (from October to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate. Summer clothing suffices throughout the year. Local Time at Guntur.

Local Cuisine

BreakFast
Main Market

Guntur City is famous for the food items such as mirchi bajji (mirapakaya bajji), aavakaaya pickle, gongura pickle GntGongura3.jpg, with traditional Andhra style meals and common breakfast items such as Idli Gntidli.jpg, pesara/ravva/attu dosaGntRavvaDosa.jpg, and puri. [26] There are many top quality Hotels that offer varieties of food items (from several regions of India). The common masala stands, jilebi push-carts, sugar cane juice sellers can be noticed in every corner of the city. There are also International Fast Food and pizza outlets. The city has many star class lodgings, inns and hotels.

Market

Supermarket

There are numerous markets selling vegetables, fruits, flowers and other commodities throughout the city. Also, many Super Markets and Malls are opening due to the rapidly expanding middle and upper classes. The 'Patnam Bazar' area of the city is famous for the wholesale market of many consumer goods. The traditional method of selling vegetablesGntVegCart.jpg, flowersGntFlowersOnStreet.jpg and other consumer goods using push-carts is still very common and effective. There are special Rythu-Bazars[27] in every corner of the city to sell fresh produce. Locally famous fruits and vegetables include the oval shaped - (unique honey taste) - sapotaGNTsapota1.jpgGNTsapota2.jpg, mangoGntMango2.jpgGntMango.jpg, Seethaphalam, and Dosakai (cucumber)GNTdosakai.jpg.

Entertainment and events

A Cineplex
ExpCamelOnRide

Motion Pictures/Films are a common form of entertainment in the city as well as in the rest of India. Guntur has many movie theatres that play Telugu, English, and Hindi movies with many multiplex theatres. Though not as popular, traditional drama and theatrical events too have their presence in the city [28]. The Guntur Nataka Rangam, Guntur Cultural Association [29] are premier organizations in the state that promote and conduct theatrical events. During early summer season there are festivals and fairs that take place in the city, many types of rides, shows, novelties and food. There are numerous places of interest and parks in and around the city/district for entertainment, culture, and history. Suryalanka is the closest beach/shore-point for the city. There are also many shopping malls that have come up in the city area.

Museum

Infrastructure and media

Guntur's infrastructure includes state-of-the-art technologies such as broadband Internet and multimedia for applications such as news, education and other forms of information. News sources, in Telugu, such as Sakshi,Andhra Jyothi,Eenadu,Vaartha and those in English, such as, The Hindu (newspaper) are widely used. Many newspaper headquarters are located within the city. Cable TV news has become another common mode for news information.

Health care

Sanakara Eye Hospital

The region of Guntur is one of the medical hubs in India. It offers wide access to top medical care at reasonable prices and has a variety of charity hospitals that serve as a safety net for the destitute. It boasts major medical facilities (super specialty hospitals) and related research institutions. The General Hospital provides free health care to people across the coastal districts. The Sankar Eye Hospital[30], Kugler Hospital, St. Joseph Hospital are just a few of the many premier hospitals in the region. A new medical facility VIMS [4] is established at Viswanagar to serve the people in the rural areas that are to the south and west of the city.

Local governance, The GMC

Administrative
eService

Both bureaucrats and elected officials manage the city affairs and issues. The municipal commissioner and district collector are usually from the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). The MP, MLAs, Mayor, corporators constitute the local elected officials. Initiatives such as E-Governance are being put in place to reduce red-tapism, thereby enabling transparency in administration. The Guntur Municipal Corporation is among the select cities (4) across the world where an ‘eco-budget’ is being implemented. [31]

Law and order

City Court

Guntur Range (Andhra Pradesh Police Department) is the regional headquarters of the State Police with its own Inspector General covering three nearby districts (including Guntur district). The High Court was in Guntur briefly after the separation from the erstwhile Madras State, [32] which was later moved to the current state capital after the formation of AP. There is a pending plan to create a High Court bench at Guntur, covering for the coastal districts. [33] Guntur also hosts one of the Indian Army recruitment and training centres[34]. Suryalanka of Guntur Region has an airbase of the Indian Air Force.

