The Full Wiki

Hajj: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Hajj

Include this on your site/blog:
































Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

.
A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid al-Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba ("cube"), (the building at center).
^ Masjid al-Haram.

^ The mosque was built around the original Kaaba.

^ The mosque in which Ka'aba is situated is called Masjid Al-Haram.
  • Hajj Umrah Practical Advice for British Pilgrims - ABH - Association of British Hujjaj (Pilgrims) UK 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.abhuk.com [Source type: Original source]

In this image of the Hajj from 2003, thousands of pilgrims are walking around Down the Kaaba in a counter-clockwise direction (Tawaf).
.The Hajj (Arabic: حجḤaǧǧ) is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.^ Muslims from across the world have been taking part in annual Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
  • Hajj in Pictures 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.dhushara.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The biggest annual pilgrimage in the world has just finished in Saudi Arabia.

^ It is the pilgrimage to Mecca, in Saudi Arabia, the birthplace of Islam.
  • Hajj in Pictures 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.dhushara.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is currently the largest annual pilgrimage in the world,[1] and is the fifth pillar of Islam, a religious duty that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by every able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so.^ This is the fifth of the religious duties of a Muslim.
  • Hajj and Umrah Talimul-Haq Part 14 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.inter-islam.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For Muslims, the Hajj is the fifth and final pillar of Islam.
  • Hajj - Blog Toplist 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every able-bodied Muslim who can afford to do so is required to make the pilgrimage to Makkah at least once in his or her lifetime.
  • Hajj in Pictures 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.dhushara.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Hajj is a demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people, and their submission to God (Allah in the Arabic language).^ It is a demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people, and their submission to God.
  • Hajj - Blog Toplist 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Owing to this apathy about Hajj, people instead of remembering Allah and celebrating His glory and exaltedness would indulge in business, trade and similar activities.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ A person (Momin) who is economically prosperous or having enough ability to perform Hajj,to find the way and who neglected it.Allah is beparvah for the people of world.

[2] .The pilgrimage occurs from the 7th to 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th and last month of the Islamic calendar.^ The pilgrimage occurs from the 8th to the 12th day of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar.
  • Hajj - Blog Toplist 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The last month of the Islamic calendar .
  • Haj Committee of India 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajcommittee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 11th, 12th, and 13th days of the month of Zul Hijjah .
  • Haj Committee of India 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajcommittee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, eleven days shorter than the Gregorian calendar used in the Western world, the Gregorian date of the Hajj changes from year to year.^ Because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, the event cannot be pegged to the Gregorian calendar, whose (solar) year is eleven days longer.
  • Hajj - Blog Toplist 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Powered by: Awaz apni Baat apni By: Awaz Apni Baat Apni Pilgrimage (Hajj) 2007-07-24 12:44:00 Once a year Muslims around the world go to Makkah (Saudi Arabia) to perform Hajj (Pilgrimage) during 9~11th day of Islamic month of Zil-Hajj.
  • Hajj - Blog Toplist 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vast crowds of pilgrims cast stones at walls representing the devil on the third day of the annual hajj on Friday as Muslims around the world began celebrating Eid al-Adha, the most important holiday of the Islamic calendar.

.In 2007, the Hajj was from December 17–21; in 2008 from December 6–10, and in 2009 it was from November 25–29. Ihram is the name given to the special state in which Muslims live whilst on the pilgrimage.^ After this, they can leave the state of ihram and remove their special Hajj attire.

^ Saturday, December 29, 2007 .

^ Hajj: official Muslim pilgrimage to Makkah.
  • How to Perform Hajj - Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.princeton.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Hajj is associated with the life of Islamic prophet Muhammad from the 7th century, but the ritual of pilgrimage to Mecca is considered by Muslims to stretch back thousands of years to the time of Ibrahim (Abraham).^ The pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) is one of the fundamental obligations in Islamic laws.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Abraham was to call the people to perform the rite of the Hajj, which is a pilgrimage to Mecca.

^ It was a small Hajj, or pilgrimage, which dates back to pre-Islamic times.

.Pilgrims join processions of hundreds of thousands of people, who simultaneously converge on Mecca for the week of the Hajj, and perform a series of rituals: Each person walks counter-clockwise seven times about the Ka'bah, the cube-shaped building which acts as the Muslim direction of prayer, kisses the Black Stone in the corner of the Kaaba, runs back and forth between the hills of Al-Safa and Al-Marwah, drinks from the Zamzam Well, goes to the plains of Mount Arafat to stand in vigil, and throws stones in a ritual Stoning of the Devil.^ The direction (towards the Ka'bah ) that Muslims face to pray.
  • Haj Committee of India 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajcommittee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Throwing seven stones successively at Jamarah of al- Aqabah (Pl.

^ Sai (i.e., brisk walking) between the hills of Safa and Marwa seven times.

.The pilgrims then shave their heads, perform a ritual of animal sacrifice, and celebrate the four day global festival of Eid al-Adha.^ Then sacrifice an animal and then shave your head.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ On this day four important rites have to be performed.
  • Hajj and Umrah Talimul-Haq Part 14 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.inter-islam.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The festival of sacrifice performed on the 10th day of Zul-Hijjah .
  • Haj Committee of India 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajcommittee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3][4][5]
.As of 2009, about two million pilgrims participate in this annual pilgrimage.^ Iranian hajj pilgrims carried out a peaceful protest without incident on Thursday as millions of Muslims amassed for the peak of the world's largest annual pilgrimage.

^ At Mecca, pilgrims listen to preaching about the pilgrimage, but there are no rituals performed there which prove Mecca was originally part of that pilgrimage.

^ Pilgrims are casting stones at walls representing the devil on the third day of the annual Hajj pilgrimage.

[6][7] .Crowd-control techniques have become critical, and because of the large numbers of people, many of the rituals have become more stylized.^ Large number of people spend millions of rupees for Hajj but stay under the shadows or bridges - away from Arafats ground although entry into Arafat is obligatory for Hajj.

^ The number of poor men is considered, and if it is ten then he fasts ten days, and if it is twenty he fasts twenty days, according to how many people there are to be fed, even if there are more than sixty."
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It is not necessary to kiss the Black Stone, but merely to point at it on each circuit around the Kaaba.^ Then hold the Black Stone and kiss it.
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

^ Crowding to kiss the black stone .
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It is desirable that a woman should not crowd with the men to kiss the black stone.
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

.Throwing pebbles was done at large pillars, which for safety reasons in 2004 were changed to long walls with catch basins below to catch the stones.^ At any time in the afternoon, throw 7 pebbles on each of the 3 pillars in he same order as was done on 11 Zul Hajj.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ Throwing seven pebbles at each of three stone columns (jamarat) standing in Mina with some distance between them.

^ At any time in the afternoon, throw 7 pebbles on each of the 3 pillars starting with the first pillar, then on the middle pillar, and lastly on the pillar of Aqabah.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

.The slaughter of an animal can be done either personally, or by appointing someone else to do it, and so forth.^ Such a person (prevented from doing Saee) has to, according to compulsory precaution (Ihtiyate Wajib), slaughter an animal in Makkah before Taqseer.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The animal be slaughtered by the pilgrim himself but if he cannot, he should hold the knife in his hand and the person slaughtering the animal should hold the hand of the pilgrim; there is no objection to the pilgrim holding the hand of the person slaughtering the animal.
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

[8] .But even with the crowd control techniques, there are still many incidents during the Hajj, as pilgrims are trampled in a crush, or ramps collapse under the weight of the many visitors, causing hundreds of deaths.^ Pilgrims can pursue trade and business during Hajj or Umra, provided that they are making Hajj solely to fulfill their responsibility for Gods sake.

^ The distinctive garb of the male pilgrim worn during Umra or Hajj.
  • Haj Committee of India 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajcommittee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several of us looked like hajj pilgrims ,while there were a few non muslims apparently going to Cairo.

.The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Hajj has a website, with the message, "Be peaceful, orderly and kind.^ Skip Chapter 3 (Before You Leave) and Chapter 4 (When You Get To Saudi Arabia), except for Sections 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3 which contain useful information about the prerequisites of Hajj.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ Hajj : The pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, which every adult Muslim who is physically and financially able must make at least once in his or her lifetime.

^ According to Seestani, Khui and Khumaini, it is also permissible to take a less expensive option of hiring a person from Medina or elsewhere in Saudi Arabia to perform the Hajje Niyabat.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

No crushing."[9]
.Pilgrims can also go to Mecca to perform the rituals at other times of the year.^ The pilgrim performs other rituals of Hajj on 8th Zul Hajj.

