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Career (England) English Flag Royal Navy Ensign from 1620
Name: Dreadnought
Builder: Deptford Dockyard
Launched: 1573
Honours and
awards:

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1648
General characteristics as built
Class and type: 41-gun Galleon
Tons burthen: 360 tons
Propulsion: Sails
Complement: 200
Armament: 41 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1592 rebuild
Tons burthen: 360 tons
Propulsion: Sails
Complement: 200
General characteristics after 1614 rebuild[1]
Class and type: 32-gun Middling ship
Tons burthen: 360 tons (366 tonnes)
Length: 80 ft (24 m) (keel)
Beam: 30 ft (9.1 m)
Depth of hold: 15 ft (4.6 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 29 principal guns of various weights of shot, plus 4 smaller anti-personnel guns

Dreadnought[Note 1] was a 41-gun galleon of the English Navy Royal, built by Mathew Baker and launched in 1573. Like HMS Dreadnought of 1906, it was a radical innovation over contemporary ships. When John Hawkins became Treasurer of the Navy in 1577, he had sailed all over the world, and his ideas contributed to the production of a new race-built series of galleons - of which the Dreadnought was the second (following the Foresight of 1570) - without the fore- and after-castles prevalent in other contemporary ships; these "marvels of marine design" could reputedly "run circles around the clumsier Spanish competition."[2] As such, the Dreadnought was part of the English fleet which destroyed most of the Spanish Armada in 1588.

She was rebuilt for the first time in 1592, and again at Deptford in 1614 as a middling ship of 32 guns.[1] The Dreadnought was broken up in 1648,[1] but there is a non-floating reproduction of the Dreadnought built by Mike Breza at the Bristol Renaissance Faire in Kenosha, Wisconsin.

Notes

  1. ^ The 'HMS' prefix was not used until the middle of the Eighteenth Century, but is sometimes applied retrospectively

References

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 158.
  2. ^ Boot, Max. War Made New. 2006. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-592-40315-8
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Winfield, Rif (2009) British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603-1714: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-040-6.
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