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Hairless homolog (mouse)
Symbols HR; AU; ALUNC; HSA277165
External IDs OMIM602302 MGI96223 HomoloGene3774 GeneCards: HR Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE HR 220163 s at tn.png
PBB GE HR 210086 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 55806 15460
Ensembl ENSG00000168453 ENSMUSG00000022096
UniProt O43593 Q4QY90
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_005144 NM_021877
RefSeq (protein) NP_005135 NP_068677
Location (UCSC) Chr 8:
22.03 - 22.05 Mb
Chr 14:
69.29 - 69.31 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Protein hairless is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HR gene.[1][2][3]

This gene encodes a protein whose function has been linked to hair growth. A similar protein in rat functions as a transcriptional corepressor for thyroid hormone and interacts with histone deacetylases. Mutations in this gene have been documented in cases of autosomal recessive congenital alopecia and atrichia with papular lesions.[3]


See also


  1. ^ Ahmad W, Zlotogorski A, Panteleyev AA, Lam H, Ahmad M, ul Haque MF, Abdallah HM, Dragan L, Christiano AM (Apr 1999). "Genomic organization of the human hairless gene (HR) and identification of a mutation underlying congenital atrichia in an Arab Palestinian family". Genomics 56 (2): 141-8. doi:10.1006/geno.1998.5699. PMID 10051399.  
  2. ^ Nothen MM, Cichon S, Vogt IR, Hemmer S, Kruse R, Knapp M, Holler T, Faiyaz ul Haque M, Haque S, Propping P, Ahmad M, Rietschel M (Apr 1998). "A gene for universal congenital alopecia maps to chromosome 8p21-22". Am J Hum Genet 62 (2): 386-90. doi:10.1086/301717. PMID 9463324.  
  3. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: HR hairless homolog (mouse)".  

Further reading

  • Ahmad M, Abbas H, Haque S (1993). "Alopecia universalis as a single abnormality in an inbred Pakistani kindred.". Am. J. Med. Genet. 46 (4): 369–71. doi:10.1002/ajmg.1320460405. PMID 8357006.  
  • Ahmad W, Faiyaz ul Haque M, Brancolini V, et al. (1998). "Alopecia universalis associated with a mutation in the human hairless gene.". Science 279 (5351): 720–4. doi:10.1126/science.279.5351.720. PMID 9445480.  
  • Cichon S, Anker M, Vogt IR, et al. (1998). "Cloning, genomic organization, alternative transcripts and mutational analysis of the gene responsible for autosomal recessive universal congenital alopecia.". Hum. Mol. Genet. 7 (11): 1671–9. doi:10.1093/hmg/7.11.1671. PMID 9736769.  
  • Ahmad W, Irvine AD, Lam H, et al. (1998). "A missense mutation in the zinc-finger domain of the human hairless gene underlies congenital atrichia in a family of Irish travellers.". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 63 (4): 984–91. doi:10.1086/302069. PMID 9758627.  
  • Sprecher E, Bergman R, Szargel R, et al. (1999). "Identification of a genetic defect in the hairless gene in atrichia with papular lesions: evidence for phenotypic heterogeneity among inherited atrichias.". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 64 (5): 1323–9. doi:10.1086/302368. PMID 10205263.  
  • Ahmad W, Nomura K, McGrath JA, et al. (1999). "A homozygous nonsense mutation in the zinc-finger domain of the human hairless gene underlies congenital atrichia.". J. Invest. Dermatol. 113 (2): 281–3. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1747.1999.00686.x. PMID 10469319.  
  • Hillmer AM, Kruse R, Betz RC, et al. (2001). "Variant 1859G-->A (Arg620Gln) of the "hairless" gene: absence of association with papular atrichia or androgenic alopecia.". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 69 (1): 235–7. doi:10.1086/321273. PMID 11410842.  
  • Potter GB, Beaudoin GM, DeRenzo CL, et al. (2001). "The hairless gene mutated in congenital hair loss disorders encodes a novel nuclear receptor corepressor.". Genes Dev. 15 (20): 2687–701. doi:10.1101/gad.916701. PMID 11641275.  
  • Dintilhac A, Bernués J (2002). "HMGB1 interacts with many apparently unrelated proteins by recognizing short amino acid sequences.". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (9): 7021–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.M108417200. PMID 11748221.  
  • Hillmer AM, Kruse R, Macciardi F, et al. (2002). "The hairless gene in androgenetic alopecia: results of a systematic mutation screening and a family-based association approach.". Br. J. Dermatol. 146 (4): 601–8. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2133.2002.04766.x. PMID 11966690.  
  • Henn W, Zlotogorski A, Lam H, et al. (2002). "Atrichia with papular lesions resulting from compound heterozygous mutations in the hairless gene: A lesson for differential diagnosis of alopecia universalis.". J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 47 (4): 519–23. doi:10.1067/mjd.2002.124609. PMID 12271294.  
  • Klein I, Bergman R, Indelman M, Sprecher E (2002). "A novel missense mutation affecting the human hairless thyroid receptor interacting domain 2 causes congenital atrichia.". J. Invest. Dermatol. 119 (4): 920–2. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1747.2002.00268.x. PMID 12406339.  
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMID 12477932.  
  • Fernández A, Silió L, Noguera JL, et al. (2004). "Linkage mapping of the porcine hairless gene (HR ) to chromosome 14.". Anim. Genet. 34 (4): 317–8. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2052.2003.01032.x. PMID 12873232.  
  • Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, et al. (2004). "Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.". Nat. Genet. 36 (1): 40–5. doi:10.1038/ng1285. PMID 14702039.  
  • Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, et al. (2004). "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).". Genome Res. 14 (10B): 2121–7. doi:10.1101/gr.2596504. PMID 15489334.  
  • Xie Z, Chang S, Oda Y, Bikle DD (2006). "Hairless suppresses vitamin D receptor transactivation in human keratinocytes.". Endocrinology 147 (1): 314–23. doi:10.1210/en.2005-1111. PMID 16269453.  
  • Betz RC, Indelman M, Pforr J, et al. (2007). "Identification of mutations in the human hairless gene in two new families with congenital atrichia.". Arch. Dermatol. Res. 299 (3): 157–61. doi:10.1007/s00403-007-0747-8. PMID 17372750.  

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