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Guy Vernor Henry
May 9, 1839(1839-05-09) ‚Äď October 27, 1899 (aged 60)
Guy Vernor Henry.png
Place of birth Fort Smith, Indian Territory
Place of death Washington, D.C.
Place of burial Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Indian Wars

Spanish-American War

Awards Medal of Honor
Other work Governor of Puerto Rico

Guy Vernor Henry (March 9, 1839 ‚Äď October 27, 1899) was a military officer and Medal of Honor recipient who served as an early Governor of Puerto Rico.

Contents

Biography

Henry was born in Fort Smith, Indian Territory (now Arkansas). He graduated from the United States Military Academy on March 9, 1861, serving as a Union soldier in the Civil War, and later in conflicts against the Native Americans in the West and southwest of the United States of America. During the Spanish-American War, he was dispatched to Guant√°namo, Cuba, and later sent to Puerto Rico, alongside General Nelson Miles.[1][2]

He received successive brevets for gallantry in various battles and was breveted brigadier general, United States Army, for gallantry at the Battle of Rosebud in Montana Territory, where he was shot through the face while fighting Native Americans. He was awarded the Medal of Honor on December 5, 1893, for his Civil War service at the Battle of Cold Harbor on June 1, 1864, where he was serving as Colonel, 40th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.[1][2]

During the invasion of Puerto Rico, Henry led a "Provisional Division" from the city of Ponce to Arecibo, Puerto Rico to rendezvous with General Theodore Schwan, who was arriving from the city of Mayag√ľez. The tropical rain impeded his trek and before he reached Mayag√ľez, the conflict was over.[1][2]

On December 6, 1898, he was designated Governor of Puerto Rico. On February 6, 1899, he dissolved the Cabinet of Puerto Rico, which was instituted with the Autonomic Charter. Henry also eliminated taxes on basic food items. On May 17, 1899, he was replaced by General George W. Davis.[2]

Henry died of pneumonia in New York City and was buried in Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery.[2]

Henry's son, Guy V. Henry, Jr., also served in the military with a distinguished career, and went on to win a bronze medal in the Olympics.

Medal of Honor citation

Rank and organization: Colonel, 40th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. Entered service at: Reading Pa. Birth: Fort Smith, Indian Ter. Date of issue: December 5, 1893.

Citation:

Led the assaults of his brigade upon the enemy's works, where he had 2 horses shot under him.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Guy Vernor Henry". Arllington National Cemetery. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ghenry.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-12.  
  2. ^ a b c d e "Gen. Guy V. Henry Is Dead". The New York Times. 1899-10-28. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9D05E3DF1230EE32A2575BC2A9669D94689ED7CF. Retrieved 2009-04-12.  

External links

Preceded by
John Ruller Brooke
Governor of Puerto Rico
1898-1899
Succeeded by
George Whitefield Davis
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