|— Municipality —|
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Hagonoy
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|- Mayor||Angel L. Cruz, Jr|
|- Total||103.10 km2 (39.8 sq mi)|
|- Density||1,225.3/km2 (3,173.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st Class|
|Population Census of Hagonoy|
Hagonoy is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 126,329 inhabitants in a total land area of 103.10 square kilometres.
The town's patron saint is St. Anne (the mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary) or fondly called Apo Ana in the vernacular by the natives. She is enshrined at the church named after her in the poblacion. This church was elevated into the status of a minor basilica when it was consecrated as the National Shrine of St. Anne.
Hagonoy is a long ridge with a lake in its edge by the Manila Bay called "Wawa", which is now part of Barangays San Sebastian and San Nicolas. This was where the first cross in this town was erected by the Spaniards. According to the town's legend, the cross was buried in the heart of this municipality; and every year the cross becomes bigger because of the Catholic faith of the Hagonoeños.
Historically, Hagonoy first appeared in Philippine history when they formed part of the fleet of Rajah Suliman of Macabebe, Pampanga that met Martin de Goiti at the Battle of Bankusay in the initial defense of the Lusong Empire against the Spaniards in 1571. In the beginning, Hagonoy was just a part of Calumpit. Founded in 1771, although according to records and old folks, there were already inhabitants in some places of this town prior to 1771. These places were Tibaguin and Pugad, coastal barrios sharing the coastline with the city of Manila and Tampok.
The town was then and still at present abundant with Hagonoy plants, nipa, aroma, and many other tropical plants. The hagonoy plant's leaves are considered medicinal and can be used as food ingredient. It thrives along seashores.
Because of the medicinal value of the plant, the news of its effectiveness spread; leading the people to call the place "Hagonoy".
The town was named after the "hagunoy" (scientific name Spilanthes acmella) a medicinal plant that used to be abundant in its river banks. The original populace used its leaves as their herbal remedy of choice for common illnesses.
In the 15th century, some friars took a boat from Manila to the province of Bulacan and reached what was then called Quinabalon (from the Kapampangan word "balu" which meant "well known" ~ which was then a part of the pueblo of Calumpit). These are currently the Barangays of Sta. Monica and San Jose).
At that time, a very charming lass was so popular among the young men of the locality. She had many suitors and admirers. One day, she fell ill. She needed someone to get leaves of the hagunoy plant by the river (which is now called Sapang Pari---because the friars and priests used this river to commute).
A man offered to promptly get some leaves of the plant and in deep gratitude, she promised to marry him. As he was gathering the leaves of the hagunoy plant for his dearly beloved, the group of friars in a passing boat stopped to ask him, "Quien viven?" (where are we?). The man did not understand Spanish and was extremely intimidated by the guardia civil (Spanish civil guard) that escorted the friars. Thinking that they were asking what he was grasping in his hands, he quickly retorted "hagonoy po!" (hagonoy sir!) and scampered away.
These were the first Agustinian friars that got into town and they noted the place's name as "Hagonoy". Hence, the origin of the illustrious town's name.
Hagonoy was already a thriving community even before the "blood compact" between Spain's Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and the Philippines' Sikatuna in 1571.
Magat Salamat, a revolutionary hero, once headed this town. He was the ancestor of the Salamat families now living in different barrios of this town.
Hagonoy shares its boundary with the towns of Calumpit and Paombong in Bulacan; and Masantol which is a town of the province of Pampanga. It is basically a fishing town with the Manila Bay as its proximate fishing ground, which extends up to the provinces of Cavite, Pampanga and Bataan. Its more adventurous fisherfolk brave the waves of the China Sea northward and cross into the Pacific Ocean on the eastern seaboard where they cast their nets and haul their catch to the fishing ports of Quezon province.
Two local fish ports, one in barrio San Pascual and the other at the Poblacion, are the busiest commercial areas in the town.Fish traders from Lucena, Quezon and Dagupan City, Pangasinan among other merchants of other provinces are regular bulk buyers the the local ports or at the private "consignacions" (brokerage) of the large milkfish growers.
The coastal barrios are virtually 24/7 as fishermen go out to the sea at night for hours or even days while their loving families and relatives await them. Upon their return, their catch is immediately sorted out and sold at the local public markets and "talipapa" of the barangays. Their catch are also transported to the public markets in nearby towns and up to the public/private markets and supermarkets in Metro Manila.
The town of Sto. Niño adjacent to the Poblacion is host to the numerous brokers of prawns for the domestic and export markets. The boats that sell their prawn catch at these brokers at times come from as far as the province of Capiz. A processing plant very near the brokers prepares and packages the prawns to export quality and global standards.
The people of Hagonoy are known to be very hospitable. Visitors candidly and profusely attest to this especially during fiestas. They are pampered by their ever smiling hosts as they are so warmly entertaine. They are usually overwhelmed witht he degustation that includes the traditional Spanish menu, the popular native recipes, the seafood (assorted fish, shrimps, crabs, prawns, clams, oysters), the very popular "atchara", and the desserts (leche flan, haleya, beans of several varieties, salads, pastries including the pastillas puro, and tropical fruits that are all to die for, especially prepared for the occasion and so amiably served.
