Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti (died-18 November, 1921) was a religious resistance leader to British rule, he used the idea of Tassawaf (Sufi Theosophy) to recruit his followers, promising freedom. Note this name is not his real name, but an honorific one made up of several parts.
His appearance was viewed as a miracle by the local people in those days when the British Empire had crushed the people of Murree and Circle Bakote brutally and treated them as a slaves. His arrival from Pajja Sharif district Muzaffarabad (now in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan) through the Kohala Bridge resulted in the reunification of local tribes. The tribes such as Dhond Abbasi and other were unified and were encouraged to battle the British Authorities under his leadership. Mohammed Ali Shah (Pir of Plasi) was another Saint of circle Bakote who led local tribes in the war of Bala Kote against Sikhs with co-ordination of Seyed Ahmed Shahid and Shah Ismail Shahid but not succeeded.
Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani ancestors came in Kundan Shakrean five hundreds years ago but it is a mystery whey his tribe vanished on spot? There are only two families are existed at the time of Pir Bakoti Usmani, on his family and other is his brother Said Noor.
His father Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani was a religious leader of his time. As Qazi Amanullah narateted a tradition to Obaidullah Alvi that in lawas of Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani were living in the village of Phanna Chapprhean, Chikar, District Muzafferabad, Azad Kashmir. Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani migrated there.
Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani married with a noble lady of the Bloch tribe of Kashmir. Elder son of his father was Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani and two others were Mohammed Seyed Noor and Abdullatief. His sisters were Baigum Jan and Sahib Jan were younger babies when their father Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani had expired.
Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani had two brothers and two sisters. His younger brothers Said Noor Usmani migrated and get married in Khaki, Mansehra. Said Noor Usmani had two sons, one was Molvi Ghulam Hessian and other was Molvi Mohammed Safi.
When Dogra forces under the command of Hari Singh Nalwa ruined Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti steped in younger age, the Kashmir. Pir Bakoti was a fellow of his family shrine in Pajja Sharif, Chikar, but Nalwa's forces gutted mentioned holy place under their foot and set on fire. These circumstances compelled Pir Bakoti to migrate in Hazara Division where his uncle was a priest in a religious school in Baffa, Mansehra. He stopped there for a few months than he went to Swat where a new spiritual horizon awaited him. He stepped down before Ahkoond of Swat known as Pir Abdul Ghafoor and sucked the inner light of soul. He stayed there more than 20 years and analysed the holiness, warriorship and struggle for Jihad against Sikh atrocities. He also participated in many wars with his priest. He completed his religio-spiritual education and practice in Swat and in 1876 see off the beautiful valley on the order of his priest Pir Abdul Ghafoor.
Alvi Awan historian and biographers Mohabbat H Awan (Birote) and Malik Pervaiz Ahmed Awan (Baithek Awanan, Azad Kashmir) claimed that Pir Faqirullah Bakoti belonged to Awan tribe but both authors failed to provide any proofed or his family tree. Pir Faqirullah Bakoti himself provided his tribe identity as QURESHI, the tribe of Holly Prophet Mohammed bin Abdullah. A new research by Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi, his biographer that Pir Faqirullah Bakoti is Usmani but not Alvi on the basis of newly discovered his family tree that is compiled by his younger bother Said Moor’s grand son Mohammed Daood of Khaki, Mansehra. Mentioned family tree is attested by shrine superior Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Azher Bakoti Usmani too by his handwriting. He showed that Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani’s family started from daughter of Prophet Mohammed and second wife of third Caliph Usman bin Affan Hadhrat Roqeyya, from Umayyad tribe. Hadhrat Roqeyya was second wife of Hadhrat Uthman bin Affan after the sad demise of his first wife and daughter of Prophet Mohammed Hadhrat Umm e kalthome. As narrated by Hadhrat Ibn e Saad in his book Tabqat that Prophet Mohammed said that if he has one hundred daughters, he would marry them with Usman one by one. Syed Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, Syed Qamar Usmani, Syed Taqi Usmani, founder of Islamic Banking System and financial institution Meezan Bank and Famous Kashmiri Islamic scholar of Deoband University of India Hadhrat Molana Anwar Shah Kashmiri also belonged to this noble Islamic and Arabic Umayyad tribe. For further details available in Qamar Usmani Book USMAN ZUNNOURAIN, KHILAFAT O SEAYASET.
