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Prince Gustav of Vasa
  Swedish Royalty
  House of Holstein-Gottorp
Adolf Frederick
Children
   Gustav III
   Charles XIII
   Prince Frederick Adolf
   Princess Sophia Albertine
Gustav III
Children
   Gustav IV Adolf
   Carl Gustav, Duke of Småland
Gustav IV Adolf
Children
   Gustav, Prince of Vasa
   Carl Gustav, Grand Duke of Finland
   Sofia Wilhelmina, Grand Duchess of Baden
   Princess Amalia Maria Charlotta
   Princess Cecilia
Grandchildren include:
   Princess Carola
Charles XIII

Crown Prince Gustav of Sweden (9 November 1799 at Stockholm – 4 August/5 August 1877 at Pillnitz), later Gustaf Gustafsson von Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Vasa) was the son of Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden and Frederica of Baden.

Contents

Biography

When he was ten years old, his father was deposed by military coup and the family was forced into exile. The Gustavian party tried to get him accepted as crown prince in 1809 and 1810, but were unsuccessful. Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp was one of the leading people of the Gustavian party, often visited ex-queen Frederica her in her house arrest and worked for prince Gustav to be acknowledged as heir to the throne. She wrote of this issue in her diaries: During a dinner, General Georg Adlersparre told her, that Jean Baptiste Bernadotte had asked whether she had any issue, and was interested when he found she had not. She said that the throne already had an heir in the deposed King's son. Adlersparre became upset and expressed the opinion of his party, that no one of the instigators of the coup would accept this, as they feared that the boy would revenge against them when he became King, and that they would go as far as take up the old rumour that the deposed King was in fact illegitimate and the son of Queen Sophia Magdalena and Count Adolf Fredrik Munck af Fulkila to prevent this[1].

Between the time after the coup and before the royal family left Sweden, they were held under house arrest. During that period, Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp described him in her famous diary as an obedient and dutiful child with a great ability to learn. He was not haughty as his sister but humble. Rather, he seemed too quiet and too careful for his age. When his younger sister, Princess Sophie, asked him why their father was no longer King, he told her that it was best not to talk about it. He asked no questions and did not appear to miss his father. After he was told that his father had been deposed, he acted embarrassed towards his mother. However, when she told him that he too had lost his position as heir, he cried and embraced her without a word. The announcement gave him much relief and happiness[2].

In 1816, he assumed the title of Count of Itterburg. Gustaf also served as an officer to the Habsburgs of Austria, and in 1829, Emperor Francis II of Austria created him Prince of Vasa. He was made a Field Marshal-Lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian Army in 1836.

In 1828, he became engaged to Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, but political pressure forced an end to any wedding plans. On 9 November 1830, he married in Karlsruhe his first cousin, Princess Louise Amelie of Baden (Schwetzingen, 5 June 1811 - Karlsruhe, 19 July 1854) . They divorced in 1843. A son, Louis, was born in 1832, but died shortly after birth. Their daughter, Princess Carola, married the Catholic King Albert I of Saxony, but they had no issue.

Gustaf died on 5 August 1877. In 1884, his (and his infant son's) remains were moved to Stockholm, to be buried beside his father.

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Adolf Frederick of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Gustav III of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Frederick William I of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Christian VI of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Frederick V of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. George II of Great Britain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Louise of Great Britain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Friedrich of Baden-Durlach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Amelia of Nassau-Dietz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Margrave Charles Louis of Baden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Charlotte Christine of Hanau-Lichtenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Frederica of Baden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 26)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Charlotte Christine of Hanau-Lichtenberg (= 27)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Caroline of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 

External links

References

  1. ^ Cecilia af Klercker (1903) (in Swedish). Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok IX 1807-1811 (The diaries of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte II). P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. ISBN 412070.  
  2. ^ Cecilia af Klercker (1903) (in Swedish). Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok IX 1807-1811 (The diaries of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte II). P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. ISBN 412070.  
  • Cecilia af Klercker (1942) (in (Swedish)). Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok VIII (The diary of Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotta). P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. ISBN 383107.  
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