HYDRA: Wikis


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440px-HydraOrganization Head.jpg
HYDRA agents
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Strange Tales #135 (Aug 1965)
Created by Stan Lee
Jack Kirby
In-story information
Base(s) Various
Owner(s) Baron Strucker
Employee(s) Viper
Red Skull
Werner von Strucker

HYDRA is a fictional terrorist organization in the Marvel Universe. The organization first appeared in Strange Tales #135. In its original continuity, it was headed by nondescript businessman Arnold Brown, who was killed as S.H.I.E.L.D. apparently crushed the organization. It soon returned, however, headed by Baron Wolfgang von Strucker, with the support of the Nazi Red Skull; HYDRA's changing origin was one of Marvel's earliest retcons. After its initial defeat, several of its branches, such as its scientific branch A.I.M. (Advanced Idea Mechanics), became independent. Other factions included THEM and the Secret Empire.

Despite the name's capitalization per Marvel's official spelling[citation needed], the name is not an acronym but rather a reference to the mythical Lernaean Hydra. The organization's motto references the myth of the Hydra, proclaiming that if a head is cut off, two more will take its place, proclaiming their resilience and growing strength in the face of resistance. HYDRA agents often wear distinctive green garb featuring a serpent motif.



HYDRA is a criminal organization dedicated to the achievement of world domination through terrorist and subversive activities on various fronts, resulting in a fascist new world order. Its extent of operations is worldwide, always attempting to elude the ongoing counter-espionage operations by S.H.I.E.L.D. HYDRA is funded by Baron Strucker's personal fortune, based on his recovered horde of Nazi treasure from World War II, and funds established by the original leaders of the Japanese secret society that became HYDRA.

The organization is run with behind-the-scenes direction by Baron Strucker, alias Supreme Hydra. Under him is a central ruling committee; under them are individual division chiefs, and under them are the rank and file members and special agents.

In order to become a member of HYDRA, an individual must be a legal adult willing to submit to a thorough investigation of the applicant's personal background and to swear a death-oath of loyalty to HYDRA and its principles.


HYDRA's level of technology is as highly advanced as that of any on Earth, based in part on technology of the alien Gnobians discovered by Baron von Strucker in 1944. HYDRA uses various advanced experimental vehicles and devices in its activities, and various conventional military vehicles, seacraft, aircraft, pistols and standard concussive force blasters, and conventional communications equipment.

HYDRA personnel are issued cowled jumpsuits, which have included a number of designs over the years. Originally, the jumpsuits were green with a yellow H design, and later incorporated a red and brown color scheme, but in time were changed back to green with a serpent motif.

Fictional organization history

HYDRA's history as presently depicted in Marvel Universe continuity is a long, tumultuous and convoluted one, spanning millennia ago to the third dynasty of Egypt, with all references to the ancient group disappearing around the Rennaissance.[1] Its return came in the decades from the end of the Second World War up to the present day, tied directly to surviving fugitive members of governments of Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan.

A select few of the more politically-oriented members of the order of the evil mystical ninja known as the Hand would be recruited to form the rebirth of HYDRA as a cabal of Japanese nationalists who plotted to overthrow the Japanese government, assassinate the prime minister, and install a right-wing anti-communist government, which would rearm Japan.

Shortly upon joining HYDRA, Von Strucker seized control of the organization from its Japanese founders, and moved HYDRA's operations to a private island in the Pacific, named Hydra Island. The original HYDRA Island was invaded by the Leatherneck Raiders and the Japanese Samurai Squad, and the base was destroyed.[2] Strucker slowly steered the organization towards the goal of world domination. That campaign brought him into conflict with Charles Xavier and the future Magneto among others, and once HYDRA became more brazenly public in its operations, eventually led to the creation of the original agency known as S.H.I.E.L.D. specifically to counter HYDRA's threat to world security. After apparently assassinating S.H.I.E.L.D.'s first executive director, Nick Fury was appointed as executive director. HYDRA agents attempted to assassinate Nick Fury before his appointment as S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Director, but failed.[3]

