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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Common Baby's-breath
Gypsophila paniculata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Gypsophila
Species: G. paniculata
Binomial name
Gypsophila paniculata
L.

Gypsophila paniculata, commonly known as Baby's-breath, is a cultivated ornamental flower popular in the florist trade, and originally from Eastern Europe. There are some 55 species of Gypsophila found in Europe, Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean. It is cultivated in Peru corresponding to a large portion of this country's flowers exports[1]. It belongs to the family Caryophyllaceae, which includes the common carnation. Its natural habitat is on the steppes in dry, sandy and stony places, often on calcareous soils (gypsophila = "chalk-loving"). Specimens of this plant were first sent to Linnaeus from St Petersburg by the Swiss-Russian botanist Johann Amman.

Several members of the genus have roots which are rich in saponins.[2]

Invasive

According to the Chicago Botanic Garden, Gypsophila paniculata is an invasive species in the Chicago region. [3]

References

Illustration by Otto Wilhelm Thomé

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Gypsophila paniculata

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Unassigned core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales
Familia: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Gypsophila
Species: Gypsophila paniculata

Name

Gypsophila paniculata L., Sp. Pl. 1: 406. 1753.

Synonyms

Homotypic
  • Arrostia paniculata (L.) Raf., Fl. Tell., 2 : 54. 1837.
  • Saponaria paniculata (L.) H.Neumayer, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 91: 236, in obs. 1942.
  • Silene paniculata (L.) Ehrenb. ex Rohrb., Monogr. Silene 195. 1869.
  • Silene paniculata (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Deutschl. Fl. (Sturm), ed. 2 5: 105. 1901, comb. superfl.
Heterotypic
  • Arrostia parviflora Raf., Autik. Bot. 26. 1840.
  • Gypsophila parviflora Moench, Meth. 60. 1794, nom. illeg.

References

  • Flore Electronique (2000-2009). Association Tela Botanica. Institut de Botanique, Montpellier. 2009 Sept 20 [1].

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Rispiges Gipskraut, Schleier-Gipskraut, Schleierkraut
English: Baby's Breath, Double Snowflake
Français: Gypsophile Brouillard
Nederlands: Pluimgipskruid
Polski: łyszczec wiechowaty, gipsówka wiechowata
Русский: Качим метельчатый, Перекати-поле
Svenska: Brudslöja

Simple English

Gypsophila paniculata is a species of perennial plant, a plant that lives for more than two years. The common name, a name that is in general use, is baby's breath.

Contents

Description

The height of the species 2 to 3 feet long and the width of the species is 2 to 3 feet long. The species blooms anytime from April to August. The color of the flowers are white. The plant needs sunlight from the full sun meaning direct sunlight.[1] The species is a herbaceous plant, has leaves and stems that die down at the end of the growing season to the soil level and have no woody stem above the ground.[2]

Habitat

The species is native to Central Europe and Siberia.[3]

Poisonous

The species is poisonous. The poisonous parts of the plant are the flowers and the rest of the plant are poisonous when they are dry. The species can cause eye irritation, sinus irritation meaning in the nasal cavity, or asthma after the plant is repeatedly handled. The plant can also cause minor, a lesser effect, skin irritation that only lasts for a few minutes.[4]

References

Look up Gypsophila paniculata in Wikispecies, a directory of species
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  1. "Gypsophila paniculata 'Bristol Fairy'". Kenter Center for Home Gardening. http://www.mobot.org/gardinghelp/plantfinder/Plant.asp?code=H930. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  2. "Gypsophila paniculata--Perennial Baby's Breath". Michigan State University. http://web1.msue.msu.edu/imp/modzz/00000683.html. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  3. Cox, Jeff (1998). Perennial All Stars. Rodale Press, Inc. pp. 154. ISBN 9780875967806. 
  4. "Gypsophila paniculata". Poisonous Plants of North Carolina. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/Gypsopa.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 

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