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Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti (died-18 November, 1921) was a religious resistance leader to British rule, he used the idea of Tassawaf (Sufi Theosophy) to recruit his followers, promising freedom. Note this name is not his real name, but an honorific one made up of several parts.

  1. Hadhrat - Used to honour religious leaders.
  2. Molana - Someone who is a scholar.
  3. Pir - A Sufi master.
  4. Faqir - Capable of endurance or apparent magic.
  5. Bakoti - Of the Bakot area.

His appearance was viewed as a miracle by the local people in those days when the British Empire had crushed the people of Murree and Circle Bakote brutally and treated them as a slaves. His arrival from Pajja Sharif district Muzaffarabad (now in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan) through the Kohala Bridge resulted in the reunification of local tribes. The tribes such as Dhond Abbasi and other were unified and were encouraged to battle the British Authorities under his leadership. Mohammed Ali Shah (Pir of Plasi) was another Saint of circle Bakote who led local tribes in the war of Bala Kote against Sikhs with co-ordination of Seyed Ahmed Shahid and Shah Ismail Shahid but not succeeded.

Contents

Pir Bakoti Usmani homeland

Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani ancestors came in Kundan Shakrean five hundreds years ago but it is a mystery whey his tribe vanished on spot? There are only two families are existed at the time of Pir Bakoti Usmani, on his family and other is his brother Said Noor.

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Migration from His native village

His father Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani was a religious leader of his time. As Qazi Amanullah narateted a tradition to Obaidullah Alvi that in lawas of Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani were living in the village of Phanna Chapprhean, Chikar, District Muzafferabad, Azad Kashmir. Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani migrated there.

Family of Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani

Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani married with a noble lady of the Bloch tribe of Kashmir. Elder son of his father was Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani and two others were Mohammed Seyed Noor and Abdullatief. His sisters were Baigum Jan and Sahib Jan were younger babies when their father Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani had expired.

Pir Bakoti Usmani’s Brothers and sisters

Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani had two brothers and two sisters. His younger brothers Said Noor Usmani migrated and get married in Khaki, Mansehra. Said Noor Usmani had two sons, one was Molvi Ghulam Hessian and other was Molvi Mohammed Safi.

Early Age

When Dogra forces under the command of Hari Singh Nalwa ruined Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti steped in younger age, the Kashmir. Pir Bakoti was a fellow of his family shrine in Pajja Sharif, Chikar, but Nalwa's forces gutted mentioned holy place under their foot and set on fire. These circumstances compelled Pir Bakoti to migrate in Hazara Division where his uncle was a priest in a religious school in Baffa, Mansehra. He stopped there for a few months than he went to Swat where a new spiritual horizon awaited him. He stepped down before Ahkoond of Swat known as Pir Abdul Ghafoor and sucked the inner light of soul. He stayed there more than 20 years and analysed the holiness, warriorship and struggle for Jihad against Sikh atrocities. He also participated in many wars with his priest. He completed his religio-spiritual education and practice in Swat and in 1876 see off the beautiful valley on the order of his priest Pir Abdul Ghafoor.

Is Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Alvi or Usmani?

Alvi Awan historian and biographers Mohabbat H Awan (Birote) and Malik Pervaiz Ahmed Awan (Baithek Awanan, Azad Kashmir) claimed that Pir Faqirullah Bakoti belonged to Awan tribe but both authors failed to provide any proofed or his family tree. Pir Faqirullah Bakoti himself provided his tribe identity as QURESHI, the tribe of Holly Prophet Mohammed bin Abdullah. A new research by Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi, his biographer that Pir Faqirullah Bakoti is Usmani but not Alvi on the basis of newly discovered his family tree that is compiled by his younger bother Said Moor’s grand son Mohammed Daood of Khaki, Mansehra. Mentioned family tree is attested by shrine superior Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Azher Bakoti Usmani too by his handwriting. He showed that Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani’s family started from daughter of Prophet Mohammed and second wife of third Caliph Usman bin Affan Hadhrat Roqeyya, from Umayyad tribe. Hadhrat Roqeyya was second wife of Hadhrat Uthman bin Affan after the sad demise of his first wife and daughter of Prophet Mohammed Hadhrat Umm e kalthome. As narrated by Hadhrat Ibn e Saad in his book Tabqat that Prophet Mohammed said that if he has one hundred daughters, he would marry them with Usman one by one. Syed Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, Syed Qamar Usmani, Syed Taqi Usmani, founder of Islamic Banking System and financial institution Meezan Bank and Famous Kashmiri Islamic scholar of Deoband University of India Hadhrat Molana Anwar Shah Kashmiri also belonged to this noble Islamic and Arabic Umayyad tribe. For further details available in Qamar Usmani Book USMAN ZUNNOURAIN, KHILAFAT O SEAYASET.