^ Knowing that ascertaining about one area and then going towards the other and again ascertaining about it is a difficult task, especially on the day of Eid , as you yourself know, where the time is also a factor.

^ Most scholars have ruled that Umra may be performed any time during the year.

.This is sometimes called the "lesser pilgrimage", or Umrah.^ Is it permissible for him to perform umrah (lesser pilgrimage) during the month of Rajab?
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Umrah Mufradah (a type of lesser pilgrimage that can be performed at any time, except the days of hajj "greater pilgrimage" during Thil Hijja ) would be in order.

^ Umrah Mufradah (a type of lesser pilgrimage that can be performed at any time, except the days of hajj "greater pilgrimage" during Thil Hijja) would be in order.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, even if they perform the Umrah, they are still obligated to perform the Hajj at some other point in their lifetimes if they have the means to do so.^ They have performed the Hajj and completed the Umra.

^ Case 2: If you have given a loan to someone, and the amount is sufficient to perform Hajj, and the time of loan return is due or the borrower is willingly to pay even before due date, then it is wajib on you to claim the loan back from that person, and use it to perform Hajj.And if the borrower refuses to return the loan, then it is wajib to take him to court or use other legal means to get back the loan in order to perform the Hajj.

^ Which means: "O Allah, I intend to perform Umrah, so make it easy for me" Here I am for Umrah-here I am, oh Allah, here I am, there is no partner for you, there I am!
  • IslamicFinder: Accurate Prayer Times, Athan (Azan), Mosques (Masjids), Islamic Center, Muslim Owned Businesses, Hijri Calendar, Islamic Directory worldwide. 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamicfinder.org [Source type: Original source]

Contents

History

.The Hajj is based on a pilgrimage that was ancient even in the time of Muhammad in the 7th Century.^ While Hajj books are usually about the rituals of pilgrimage, few, if any, address the loss of voluntary spiritual practices that had been carried out for centuries in Makka and Madina up until the time the Hajj was overseen by the Ottoman Sultans.

^ Umrah Mufradah (a type of lesser pilgrimage that can be performed at any time, except the days of hajj "greater pilgrimage" during Thil Hijja ) would be in order.

^ However, at times the hajj or the ziyrat is associated with certain other issues that can elevate them to the same or even higher status of virtue.

.According to Hadith, elements of the Hajj trace back to the time of Abraham (Ibrahim), around 2000 BC. It is believed that the Prophet Ibrahim was ordered by God (Allah) to leave his wife Hajra and his infant son Ismael alone in the desert.^ And only that Hajj will be accepted by God which is performed according to Prophet's Sunnah.

^ Prophet Abraham left his wife Hazrat Hajra and infant son Hazrat Ismael in the wilderness of Makkah at the command of Allah.

^ For Hajj, this is held to commemorate Hagars running between Safa and Marwa seven times in order to find water for her son, Ishmael, whom she was still breast-feeding.

.While he was gone, the child became thirsty, and Hajra ran back and forth seven times searching for water for her son.^ For Hajj, this is held to commemorate Hagars running between Safa and Marwa seven times in order to find water for her son, Ishmael, whom she was still breast-feeding.

^ The mother ran frantically seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah in .

^ During Sa'y you repeat a back and forth action seven times.

.The baby cried and hit the ground with his foot (some versions of the story say that an angel scraped his foot or the tip of his wing along the ground), and water miraculously sprang forth.^ When a pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth his right foot first and says: "In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ To perform Sai on foot is more rewarding but due to some reasons it can also be performed by riding.

.This source of water is today called the Well of Zamzam.^ Muslims today receive no benefit from traveling so far to drink water from a well like the one at Zamzam.

^ Then they proceed to drink from the water of the well Zamzam.

^ Afterwards, they should go to the Zamzam well and drink as much of its water as possible.

.Prior to Muhammad's era, each year tribes from all around the Arabian peninsula would converge on Mecca, as part of the pilgrimage.^ A tribe would dedicate each place to one member of the Arabian Star Family.

^ Well see that Mecca was part of Umra, a small occultic Hajj, which could be performed at any time during the year.

^ It is clear that Arafa and Mina are the original places for the Arabian pilgrimage, and that pre-Islamic Mecca was not considered a pilgrimage station.

.The exact faith of the tribes was not important at that time, and Christian Arabs were as likely to make the pilgrimage as the pagans.^ The troubles and calamities on the way to pilgrimage is like expense in the way of God and the expense of a dirham at that time is equal to the expense of seven hundred dirhams.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time of Mohammed's birth, it was populated by numerous, rival Arab tribes.
  • Islam Glossary 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC uwacadweb.uwyo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore, claiming that Quraish was a religious tribe which existed from the time of Ishmael, and were defenders of the faith who led religious ceremonies in Arabia, is unhistorical and preposterous.

[10] .Muslim historians refer to the time before Muhammad as al-Jahiliyah, the "Days of Ignorance", during which the Kaaba contained hundreds of idols – totems of each of the tribes of the Arabian peninsula, with idols of pagan gods such as Hubal, al-Lat, Uzza and Manat, and also some representing Jesus, and Mary.^ Arafat is during the day time!

^ It can be done any time during day or night.

^ When you press on in multitude from Arafat (after you have stayed there for some time,) mention God at Mashar al-Haram (i.e., Muzdalifa).

[11]
.Muhammad was known to regularly perform the Umrah, even before he began receiving revelations.^ What if hajj became obligatory on him in Ramadhn, can he go for umrah [before performing hajj]?
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What if hajj became obligatory on him in Ramadhn , can he go for umrah [before performing hajj ]?

^ And he may perform this stoning after noon even up to the night if he finds difficulty in performing this stoning before noon as is established in the hadith.
  • QSS.ORG :: QSS Online Books :: Rites of Hajj and 'Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.qss.org [Source type: Original source]

[3] .Historically, Muslims would gather at various meeting points in other great cities, and then proceed en masse towards Mecca, in groups that could comprise tens of thousands of pilgrims.^ Its ridiculous that Muslims would believe that this pagan group represented the true and devout faith.

^ The Prophet said: If one prayer in the mosque of Medina is equal to ten thousand prayers, one prayer in Baitul Maqdis is equal to one thousand prayers, and one prayer in the mosque of Mecca is equal to one lac prayers.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Mecca could not possibly have been a place to which pilgrims made the Hajj before Islam.

Two of the most famous meeting points were in Cairo and Damascus. In Cairo, the Sultan would stand atop a platform of the famous gate Bab Zuwayla, to officially watch the beginning of the annual pilgrimage.[12]
.In 631 (Common Era), Muhammad led his followers from Medina to Mecca, it was the first Hajj to be performed by Muslims alone, and the only Hajj ever performed by Muhammad.^ I previously mentioned that only three tribes returned to Mecca to circle around the Kaabeh after they made the Hajj to Manat, which was located near Medina .

^ It is assumed that you are performing Hajj al-Tammat'u in which Umrah is performed first as described later in the "Kinds of Hajj".

^ Today, the Islamic Hajj presents rituals which were known to be practiced by pagan tribes around Medina and Mecca, founded by tribes who emigrated from Yemen, and performed these rituals to their gods.

.He cleansed the Kaaba, removed all the idols, and re-ordained the building as the house of God.^ All praise is due to God who has taken me to His scared House, who has made it the refuge of men and their safe place and a guide to the universe.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Talbiyah is the answer to the call made by Abraham (sws) while standing on a rock after he had re-built the House of God [1] .
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Arabian Jinn-devils spread the message that all the Arabian gods and idols were to be respected and honored.

[13] .It was from this point that the Hajj became one of the Five Pillars of Islam.^ By Amir Hamza Islam is based on five pillars, Hajj being one of these.

^ Prayer * Prayer (salat or salah in Arabic) is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
  • Islam Glossary 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC uwacadweb.uwyo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Position of Hajj in Islaam Hajj is one of the pillars of Islaam.
  • Lifetime Journey 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamway.com [Source type: Original source]

Preparations

Pilgrims generally travel to Hajj in groups, as an expression of unity. Some airlines have special packages for Muslims going to Mecca. .Ships also take pilgrims to Mecca so they can perform Hajj.^ If the pilgrims are performing Hajj Tamattu , they must perform a say after this tawaf.

^ Mutamati a pilgrim performing Hajj Tamattu'.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ Well see that Mecca was part of Umra, a small occultic Hajj, which could be performed at any time during the year.

