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Gypsy Rose Lee

Gypsy Rose Lee in the film Stage Door Canteen (1943)
Born Rose Louise Hovick
January 8, 1911(1911-01-08)
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Died April 26, 1970 (aged 59)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Years active 1937 – 1969
Spouse(s) Robert Mizzy (1937 – 1941)
Alexander Kirkland (1942 – 1944)
Julio De Diego (1948 – 1955)
Gypsy Rose Lee in Los Angeles, circa 1937

Gypsy Rose Lee (born January 8, 1911[1] – April 26, 1970) was an American burlesque entertainer, famous for her striptease act. She was also an actress, author and playwright, whose 1957 memoir was made into the stage musical and film Gypsy.

Contents

Early life

Gypsy Rose Lee was born Rose Louise Hovick in Seattle, Washington in 1911, although her mother later shaved three years off both of her daughters' ages. She was initially known by her middle name, Louise. Her mother, Rose Hovick (née Rose Evangeline Thompson), was a teenaged bride fresh from a convent school when she married Norwegian-American John Olaf Hovick, who was a newspaper advertising salesman and a reporter at the The Seattle Times. Her sister, Ellen Evangeline Hovick (better known as actress June Havoc), was born in 1913.[2][3]

After their parents divorced, the girls supported the family by appearing in vaudeville where June's talent shone, while Louise remained in the background. At the age of 13 in December 1928, June eloped with Bobby Reed, a dancer in the act, much to her mother's displeasure, going on to a brief career in marathon dancing, which was more remunerative than tap dancing at the time.

Career

Louise's singing and dancing talents were insufficient to sustain the act without June. Eventually, it became apparent that Louise could make money in burlesque, which earned her legendary status as a classy and witty strip tease artist. Her innovations were an almost casual strip style, compared to the herky-jerky styles of most burlesque strippers (she emphasized the "tease" in "striptease") and she brought a sharp sense of humor into her act as well. She became as famous for her onstage wit as for her strip style, and—changing her stage name to Gypsy Rose Lee—she became one of the biggest stars of Minsky's Burlesque, where she performed for four years. She was frequently arrested in raids on the Minsky brothers' shows.

She eventually traveled to Hollywood, where she was billed as Louise Hovick. Her acting was generally panned, so she returned to New York City and invested in film producer Michael Todd. She eventually appeared as an actress in many of his films.

Trying to describe what Gypsy was (a "high-class" stripper), H. L. Mencken coined the term ecdysiast. Her style of intellectual recitation while stripping was spoofed in the number "Zip!" from Rodgers and Hart's Pal Joey, a play in which her sister June appeared. Gypsy can be seen performing an abbreviated version of her act (intellectual recitation and all) in the 1943 film Stage Door Canteen.

In 1941, Gypsy Rose Lee authored a mystery thriller called The G-String Murders which was made into the 1943 film Lady of Burlesque starring Barbara Stanwyck. While some assert this was in fact ghost-written by Craig Rice, there are also those who suggest that there is more than sufficient written evidence in the form of manuscripts and Lee's own correspondence to prove she wrote a large part of the novel herself under the guidance of Rice and others, including her friend and mentor, the editor George Davis.[4][5] Lee's second murder mystery, Mother Finds a Body, was published in 1942.

Relationships

Gypsy Rose Lee, full-length portrait

While she worked at Minsky's, Gypsy Rose Lee had relationships with an assortment of characters, from comedian Rags Ragland to Eddy Bruns. In Hollywood, she married Arnold "Bob" Mizzy on August 25, 1937, at the insistence of the film studio. Gypsy was at one time in love with Michael Todd and in 1942, in an attempt to make him jealous, she married William Alexander Kirkland. They divorced in 1944. While married to Kirkland, she gave birth on December 11, 1944 to a son fathered by Otto Preminger; he was named Erik Lee and has been known successively as Erik Kirkland, Erik de Diego and Erik Preminger. Gypsy Lee was married for a third time in 1948 to Julio de Diego, but they also eventually divorced.

Gypsy and June, who also became successful in performance, continued to get demands for money from their mother, who had opened a boarding house in a ten-room apartment on West End Avenue in New York City[citation needed]. This property and a farm in Highland Mills, New York, had been rented for Mother Rose by Gypsy Lee. Mother Rose shot and killed one of her guests (according to Erik Preminger) at the boardinghouse. This incident was explained as a suicide.[citation needed] Mother Rose died in 1954 of colon cancer.

Later years

Gypsy Rose Lee in 1956

With their mother dead, the sisters now felt free to write about her without risking a lawsuit. Gypsy's memoirs, titled Gypsy, were published in 1957 and were taken as inspirational material for the Jule Styne, Stephen Sondheim, and Arthur Laurents musical Gypsy: A Musical Fable. June Havoc didn't like the way she was portrayed in the piece, but she was eventually persuaded (and paid) not to oppose it for her sister's sake. The play and the subsequent movie deal assured Gypsy a steady income. The sisters became estranged. June, in turn, wrote Early Havoc and More Havoc, relating her version of the story.

Gypsy Rose Lee went on to host a morning San Francisco KGO-TV television talk show, Gypsy. She was diagnosed in 1969 with metastatic lung cancer, which prompted her to reconcile with June before her death. "This is my present, you know," she reportedly told June, "my present from Mother".

The walls of her Los Angeles home were adorned with pictures by Joan Miró, Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning, all of which were reportedly gifts to her by the artists themselves. Like Picasso, she was a supporter of the Popular front movement in the Spanish Civil War and raised money for charity to alleviate the suffering of Spanish children during the conflict.

She also founded one of the first kennels dedicated to breeding Chinese Crested dogs in the U.S, 'Lee', which was sold after her death to Mrs. Ida Garrett and Debora Wood.[citation needed] Gypsy Rose Lee died of lung cancer in Los Angeles in 1970. She is buried in Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, California.

Filmography

Television

  • Think Fast (1949)
  • The Gypsy Rose Lee Show (1958)
  • Who Has Seen the Wind? (1965)
  • Gypsy (1965)
  • Batman (1966)
  • The Pruitts of Southampton (1966)
  • The Over-the-Hill Gang (1969)
  • The Hollywood Squares (1969)

Books

Plays

  • The Naked Genius (1943) (filmed and released as Doll Face in 1946)

Further reading

  • Gypsy & Me: At Home and on the Road with Gypsy Rose Lee by Erik Lee Preminger, Little, Brown, 1984
  • Stripping Gypsy: The Life of Gypsy Rose Lee by Noralee Frankel, Oxford, 2009

References

  1. ^ Historylink.org
  2. ^ Stripping Gypsy: The Life of Gypsy Rose Lee, Noralee Frankel, Oxford University Press US, 2009, ISBN 0195368037, 9780195368031
  3. ^ My G-string mother: and home and backstage with Gypsy Rose Lee by Erik Lee Preminger, Frog Books, 2004 ISBN 1583940960, 9781583940969, page 186
  4. ^ Tippins, Sherill. February House: The Story of W. H. Auden, Carson McCullers, Jane and Paul Bowles, Benjamin Britten, and Gypsy Rose Lee, Under One Roof in Brooklyn. Houghton Mifflin Company Publishing, 2005."
  5. ^ Hubin, Allen J. Crime Fiction, 1749-1980: A Comprehensive Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1984, p. 243

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Gypsy Rose Lee (February 9, 1911 or 1914April 26, 1970), also known as Rose Louise Hovick and Louise Hovick, was an American actress and burlesque entertainer.

Unsourced

  • God is love, but get it in writing.
  • I have everything I had twenty years ago, only it's all a little bit lower.

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