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Hōreki (宝暦 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Kan'en and before Meiwa. The period spanned the years from 1751 through 1764. The reigning emperor and emperess were Momozono-tennō (桃園天皇 ?) and Go-Sakuramachi-tennō (後桜町天皇 ?).[1]


Change of era

  • 1751 Hōreki 1 (宝暦元年 ?): The new era of Hōreki (meaning "Valuable Calendar" or "Valuable Almanac") was said to have been created to mark the death of the retired Emperor Sakuramachi and the death of the former Shogun Tokugawa Yoshimune.
The previous era could be said to have ended and the new era is understood to have commenced in Kan'en 4, on the 27th day of the 10th month; however, this nengō was promulgated retroactively. The Keikō Kimon records that the calendar was amended by Imperial command, and the era was re-named Hōreki on December 2, 1754, which then would have become 19th day of the 10th month of the 4th year of Hōreki.[2]

Events of the Hōreki era

  • 1752 (Hōreki 2): An ambassador arrived from the Ryūkyū Kingdom.[1]
  • 1758 (Hōreki 8): The Hōreki Incident
  • 1760 (Hōreki 10): Shogun Ieshige resigns and his son, Ieharu, becomes the 10th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate.[3]
  • 1762 (Hōreki 12): The Emperor Momozono abdicated in favor of his sister;[3] and he died shortly thereafter.
  • 1763 (Hōreki 13): A merchant association handling Korean ginseng is founded in the Kanda district of Edo.[4]


  1. ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834) Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 418.
  2. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 321.
  3. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 419.
  4. ^ Hall, John. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. xxiii.


External links

Hōreki 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th
Gregorian 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:



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