Tourism & places of interest

Title Type Location Distance Brief Description Image
Phirangipuram ancient,Spiritual Guntur Rural/District 22Km west Phirangipuram is a one of the important catholic place in INDIA,Carmel matha church is located at HILL. File:Phirangipuram town.jpg
Mangalagiri Ancient, Spiritual Guntur Rural/District 12 Miles N-E Mangalagiri is a pilgrim centre with ancient temple. Mangalagiri town.jpg
Uppalapadu Nature Conservation Bird Sanctuary Guntur City Rural 4 Miles S Bird Refuge, endangered Spot-Billed Pelicans, Painted Storks[35],[36]. GntUppalapadu.jpg
Viswa Nagar/Viswamandiram Spiritual Guntur City (Rural Chowdavaram) 8 Miles S-W Sri Viswayogi Viswamji, the Univ. Integration Pillar.
Downtown, City Centers Urban, Parks Guntur City City Parks(M.Sarovar), Archeo.Museum, Brodi-Arundel, Jinnah-Naaz Center and more. GntGPark.jpg
Prakasam Barrage Bridge Guntur District 18 Miles E Bridge built on River Krishna connecting GNT and VIJ/Krishna.
Undavalli caves Ancient caves Guntur Urban/District 15 Miles E Excavated in 4th to 5th centuries A.D., a huge reclining statue of Lord Vishnu.
Amaravathi Ancient, Archaeological, Spiritual Guntur Rural/District 15 Miles N-W Ancient Amareswara temple with swayambhu linga, Mahachaitya stupa of Buddha(200B.C) [37]. Amaravathi-1.jpg
Bhattiprolu Ancient Guntur Rural/District 20 Miles S-W Pratipalapura, earliest known kingdom in the District [38].
Siripudi Ramalayam Spiritual Guntur Rural/District 45 Miles N-E About a 100 year old temple of Lord Rama.
Kotappakonda Trikutaparvatam Ancient, Spiritual Guntur District/Narasaraopeta 25 Miles S-W Three-peaked hill surrounded by other hills named after Trimurti: Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara.
Kondaveedu Fort Historical Fort Guntur Rural/District 8 Miles W Built 1400A.D. 21 structures in the fort. Gopinatha temple and Kathulabavi at the foot of the hillock.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam & Ethipothala Falls Irrigation Dam, Water Falls Guntur District 100 Miles N-W Natural Falls and Nagarjuna Sagar massive irrigation project. Place of Acharya Nagarjuna NagarjunaSagarDam.JPG
Sitanagaram Ancient, Spiritual Guntur District 16 Miles N-E On the banks of river Krishna. Rel. to ancient history of Ramayana of last Treta Yuga.
Chebrolu Ancient, Spiritual Guntur Rural/District 10 Miles S Famous for chaturmukha Brahma and Lord Nageswara Swamy. Has a beautiful red stone Nandi. Chebrole.jpg
Ponnur Ancient, Spiritual Guntur Rural/District 25 Miles S Famous for temples with huge monolithic statues of Lord Hanuma etc.

Sports and stadia

The city has hosted several national and international level sporting events for various sports. It is one of the places in India to host the International Grandmaster Chess tournaments. [39] Cricket is the most common and well followed sporting event, there are other sports such as kabbadi, volleyball, basketball, tennis, badminton, table tennis hosted regularly. Following is a list of stadiums in and around the city [40].

Parade Ground.
  • Brahmananda Reddy Stadium
  • Tennis clubs
  • Gunta Ground
  • NTR Stadium, Brindavan Gardens
  • Police Parade Ground
  • Prakasam Stadium
  • Public Works Department Ground
  • Zilla Parishad
  • Krishna Cricket Academy
  • International Cricket Stadium (Upcoming near Mangalagiri)[41]

