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HMAS Bataan (I91): Wikis

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HMAS Bataan operating off Korea
HMAS Bataan operating off Korea
Career (Australia (RAN)) RAN ensign
Namesake: Battle of Bataan
Builder: Cockatoo Docks and Engineering Company
Laid down: 18 February 1942
Launched: 15 January 1944
Commissioned: 25 May 1945
Decommissioned: 18 October 1954
Honours and
awards:
Battle honours:
Korea 1950-52[1]
Fate: Sold for scrap
General characteristics
Class and type: Tribal class destroyer

HMAS Bataan (D9/D191/I91) was a Tribal class destroyer of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Laid down in 1942 and commissioned in 1945, Bataan was to be named for the Kurnai Aborigines, but was instead named for the Battle of Bataan.

Bataan was present at the official Japanese surrender at the end of World War II, and fought during the Korean War. The destroyer was paid off in 1954 for conversion into an anti-submarine escort vessel, but was sold for scrap in 1958 after the conversion was cancelled.

Contents

Construction

Bataan was laid down by Cockatoo Docks and Engineering Company Limited at Sydney in New South Wales on 18 February 1942, launched on 15 January 1944 by the wife of General Douglas MacArthur, and commissioned into the RAN at Sydney on 25 May 1945.

She was named after the Battle of Bataan, to honour the scene of resistance by American and Filipino defenders, under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, against an overwhelming Japanese invading force on the island of Luzon in the Philippine Islands from 1 January to 9 April 1942. She was originally to have been named Kurnai, after the Kurnai Australian aboriginal people, but was renamed Bataan as a gesture to the United States for naming one of their ships Canberra.

Operational history

Bataan was present in Tokyo for the official Japanese surrender on 2 September 1945,[2] and operated in support of United Nations Forces during the Korean War.

Bataan was presented with the battle honour "Korea 1950-52" for her service during the Korean War.[1]

Decommissioning and fate

Bataan paid off at Sydney on 18 October 1954 and was laid up in reserve awaiting conversion to an anti-submarine escort. The conversion was cancelled in 1957, with Bataan placed on the disposal list and sold for scrap to Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha Limited of Tokyo on 2 May 1958.

References

  1. ^ a b Festberg, Alfred N. (1981). Heraldry in the Royal Australian Navy. Melbourne, VIC: Silverleaf Publishing. p. 32. ISBN 0949746002. OCLC 9780949746009.  
  2. ^ "Allied Ships Present in Tokyo Bay During the Surrender Ceremony, 2 September 1945". Naval Historical Center - U.S. Navy. 27 May 2005. http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq69-2.htm. Retrieved 13 January 2007. "Taken from Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas (CINCPAC/CINCPOA) A16-3/FF12 Serial 0395, 11 February 1946: Report of Surrender and Occupation of Japan"  

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