Hämeenlinna: Wikis

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Hämeenlinna
—  City  —
Hämeenlinnan kaupunki
View of Lake Vanajavesi, next to Hämeenlinna. You can see the castle on the right.

Coat of arms
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
Coordinates: 61°00′N 024°28′E / 61°N 24.467°E / 61; 24.467Coordinates: 61°00′N 024°28′E / 61°N 24.467°E / 61; 24.467
Country Finland
Region Tavastia Proper
Sub-region Hämeenlinna sub-region
Charter 1639
Government
 - City manager Tapani Hellstén
Area (2009-01-01)[1]
 - Total 2,067.28 km2 (798.2 sq mi)
 - Land 1,820.1 km2 (702.7 sq mi)
 - Water 247.18 km2 (95.4 sq mi)
Area rank 39th largest in Finland
Population (2009-12-31)[2]
 - Total 66,643
 Density 36.62/km2 (94.8/sq mi)
Population rank 14th largest in Finland
Population by native language [3]
 - Finnish 97.5% (official)
 - Swedish 0.3%
 - Others 2.2%
Population by age [4]
 - 0 to 14 15.8%
 - 15 to 64 64.7%
 - 65 or older 19.5%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19%
Website www.hameenlinna.fi

Hämeenlinna (Swedish: Tavastehus) is a city and municipality of about 67,000 inhabitants[2] in the heart of the historical province of Häme in the south of Finland and is the birthplace of composer Jean Sibelius. Today, it belongs to the region of Tavastia Proper, and until 2010 it was the residence city for the Governor of the province of Southern Finland. Nearby cities include the capital Helsinki (98 km/61 mi), Tampere (73 km/45 mi) and Lahti (72 km/45 mi).

The medieval Häme Castle (Hämeen linna) is located in the city.

The municipalities of Hauho, Kalvola, Lammi, Renko and Tuulos were consolidated with Hämeenlinna on 1 January 2009.

Contents

History

There has been a settlement called Vanaja by the lake Vanajavesi in where the city now stands since the Viking Age. The castle was built in the late 13th century to secure the Swedish power in central Finland. A village was born near to the Häme Castle to provide services and goods to inhabitants.

The village was granted city rights in 1639 and soon after that the King of Sweden moved it one kilometre south on the hill where it now stands.

The city is known for its schools and academies where many famous Finns have studied. Schools, government and the military have characterized Hämeenlinna's life all through history.

Finland's first railway line opened between Hämeenlinna and Helsinki in 1862. The current Hämeenlinna railway station (Rautatieasema in Finnish) was built in 1921.

Notable persons

The composer Jean Sibelius was born and raised in Hämeenlinna. He graduated from Hämeenlinna Lyseo in 1885.

Poet Eino Leino graduated from Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio.

Juho Kusti Paasikivi (Seventh President of Finland) graduated from Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio (Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio is Hämeenlinna Lyseo Upper secondary school, roughly the equivalent of a US highschool).

The folk/Viking metal band Turisas is from Hämeenlinna.

Antony Hämäläinen (Vocalist for the Greek/Swedish Melodic Death Metal band Nightrage) was born in Hämeenlinna.

Strongman and actor Jouko Ahola was born in Hämeenlinna. He won the 1997 and 1999 World's Strongest Man, and now serves as a one of the judges at the contest.

NHL Minnesota Wild forward Antti Miettinen was born in Hämeenlinna in 1980 and returns there in the off-season.

Kimi Räikkönen (Formula One driver) and Jenni Dahlman were married in 2004 in Hämeenlinna.

Economy

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Largest employers (by number of employees) [6]

  • City of Hämeenlinna: 2,490
  • State of Finland: 2,480
  • Kanta-Häme Hospital District: 1,460
  • Ruukki (Rautaruukki Oyj): 1,030
  • Huhtamäki Oyj: 700
  • Hämeen AMK: 510
  • Aina Group Oyj: 500
  • Kansanterveystyön ky: 490
  • Patria Vehicles Oy: 430
  • Konecranes Standard Lifting Oy: 330
  • Koulutuskeskus Tavastia: 270
  • Lindström Oy: 175

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Hämeenlinna is twinned with:

Sport

References

Notes
  1. ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2009" (in Finnish and Swedish) (PDF). Land Survey of Finland. http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/Pintaalat_kunnittain_1.1.2009.pdf. Retrieved 20 February 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Population by municipality as of 31 December 2009" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Information System. Population Register Center of Finland. http://www.vrk.fi/vrk/files.nsf/files/4AD425C09E8E9093C22576AA001D7112/$file/091231.htm. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=060_vaerak_tau_107_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+kielen+mukaan+sek%E4+ulkomaan+kansalaisten+m%E4%E4r%E4+ja+maa%2Dpinta%2Dala+alueittain++1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=050_vaerak_tau_104_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+i%E4n+%281%2Dv%2E%29+ja+sukupuolen+mukaan+alueittain+1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2010". Tax Administration of Finland. 24 November 2009. http://www.vero.fi/download.asp?id=5853;25512. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
  6. ^ [1] Taskutietoa Hämeenlinnasta, a factbook published by the city of Hämeenlinna (pdf download, in Finnish)
  7. ^ Hämeenlinna's official website: twin towns
  8. ^ "Stadt Celle". www.celle.de. http://www.celle.de/index.phtml?sNavID=342.65&La=2. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  9. ^ "Frederiksberg Municipality - Twin Towns" (in Danish). ©2007 -2009 Frederiksberg Municipality. http://www.frederiksberg.dk/PolitikOgDemokrati/PolitikkerOgStrategier/Samarbejde/InternationaleSamarbejder/Venskabsbyer.aspx. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Hämeenlinna (Swedish: Tavastehus) [1] is a city in Southern Finland.

Get in

By car

Exactly 100 km north from Helsinki with the motorway 3 E12. The nearest major city (and airport) is Tampere, about 75 km to the north. Road number 10 (From Turku to Lahti) also goes near the city.

By train

As Hämeenlinna is situated at the most important railway [2] of Western Finland it's well connected with Helsinki and Tampere as well as cities further north, like Vaasa, Oulu and Rovaniemi.

By bus

Buses from Helsinki to Tampere stop at Hämeenlinna.

By boat

Yes, there is a waterway between Tampere and Hämeenlinna. At summer it can be the most enjoyable way to travel, while the views at the lake Vanajavesi are at their best. The trip can be quite long though. Finnish Silverline [3] offers cruises, which take 8 hours one way.

Get around

You can get around by car, by bus [4] or by foot. For driving around, the city center is quite an irritating experience, with it's tight intersections and numerous one-way streets. The services in the city center are withing a few minutes walk, so a car is hardly necessary there. All buses stop at the market square while heading west and at at the bus station (at Palokunnankatu near market square) while heading east.

  • Häme castle [5] is the main attraction of Hämeenlinna. Medieval red brick castle, which now serves as a museum and a venue for some events. Guided tours are available. There are also couple of other museums (e.g. prison museum) next to the castle. Between the castle and city centre there is a large park area Linnanpuisto, where the annual Wanaja Festival is held at summer.
  • Aulanko [6] Originally a natural park with great sights, equipped in late 18's and early 19's with an observation tower, other buildings of stone, artificial ponds and rare plant species. Today the area offers also plenty of services, including accommodation in the famous hotel and various outdoor activities.
  • Tank museum in Parola [[7]] Situated some kilometres north from the city center. For those who are interested in military equiment.
  • Holy Cross Church in Parola, a little north of Hämeenlinna. Medieval, gothic church, built mostly of red bricks. Inside there are many paintings and sculptures.
  • Ahvenisto ridge Beautiful ridge area in western side of the city. Beach of the lake Ahvenisto, "Appara" is a popular place for hanging out, especially in the summer. The swimming arena, in which some swimming competitions of 1952 olympics took part, isn't in use though. In the ridge area there are also e.g. paths for jogging or skiing and a racing track which is a nuisance among locals and a synonym for Ahvenisto for others, while many motor sport events are held there.
  • The birthplace of Jean Sibelius is now a museum, telling about the composer's childhood, at Hallituskatu 11. The old wooden house is conserved between bigger modern buildings. The museum is closed for renovation until fall 2007.
  • Aulanko offers various activities. There is a recently built spa, tennis courts and a golf course, riding stables etc.
  • Another golf course, Linnagolf, next to Vanajanlinna

Eat

There aren't many regional specialities available. If one doesn't count hotsi, a local version of hot dog, which is sold in grill kiosks.