This decision, after several HYDRA campaigns including the failure of the world blackmail attempt using the Betatron Vomb, the creation of the Overkill Horn (designed to detonate all nuclear explosives worldwide), and the bio-engineered "Death-Spore" Bomb, led directly to von Strucker's first death at the hands of Fury and several deceived HYDRA operatives. In the wake of von Strucker's first death, the surviving elements of HYDRA broke into factions that each adopted its own reorganized modus operandi. Several of these factions developed "super-agents" that would occasionally break away in turn to become freelance operatives, or, in some rarer cases, superheroes such as the first Spider-Woman. Von Strucker was eventually revived and reunited several of the HYDRA factions under his leadership to renew his campaign against S.H.I.E.L.D. and humanity for several more years.

Despite his reorganization of the group, various independent HYDRA factions continue to operate around the Marvel Universe, and a HYDRA Civil War would later result. While Baron Helmut Zemo had Strucker placed in stasis for his own ends, Gorgon and Strucker's second wife Elsbeth von Strucker mystically created a clone of Strucker who they set up to fail, allowing for a public execution of him, after which — as part of an alliance with the Hand, they utilized an army of brainwashed superheroes and supervillains, including Northstar and Elektra to launch a massive assault on S.H.I.E.L.D. The assault was ultimately repelled and Wolverine would kill Gorgon.

HYDRA later planned an all out attack on the United States by smuggling missiles into New York for use in a planned bio-weapon assault on the Ogallala Aquifer. They formed a distraction through using a team that had the duplicated powers of several Avengers (Iron Man, Captain America and former Avengers Thor and Hawkeye) but were inevitably foiled by Spider-Man and the other New Avengers.

When Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew) was captured by S.H.I.E.L.D. during the events of Civil War, HYDRA stormed the S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier and freed her. Spider-Woman, a S.H.I.E.L.D. agent and member of the Avengers, had been working for HYDRA under the orders of Nick Fury, deposed as Director of S.H.I.E.L.D. following the events of Secret War, whom she was still loyal to. HYDRA revealed that they knew of her betrayal and wanted her to replace Viper as their current leader, for she was unstable. Spider-Woman refused their offer, destroying the HYDRA base she had been taken to in an explosion.

As Spider-Woman revealed her true identity as Queen Veranke of the Skrull Empire, HYDRA was left with a void in his control organization, filled by Congressman Woodman. Under his rule the young Hardball, empowered by the Power Broker is appointed as a double agent, acting both as an Initiative recruit and as an HYDRA spy with the role of gathering information about the Initiative and doing errands for HYDRA in exchange of secrecy and the expensive health care his brother, a former UCWF wrestler who was crippled on the ring.

Hardball however, deeply hurt and shamed by the compromises Woodman forces him to endure, and Komodo's attempt to bail him out of HYDRA by telling his secrets to his field leader Gravity, mercilessly kills Congressman Woodman in front of his subordinates. His ersatz coup d'état pays off, and Hardball is appointed as the new Supreme Leader of the organization, severing every tie with his former life.[4] His joining HYDRA however, was revealed to simply be caused by his having nowhere else to go. He surrenders to the Shadow Initiative, and is sent to the Negative Zone prison, destroying his HYDRA cell.[5]

After the events of Secret Invasion, Nick Fury discovers that S.H.I.E.L.D. was under the control of HYDRA, and apparently had been from the beginning. He also discovers a number of organizations under HYDRA's alleged control including the United States' FBI Science and Technology Branch, NSA and Department of Treasury, as well as the Russian Main Intelligence Directorate and Foreign Intelligence Service and the Canadian Security Intelligence Service.[1]

Meanwhile, after having to destroy HYDRA's undersea headquarters, Ichor - it had been infiltrated by the Skrull invasion force - Von Strucker decides to rebuild HYDRA from the ground up, and after learning that Fury has learned the truth, reconvenes the other main heads of HYDRA: Viper, Madame Hydra, Kraken, and The Hive; as well as resurrecting The Gorgon for the purpose of showing HYDRA's "True self" to the world.[6]