Countryside

  • Chilakaluripet [42] is a countryside of Guntur City. The present prosperous place that is developing in education, arts and business was once called "Chilakala Thota, Rajagari Kota and Purushothamapatnam". The British called the area "Chick pet." Due to the orchards, a number of parrots used to come here and live on the trees. So that this place was once called "Chilakaluri" in the time of the Chilakaluripet zamindars.
  • Namburu
  • Piduguralla
  • Ponnur
  • Vadlamudi
  • Chebrolu is a major panchayat comprising three villages Chebrolu, Pathareddypalem and Kothareddypalem. It is a mandal headquarters. Buckingham canal, which passes nearby is used for inland transport and irrigation. It was a regional fort for the Pallavas, Chalukyas and the Kakatiya Empire. Its ancient name was Sambhole (from which 'Chebrolu' is derived). Chalukya inscriptions are found in the village. Chebrolu is mentioned in the Yuddhamalluni-Vijayawada inscriptions. It became famous during the rule of the Kakatiyas, as a great general Jayapa ruled Chebrolu. Jayapa's sisters Naramma and Peramma married Ganapatideva, the Kakatiya king. Jayapa also wrote a famous book on Indian dance, Nrutyaratnavali.

Trivia

Nagarjuna at Samye Ling Monastery.JPG
Pierre Janssen.jpg
Kalachakra-2006-2.jpg
  • Mica (Abhrakam in Telugu/Sanskrit) was first discovered around 2200 years ago in the Guntur region, believed to be by the Great Philosopher Acharya Nagarjuna.
  • Pierre Jules Cesar Janssen (1824-1907) discovered the existence of Helium in the Sun, while watching a complete solar eclipse in Guntur, in 1868. The unusual length of the eclipse, about ten minutes, had attracted many scientists from all over the world. [43]
  • The only Indian family on the Titanic was from Guntur [44] [45].
  • Jinnah tower, a commemorative tower for Pakistan's founder Muhammed Ali Jinnah is unique to Guntur in the whole of South Asia. [46]
  • The 30th Kalachakra International Festival took place at Amaravathi of Guntur in the presence of the Dalai Lama during January 2006. [47]
  • Guntur is one of the major textile hubs and a major business district in India [48].
  • The name of a dormant volcano near Guntur City is Mangalagiri, which is believed to be kept under control through traditional means. People pour a sweet liquid known as Panakam (Jaggery Water) and it said to please the gods. [49]

