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Logwood redirects here. It may also refer to members of the genus Xylosma, which is part of the willow family, Salicaceae.
Logwood
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Haematoxylum
Species: H. campechianum
Binomial name
Haematoxylum campechianum
L.

Logwood (Haematoxylum campechianum) is a species of flowering tree in the legume family, Fabaceae, that is native to southern Mexico and northern Central America.[1] It has been and to a lesser extent remains of great economic importance. The modern nation of Belize grew from 17th century English logwood logging camps. The tree's scientific name means "bloodwood" (haima being Greek for blood and xulon for wood).

Uses

Logwood was used for a long time as a natural source of dye, and still remains an importance source of haematoxylin, which is used in histology for staining. The bark and leaves are also used in various medical applications. In its time, logwood was considered a versatile dye, and was widely used on textiles but also for paper.[2] The dye's colour depends on the mordant used as well as the pH. It is reddish in an acidic environments but bluish in alkaline ones.[2]

References

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Haematoxylum campechianum

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Haematoxylum
Species: Haematoxylum campechianum

Name

Haematoxylum campechianum L.

Vernacular names

Español: Palo de Campeche
Italiano: Campeggio
Türkçe: Bakkam

References

  • Species Plantarum 1:384. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Haematoxylum campechianum on Wikimedia Commons.

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