Arrival in Circle Bakote

Pir Bakoti is fond of tourism and mobile himself from his native town Pajja Sharief to Murree through Kohala. His tribe Alvi Awan was living in Birote, so he made his mind to settle there. He came in Birote in 1888, built his house at Khoaas. Local Kamlal, a sub-tribe of Dhond Abbasi tribe donated him 18 canals of agri land where he rebuilt an old mosque and started Jumma prayers first time in the history of Circle Bakote.

Great Sofi after Pir Malik Seraj (Soorej)

Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani was the greatest spiritual leader of his time who continued the spiritual movement of Hadhrat Pir Malik Seraj (Sooraj) Khan, a feudal and a spiritual personality of Dhund Abbasi tribe of Murree and Circle Bakote. Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani came in Birote, Moolia and Bakote on invitation of Sardar of Dhund Abbasi tribe of mentioned areas. They gifted him a big land and cooperated with as great enthusiasm. Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani was a practical man both in religio social affairs and every person thought he is his saint. He gave honor and dignity and honor to Seyeds tribe, as narrated by his grand son Sahibzada Azher Bakoti Usmani in his book NISBAT E KHAIR UL BASHER. He further wrote that Pir Bakoti Usmani believed the honor of Seyeds as the part of his faith. As a social worker he helped the needy people of every walk of life. Poor people of area traveled with him and he donated all donations to his colleagues, and when Rs. Twenty collected and paid to his colleague, he order him to return back to his home. His house was a free and charity dinning room for all people and they sat and ate. He also introduced tea first time in Circle Bakote in first decade of twentieth century. He also boiled his olive tree leaves and used as tonic for his patients they recovered health immediately. This herbal treatment is continuing by his successors also in modern time. He named new borne babies as Obaidullah Alvi father’s name changed as Mohammed Abdullah Alvi instead of Khaliullah Alvi. He married needy girls as their guardian.

His Mission

Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani came in Circle Bakote to complete a mission of multi dimensional spiritual movement.

  • He participated in Jihad in commandment of his mentor Akhwand Sahib against Sikh Army in Tribal Areas. He knew that in time of anarchy only solution of NWFP Muslim was Jihad but not succeeded.
  • Akhwand Sahib ordered him to shift in Circle Bakote so he came first in Moolia, Union Council Bakote. Local landlords afraid by his arising spiritual and social arising and they badly teased him.
  • He shifted Birote, married with widow daughter of Molana Abdul Aziz Alvi and established an almshouse in Baglotian and then in Khoas, Birote.
  • He promoted lower class as Noor Hussein (Noora Bawa) from service of masque to Imam as in written agreement with Feudal of Birote. He accept Mian Fazal Hussein, a junior teacher of Birote as his son in law and married his step daughter Zulekha, real daughter of Mohammed Zaman Alvi in 1918 but divorced in 1923 after his death.
  • He shifted Bakote as an Ahmdi imam introduces Qadeani Movement in Bakote and adjoining areas. Ahmdi were considers as unbelievers because of their Guru Ghulam Ahmed claimed as Holy Christ as Prophet of Christian and challenged the faith of Muslim in Last Prophet hood of Holy Prophet of Mohammed. Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani challenged holder of fake faith of Imam. He stayed their permanently and with his hard point of view and preaching of Quran and Hadith related to Last Prophet hood of Holy Prophet Mohammed, undelivered imam escaped on spot. He reconstructed masque in Central Bakote. He appointed Qazi Abdullah as imam of masque and started teaching of Quran there.

Bakoti School of Thought

Pir Bakoti was not a spiritual personality but a great saint of area after two centuries of Pir Malik Sooraj (real name is Mohammed Suraj Khan died in 1632) of Potha Sharief Murree, Pakistan. A generation of Circle Bakote and Murree Hills followed him and his massage. Pir of Deval Sharief Abdul Majid Ahmed wrote in his book that he was the tidings of Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti. No person or family who did not accepted his spiritual position as well as merged his blessings. It was an age of disheartfullness after Balakot massacre in 1839 and defeat of local tribe in 1857 against British Government, as a result they were totally unable to lead a caravan without a leader of time, an uncourageous personality. That space was filled by Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti by highly ethically way of life so he welcomed every where in area. He encouraged and returned them towards life and social activities. He established religious schools, started Jumma Prayers in Bakot and Birote, taught them the lessons of rescheduled their culture and society. He planted Indian Olive in his lands but these plants turned into Palestine or Spanish fruitful trees. Nobody can harm these trees without his offspring's permission, if committed any body will lose his any body part today also. He preached the teaching of Islam as a flexible way and never issue any religious directive which cause harmful for culture of his time. He reformed and taught people socially and benefited them spiritually without any difference of cast. He himself was a very simple personality and donated needy people all his belongings through his life. He married those widows had no compensation from their diseased husbands and treated them equally according to teaching of Islamic prophet Muhammad. He never permitted any body that came his house inside or peeped in to his door. His ladies were always in vials day and night, met only with their closest relatives as father, brother, son, grand son only that continued today in his family. He was died by diarrhea but he said that he would never pass away before exit of all his body maleness. He was a practical Sufi who implemented his philosophy of theosophy first on his soul and body then he preached. He is recognized as an elder today every house of area and people walk without shoes towards his shrine and translate into reality their uncompleted deeds.