References

  1. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2007/09/04/stories/2007090454730500.htm
  2. ^ Buddha's Preaching of the Kalachakra Tantra at the Stupa of Dhanyakataka, H. Hoffman, in: German Scholars on India, Vol. I, 1973, PP. 136-140, Varanasi
  3. ^ Taranatha; http://www.kalacakra.org/history/khistor2.htm
  4. ^ "Guthikonda caves". All-IndiaTravel.com. http://www.all-indiatravel.com/guntur/guthikonda-guntur.html. 
  5. ^ "Mangalagiri". Mangalagiri.net. http://mangalagiri.net/uda.html. 
  6. ^ "Mangalagiri township". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/08/27/stories/2006082718300300.htm. 
  7. ^ "Mangalagiri". Mangalagiri.net. http://mangalagiri.net/uda.html. 
  8. ^ "Mangalagiri township". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/08/27/stories/2006082718300300.htm. 
  9. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics-Guntur". Falling Rain Genomics Inc.. http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/2/Guntur.html. 
  10. ^ "Guntur irrigation". Government of India. http://irrigation.cgg.gov.in/dp/GunturDistrictProfile.jsp. 
  11. ^ "Coastal formations". NASA. http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/sseop/EFS/photoinfo.pl?PHOTO=STS032-72-61. 
  12. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  13. ^ "Largest Asian market for chillies". Online edition of the Economic Times. The Economic Times. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Chillies_lose_sting_exports__Guntur_markets_only_hope/RssArticleShow/articleshow/2055828.cms. Retrieved 2007-06-21. 
  14. ^ "Guntur Chillies". Online edition of Outlook magazine-free registration required. http://www.outlookindia.com/full.asp?fodname=20070115&fname=GGuntur+(F)&sid=1. Retrieved 2007-08-01. 
  15. ^ "Spice Park proposed". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2007/02/04/stories/2007020406540400.htm. 
  16. ^ "Guntur & Mangalagiri sarees". SariSafari.com. http://www.sarisafari.com/sarisisters.html. Retrieved 2007-08-23. 
  17. ^ "Guntur set to become a textile hub". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/04/25/stories/2006042502780200.htm. 
  18. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/2008/10/29/stories/2008102953400400.htm
  19. ^ "BioTech Park". JustAndhra.com. http://www.justandhra.com/index/news/comments/centre_considering_bio_tech_park_in_guntur. 
  20. ^ "Mangrove protection programme". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/06/05/stories/2006060508440300.htm. 
  21. ^ "Stage set for incorporation of Nizampatnam port complex". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2007/03/17/stories/2007031710150300.htm. 
  22. ^ "Czech firm to develop $2 bn port in Andhra". Yahoo! India. http://in.news.yahoo.com/060120/43/623lu.html. 
  23. ^ "Cyber Cops". Guntur Police. http://www.gunturpolice.org/cybercops.html. 
  24. ^ "Seaport and Airport for Guntur District". NewIndPress. http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEA20080321013802&Page=A&Title=Southern+News+-+Andhra+Pradesh&Topic=0. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 
  25. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/2003/06/02/stories/2003060202831100.htm
  26. ^ "Guntur Cuisine". Online edition of Outlook magazine-free registration required. http://www.outlookindia.com/full.asp?fodname=20070115&fname=GGuntur+%28F%29&sid=1&pn=2. Retrieved 2007-08-01. 
  27. ^ "Agricultural Market Yard:Rythu bazars sell essentials". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2007/07/24/stories/2007072457220500.htm. 
  28. ^ "Folk art fete in Guntur". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/08/07/stories/2006080706650200.htm. 
  29. ^ "Guntur Cultural Association". Online edition of the New Indian Express. http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEA20061208005857&Page=A&Title=Southern+News+-+Andhra+Pradesh&Topic=0. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  30. ^ "Sankara Eye Hospital goes hi-tech". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2007/03/01/stories/2007030104630200.htm. 
  31. ^ "EU to help GMC implement Eco-budget". Online edition of the New Indian Express. http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEA20060926032553&Page=A&Title=Southern+News+-+Andhra+Pradesh&Topic=0. Retrieved 2007-08-01. 
  32. ^ "Former High Court July 06, 1954". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2004/07/06/stories/2004070601210900.htm. ]
  33. ^ "High Court bench requirement". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/02/25/stories/2006022512290300.htm. 
  34. ^ "Army recruitment rally". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2008/01/17/stories/2008011760190500.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  35. ^ "Preparing for Winged Visitors". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2007/07/11/stories/2007071157360500.htm. 
  36. ^ "Siberian birds attract visitors at Uppalapadu". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/12/29/stories/2006122909350200.htm. 
  37. ^ "A Recent Finding - a unique inscribed `chatra (umbrella)". http://www.hindu.com/2006/06/06/stories/2006060610900400.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-19. 
  38. ^ "Inscribed lid of stone reliquary". http://www.chennaimuseum.org/draft/gallery/01/04/inscrip.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-19. 
  39. ^ "International Grandmaster Chess tournament". http://www.chathurangam.com/indian/guntur2000/round13.asp. 
  40. ^ "List of Stadia/Grounds in Guntur.". http://content-usa.cricinfo.com/india/content/town/58100.html. Retrieved 2008-09-24. 
  41. ^ "Upcoming International Stadium.". http://www.indopia.in/India-usa-uk-news/latest-news/502601/Sports/5/20/5. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  42. ^ "Chilakaluripeta". http://www.chilakaluripet.com. 
  43. ^ http://zpguntur.ap.nic.in/guntur.html
  44. ^ "Family from Guntur on the Titanic". http://encyclopedia-titanica.org/biography/341/. 
  45. ^ "The Titanic survivors from Guntur". The Hindu. http://www.hinduonnet.com/2004/04/15/stories/2004041502012400.htm. 
  46. ^ "Jinnah Tower". Online edition of the Hindu. http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/thscrip/print.pl?file=2003090701152000.htm&date=2003/09/07/&prd=th&. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  47. ^ http://www.dalailama.com/news.21.htm
  48. ^ "Textile Hub". http://www.yarnsandfibers.com/news/index_fullstory.php3?id=9094. 
  49. ^ http://www.indiastudychannel.com/resources/47063-The-Grand-Vijayawada.aspx

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Guntur City article)

From Wikitravel

This article or section does not match our manual of style or needs other editing. Please plunge forward, give it your attention and help it improve!

The municipal corporation of Guntur [1] (also referred to as "Guntur City") is located on the plains, 40 miles west of Bay of Bengal on the east coast region of India. It is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Its district is surrounded by the River Krishna, where it merges into the ocean.

