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Headwaters of the Pungwe River; HBV has been used to model this drainage basin

The HBV hydrology model, or Hydrologiska Byråns Vattenbalansavdelning model, is a computer simulation used to analyze river discharge and water pollution. Developed originally for use in Scandinavia [1][2], this hydrological transport model has also been applied in a large number of catchments on most continents[3][4].


Discharge Modelling

This is the major application of HBV, and has gone through much refinement[5]. It comprises the following routines:

  • Snow routine
  • Soil moisture routine
  • Response function
  • Routing routine

HBV has been used for discharge modelling in many countries worldwide, including Brazil, China[6], Iran[7], Mozambique[8], Sweden[9][10] and Zimbabwe[11]. The HBV has also been used to simulate internal variables such as groundwater levels [12]

Sediment and Solute Modelling

The HBV model can also simulate the riverine transport of sediment and dissolved solids. Lidén simulated the transport of nitrogen, phosphorus and suspended sediment in Brazil, Estonia, Sweden and Zimbabwe[13][14].

See also


  1. ^ Bergström, S., 1976. Development and application of a conceptual runoff model for Scandinavian catchments, SMHI Report RHO 7, Norrköping, 134 pp.
  2. ^ Bergström, S. 1995. The HBV model. In: Singh, V.P. (Ed.) Computer Models of Watershed Hydrology. Water Resources Publications, Highlands Ranch, CO., pp. 443-476.
  3. ^ Oudin, L., Hervieu, F., Michel, C., Perrin, C., Andréassian, V., Anctil, F. and Loumagne, C. 2005. Which potential evapotranspiration input for a lumped rainfall–runoff model? Part 2—Towards a simple and efficient potential evapotranspiration model for rainfall–runoff modelling. Journal of Hydrology, 303, 290-306.[1]
  4. ^ Perrin, C., Michel, C. and Andréassian, V. 2001. Does a large number of parameters enhance model performance? Comparative assessment of common catchment model structures on 429 catchments. Journal of Hydrology, 242, 275-301.[2]
  5. ^ Lindström, G., Gardelin, M., Johansson, B., Persson, M. and Bergström, S. 1997. Development and test of the distributed HBV-96 hydrological model. Journal of Hydrology, 201, 272-288.[3]
  6. ^ Zhang, X. and Lindström, G. 1996. A comparative study of a Swedish and a Chinese hydrological model. Water Resources Bulletin, 32, 985-994.[4]
  7. ^ Masih, I., Uhlenbrook, S., Ahmad, M.D. and Maskey, S. 2008. Regionalization of a conceptual rainfall runoff model based on similarity of the flow duration curve: a case study from Karkheh river basin, Iran. Geophysical Research Abstracts, SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2008-A-00226.[5]
  8. ^ Andersson, L., Hellström, S.-S., Kjellström, E., Losjö, K., Rummukainen, M., Samuelsson, P. and Wilk, J. 2006. Modelling Report: Climate change impacts on water resources in the Pungwe drainage basin. SMHI Report 2006-41, Norrköping, 92 pp.[6]
  9. ^ Seibert, J. 1999. Regionalisation of parameters for a conceptual rainfall-runoff model. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 98-99, 279-293.[7]
  10. ^ Seibert, J., 2003. Reliability of model predictions outside calibration conditions. Nordic Hydrology, 34, 477-492. [8]
  11. ^ Lidén, R. and Harlin, J. 2000. Analysis of conceptual rainfall–runoff modelling performance in different climates. Journal of Hydrology, 238, 231-247.[9]
  12. ^ Seibert, J., 2000. Multi-criteria calibration of a conceptual rainfall-runoff model using a genetic algorithm. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 4(2), 215-224. [10]
  13. ^ Lidén, R., Conceptual Runoff Models for Material Transport Estimations, PhD dissertation, Lund University, Lund, Sweden (2000)
  14. ^ Lidén, R., Harlin, J., Karlsson, M. and Rahmberg, M. 2001. Hydrological modelling of fine sediments in the Odzi River, Zimbabwe. Water SA, 27, 303-315.[11]

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