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Guy Philippe: Wikis


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K.A. Paul with Haitian Rebel Leader Guy Philippe and Former US Congressman Bob Clement, at a press conference in Haiti after Paul convinced Phillipe to lay down his arms following Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's deposition

Guy Philippe (born February 29, 1968) is a Haitian politician. He was in Pestel, in the province of Nippes. He obtained his primary and secondary education at Saint-Louis de Gonzague

Following October, 2000 accusations of participation in a coup plot and his subsequent removal from his post as police chief of Cap-Haïtien Philippe fled to the Dominican Republic where he remained until February, 2004 when he returned to join a rebellion against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Five days after crossing back into Haiti on February 14 and joining former militia leader Louis-Jodel Chamblain in announcing his support for anti-government forces Philippe was given command of the rebel army.

Philippe is accused by Human Rights Watch of being a death squad leader during the reign of Baby Doc Duvalier[1] before receiving training from the U.S. Special Forces in Ecuador in an American bid to reinstate President Jean-Bertrand Aristide in the1990s.[2]

He has said that the man he most admires is former Chilean ruler Gen. Augusto Pinochet. He praises him for helping make Chile prosperous through economic market reforms.

The Haïtian government accused Philippe of master-minding a deadly attack on the Police Academy in July 2001 and of an attempted coup in December 2001.

Human Rights Watch reported Friday, February 27, 2004, that during Philippe's term as police chief of the Port-au-Prince suburb of Delmas from 1997 to 1999, international monitors "learned that dozens of suspected gang members were summarily executed, mainly by police under the command of Inspector Berthony Bazile, Philippe's deputy."[3]

Philippe was heavily involved in the 2004 Haitian rebellion, which was a coup d'etat that removed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide from the Americas on February 29, 2004, following the Ottawa Initiative and several weeks of conflict. On March 2, 2004, Philippe and his paramilitaries retook control of the former Haïtian Army headquarters across from the National Palace. Philippe declared to the international press that he himself is now in control of 90% of Haïti's armed forces. In an address on Haïtian Radio, Philippe declared, "The country is in my hands." He summoned 20 police commanders to meet with him the previous day and warned that if they failed to appear he would arrest them.

That same day, Philippe announced he would arrest Haïtian Prime Minister Yvon Neptune, who is a top official of Aristide's Lavalas party. Democracy Now! heard from sources in Haïti that Neptune's home was burned and looted and that he was being pursued by armed gangs. People close to Neptune reported that he fears for his life. Local radio reported that Neptune was evacuated from his office by helicopter as Guy Philippe led a mob in a march to the office. Meanwhile, there are reports of regular execution-style killings on the Haïtian seaside. [4]

At the same time, Indian-born Christian evangelist K.A. Paul flew to Haiti to meet with Philippe. Following that meeting, Philippe vowed to lay down his weapons and embrace the democratic method of challenge.

On July 11, 2005, Guy Philippe announced he would run for president for the Front for National Reconstruction (FRN) party. The FRN is also his guerrilla group which was involved in the rebellion of 2004. Early in 2005 the FRN became recognized as a political party. Philippe has been critical of the administration of the interim government, blaming them for the slow process of setting up registration centers throughout the country. Early on he was considered a frontrunner in the race but later fell behind the main contenders. In the end in spite of his international and local rebellion backers, and in spite of appealing to young Haitians to follow him, Phillippe won less than 1% of the vote, demonstrating that he was no popular hero and was only the leader of a false, mercenary rebel group.

Shortly after dawn Monday, July 16, 2007, five helicopters, two planes and more than a dozen heavily armed DEA and Haitian anti-drug agents surrounded Philippe's yellow, two-story gated home in the hills above Les Cayes, on Haiti's remote southern peninsula.

Philippe is being sought because of suspected ties with illegal drug trafficking in the country. Philippe's supporters say the allegations against him are politically motivated, noting he recently threatened to identify powerful Haitians who provided financial support for the 2004 rebellion.


  1. ^ The Jamaica Observer, March 7, 2004. Retrieved on 2009-6-1
  2. ^ BBC, March 4, 2004. Retrieved on 2009-5-14
  3. ^ Human Rights Watch, February 5, 2006. Retrieved on 2009-5-13
  4. ^ Democracy Now!, March 3, 2004. Retrieved on 2009-5-43


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