.During the Hajj, male pilgrims are required to dress only in the ihram, a garment consisting of two sheets of white unhemmed cloth, with the top draped over the torso and the bottom secured by a white sash; plus a pair of sandals.^ Ifraad: A pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ The male pilgrim must take off all sewn garments and wear only white, clean two seamless sheets.
  • Lifetime Journey 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamway.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslim pilgrims circle Islam's holiest site, the Kaaba, in traditional white robes, with new additions — umbrellas and face masks — at the opening of the annual hajj.

.Women are simply required to maintain their hijab - normal modest dress, which does not cover the hands or face.^ For verily, the cloth that covers over a women's face, rarely does it remain un-touching to her skin.
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Under normal circumstances a womans face should not be covered unless she comes face to face with a stranger and she has to conceal herself.
  • Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result, Muslim women who choose to follow the tenets of Islam are asked to cover (or veil) their bodies (all of it, except the face and hands) from men who are not either their direct family members, or their husbands.

[8]
.The Ihram is meant to show equality of all pilgrims in the eyes of God: that there is no difference between a prince and a pauper.^ There is no deity but God.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no god but you.
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I am here, there is no god but you, I am here.
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

Ihram is also symbolic for holy virtue and pardon from all past sins. .A place designated for changing into Ihram is called a miqat.^ Getting into the state of ihram in any of the miqat places.

^ Mawaqit (plural of miqat) are the specific places where pilgrims or people intending to perform Hajj or Umra must declare their intention to do so and enter the state of ihram.

^ He should go into ihram at the same place where he went into ihram for the umra which he had spoiled, except if he had entered into ihram at a place further away than his miqat.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.While wearing the Ihram, a pilgrim may not shave, clip their nails, wear perfume, swear or quarrel, have sexual relations, uproot or damage plants, cover the head [for men] or the face and hands [for women], marry, wear shoes over the ankles, perform any dishonest acts or carry weapons.^ As for men, it is better for them to shave their head.
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ While in the state of ihram , pilgrims must avoid sexual intercourse and whatever leads to it, wrangling and useless bickering, marriage or joining others in marriage, wearing any sewn clothes or shoes that cover the feet above the ankles, covering their heads (men) or faces (women), wearing perfume, cutting their hair or nails, engaging in hunting game animals, or cutting trees or grass within Makkas Sacred Precincts.

^ On arriving at the miqat (the place fixed for entering the state of ihram), pilgrims should shave themselves, clip their fingernails, perform ghusl or wudu , and wear some perfume.

Rites

The route the pilgrims take during the Hajj
.Upon arrival in Mecca the pilgrim, now known as a Hajji,[14] performs a series of ritual acts symbolic of the lives of Ibrahim (Abraham) and his wife Hajar (Hagar).^ Pilgrims who live in and around Mecca enter into the state of Ihram in their homes.
  • Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gold told Abraham to leave Hagar and Ishmael, upon him be peace, in Makka, which was then an uninhabited barren valley.

^ Today, the Islamic Hajj presents rituals which were known to be practiced by pagan tribes around Medina and Mecca, founded by tribes who emigrated from Yemen, and performed these rituals to their gods.

The acts also symbolize the solidarity of Muslims worldwide.
.The greater Hajj (al-hajj al-akbar) begins on the eighth day of the lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah.^ The month the Hajj is conducted is called Du al-Hijjah.

^ The Hajj, also called the great pilgrimage, begins on the 7th of Du al-Hijjah, the month of the pilgrimage.

^ Then they should again put it on the eighth of Dhu Al-Hajj and then offer Hajj .
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

.If they are not already wearing it upon their arrival, pilgrims put on ihram clothing and then leave Mecca for the nearby town of Mina where they spend the rest of the day.^ Ihram is put on at the fixed place and then the pilgrim comes to Mecca and removes it.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Upon wearing your Ihram garments and leaving Mecca, you will .

^ Do not replace your Ihram with your previous clothing.2 Leave Mina .

.The Saudi government has put up thousands of large white tents at Mina to provide accommodations for all the pilgrims.^ If it were as they say, more than six thousand menstruating women would still be in Mina in the morning, all of them having already done the tawaf al-ifada.'
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If any pilgrim (Haji) performs other rituals but does not complete Tawaf-all- Ifada, before evening he will have to put on Ihram again and he will revert to the position as on return to Mina from Muzdalfah, and was before Ramy(stoning).

^ The male pilgrim must take off all sewn garments and wear only white, clean two seamless sheets.
  • Lifetime Journey 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamway.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]

Umrah

Umrah Pilgrim at Mecca.
Direction of the Tawaf around the Kaaba
.On the first day of the Hajj (the 7th day of the 12th month in other words, Dhu al-Hijjah), the pilgrims perform their first Tawaf, which involves all of the pilgrims entering The Sacred Mosque (Masjid Al Haram) and walking seven times counter-clockwise around the Ka'ba, kissing the Black Stone (Hajr Al Aswad) on each circuit.^ The month the Hajj is conducted is called Du al-Hijjah.

^ The pilgrim performs other rituals of Hajj on 8th Zul Hajj.

^ After performing Tawaf-al-Ifada, the pilgrim is allowed to touch his wife.

.If kissing the stone is not possible because of the crowds, they may simply point towards the Stone on each circuit with their right hand.^ He approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ Crowding to kiss the black stone .
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But they embraced it simply because Mohammed made the decision to incorporate it into Islam.

.In each complete circuit a pilgrim says "In the name of God, God is Great, God is Great, God is Great and praise be to God" (Bism Allah Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar wa lil Lahi Alhamd) with 7 circuits constituting a complete tawaf.^ I commence in the Name of Allah and Allah is great.
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

^ Then say: (By the Name of Allah, all praise is due to Allah and I thank Allah).
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

^ Allah is great and all praise is due to Allah.
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

.The place where pilgrims walk is known as "Mutaaf". Only the first three Shouts are compulsory, but almost all perform it seven times.^ Abdullah ibn Abbas instructed his sons at the time of his death: O my children, perform Hajj by walking on foot, as for each step of such a pilgrim there is written 700 rewards out of the rewards of Haram.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The pilgrims wear the same garments, pronounce the same statement and perform the same actions; at the same time, in the same place; facing the same direction and having the same intention.
  • Lifetime Journey 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamway.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When you sit on the conveyance, recite seven times: All praise is due to god who showed me path for it.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

The tawaf is normally performed all at once. Eating is not permitted but the drinking of water is allowed because of the risk of dehydration. .Men are encouraged to perform the first three circuits at a hurried pace, followed by four times, more closely, at a leisurely pace.^ The moon in the Nyayis, a Zoroastrian sacred literature, is addressed three times a month: first, at the time when the moon is first visible; second, when it is the full; and, finally, when it is on the wane.

^ They walk from Safa to Marwa four times, and the other way three times.

^ Performing this tawaf on the first day of Iyd al-Adha is recommended, but one can perform it during the following two days.

[8]
.After the completion of Tawaf, all the pilgrims have to offer two Rakaat prayers at the Place of Abraham (Muqaam Ibrahim), a site inside the mosque that is near the Kaaba.^ After completing the Tawaaf, the pilgrim should move to the Muqam-e-Ibrahim (Place of Ibrahim.
  • Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When completing the tawaf prayer in Ibrahim's position, you must go to .

^ When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches Maqam Ibrahim and recites: "And take ye the station of Abraham as a place of Prayer" Chapter 2, Verse 125 [2:125].
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

.However, again because of large crowds during the days of Hajj, they may instead pray anywhere in the mosque.^ If not, they can pray anywhere in the Mosque.

^ Although the prayers which Moslems pray five times a day can be said in private--or whereever a person happens to be--the mosque is seen as the place for communal prayer, especially on Friday .
  • Islam Glossary 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC uwacadweb.uwyo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Umrah Mufradah (a type of lesser pilgrimage that can be performed at any time, except the days of hajj "greater pilgrimage" during Thil Hijja ) would be in order.

.Although the circuits around the Kaaba are traditionally done on the groundlevel, Tawaf is now also performed on the first floor and roof of the mosque because of the large crowd.^ The mosque was built around the original Kaaba.

^ Allahs Messenger did not perform Sai between the Safa-Marwa because he was Qiran, and the first Sai is enough for Qiran and Ifada.

^ They, because of her, will be forced to stay until she completes her period and performs the Tawaf.
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

.After Tawaf on the same day , the pilgrims perform sa`i, running or walking seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah.^ Sai (i.e., brisk walking) between the hills of Safa and Marwa seven times.

