The Full Wiki

Gyroball: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A gyroball is a type of baseball pitch used primarily by players in Japan.



The gyroball pitch was first identified by the Japanese scientist Ryutaro Himeno (姫野 龍太郎), and later developed into a specific throwing technique by baseball instructor, Kazushi Tezuka (手塚 一志), who used computer simulations to create a new style of delivery intended to reduce stress on the pitcher. They published their work in a book, currently available only in Japan, the title of which is roughly translated as The Secret of the Miracle Pitch (魔球の正体).

Tezuka got the idea in 1995, when he found an American toy in a Japanese store. The toy is called the X-Zylo Ultra, and its reliance on the gyroscopic effect allows it to fly more than 500 feet when thrown.[1]

Amid many conflicting claims, Tezuka says the gyroball has been misunderstood.[2] In short, similar to a bullet, gyroball's axis of spin directly faces forward.

According to Himeno and Tezuka, a gyroball is thrown so that, at the point of release, instead of having the pitcher's arm move inwards towards the body (the standard method used in the United States), the pitcher rotates his arm so that it moves away from his body, toward third base for a right-handed pitcher and toward first base for a left-handed pitcher.

However, the technique to throwing the gyroball is all in the arms, not in the unique grip of the baseball. Kazushi Tezuka is an instructor at the Jyoutatsuya baseball dojo in Tokyo, and Osaka, Japan. "This," says Tezuka, as he grabs his thigh, "is the most important part of throwing the gyroball. It has nothing to do with the hands."[3]

The unusual method of delivery creates a bullet-like spin on the ball with the axis of spin in line with the direction of the throw, similar to the way an American football is thrown. According to Tezuka, the pitch, if thrown correctly, is meant to fly straight like a fastball. Contrary to early speculation that the gyroball was a late moving breaking ball, the fact that the pitch travels with a bullet-spin denotes that the baseball is stabilized, hence the lack of movement. In baseball, most pitches are thrown with backspin, like the usual fastball, or with a more forward spinning motion, like the curveball and the slider.

Batters use the arm speed of the pitcher and the spin on a baseball, made visible by the seams, to judge the speed and trajectory of a pitch. The gyroball is thrown with the arm speed of a usual fastball, but with a different actual speed. Its bullet-like spinning motion may hide the seams of a ball from the view of the batter, making it difficult to predict the pitch. Typical strategy entails throwing many variations of balls, followed by a gyroball. The batter, predicting a change in speed caused by the ball's spin, may adapt to the wrong speed and swing incorrectly.

The gyroball is also often confused with a completely different Japanese pitch called the shuuto, due to an error in a well-known article by baseball writer Will Carroll[4]. Although Carroll later corrected himself, the confusion still persists.

Appearance In Computer And Video Games

In March 2005, Baseball Mogul was the first game to include the "Gyroball". The pitch was included in the arsenal of Daisuke Matsuzaka. However, because Matsuzaka was not yet with the Red Sox, players had to simulate into the 2006 season before the gyroball became available. Additionally, the gyroball is available in Baseball Mogul's player editor, and can be learned in Spring Training by pitchers that enter the game after 2005. In the game's graphical play-by-play mode, the pitch comes out of the pitcher's hand as a fastball, but fails to rise like a traditional four-seam fastball.

In the video game MLB 07: The Show and the more recent The Bigs, only Daisuke Matsuzaka has the ability to throw the gyroball, although the movement of the pitch in the video game differs from the movement of the actual pitch. Daisuke Matsuzaka has himself stated, "looks like they are talking about my cut fastball or sinking slider. I guess sometimes it has a similar rotation of a gyro, when I fail to throw the cut fastball or the slider properly, but it is not exactly a gyro itself. It is different. There is a particular way of throwing it. I guess it is a kind of shuuto-like cut fastball". (However, in the long-lasting Japan-Baseball game series Jikkyō Powerful Pro Yakyū series, Daisuke is never given "Gyroball" ability for any installment, nor in the MLB Power Pros series installment.) It is an obtainable ability in the MLB Power Pros series, and its effect is to make the fastball look faster.

A careful computer analysis of Matsuzaka's pitches for the Boston Red Sox for the first half of the 2007 season by Dan Fox of Baseball Prospectus suggests that while Matsuzaka commands a dazzling array of pitches, the gyroball is more myth than reality. However, Daisuke has said he is trying to learn to throw the trick pitch.[5]



Official gyroballers

  • Tetsuro Kawajiri (retired): He is supposed to be a typical gyroballer in Japan. According to the book, the authors confirmed he threw a two-seam gyroball.[2] It confuses the batter by giving the illusion that the ball is faster than it actually is, because of the greater difference between the start speed and end speed. The batter cannot adapt to the slower end speed, which is not what he expected.[6]