Annual fiestas are held to honor the town's and each barrio's patron saints. There are fiestas among the different puroks of the barangays. There are feasts for the: Sacred Heart of Jesus, Our Lady of the Rosary, and other commemorative feasts of the Catholic Church.
The Holy Week observance include flagellants on the road, zarzuelas, the "pabasa" (the passion sang as a psalm), the Good Friday and Easter dawn processions, in all the parishes. The Good Friday processions of the Poblacion and the Sto. Rosario parishes are attended by at least 15 Lenten icons.
The fiestas and Holy Week rituals are deemed as a sacred tradition. Some barangays hold their feasts with extraordinary roadside decorations and buntings which could take your breath away as you reckon that the road is almost covered with overhead decor sufficient to screen-off the sunlight at noontime.
They are profoundly attached to their awesome religious heritage and devoutly devoted to their pious Christian life. Their religious predilection is overtly shown by the names of their barrios. 19 of the 26 barrios of this town were named after saints.
Hagonoy is politically subdivided into 26 barangays (7 urban, 19 rural).
- the 16th century church established by the Augustinian Friars in Hagonoy and the only "National Shrine" built for the Mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Philippines; - the church holds the relics of St. Anne from the International Shrine of St. Anne in Quebec, Canada
- a sandy beach known for its aroma shrubs - it is frequented by local picnickers during summer months.
- the first Parish of Ina ng Laging Saklolo in the Province of Bulacan headed by their First Parish Priest, Rev.Fr.Paul Samuel "sammy" Sunga - located in Hangga, Barangay San Pedro
There are 2 hospitals operating in Hagonoy, a private and a government-controlled district hospital. The Emilio Perez Memorial District Hospital, situated at Barangay Sto. Nino, is a 50-bed capacity hospital that offers secondary healthcare services. It is one of the district hospitals owned and controlled by the Provincial Government of Bulacan. The Divine Word Hospital is a private hospital situated at Barangay San Pedro also offers secondary healthcare services.
These hospitals are being complimented by the Amado Aldaba Memorial Health Center, the main rural health unit being operated by the municipal government. It offers primary healthcare services which also includes laboratory and dental services.
The municipality also operates two (2) physical therapy and rehabilitation centers. The first is located at the municipal compound while the other is situated at Barangay Sta. Monica.
The medical personnel of the municipal government is composed of 5 Rural Health Physicians, 4 public nurses, 23 midwives, 2 sanitary inspector, 1 medical technologist and 2 dentists. These are aided by the 172 Barangay Health Workers at the barangay level.
On the other hand, nutrition program is being implemented by the Municipal Nutrition Office. At the barangay, they are assisted by the 29 Lingkod Lingap sa Nayon (LLNs) supported by 189 Mother Leaders. As of 2008, there were 35 identified very low and 565 low nutritional status in Hagonoy.
Trade and commerce in Hagonoy is concentrated at the town center where the public market, municipal hall, church, schools, hospital, clinics, and commercial spaces are situated. Major business activities include drugstores, private consignacion, restaurants/food shops, groceries, banks and construction supplies.
There are 2 “talipapa” (flea markets) in Hagonoy that also played minor central business districts – Sto. Rosario and San Agustin. They offer wet and dry market, grocery stores and computer shops.
The Hagonoy Water District provides the water requirement of Hagonoy. It supplies the daily water use of all 26 barangays, including the 2 coastal barangay (Pugad and Tibaguin), using their 24 barangay pump stations.
On the other hand, the power requirement of the entire municipality is being supplied by the Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) including the coastal barangays of Pugad and Tibaguin.
In Hagonoy, the primary and most dominant mode of transportation is tricycle because of its narrow roads. As of the latest count, there are around 4,671 members of Tricycle Operators and Drivers Association in Hagonoy servicing all barangays except Pugad and Tibaguin. Both barangay are being served by boats for hire.
Other modes of transportation is jeepneys and buses. There are about 565 registered jeepneys in Hagonoy divided into 3 routes – Malolos Bayan, BSU Crossing, and Hagonoy-Calumpit. Passenger buses transport passengers in Hagonoy to and from Divisoria, Cubao and Pasay City in Metro Manila via the 2 bus companies that are presently operating in Hagonoy. The Baliwag Transit having 32 buses leaving Hagonoy every 30 minutes and the First North Luzon Transit with 11 buses leaving every 45 minutes.
Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) and Digital Telecommunications Philippines, Inc. (DIGITEL) are the main landline telephone service provider in Hagonoy with 2,134 and 1,700 subscriber respectively.
Many residents have subscribed to wireless phone services such as Globe, Smart, Talk and Text, Touch Mobile and Sun Cellular. As per Municipal Engineers Office record, there are 10 cell sites installed in strategic locations in Hagonoy to improve the signal coverage and reception.
On the other hand, telegraph and express mail services are being provided by the local post office and private companies such as LBC and RCPI-Western Union.
In School Year 2008-2009, the combined elementary school enrolment is 17,934, where 9 out of the 10 students are enrolled in public elementary school. On the other hand, secondary school enrolment is registered at 10,477 students, of which 78.45% are enrolled in public high school.
Every barangay has a Day Care Center with an assigned Day Care Worker. The total number of children enrolled is 1,315 in School Year 2008-2009, composed of 629 boys and 686 girls.