In ancient times the city was referred as "Garthapuri". It's current estimated population is around 700,000. It is one of the larger cities in the country.

Guntur city
Guntur city
  • Orientation
  • History
  • People
  • Festivals
  • Economy
  • By plane

There are now flights to Vijayawada from Hyderabad, Chennai and Bangalore. Vijayawada is less than a half hour bus ride away.

One can also use a flight (National or International) to Hyderabad airport and take a train (4 to 5 hour travel) to Guntur. For other international connections, Chennai can also be used which is an 8 hour train ride from Guntur City.

  • By train

There are plenty of trains available at the Guntur Central Station to get to any part of the country. There is high frequency of trains that travel to Hyderabad. Local (suburban) train travel is available between Guntur, Vijayawada and Tenali.

  • By bus

Local city buses are run by state owned APSRTC. They cover not only the entire city region, but also the suburban and near by rural areas with high frequency.

  • Deluxe buses travel to longer distances with in the state as well outside the state, for example to Hyderabad and Bangalore.
  • Private buses -- many private buses travel across the region covering both center city, suburban and rural areas. But the draw back of the private buses is that they don't maintain good schedules.
  • Parking in the city is improving. It may be easy to park two wheelers, but finding parking for Cars bit harder. Generally parking is provided by the city government as well as the business owners.
  • On foot
  • Buses
  • By Car (Local)
There are many Car Rental Companies available which Provide world Class Services in Guntur.

Enterprises Car Rental

Car Rental Guntur, Coastal Car Travels Car Rental Guntur has a reputation for providing quality luxury car rentals Guntur.For more information on online booking of Rental Car in Guntur, Website:[2]

  • Commuter Rail - Using the local trains, Guntur city region can be accessed with the following train stops. The circular trains are to be introduced in the near future.
  • Nallapadu (Guntur West Suburban)
  • Main Central (Downtown)
  • New Guntur (Guntur North Urban)
  • Nambur (Guntur East Suburban)
  • Vadlamudi (Guntur Rural)
  • Taxi
  • Auto
  • Motorbike/Bicycle

Motorbiking or cycling in downtown and busy areas can often be quicker than taking the auto-rickshaw or a taxi.

See

Ancient & Archaeological

Amaravathi:

Budda Stupa This image has been recommended for deletion.
Budda Stupa This image has been recommended for deletion.

Located 16 miles(N-E) from Guntur City, Amaravathi is named after its famous temple of Amareswara Swamy with the swayambhu linga. Also the Mahachaitya stupa, built in the 2nd Century B.C. in Amaravathi, is richly adorned with carvings depicting the life and teachings of the Buddha. The stupa houses a small museum with a collection of old monuments, and a pictorial depiction of the Buddha's life and teachings and terracotta antiquities. The temple walls have a number of inscriptions that throw light on the different dynasties that reigned over this place. A Recent Finding. The Museum at Guntur, has collection of various relics and antiques such as Stupa-slabs, railings, sculpture, coins of gold, silver and lead, potsherds and crystals caskets.

Bhattiprolu is located 20 miles(S-W) of the city, formerly the Kingdom of Prati Palaputra, appears to be the earliest known kingdom in Guntur District. archaelogical information gathered in the area of Bhattiprolu.

  • Kondaveedu
    Image:Kondaveetikota2.jpg

Kondaveedu is located 17 Miles from Guntur City . This historical fort was built during the reign of the Reddy kings in 14th century A.D. there are 21 structures in the fort . The ruins of the fort located on the hilltop offer unraveled mysteries to the tourist. A place of natural scenic beauty with natural wonders it is an ideal place for trekking. The Gopinatha temple and Kathulabave at the foot of the hillock, numerous temples, residential structures, pillared halls on the hill and the entrance gate ways on east and west sides are the attractions at kondavidu.

Kotappakonda, the temporal abode of Trikoteswara Swamy, is a village, 25 miles south- west Guntur City near Narsaraopet. Its original name is Kondakavuru, but is more popularly known as Kotappakonda or Trikutaparvatam, a three-peaked hill nearby. Though surrounded by other hills, the three hills, also known by the names of Trikutachalam or Trikutadri, can be distinctly seen from a distance from any direction. The three peaks are named after the Hindu Triumvirate, Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara. Guthikonda popularly known as Dakshina Kasi is located near Narasaraopeta. The Guthikonda Caves http://www.all-indiatravel.com/guntur/guthikonda-guntur.html here are place of deep mystery attracting many tourists to explore.