The Ruling Council of HYDRA, introduced in Secret Warriors #2, consists of:

The following characters are or were agents of HYDRA:

  • Werner von Strucker - Eldest son of Wolfgang (deceased)
  • Arnold Brown - Imperial Hydra (figurehead) (deceased). First appeared in Strange Tales #135 (Aug 1965)
  • Laura Brown - Special Hydra Agent H (later G). First appeared in Strange Tales #135 (Aug 1965)
  • Mentallo - Special Agent, HYDRA fragment. First appeared in Strange Tales #141 (Feb 1966)
  • The Fixer - Special Agent, HYDRA fragment. First appeared in Strange Tales #141 (Feb 1966)
  • Anton Trojak - Annil-Agent, 47, Scientist (deceased). First appeared in Strange Tales #155 (Apr 1967)
  • Robert Rickard - HYDRA Agent U (deceased). First appeared in Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. #12 (May 1969)
  • Karl Kraus - Double Agent for HYDRA. First appeared in Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. #14 (Sep 1969)
  • Number 72 - Leader of HYDRA fragment. First appeared in Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. #14 (Sep 1969)
  • Zach Wood - Leader of Orlando HYDRA. First appeared in Captain America #110 (Feb 1969)
  • Richard Fisk - "Supreme Hydra" of Las Vegas HYDRA fragment. First appeared as HYDRA member in Captain America #145 (Jan 1972)
  • Kingpin - Actual director of Las Vegas HYDRA. First appeared as HYDRA leader in Captain America #147 (Mar 1972)
  • Red Skull - True leader of Las Vegas HYDRA. Revealed as HYDRA leader in Captain America #148 (Apr 1972)
  • Chameleon - Sometime HYDRA employee. Worked for HYDRA in Incredible Hulk #154 (Aug 1972)
  • Silvermane - "Supreme Hydra" of East Coast. First appears as HYDRA leader in Daredevil #120 (Apr 1975)
  • Blackwing - Air Action Division Leader, East Coast. First appeared in Daredevil #118 (Feb 1975)
  • Jackhammer - Engineer Corps leader, East Coast. First appeared in Daredevil #123 (Jul 1975)
  • El Jaguar - Commando Division Leader, East (deceased). First appeared in Daredevil #120 (Apr 1975)
  • The Fox - Administration Division Leader, East. First appeared in Strange Tales Annual #2 (Sep 1963)
  • Man-Killer - Assassins Division Leader, East. First appeared as HYDRA leader in Daredevil #123 (Jul 1975)
  • Space Phantom - Revealed as HYDRA leader in Avengers #106 (Dec 1972)
  • Grim Reaper - Self-appointed head, New York HYDRA fragment. Revealed as HYDRA leader in Avengers #106 (Dec 1972)
  • Bull's Eye - Hired assassin employed by HYDRA. First appeared in Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. #15 (Nov 1969)
  • Count Otto Vermis - Leader of European HYDRA fragment (deceased). First appeared in Marvel Spotlight #32 (Feb 1977)
  • Spider-Woman I - Special Agent. First appeared in Marvel Spotlight #32 (Feb 1977)
  • Jared Kurtz - HYDRA Agent, Europe. First appeared in Marvel Spotlight #32 (Feb 1977)
  • Madame Hydra VI - First appeared in Nick Fury vs. S.H.I.E.L.D. #3 (Aug 1988)
  • William Darvin - Agent of Corporate HYDRA (deceased). First appeared in Team America #1 (Jun 1982)
  • James Winderfield - Part-time Agent, Corporate HYDRA. First appeared in Team America #11 (Apr 1983)
  • Nancy Winderfield - Part-time Agent, Corporate HYDRA. First appeared in Team America #11 (Apr 1983)
  • Elsie Carson - Former Southwestern U.S. Regional Field Director, Corporate HYDRA; First appeared in Team America #11 (Apr 1983)
  • Ralph Sanzetti - Assassin, Corporate HYDRA (deceased). First appeared in Team America #12 (May 1983)
  • George Fistal
  • Hardball - Former member of The Initiative.
  • Carmilla Black (Scorpion) - Hardball's lover and former agent of S.H.I.E.L.D.
  • Madame HYDRA II
  • Crippler
  • Sathan (deceased)
  • Ron Takimoto (deceased)
  • Lieutenant Cassandra Romulus
  • Lieutenant Guillotine
  • Agent Dakini
  • Lieutenant Garrotte
  • Lieutenant Saltz
  • Sergeant Batrel
  • Ms. Fischer - appears in Secret Warriors #2.
  • S.H.I.E.L.D. Super-Agents
    • Knockabout
    • Psi-Borg
    • Violence
  • Bob, Agent of HYDRA - Footsoldier of HYDRA; First appeared in Cable & Deadpool #38 (2007)
  • Congressman Woodman - Commander of Washington D.C. Branch of HYDRA. First appeared in The Avengers: The Initiative (2007)
  • Elliot Kohl - First appeared in She-Hulk #7, June 2006. Soldier, now imprisoned.
  • D.O.A. - Department of Occult Armaments. First appeared in NightStalkers Vol. 1, No. 2, Dec 1992
    • Lieutenant Belial (Founder)
    • Malpractice
    • Innards
    • Rotwrap
    • Pyre