. The gyroball is often confused with a changeup, but the beginning speed is the same as a fastball.[2]

  • Shunsuke Watanabe (Chiba Lotte Marines): He and Tezuka officially allowed him to be a gyroballer,[2] he throws a two-seam gyroball.[7] He thought it was just a non-breaking curveball before Tezuka told him it was the gyroball.[8] He throws four-seam gyro as well.[9]
  • Tomoki Hoshino[2] (Seibu Lions)
  • Nobuyuki Hoshino (retired): According to Tezuka, their fastball has a four-seam spiral movement. This is the four-seam gyroball. The nature is opposite to two-seam, the batter may confuse it as being much slower initially[10]. Tezuka pointed it out in "スポーツトレーニングが変わる本" which means The book which changed a way of sports training. Especially Nobuyuki, he was supposed to be a typical slow baller, nevertheless, Norihiro Nakamura thinks his fastball was the fastest in Japan, much better than even Matsuzaka's. Since they both are left-handed, the moving direction is opposite to the other pitchers.


  • Daisuke Matsuzaka: Most familiar with the gyro agree he does not throw the pitch. Matsuzaka has stated that he can throw the gyroball, however cannot do so on a consistent basis.
  • C.J. Wilson: He has claimed that he throws the gyroball.[11] However, just as his two-seam ball, it is sometimes very similar to a slider or sinker in spite of his adoption of Tezuka's theory; he can not control it. He guesses because the gyro axle is inclined in irregularity. But while trying to learn the gyro, Wilson developed a new hybrid pitch, which he calls the Cork. The Cork, described by Wilson, is a "rising cut fastball." He uses this as his out pitch against left-handed hitters.[12]
  • Hideo Nomo: Tezuka thinks that his fastball is probably a gyroball.[13]
  • Jered Weaver: His fastball is considered the four-seam gyro.[14]
  • Pedro Martínez: Tezuka thinks he throws it accidentally.[2]
  • Roger Clemens: Kazuo Matsui reckons he may throw it because his fastball has a gyroball-like rotation.[13]
  • Steve Palazzolo: Former CanAm and Minor League pitcher is attempting to learn the pitch from Will Carroll, a columnist for Baseball Prospectus. [15] *Note: Let it be known that Will Carroll has admitted to the fact that the pitch that he had taught to Joey Niezer and Craig Stutler, and wrote an article about in the Baseball Prospectus, was not in fact the gyro (or at least, the same gyroball which is taught by Tezuka and Himeno)
  • Children: For example, Akinori Otsuka said his nine-year old child throws a gyroball-like ball even though Otsuka himself can not throw it.[2] Tezuka thinks many kids throw it unconsciously before their instructors modify their natural pitching form.[16]


  1. ^ Masayoshi Niwa,"松坂のスライダーはジャイロボールなのか?(前編)"MAJOR.JP Jun 31, 2007[1](Japanese)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Jeff Passan, "Finally, the gyroball mystery solved," Feb 21, 2007 [2]
  3. ^ Brett Bull, "Unwinding the Gyroball," January 30, 2006. [3]
  4. ^ Will Carroll,"The Ghost Pitch"[4]
  5. ^ Dan Fox, "Schrodinger's Bat: Searching for the Gyroball,", July 5, 2007.
  6. ^ "日米野球 川尻(阪神タイガース)のジャイロボール?" YouTube[5] (Japanese)
  7. ^ Masayoshi Niwa,"“魔球”ジャイロの真実にボンズ関心(前編)"Major. JP Feb 22, 2007 [6] (Japanese)
  8. ^ Seiya Kumazaki,"「素振りの正体」" 手塚一志の上達屋BASEBALL DOJYO [7] (Japanese)
  9. ^ "渡辺俊“ジャイロボール”で2回5K…ロッテVS豪州選抜" スポーツ報知 Feb 14, 2007[8] (Japanese)
  10. ^ "1996日本シリーズ第1戦 星野伸之の全投球"YouTube[9] (Japanese)
  11. ^ T.R. Sullivan, "Notes: Wilson adding to pitching menu Rangers left-hander will experiment with Japan's 'gyro'"[10]
  12. ^ Masayoshi Niwa,"松坂に触発、目指すは米国人初のジャイロボーラー"MAJOR.JP Apr 17, 2007[11](Japanese)
  13. ^ a b Masayoshi Niwa,"ウィーバー兄弟はジャイロボーラー?"MAJOR.JP Mar 11 ,2007[12](Japanese)
  14. ^ Masayoshi Niwa,"松坂のスライダーはジャイロボールなのか?(後編)"MAJOR.JP Jun 31, 2007 [13](Japanese)
  15. ^
  16. ^ Masayoshi Niwa,"松坂のスライダーはジャイロボールなのか?(後編" Jun 31, 2007 MAJOR.JP [14](Japanese)

External links


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address