  • Sitanagaram
Image:Guntur-sitanagaram-1.jpg

Sitanagaram is located 16 miles North-East of Guntur City on the banks of river Krishna with a vast sandy beach for recreation and leisure. The famous Someswara Swamy temple is situated here According to the legend Lord Rama wept here for Sita when she was abducted by Ravana, hence the name Sitanagaram.

  • Undavalli-caves, Mangalagiri

Image:Mangalagiri-1.jpgImage:Undavalli.jpg Located 13 miles northeast of Guntur city, these two places are easily accessible on the Guntur-Kolkata Express Way.Managalagiri is famous for its temple of Lord Lakshmi Narasimha swamy. The hill used to be an active volcano. It is at an altitude of 30 meters above the sea level. Latitude is 16.44 degrees north, and longitude is 80.56 degrees east. Here at the temple, jaggery water is offered to the lord by the devotees. According to the ancient scriptures, the lord is being worshiped since Satya Yuga (The first of the four yugas). In the down hill there is another temple dedicated to Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy. It is said that, Yudhishtira (Dharmaraju, the eldest of the Pandavas) installed the main deity in this temple. The temple has a very tall tower with beautiful sculpture which has 11 stairs.

  • Downtown and city centres
Image:Sarovar-2-1.jpg

Guntur City has its own nice/modest downtown, midtown/city centers and uptown/residential areas. To name a few, 1. Center of Brodipet and ArundelPet, 2. Jinnah Tower Center, 3. Naaz Center, 4. Inner and Outer Ringroads, 5. Old Guntur, 6. Brindavan Gardens: A name which is identified with one of the famous residential areas, 7. Manasa Sarovar: This is like the Central Park for Guntur City. Located on the Eastern part of the city, it is one of the man made parks located in Guntur. Managed by the GMC and UDA together.

  • Krishna Barrage

Krishna Barrage (also known as Prakasam Barrage) is on the northeastern part, located around 18 miles from the Guntur City on the Krishna River connecting Guntur and Krishna Districts. On the other side of the River Krishna is Bezwada which is like a twin city to Guntur. Together the two/twin cities provide major medical, educational facilities in the state. This region is also a major transportation hub in the country. There is a future plan to make 'Greater Guntur' and twin cities comprising this area.

  • Uppalapadu Nature Conservation
Image:Hoopoe-1.jpg

Uppalapadu is located to the southern part of the Guntur City (4Miles). The water tanks in the village are unique as they provide refuge to many species birds including endangered Spot-Billed Pelicans and Painted Storks. The bird population in these tanks used to be around 12,000 previously, however lately only about 7000 birds roost in this dwindling habitat through the year. © SPECIES 2001 <ref>http://sagar.physics.neu.edu/pat/uppalapadu</ref>.

  • Nagarjuna Sagar Dam & Ethipothala Falls
Image:NagarjunaSagarDam.JPG

Nagarjuna Sagar, a massive irrigation project on the River Krishna, about 100 miles from Guntur City, has a rich and interesting past. It was a valley in the Nallamala range of the Eastern Ghats with civilizations dating back to thousands of years. Recorded history, however, assigns the first signs to the later Satavahanas and subsequently the Ikshvakus in the third century. The Sriparvata and Vijayapuri of yore were really temples where the famous savant and Philosopher Acharya Nagarjuna preached the message of the Buddha. The Ethipothala Falls located 7 miles from Nagarjunasagar, the water here is used for crocodile breeding.

Located to the South-West of the City near Chowdavaram (10 miles), easily accessible using the GNT-Chennai Express way (NH5). This is the place of Sri Viswayogi Viswamji and the Universal Integration Pillar. It is an envisioned symbol of oneness of humanity. Also located here is the VIMS/Viswayogi Institute of Medical Sciences (Mother and Child Care Hospital).