^ People walked seven times between the two stones, Safa and Marwa.

^ Sa'yi the walk made between As-Safaa and Al -Marwah.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

.This is a re-enactment of the frantic search for water for her son Ismael by Abraham's wife Hagar.^ Second, the festival commemorates the day on which the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) tried to fulfill Allah's command to sacrifice his son Ishmael (Ismael), but was prevented from doing so by an angel.
  • Islam Glossary 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC uwacadweb.uwyo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, their submission did not prevent Hagar from trying to find water for her son, for both of them needed it and she also needed it to produce breast-milk.

^ Prophet Abraham left his wife Hazrat Hajra and infant son Hazrat Ismael in the wilderness of Makkah at the command of Allah.

.As she searched, the Zamzam Well was revealed to her by an angel, who hit the ground with his heel (or brushed the ground with the tip of his wing), upon which the water of the Zamzam started gushing from the ground.^ Muslims today receive no benefit from traveling so far to drink water from a well like the one at Zamzam.

^ Then they proceed to drink from the water of the well Zamzam.

^ This helps us see the religious affiliations of the man who dug the well of Zamzam, and gives us the purpose for which he dug the well.

[15] .The back and forth circuit of the pilgrims used to be in the open air, but is now entirely enclosed by the Masjid al-Haram mosque, and can be accessed via air-conditioned tunnels.^ Now there is a beautiful Mosque called Masjid-e-Nimrah.

^ Entering Masjid al-Haram: While reciting Talbiyah, enter Masjid al-Haram preferably through Bab .

^ At dawn, the pilgrims stand by al-Mashar al-Haram, and perform waqfa there.

.Pilgrims are advised to walk the circuit, though two green pillars mark a short section of the path where they are allowed to run.^ A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ After this, they should climb down and start walking toward Marwa as the first of seven rounds between the two hills, while remembering God and supplicating.

^ Afterward, they walk seven times between the two stones, Safa and Marwa, where the two statues of Asaf and Naelah were erected in pre-Islamic times.

There is also an internal "express lane" for the disabled. The safety procedures are in place because previous incidents in this ritual have resulted in stampedes which caused the deaths of hundreds of people.
.As part of this ritual the pilgrims also drink water from the Zamzam Well, which is made available in coolers throughout the Mosque.^ Zamzam is the best available water in the world.

^ They were to drink water from the well of Zamzam and to visit the tomb of Mohammed.

^ Then they proceed to drink from the water of the well Zamzam.

.After the visit to the mosque on this day of the Hajj, the pilgrims then return to their tents.^ On the third day, the 9th of Du al-Hajj, pilgrims continue to the hill called Arafa.

^ Those who are performing Hajj Qiran or Ifrad do not have to make this second say if they had performed the Arrival Tawaf and say upon their arrival in Makka The pilgrims must now return to Mina and spend the 3 days of Iyd al-Adha there.

^ A pilgrim goes to Madina before or after Hajj with the intention of visiting the Prophet's mosque and praying in it.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

Arafat

Pilgrims on Plains of Arafat on the day of Hajj
.The next morning, on the eighth of Dhu al-Hijjah, the pilgrims proceed to Mina where they spend the night in prayer.^ The pilgrim then proceeds to Mina.
  • Lifetime Journey 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamway.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But it is necessary to spend nights in Mina.

^ Pilgrims should go to Mina on the eighth of Dhu Al-Hajj and reside there.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

.On the ninth day, they leave Mina for Arafat where they stand in contemplative vigil and pray and recite the Qur'an, near a hill from which Muhammad gave his last sermon, this hill is called Jabal Al Rahmah (The Hill of Forgivness, Mount Arafat).^ Jabal-al-Rahmah from which the prophet .

^ They should go to Arafat on the ninth of Dhu Al-Hajj .
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ They stand in a plain near a mount called the Jabal Al-Rahmah, which means the mountain of mercy, and they cry in loud voices from afternoon until sunset Labeik Allahumma Labeik.

This is known as wuquf, considered the highlight of the Hajj. .Pilgrims must spend the afternoon within a defined area on the plain of Arafat until after sunset.^ To wait at Arafat until sunset .
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Wuquf-e-Arafat or Standing until sunset.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

^ They stand in a plain near a mount called the Jabal Al-Rahmah, which means the mountain of mercy, and they cry in loud voices from afternoon until sunset Labeik Allahumma Labeik.

.No specific rituals or prayers are required during the stay at Arafat, although many pilgrims spend time praying, and thinking about the course of their lives.^ Arafat is during the day time!

^ This time allows them to think about Ha]J and .

^ Pray the prescribed prayer if its stated time is on.
  • IslamicFinder: Accurate Prayer Times, Athan (Azan), Mosques (Masjids), Islamic Center, Muslim Owned Businesses, Hijri Calendar, Islamic Directory worldwide. 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamicfinder.org [Source type: Original source]

.A pilgrim's Hajj is considered invalid if they do not spend the afternoon on Arafat.^ Large number of people spend millions of rupees for Hajj but stay under the shadows or bridges - away from Arafats ground although entry into Arafat is obligatory for Hajj.

^ After the pilgrims return from Arafat they hurl stones at these columns.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ Pilgrims can pursue trade and business during Hajj or Umra, provided that they are making Hajj solely to fulfill their responsibility for Gods sake.

[4]

Muzdalifah

.As soon as the sun sets, the pilgrims leave Arafat for Muzdalifah, an area between Arafat and Mina, where they gather pebbles for the next day's ritual of the stoning of the Devil (Shaitan).^ After the pilgrims return from Arafat they hurl stones at these columns.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ Departure For Arafat All the pilgrims should leave for Arafat when sun rises.

^ With the setting of the sun in the plain of Arafat, .

.Many pilgrims spend the night sleeping on the ground or back in their tents at Muzdalifah before returning to Mina.^ On way to Mina , this is a second field where the pilgrims spend the night on their way back from Arafat .
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ But it is necessary to spend nights in Mina.

^ Muzdalifah is the place where the army stops and spends the night and the warriors once again pray and beseech the Lord when they get up in the morning on their way to the battlefield.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

Ramy al-Jamarat

.At Mina the pilgrims perform Ramy al-Jamarat, throwing stones to signify their defiance of the Devil.^ Jamarat: Places of the three stone slabs representing the devil, at Mina).
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jamarat : Places of the three stone slabs representing the devil, at Mina).

^ Throwing seven stones successively at Jamarah of al- Aqabah (Pl.

.This symbolizes the trials experienced by Abraham while he decided whether to sacrifice his son as demanded by Allah.^ I must sacrifice my son for the cause of Allah.

^ In the Quraan, like in the Old Testament, there is the story of Abraham having been commanded to sacrifice his son.

^ Abraham (sws) while standing on the hill of Safa had observed this place of sacrifice and then to fulfill the command of Allah had briskly walked towards the hill of Marwah .
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

.The Devil challenged him three times, and three times Abraham refused.^ He told his wife that a spirit claiming to be Gabriel appeared to him and choked him three times.

^ Al-Tabari wrote that this fire continued to burn during the time of Mohammed, and the three Caliphs who came after him .

^ Islamic tradition claims this locality is where Abraham met with the devil and threw stones at him.

Each pillar marks the location of one of these refusals. .On the first occasion when Ramy al-Jamarat is performed, pilgrims stone the largest pillar known as Jamrat'al'Aqabah.^ Throwing seven stones successively at Jamarah of al- Aqabah (Pl.

^ At dawn, the pilgrims stand by al-Mashar al-Haram, and perform waqfa there.

^ Performing this tawaf on the first day of Iyd al-Adha is recommended, but one can perform it during the following two days.

[16] Pilgrims climb ramps to the multi-levelled Jamarat Bridge, from which they can throw their pebbles at the jamarat. On the second occasion, the other pillars are stoned. .The stoning consists of throwing seven pebbles.^ Throwing seven stones successively at Jamarah of al- Aqabah (Pl.

^ Next day, start for Mina and reach the place of stone throwing and throw seven stones there as prescribed.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Throwing seven pebbles at each of three stone columns (jamarat) standing in Mina with some distance between them.

[4] Because of the crowds, in 2004 the pillars were replaced by long walls, with catch basins below to collect the pebbles.

Eid al-Adha

.After the Stoning of the Devil, the pilgrims perform animal sacrifices, to symbolize God having mercy on Ibraham and replacing his son with a ram, which Abraham then sacrificed.^ Seek nearness of God by sacrificing an animal.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There is in hadith: There is reward for every one hair of the sacrificed animal and for every drop of blood and it will be weighed near God.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The ceremonies included animal sacrifices made to Manat, the cutting of their hair, and throwing or casting stones.