Pir Bakoti is fond of tourism and mobile himself from his native town Pajja Sharief to Murree through Kohala. His tribe Alvi Awan was living in Birote, so he made his mind to settle there. He came in Birote in 1888, built his house at Khoaas. Local Kamlal, a sub-tribe of Dhond Abbasi tribe donated him 18 canals of agri land where he rebuilt an old mosque and started Jumma prayers first time in the history of Circle Bakote.
Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani was the greatest spiritual leader of his time who continued the spiritual movement of Hadhrat Pir Malik Seraj (Sooraj) Khan, a feudal and a spiritual personality of Dhund Abbasi tribe of Murree and Circle Bakote. Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani came in Birote, Moolia and Bakote on invitation of Sardar of Dhund Abbasi tribe of mentioned areas. They gifted him a big land and cooperated with as great enthusiasm. Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani was a practical man both in religio social affairs and every person thought he is his saint. He gave honor and dignity and honor to Seyeds tribe, as narrated by his grand son Sahibzada Azher Bakoti Usmani in his book NISBAT E KHAIR UL BASHER. He further wrote that Pir Bakoti Usmani believed the honor of Seyeds as the part of his faith. As a social worker he helped the needy people of every walk of life. Poor people of area traveled with him and he donated all donations to his colleagues, and when Rs. Twenty collected and paid to his colleague, he order him to return back to his home. His house was a free and charity dinning room for all people and they sat and ate. He also introduced tea first time in Circle Bakote in first decade of twentieth century. He also boiled his olive tree leaves and used as tonic for his patients they recovered health immediately. This herbal treatment is continuing by his successors also in modern time. He named new borne babies as Obaidullah Alvi father’s name changed as Mohammed Abdullah Alvi instead of Khaliullah Alvi. He married needy girls as their guardian.
Hadhrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani came in Circle Bakote to complete a mission of multi dimensional spiritual movement.
Pir Bakoti was not a spiritual personality but a great saint of area after two centuries of Pir Malik Sooraj (real name is Mohammed Suraj Khan died in 1632) of Potha Sharief Murree, Pakistan. A generation of Circle Bakote and Murree Hills followed him and his massage. Pir of Deval Sharief Abdul Majid Ahmed wrote in his book that he was the tidings of Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti. No person or family who did not accepted his spiritual position as well as merged his blessings. It was an age of disheartfullness after Balakot massacre in 1839 and defeat of local tribe in 1857 against British Government, as a result they were totally unable to lead a caravan without a leader of time, an uncourageous personality. That space was filled by Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti by highly ethically way of life so he welcomed every where in area. He encouraged and returned them towards life and social activities. He established religious schools, started Jumma Prayers in Bakot and Birote, taught them the lessons of rescheduled their culture and society. He planted Indian Olive in his lands but these plants turned into Palestine or Spanish fruitful trees. Nobody can harm these trees without his offspring's permission, if committed any body will lose his any body part today also. He preached the teaching of Islam as a flexible way and never issue any religious directive which cause harmful for culture of his time. He reformed and taught people socially and benefited them spiritually without any difference of cast. He himself was a very simple personality and donated needy people all his belongings through his life. He married those widows had no compensation from their diseased husbands and treated them equally according to teaching of Islamic prophet Muhammad. He never permitted any body that came his house inside or peeped in to his door. His ladies were always in vials day and night, met only with their closest relatives as father, brother, son, grand son only that continued today in his family. He was died by diarrhea but he said that he would never pass away before exit of all his body maleness. He was a practical Sufi who implemented his philosophy of theosophy first on his soul and body then he preached. He is recognized as an elder today every house of area and people walk without shoes towards his shrine and translate into reality their uncompleted deeds.