  • A few of the famous temples and other shrines
Image:KaliGardens.jpg

- Temple of Chaturmukha Brahma Lingeswaralayam located 8 miles to the center city of Guntur. It is one of rare temples of India built for Lord Brahma. - Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple at Ponnuru (which has large idols) and Kothapet. - Sri Bhavanarayanaswamy temples at Bapatla(built at the time of Shri Krishna Deva Raya) and Ponnuru. - Temple at Ramalingeswara Agraharam. It has old inscriptions dating to 1000 years ago. - Kakani Malleswara Swamy temple at Pedda Kakani built during the era of Krishnadevaraya. - Hinkar Tirtha (Jain Temple, Mangalagiri), VaikuntaPuram(Tenali). - Sri Kali Gardens at Namburu. -Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple (Anantavaram) 32Kms from Guntur and 10kms from Amaravathi.

Churches - St. Matthew's West Parish, Near Grand Trunk Road - St. Matthew's East Parish, Near Old Bus Stand - St. Matthew's North Parish, Brodipet - Telugu Baptist Church, Nagarampalem - St. Joseph's Church, Opposite A.C.College - Church of South India, Opposite A.C.College - Laymen's Evangelical Fellowship,Opp to ILTD, Grand Trunk Road. Peter Paul Mobile: 9394111519

Mosques - Masjid - e - Markaz, Near Pottur-pet, Old city - Masjid - e - Barah Imam, Near Brahma Nanda Reddy Stadium, Old City - Masjid - e - Firdouse, Alinagar, Old city - Masjid - e - Azad Nagar, Old City - Masjid - e - Madeena, Small Market, Old City - Masjid - e - AL Aksa, New City - Masjid - e - BIG Mosque, Constructed by Aurangazeb, Old City - Masjid - e - EK Minar, Big Market, Guntur

  • Markets
  • Restaurants

Guntur has three star hotels like Vajram Recidency, Sindhuri, and Vijya Krishna International. Hotel Surya Mahabodhi located in Brodiepet 4th line 10th cross is very famous for its delicacies. Especially the Vada Sambar variety they serve is a feast for your appetite. Also don't forget to taste Guntur Mirchi Bajji. You may get it elsewhere in AP also but the taste that you get in Guntur is absolutely matchless. Two more restaurents namely Nakshatra(A 3 star hotel, located at Lakshmipuram main road) and Grand Nagarjuna are very famous in Guntur.

  • For grocery shopping, one can go to the super markets like Triveni supermarket, Reliance Fresh. Moreover Spencers and Subhiksha are famous for grocery shopping. Apart from these supermarkets, the Guntur vegitable market is one of the biggest in Andhra Pradesh.

Drink

Many Three star hotels are there in Guntur like Grand Nagarjuna,Sindhuri, Vijaya krishan, Nakshatra.--192.147.222.2 23:54, 16 December 2008 (EST)

  • Hostels
  • Budget
  • Mid range
  • Bill Payments(eSeva)

eSeva, a AP govt organisation, provides citizen services for Paying the Utility Bills, Taxes, book train tickets etc..

  • Hospitals - As Guntur is district headquarters, it has number of good hospitals like Amaravathi medical resarch Center, Sankar Eye hospital, Bommidala Cancer Center to name a few.
  • Shopping,
  • Buying Art
  • Smoke?

Smoking in public places is officially restricted.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

GUNTUR; a town and district of British India, in the Madras presidency. The town (pop. in 1901, 30,833) has a station on the Bellary-Bezwada branch of the Southern Mahratta railway. It is situated east of the Kondavid hills, and is very healthy. It appears to have been founded in the 18th century by the French. At the time of the cession of the Circars to the English in 1765, Guntur was specially exempted during the life of Basalat Jang, whose personal jagir it was. In 1788 it came into British possession, the cession being finally confirmed in 1823. It has an important trade in cotton, with presses and ginning factories. There is a second-grade college supported by the American Lutheran Mission. Until 1859, Guntur was the headquarters of a district of the same name, and in 1904 a new District Of Guntur was constituted, covering territory which till then had been divided between Kistna and Nellore. Area, 5733 sq. m. The population on this area in 1901 was 1,490,635. The district is bounded on the E. and N. by the river Kistna; in the W. a considerable part of the boundary is formed by the Gundlakamma river. The greater part consists of a fertile plain irrigated by canals from the Kistna, and producing cotton, rice and other crops.


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