.Traditionally the pilgrims slaughtered the animal themselves, or oversaw the slaughtering.^ The animal be slaughtered by the pilgrim himself but if he cannot, he should hold the knife in his hand and the person slaughtering the animal should hold the hand of the pilgrim; there is no objection to the pilgrim holding the hand of the person slaughtering the animal.
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

.Today many pilgrims buy a sacrifice voucher in Mecca before the greater Hajj begins, which allows an animal to be slaughtered in their name on the 10th, without the pilgrim being physically present.^ At the end of their Hajj, they presented animal sacrifices to Manat.

^ Then they must do hajj again in another year, and sacrifice an animal."
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Malik said that someone doing umra who had sexual intercourse with his wife had to sacrifice an animal and do a second umra, which he had to begin when he had finished the one that he had spoiled.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Centralized butcher houses sacrifice a single sheep for each pilgrim, or a cow can represent the sacrifice of seven people.^ An attack on the Sacred House is an attack on the House of God; harming the animals which are marked for sacrifice to God and the people who have travelled to seek the bounty and pleasure of their Lord is like going after God.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ A sheep is the kaffara for anything which does not reach the extent of something for which a camel or a cow would be the kaffara, and the kaffara for something which does not reach the extent of something for which a sheep would be the kaffara is fasting, or feeding poor people."
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The fourth issue is that if the pilgrims are not able to reach the Sacred House and are stranded somewhere they can sacrifice a camel, cow or a goat and after shaving their heads they can take off their Ihram.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

.The meat is then packaged and given to charity and shipped to poor people around the world.^ If they are privately owned, the compensation doubles, for the owner is indemnified and its value is given to the poor as charity.

[4] .At the same time as the sacrifices occur at Mecca, Muslims worldwide perform similar sacrifices, in a four day global festival called Eid al-Adha.^ The sacrifice must be made on any of the first 3 days of Iyd al-Adha.

^ It is called the Festival of the Sacrifice for two reasons.
  • Islam Glossary 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC uwacadweb.uwyo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Hajj is immediately followed by the festival of Eid al-Adha .
  • Islam Glossary 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC uwacadweb.uwyo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]

Tawaf az-Ziyarah

Pilgrims circumambulating the Kaaba during the Hajj
.On this or the following day the pilgrims re-visit the Masjid al-Haram mosque in Mecca for another tawaf, to walk around the Kaaba.^ The mosque was built around the original Kaaba.

^ Dua for entering the Haram (Haram does not refer to Masjid-ul Haram but begins at a distance of nearly 3 miles before the town of Mecca):- .
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

^ Hajj also means visit to the revered place, or the pilgrimage to the Kabah in the Grand Mosque (Masjid AlHaram or Haram AlSharef), in the City of Makkah (Mecca), in Arabia, which is one of the basic manifestations of the Islamic faith, and a display of unity of the Muslims throughout the world.

.This is called the Tawaf az-Ziyarah or Tawaf al-Ifadah, which symbolizes being in a hurry to respond to God and show love for Him, an obligatory part of the Hajj.^ If a person is given an amount to cover expenses just sufficient for Hajj, with a condition that on his way to Makkah he will serve the person who gave the expenses, Hajj does not become obligatory on him.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, if postponing the exam will cause difficulty to such an extent that it is normally unbearable, it is not obligatory on him to perform hajj that year.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This call has now reached the nooks and corners of this world and the servants of God while acknowledging His favours and affirming belief in His Tawhid respond to it by saying: اَللّهُمَّ لَبَّيْك لَبَّيْك .
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

.The night of the 10th is spent back at Mina.^ On way to Mina , this is a second field where the pilgrims spend the night on their way back from Arafat .
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

.On the afternoon of the 11th and again the following day the pilgrims must again throw seven pebbles at each of the three jamarat in Mina.^ To throw pebbles at Mina .
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Throwing seven pebbles at each of three stone columns (jamarat) standing in Mina with some distance between them.

^ After sunrise, the pilgrims must throw seven pebbles at Jamrat al-Aqaba .

.Pilgrims must leave Mina for Mecca before sunset on the 12th.^ After nightfall, the pilgrims must leave for Muzdalifa.

^ On returning to Mecca from Mina it is mustahab to enter the Khana-e-Kaaaba, before the entrance recite the following : .
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

^ However, according to current Saudi laws, one must enter Mecca before 5th Zil Hij .

.If they are unable to leave Mina before sunset, they must perform the stoning ritual again on the 13th before returning to Mecca.^ Before returning to Mecca for a farewell, they have to fulfill .

^ Then they return to their camps again and in the next two or three days fling stones on Satan in the manner they had done earlier.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ Quraish wanted to honor the moon, which was the head of the Star Family, so they instituted a Hajj which was designed to return to Mina to plead for rain with Manat, the daughter of Allah.

Tawaf al-Wada

.Finally, before leaving Mecca, pilgrims perform a farewell tawaf called the Tawaf al-Wada.^ It is recommended that, upon leaving Makkah, the pilgrim perform a tawaf of farewell.
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

^ A woman receives her menses before her performance of Tawaf Al-Ifaadah .
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Tawaf al-Wada (Farewell Circumambulation).

[4]

Journey to Medina

.Though it is not required as part of the Hajj, many pilgrims also travel to the city of Medina and the Mosque of the Prophet, which contains Muhammad's tomb and Riaz ul Jannah and also pay visit to Grave of Prophet's Companion, Umhat ul Mominen and Ahle Bait in Jannat ul Baqi.^ Visit to Medina is highly recommended in sharia although it is not part of Hajj.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then visit the grave of the Prophet when leaving Medina.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prophet said: A pilgrim is dressed dishevelled and with body dust-laden from every distant part of hills.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

[18]

Tomb of the Prophet as last earthly sight

.An unusual ritual reported in the September 1905 issue of Popular Mechanics was the efforts of the Hajji to ensure that the Tomb of the Prophet was the last thing he ever saw.^ Ibn Abbas narrates that the Prophet (sws) is reported to have said that before departing the last thing everyone of you should do is this.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ This revival thus constitutes the last chapter of the history of this ritual written down by none other than Prophet Muhammad (sws).
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

According to the article, some vendors would sell white-hot bricks. .After purchasing one, with his eyes towards the tomb, the pilgrim lowers his eyes close to the white-hot brick until the heat of the brick has burned his eyes and decimated his sight.^ On approaching one of the two green markers, pilgrims should jog to the second green marker and, after passing it, resume ones normal walking speed toward Marwa.

After several hours of pain, he then returns home blind.[19] However, no modern references to this practice were found.

Social effect of Hajj

.There have been many incidents during the Hajj that have led to the loss of many hundreds of lives.^ Malik said, "Allah, the Blessed and Exalted says, 'There is to be no rafath, no fusuq and no jidal during the hajj.'
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Quran has clarified that there is no harm if a person engages in business during this ritual but in reality the sites of Hajj are not meant for such activities.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ There were many places where Arabians used to do Hajj .

.The worst of these incidents have usually occurred during the Stoning of the Devil ritual.^ He kept Friday as the day the two tribes worshipped, and continued the pilgrimage between the two stones of Safa and Marwa, the ritual which was observed by these two tribes.

^ On each of these two days, I performed the ritual of throwing stones at the three Jamarat, the first, the one in the middle, and al-Aqaba, in this order.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once they were cast, these stones, or pebbles, were deposited in holes in the ground, evidently to strike the insects and worms in the ground which were considered devils by the Zoroastrians.

.During the 2006 Hajj on January 12, 362 pilgrims died.^ Pilgrims can pursue trade and business during Hajj or Umra, provided that they are making Hajj solely to fulfill their responsibility for Gods sake.

^ The pilgrims enter into a state of entertainment and amusement during the days 11, 12 and 13 of Du al-Hijjah, the month of pilgrimage.

^ The Islamic small Hajj, or Urma , which can be performed any time during the year, begins at the temple of Mecca by performing the tawaf where pilgrims walk in a circle around the Kaabah.

.Tramplings have also occurred when pilgrims try to run between the two hills known as As-Safa and Al-Marwa.^ Then he encompassed the two stones on the hills of Safa and Marwa.

^ Raml, jogging, between Safa and Marwa .
  • Introduction 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC islamworld.net [Source type: Original source]

^ While he was running between Safa and Marwa.