Books on Pir Bakoti Usmani

Many people are writing about his life biography, Theosophy and his teaching. There is a details account of Pir Bakoti Usmani writers and their books.

  • Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Azher Bakoti Usmani, YAD E BAIZA (يد بيضا ) (Enlightened hand) Biography of Pir Bakoti Usmani, pp 188, Price Rs. 250, Published by Dr Mehmood of Osia, Murree in 2009.
  • Rana Ali HassenChohan Gujjer, Gujrat, India (Tareekh e garjer, Vol II, 1936) This book is available in State Bank Library Karachi.
  • Hafiz Suleman Betharwi, (very close friend and comrade of Pir Bakoti Usmani, spend his 40 years with him wrote a manuscript named Guldeasta e Karamat e Pir Bakoti Usmani in 1940 and saved by Qazi Amanullah of Pajja Shareef. This book is in poem shape.
  • Imam u Din, Behdote, District Muzafferabad, Azad Kashmir (Samra Keramat, 1930) . This book is in poem shape.
  • Mohammed Zaman Khan Cahrehanvi, Union Council Charehan, Murree (Sawan e Hyat, 1945) . This book is in poem shape.
  • Syed Mehmood Azad of Harhi Gehel, District Bagh, Azad Kashmir.(History of Kashmir, published in 1971)
  • Miss Sabiha Shaheen, Mansehra (The Golrha family of Hazara), her MA thesis in Peshawer University in 1982.
  • Noor Alahi Abbasi of Sahr Bagla, Murree (Tareekh e Muree, 1985, but he deleted his book new edition published in 2005)
  • * Mohabbat Husain Awan of Birote, Idara e Tehqiqul Awan Karachi, (Awan Mashaekh e Uzzam, 1988)
  • Sifarish Abbasi, Idara Ishaet e Islam Gularhagali, Murree (Sawane Hayat Pir Bakoti Usmani, 1996) Tis booklet first published in Monthely Ishaet e Islam no 04, Gularhagali, Murree in 1990. Sifarish Abbasi is father in law of Sajibzada Zahir Bakoti Usmani daughter. His all views expressed Deobandi school of thoughts.
  • Malik Pervaiz Ahmed Awan, Idara e Tehqiqul Awan Dewarandi, Hajira, Azad Kashmir (Tareekh e Awanan Fi Oulad e Ali, 1992)
  • Mohabbat Husain Awan, Idara e Tehqiqul Awan Karachi (Tareekh e Alvi Awan, 1998)
  • Professor Qazi Mohammed Tahir Al Hashmi, Markezi Jamma Masjid Havelian, District Abbottabad, NWFP (Serguzasht e Hashmi, 2005) He discussed his family blood relationship with Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Sahib.
  • Sahibzada Mohammed Azher Bakoti Usmani, Bakote Shareef, District Abbottabad, NWFP (Nisbat e Khairul Basher, 2006) This book dealing with Pir Bakoti Usmani faith about the family of Prophet Mohammed.
  • Dr. Mehmood Ahmed Jadoon Qadri, Osia, Murree, (Many articles on Pir Bakoti Usmani, published in Daily Nawa I Waqt Rawalpindi)
  • Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi of Birote, Journalist, Historian and Anthropologist, (Seerat e Pir Bakoti Usmani ore Kohsar main Mazheb wa Rouhaneat ka Irteqa), expected publish on Urse of. Pir Bakoti Usmani this year in October.
  • Abdul Majid Tahir, Director Press Information Department Azad Kashmir, Muzafferabad, wrote many essays about Pir Bakoti Usmani in varios times. His father was also fellow of Pir Bakoti Usmani in his early age.
  • Sahim Abbasi of Birote, a younger journalist, wrote many articles with reference of Pir Bakoti Usmani life time and merrage in Birote.
  • Naweed Akram Abbasi, a journalist in Union Council Bakote belonged to Jenial Dhond Abbasi tribe, also wrote a few high quality essays on Pir Bakoti Usmani life, his spiritual role and his blood relationship with his family.

LINK: http//[www.themalikawan.wetpiant.com]


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