Other versions

The Avengers: United They Stand

HYDRA makes an appearance in the second issue of the comic book based on the animated television series The Avengers.


Another alternate version of HYDRA appears throughout Exiles #91-94, where they are well underway with their plan to take over the world. This version is being led by Madame Hydra (Sue Storm, the Invisible Woman in the regular Marvel universe) and her lover, Wolverine. Various other superhumans, including Captain America (now Captain Hydra), Iron Man and Slaymaster, are agents of HYDRA in this world. One of the Exiles' foe, the original character Venger later becomes an agent of HYDRA, as well as Boy-Bob Banner.

Amalgam Comics

Another version of HYDRA has appeared in Amalgam Comics. They are very similar to the normal HYDRA and wear the same green and yellow outfits, but with black eyes not red. They first appear in Super-Soldier #1 and are lead by Lex Luthor (later known as Green Skull).

In other media


  • HYDRA appeared in the X-Men: Evolution episodes "X-23" and "Target X." They were behind the creation of X-23 from Wolverine's DNA. Omega Red and Gauntlet are shown as mercenaries working for HYDRA. It's implied that they may have had something to do with Wolverine's creation and memory wipe.


  • HYDRA also appears in the television movie Nick Fury: Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D., with black Men in Black-type suits, rather than the green uniform from the comics.
  • Some HYDRA agents appear at the beginning of the movie Ultimate Avengers 2 fighting against Captain America. After Cap defeats most of the agents, two of them try to escape in a van. Cap throws his shield, which slices clean through the van back-to-front, and causing it to skid out of control. The van crashes into a tank of some sort of chemicals, which then burst open, showering the van. The van melts, along with both HYDRA agents.

Video games

  • HYDRA also appears in X-Men: The Official Game. In the game, HYDRA is partially responsible for the creation of the Master Mold and Sentinel robots alongside William Stryker. Under orders of their leader, Silver Samurai, HYDRA infiltrates Stryker's base to remove all evidence and Sentinel equipment, and by accident, activated the Master Mold.
  • HYDRA is the major villain in the rare Sega 32X video game titled Spider-Man: Web of Fire.
  • In Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2, one of the levels includes an old HYDRA base that the Anti-Registration group was using.


  1. ^ a b Secret Warriors #1
  2. ^ Captain Savage and his Leatherneck Raiders #2-4
  3. ^ Strange Tales (vol. 1) #135
  4. ^ Avengers: The Initiative Special #1
  5. ^ Avengers: The Initiative #24
  6. ^ Secret Warriors #2
  7. ^ Secret Warriors #6

External links

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