.In 2006 there were some 600 casualties among pilgrims performing the Hajj.^ There are some conditions to Tamattu Hajj: .
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Abdullah ibn Abbas instructed his sons at the time of his death: O my children, perform Hajj by walking on foot, as for each step of such a pilgrim there is written 700 rewards out of the rewards of Haram.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pilgrims should go to Mina on the eighth of Dhu Al-Hajj and reside there.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

.After these events, the Saudi government made improvements for pilgrims such as providing separate pathways for travelling to and from Al-Safa and Al-Marwa.^ When Islam appeared on the scene, the pilgrims encompassed Safa and Marwa seven times, then finished the Hajj by cutting their hair.

^ Behold Al-Safa and Marwa are Allah s ceremonies.

^ These things demonstrate that the place between Safa and Marwa was an important center of worship in the Arabian Jinn religion .

.A 2008 study on the longer-term effect of participating in the Islamic pilgrimage found that Muslims' communities become more open after the Hajj experience.^ It was a small Hajj, or pilgrimage, which dates back to pre-Islamic times.

^ Among inscriptions found in Arabia , the term Du Hajjinin, which means Du al-Hijjah, is the same month the pagan Arabians made their pilgrimages.

^ We already saw that pre-Islamic Mecca was never one of the cities served by the great pilgrimage called Hajj, although Muslims claim it was the key city.

.Entitled ‘Estimating the Impact of the Haj: Religion and Tolerance in Islam’s Global Gathering’, a study conducted in conjunction with Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government found that the Hajj experience promotes peaceful coexistence, equality, and harmony.^ When Qusayy Bin Kilab found some pagan Arabians conducting the Hajj as part of their pagan customs, he encouraged them to continue these rituals.

^ The small Hajj was incorporated into Islam by Mohammed, although it is historically documented that the ceremonies of this Hajj were closely connected with the Arabian Jinn religion .

[20] Specifically, the report states that the Hajj "increases belief in equality and harmony among ethnic groups and Islamic community and that "Hajjis (those who have performed the Hajj) show increased belief in peace, and in equality and harmony among adherents of different religions"

Number of foreign pilgrims by year

According to the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, the following number of foreign pilgrims arrived in Saudi Arabia each year, to perform the Hajj:
  • 1996 - 1,080,465 [21]
  • 1997 - 1,168,591 [22]
  • 1998 - 1,132,344 [23]
  • 2001 - 1,363,992 [24]
  • 2005 - 1,534,759 [25]
  • 2006 - 1,654,407 [26]
  • 2007 - 1,707,814 [27]
  • 2008 - 1,729,841 [28]
  • 2009 - 1,613,000 [29]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Atlas of Holy Places, p. 29
  2. ^ Dalia Salah-El-Deen, Significance of Pilgrimage (Hajj)
  3. ^ a b Karen Armstrong (2000,2002). Islam: A Short History. pp. 10–12. ISBN 0-8129-6618-x. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Anisa Mehdi, John Bredar (writers) (2003). "Inside Makkah" (video documentary). National Geographic. 
  5. ^ BBC - Religion & Ethics - Eid el Adha
  6. ^ "In pictures: Hajj pilgrimage". BBC News. December 7, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_pictures/7769689.stm. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  7. ^ altmuslim - As Hajj begins, more changes and challenges in store
  8. ^ a b c Mohamed, Mamdouh N. (1996). Hajj to Umrah: From A to Z. Amana Publications. ISBN 0-915957-54-x. 
  9. ^ "Ministry of Hajj information site". hajinformation.com. http://www.hajinformation.com/main/f.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  10. ^ Armstrong, Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths, p. 221. "Each year the tribes would assemble from all over the peninsula to take part in the arduous and intricate rites of the hajj pilgrimage, Christian Arabs alongside the pagans. By Muhammad's time, the Ka'bah was dedicated to the Nabatean deity Hubal and surrounded by effigies of the Arabian pantheon, but it may well originally have been the shrine of Allah, the high god."
  11. ^ Freeman-Grenville, Islam: An Illustrated History, p. 28
  12. ^ Eyewitness Travel: Egypt. Dorlin Kindersley Limited, London. 2001, 2007. pp. 103. ISBN 978-0-75662-875-8. 
  13. ^ In the Lands of the Prophet, Time-Life, p. 31
  14. ^ "Guide to going to Mecca". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/practices/hajj_3.shtml. Retrieved December 8, 2008. 
  15. ^ Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 583
  16. ^ www.easyhajj.co.uk
  17. ^ BBC - Religion & Ethics - Eid el Adha
  18. ^ "Hajj". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia.. http://www.saudiembassy.net/issues/hajj/. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  19. ^ "Moslems <sic> sacrifice eyesight at Prophet's tomb". Popular Mechanics. http://books.google.com/books?id=Dt4DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA906&dq=moslems+sacrifice+eyes+at+prophet%27s+tomb&lr=&as_brr=1&cd=1#v=onepage&q=moslems%20sacrifice%20eyes%20at%20prophet%27s%20tomb&f=false. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  20. ^ Estimating the Impact of the Hajj: Religion and Tolerance in Islam's Global Gathering
  21. ^ Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia
  22. ^ "Record number of pilgrims arrive for 1417 Hajj". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 1997-04-15. http://www.saudiembassy.net/archive/1997/news/page208.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  23. ^ "Final statistics for Hajj 1418 pilgrims". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 1998-04-08. http://www.saudiembassy.net/archive/1998/news/page352.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  24. ^ "Successful culmination of Hajj 1421". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2001-03-09. http://www.saudiembassy.net/archive/2001/news/page514.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  25. ^ "Prince Abdulmajeed declares Hajj 1425 a success". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2005-01-25. http://www.saudiembassy.net/archive/2005/news/page806.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  26. ^ "More than 2.3 million pilgrims perform the Hajj this year". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2006-12-30. http://www.saudiembassy.net/archive/2006/news/page5.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  27. ^ "More than 1.7 million pilgrims have arrived in Saudi Arabia for the Hajj". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2007-12-17. http://www.saudiembassy.net/archive/2007/news/page15.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  28. ^ "Record number of pilgrims arrive for Hajj". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2008-12-06. http://www.saudiembassy.net/affairs/recent-news/news12060801.aspx. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  29. ^ "2,521,000 million pilgrims participated in Hajj 1430". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 2009-11-29. http://www.saudiembassy.net/latest_news/news11290904.aspx. Retrieved 2009-12-08. 

References

  • Colin Wilson (1996). Atlas of Holy Places & Sacred Sites. ISBN 978-0789410511. 
  • [Mecca], (2009), Anisa Mehdi, National Geographic,. (English), (Spanish)

Further reading

  • Bianchi, Robert R. (2004). .Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World.^ And pilgrimage to the House is a duty to God for all who have the capacity to make the journey and he who denies should know that Allah is regardless of the people of this world.
    • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Prophet said: Those who make pilgrimage and Umrah are guest and neighbours of God.
    • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

    Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195171075.
     
  • Hammoudi, Abdellah (2006). A Season in Mecca: Narrative of a Pilgrimage. Hill and Wang. ISBN 978-0809076093. 
  • Shariati, Ali (2005). .HAJJ: Reflection on Its Rituals.^ Today, the Hajj of Islam surely reflects the same pagan rituals as it did in pre-Islamic times.

    Islamic Publications International. ISBN 1889999385.
     
  • Trojanow, Ilija (2007). .Mumbai To Mecca: A Pilgrimage to the Holy Sites of Islam.^ Crone, a scholar, in her work, Mecca s Trade and the Rise of Islam, also noticed that discussions concerning trade during the pilgrimage are focused on Arafa and Mina, to the exclusion of Mecca.

    ^ The city is revered as the holiest site of Islam, and a hajj pilgrimage is required of all able-bodied Muslims who can afford to go, at least once in their lifetime.

    ^ Hajj : The pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, which every adult Muslim who is physically and financially able must make at least once in his or her lifetime.

    Haus Publishing. ISBN 978-1904950295.
     