For cheap meal (10€ or less for one person, even as low as 5€ in the lunchtime) you can always find some fast food. In city centre you can hardly miss a pizza/kebab place. There are also Subway, McDonalds, and Hesburger outlets. Golden Rax pizzabuffet offers it's megabuffet for 7,99€.

  • Popino [8] is located at Keskustalo, a grim building with a set of stairs, which connect Raatihuoneenkatu (opposite of the church) to Palokunnankatu. Popino serves large, quite special pizzas, but also tasty dishes with e.g. steaks and fish. Salad and bread are included in price, so a pizza or "dish of the day" with water as drink might cost you 10€ or so, but also finer (and more expensive) meals are available. Popino has something for everyone. Raatihuoneenkatu 11, tel. (03) 6532555
  • Piparkakkutalo [9] "The gingerbread house" is easily recognisable of it's white "scaled" wall. With a beautiful view to the church this is one of the finer places in Hämeenlinna. Kirkkorinne 2 (next to the church) tel. +358 3 648 040
  • If you'd fancy a steak in Finland's oldest pub (or so it claims), check William's pub [10]. The salad bar, included in the price of a steak dish, is quite good. The basic portions with a steak, potatoes and sauce aren't among the biggest or finest available. Rauhankatu 11, tel. (03)656040
  • From one corner of the market square begins the two-block long promenade street (the first block called "Reska" by locals, the another was built quite recently). There you will find Tawastia Bank [11] and Huviretki (a chain restaurant, which operates next to hotel Cumulus).
  • At the corner of Sibeliuksenkatu and Palokunnankatu there is Rosso, a restaurant of a Finnish chain, probably with some Italian influence, selling pizzas and other dishes with reasonable prices. Further on Sibeliuksenkatu there are Steak House, Pancho Villa (mexican), and finally at the corner of Sibeliukskatu and Hallituskatu, Coyote bar & grill, another chain restaurant with nice looking menu but not exactly cheap prices.
  • For some ethnic food, other than kebab, you can go to the first blocks of Raatihuoneenkatu (from market square to the church's direction and on) and find couple of Chinese restaurants. Georgios [12] serves food from Greece and is also located near market square. Linnankatu 3, tel. (03) 682 8884

Drink

You might not want to go bar-hopping in the suburbs, though it's not necessary, while most of pubs, rock-bars, nightclubs etc. are located around market square area. Metropol is "number one nightclub" for teens and twenty-somethings. High prices (on weekends 7€ for entrance only) and the average users might be the reasons to avoid the place.

  • Kylpylähotelli Rantasipi Aulanko [13] Old fine hotel with recently built spa. In the middle of the Aulanko area, some 5 km away from the city center. Bus lines 2 and 13 leave from here to center once in an hour. Aulanko area offers also e.g. accommodation in cottages. [14]
  • Hotel Cumulus Hämeenlinna [15] Located in the city centre.
  • Hotelli Emilia [16] Small hotel right in the centre at the Reska promenade street.
  • Sokos Hotel Vaakuna [17] Possentie 7 tel. +358 (0)20 1234 636

Located near the Railway station, at the shore of lake Vanajavesi. Not far from the city center.

  • Vanajanlinna [18] Vanajanlinnantie 485, FIN-13330 Harviala tel. +358 (0)3 61 020
  • Puuhamaa [19] is an amusement park (or maybe more a giant playground) in Tervakoski, about 20 km south of Hämeenlinna. Much of fun for kids, though everyone must pay the 17€ entrance fee, which grants you all the activities: waterpark with steam sauna, boats, racetracks with small cars, and various places for jumping, sliding, climbing and playing. Having a picnic is also possible.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

Finnish Häme + linna, meaning Häme castle.

Proper noun

Hämeenlinna

  1. A city in southern Finland not far from Helsinki.

Translations

  • Greek: Χάμενλιννα
  • Russian: Хямеэнлинна (Xjámeenlinna)

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