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

This article is an itinerary.
.The Hajj (Arabic حج‎) is the traditional Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca.^ Hajj (Pilgrimage) & Eid-ul-Adha 2006 The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • OIS, Midwest - Holidays: Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oismidwest.org [Source type: General]

^ Hajj (Arabic, ‘migration’) Pilgrimage to Mecca , made in the 12th month of the Muslim year.
  • hajj Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Millions of Muslims are in Mecca this week for the annual Islamic pilgrimage of Hajj.
  • The Hajj Experience 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC muslimvoices.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most pilgrims also visit other holy sites, notably Medina where the Prophet lived and taught from when he was driven out of Mecca until his triumphant return.^ Before returning home, many pilgrims visit the Prophet Muhammad's tomb in Medina.
  • World: Muslims Begin Annual Hajj - Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty © 2010 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.rferl.org [Source type: News]

^ Then visit the grave of the Prophet when leaving Medina.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

^ However, pilgrims usually arrive about 1-2 weeks before the Hajj actually starts, and they usually stay a week afterwards in order to visit the Prophet Muhammed's mosque in Medina.
  • OIS, Midwest - Holidays: Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oismidwest.org [Source type: General]

.The Hajj can only be completed during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah.^ The month the Hajj is conducted is called Du al-Hijjah.

^ The Hajj takes place during the twelfth Islamic month known as Dhu al Hijjah.

^ The time of the pilgrimage is during the final month of the Islamic calendar year or "Dhu Al-Hijjah".

.A pilgrimage to Mecca at any other time is known as Umrah (عمرة), and while not compulsory is highly recommended.^ The Umrah can be taken at any time throughout the year and although completing it is highly commendable, Muslims are still required to perform the greater Hajj, during the appointed time.
  • Hajj.eu 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajj.eu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 2 million Muslims from more than 70 countries journey to the holy city of Mecca each year to make the spiritual pilgrimage known as the Hajj.
  • S I C O A 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.sicoa.org [Source type: General]

^ We finished our 'umrah [the lesser pilgrimage which precedes the Hajj rites] and stayed in Mecca a while before going to Medina to visit the Prophet (pbuh).
  • altmuslim - Hajj 2008/1429: Standing alone among millions 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.altmuslim.com [Source type: General]

Understand

.The Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam; every adult Muslim is supposed to do it at some time in his or her life if health and finances permit.^ "Hajj" is one of the "five pillars" of the Islamic faith.
  • Islamset - Islamic Pilgrimate "Hajj" and Festival of Sacrifice "Eid Al-Ad'ha" 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamset.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hajj is one of the five pillars on which Islam is based.

^ Muslims pray toward the Kaba every day, five times a day.
  • CNN.com - CNN's Zain Verjee: My Hajj experience - Jan 21, 2005 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.In poorer areas it is not uncommon for whole families or even whole villages to chip in to send one person.^ Even after Qusayy occupied Mecca, no one in his family led the ceremonies or the functions of the Hajj.

^ One person in a family should not keep all the money.
  • S I C O A 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.sicoa.org [Source type: General]

^ ONE family worshipping ONE GOD. The women wear ordinary clothes that cover the whole body except the face and hands.

It is also one of the largest human migrations. .Every year over two million people visit Saudi Arabia for this pilgrimage.^ Between two to three million, young and old, men and women, rich and poor, black, brown and white, Asian, American and African, Arab and non-Arab, converge every year in Makkah during Zul-Hijjah the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar to perform the Hajj (pilgrimage).
  • Reflections from the Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.cyberistan.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ARTICLE from the Encyclopædia Britannica Islam also spelled ḥadjdj or hadj in Islām, the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia , which every adult Muslim of either sex must make at least once in his or her lifetime.
  • hajj (Islam) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Islamic Calendar ) which around 3 million people and more from all over the world go to Makkah City in Saudia Arabia each year to make Hajj in submitting to Allah order of performing Hajj at least once in a person life.

.Since they all arrive at roughly the same time and visit the same places in the same order, and since a large number of Saudis go as well, this is a major logistical problem.^ When we got there, we needed a place to set up our workspace, but there was a major problem: Men and women are segregated in Saudi society, so they found our request for a mixed workspace unusual.
  • CNN.com - CNN's Zain Verjee: My Hajj experience - Jan 21, 2005 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ However, pilgrims usually arrive about 1-2 weeks before the Hajj actually starts, and they usually stay a week afterwards in order to visit the Prophet Muhammed's mosque in Medina.
  • OIS, Midwest - Holidays: Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oismidwest.org [Source type: General]

^ That along with literally millions of people converging at the same place at the same time, causes many to experience sunstrokes, heatstroke's and high blood pressure.

.The Saudi government has a ministry to manage it.^ All in all, nearly every Saudi government agency and ministry becomes involved one way or another in making the Hajj an administrative success.
  • Saudi Arabia - David Long - Impact of the Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.saudi-us-relations.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Travel Warning
.WARNING: The Hajj is intended for Muslims only, and the territory around Mecca and Medina is off-limits to non-Muslims.^ Travel to Mecca and Medina is forbidden to non-Muslims.

^ At the borders of the sacred territory, around Mecca, one puts off the ordinary dress, and puts on by way of a religious uniform, two sheets of cloth --a loincloth and a shoulder cover, a dress required only of men, not of women.

^ Therefore, Muslims who intend to make Hajj are often made honored guests of special dinners and seen off at the airport by relatives, friends and Masjid members.
  • OIS, Midwest - Holidays: Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oismidwest.org [Source type: General]

.If you are a non-Muslim and you do manage to enter anyway, it is considered sacrilege and, if discovered, the penalty can be jail time and deportation.^ The mortgage type of loan taken from non-Muslim banks is a different thing and can not be considered for repayment at the time of Hajj in all above cases.

^ It is a time to pray for yourself and your family and to resolve to stop those things that hinder you from getting closer to Allah and becoming a better Muslim.

^ Remember at the time when you enter into Mecca that you have reached safely the sacred place of God and hope from God that you will be safe from punishment on account of your entry into Mecca.
  • SECRETS OF PILGRIMAGE (Al-Ghazali) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.oneummah.net [Source type: Original source]

.But since any person can convert to Islam, any person may enter Mecca and Medina upon entering the fold of Islam thus becoming Muslim.^ A person enters Islam by saying the Shahada .
  • Islam Glossary 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC uwacadweb.uwyo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque at Mecca, right foot first, and recites the prayer: " In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah.

^ Right from the day a child enters school, there is an emphasis on the downtrodden, parochial concepts of religion dating back to the times when Islam was still in its initial stages and the Muslims were using oppressive measures to bring people in to the fold of the religion.
  • Reality Check: The Hajj | Foreign Policy 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.foreignpolicy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nonetheless, a few Western explorers have managed the journey — most notably, Sir Richard Burton made the Hajj in 1853 and wrote an account of the trip.^ The most famous account of a foreigner's journey to Mecca is A Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Mecca and Al-Madina, written by Sir Richard Francis Burton .
  • Hajj.eu 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajj.eu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coming to Terms [Article from http://footstepstohajj.wordpress.com] One of the most difficult tasks of preparing for hajj is the settling of the emotional accounts.
  • Spiritual preparation for Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.sunniforum.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Hajj, or religious pilgrimage, was a custom practiced by pagan Arabians, in which they made a trip to visit their gods and sanctuaries.

Prepare

.Unless you are a citizen of Saudi Arabia you will need a visa, obtained in advance from a Saudi embassy.^ Saudi Arabian embassy will not issue Hajj/Umra visa for women without a mahram.
  • Hajj Umrah Practical Advice for British Pilgrims - ABH - Association of British Hujjaj (Pilgrims) UK 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.abhuk.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When applying for the Umra Visa you will be required to send the Saudi Embassy the following documents: .
  • S I C O A 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.sicoa.org [Source type: General]

^ The head of each family proceeding for Umra is requested to write and enclose a self- addressed stamped envelope to the Embassy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, nearest to their city of residence and request them to send enough Visa Application forms for his family.
  • S I C O A 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.sicoa.org [Source type: General]

.Visas are allocated on a quota system, based on the number of Muslims in a country.^ The Saudi authorities are imposing a strict quota system to try to keep the number of foreign visitors to a manageable level.
  • Hajj in Pictures 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.dhushara.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the government of a country does not give permission to a person due to quota restriction imposed on the number of persons allowed for Hajj, then Hajj is not wajib on that person.

.You may need to provide evidence that you are Muslim, such as a letter from your local mosque.^ You have provided me and bestow Your blessings on it).
  • Duas at Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.duas.org [Source type: General]

^ During pilgrimage, this may provide for you during your journey.
  • Verses on Hajj from Quran 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.submission.info [Source type: Original source]

^ You may shop for your needs in these malls.
  • SalatOnline.com 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC salatonline.com [Source type: General]

.Women under 45 are required to travel with a mahram, a related adult male who is the head of her family (usually a husband or father), and proof of the relationship is required.^ (A Mahram is a male member of the family whom she is NOT allowed to marry according to Islaamic Law.
  • Hajj and Umrah Talimul-Haq Part 14 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.inter-islam.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Male pilgrims are then required to shave their heads, although cutting a lock of hair is acceptable for both men and women.
  • 2,521,000 million pilgrims participated in Hajj 1430 | MAB - Muslim Association Of Britain 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC mabonline.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many husbands, brothers and fathers will rejoice if the king lifts a ban on women driving.
  • Saudi Araba takes swine flu precautions for hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.globalpost.com [Source type: News]

.Women over 45 may travel without a mahram if they're in an organized group and have a letter of permission from the man who would be her mahram.^ Previously, women were allowed for haj in groups without a mahram.
  • Hajj in Pictures 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.dhushara.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A woman who performs Hajj from such a distance that she will be consid-ered a traveler must be accompanied by her husband, or a man who cannot legally marry her, or one or more reliable women.

^ Saudi Arabian embassy will not issue Hajj/Umra visa for women without a mahram.
  • Hajj Umrah Practical Advice for British Pilgrims - ABH - Association of British Hujjaj (Pilgrims) UK 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.abhuk.com [Source type: Original source]

.Proof of vaccination for meningitis (specifically the ACYW135 vaccine) between three years before and ten days before your entry into Saudi Arabia is required.^ A photo copy of both sides of alien registration card (for Foreigners) Original and copy of certificate of vaccination or revaccination (meningitis) A health certificate issued by the Saudi Arabian Embassy completed by your doctor.
  • Kobe Mosque Hajj English 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.kobemosque.org [Source type: Original source]

^ MECCA, Saudi Arabia — On foot and on the roofs of overflowing buses, Muslims poured into the holy city of Mecca for a final day of the hajj on W...

^ Meningococcal meningitis : All pilgrims to Hajj are required to show proof of vaccination against meningococcal meningitis ACW135Y. This vaccine should have been received not more than three years and not less than ten days before arrival in Saudi Arabia, and should be recorded in a vaccination book showing the traveller’s full name.
  • NaTHNaC | Guidelines for Hajj Pilgrims, 13 Nov 07, Health Professionals 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.nathnac.org [Source type: News]

.Yellow fever vaccination is required if you arrive from any country with known yellow fever infections, and polio vaccinations are required for children up to 15. As millions of people from all over the world gather for Hajj and therefore you will be exposed to many diseases, you may want to discuss other vaccinations and preventative measures with your doctor.^ This is how you are with the people and where you may .

^ People who have come from all over the world.

^ Hajj for all the world.
  • Spiritual preparation for Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.sunniforum.com [Source type: Original source]

Get in

.Historically, people made the pilgrimage by camel caravan or by ship.^ Now traveling is by various modes of transportation that usually gather large amounts of people at a time, like ships, airplanes, buses or cars that travel in caravans.

^ In old days, before the age of airplanes, the pilgrims used to travel the long distance to Mecca in ships and in caravans—long lines of covered wagons pulled by camels or horses in which people used to travel together for safety.
  • The Story of Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.alrisala.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sayyidina Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) came from Yemen with the camels of the Prophet and said: What did you utter when you made pilgrimage compulsory?
  • Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.iqra.net [Source type: Original source]

.It took months, even years, and was very dangerous.^ The trip itself was an arduous and difficult one, often taking months or even years on horseback or on foot, through mountain terrain and desert.
  • Hajj - Blog Toplist 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Today, most pilgrims arrive via the airport at Jeddah.^ King Abdul Aziz International Airport in Jeddah is a large and modern facility, with a special terminal with facilities to accommodate hundreds of thousands of pilgrims.

^ Most pilgrims arrive prior to or just after Dhuhr, depending on the time they left Mina.
  • Hajj Umrah Practical Advice for British Pilgrims - ABH - Association of British Hujjaj (Pilgrims) UK 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.abhuk.com [Source type: Original source]

.There are two special Hajj terminals, the largest buildings (by roof area) in the world.^ Malik said, "What spoils a hajj or an umra and makes sacrificing an animal and repeating the hajj necessary is the meeting of the two circumcised parts, even if there is no emission.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslims from all over the world are taking part in the largest religious and spiritual gathering on Earth, the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca.
  • Hajj - Blog Toplist 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Image credit: Fishki).The Hajj that is pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah), is the largest annual pilgrimage in the world.
  • Hajj - Blog Toplist 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They are enormous tents of fiberglass fabric on reinforced concrete poles and steel cables. .At Hajj time, there are dozens of large aircraft parked alongside these terminals.^ [This is the time of asking from God] but there are some who [at this instance also] say: Lord, give us in this world and [then the result of this is that] these shall have no share in the world to come.
  • The Rituals of Hajj and �Umrah 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.renaissance.com.pk [Source type: Original source]

^ The housing in Madina is cheaper than after Hajj and you can enjoy your time there more because it is less crowded than after hajj.
  • Untitled Document 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.esaj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore, putting on the attire for Hajj is not valid outside these months, except for Umra, which can be performed at any time of the year.

.From Jeddah — for most pilgrims, directly from the airport — there are buses to Mecca.^ On the way from Jeddah to Makkah along the modern superhighway, pilgrims board one of the fleet of 15,000 buses assigned to the Hajj.
  • 2,521,000 million pilgrims participated in Hajj 1430 | MAB - Muslim Association Of Britain 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC mabonline.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Land in Jeddah within 12 hours, straight to a 5-star hotel on a Mercedes taxi, whisked around Mecca in air-conditioned tents and buses.
  • altmuslim - Hajj 2008/1429: Standing alone among millions 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.altmuslim.com [Source type: General]

^ At Mecca, pilgrims listen to preaching about the pilgrimage, but there are no rituals performed there which prove Mecca was originally part of that pilgrimage.

.Buses are also used for the trip to Medina; Saudi Arabia has not had a railway since Lawrence and the lads blew up the Turkish one during the First World War.^ Like the Saudis or not, the hajj is one of the world's most profound logistical challenges, with well over 2 million pilgrims expected this year, due in part to the increasing affordability of the trip to Muslims worldwide.
  • altmuslim - The Hajj: As Hajj begins, more changes and challenges in store 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.altmuslim.com [Source type: General]

^ Hajji , honorific title of one who has completed the Hajj List of Islamic terms in Arabic List of largest religious gatherings Tourism in Saudi Arabia Notes .
  • Hajj encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Skip Chapter 3 (Before You Leave) and Chapter 4 (When You Get To Saudi Arabia), except for Sections 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3 which contain useful information about the prerequisites of Hajj.
  • Assabeel Hajj Group | Learn Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.hajjandumra.ws [Source type: Original source]

The Hajj route in and around Mecca
The Hajj route in and around Mecca
Once at Mecca, the traditional Hajj route is as follows:
  1. Miqat, or changing into the pilgrims' ihram clothes
  2. Tawaf az-Ziyarah, walking around the Kaaba four times at a fast pace and three times at a slow pace, and Sa`y, walking seven times back and forth between the hills of Safa and Marwah (both rituals within the Masjid al-Haram)
  3. On the 8th day of the month, moving to Mina and camping overnight
  4. On the 9th, the Wuquf, journey to Arafat and spending the day in prayer
  5. Collecting pebbles and camping overnight at Muzdalifah
  6. On the 10th, the stoning of the jamraat, throwing seven pebbles at the large wall representing the Devil, followed by the sacrifice of an animal (often performed by proxy by buying a sacrifice voucher in Mecca)
  7. On the 10th or 11th, Tawaf az-Ziyarah, repeating step 2
  8. On the 11th and 12th, stoning of the jamraat, repeating step 6
  9. Tawaf Widaa, a final circumambulation of the Kaaba
.The first two steps are known as the "lesser Hajj" or Umrah, while the full course is known as the "greater Hajj" or al-Hajj al-Akbar.^ Hajj Tamattu consists of two rituals: the first is known as umrah, and the second hajj.
  • Hajj - Fiqh - ISLAMIC - LAWS 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islamic-laws.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hajj Tamattu consists of two rituals: the first is known as umrah , and the second hajj.

^ We finished our 'umrah [the lesser pilgrimage which precedes the Hajj rites] and stayed in Mecca a while before going to Medina to visit the Prophet (pbuh).
  • altmuslim - Hajj 2008/1429: Standing alone among millions 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.altmuslim.com [Source type: General]

Get out

.Hajj and Umrah visas are strictly limited to Mecca, Medina, Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah.^ Following the two casquets that are being brought every year to the hajj from Damascus and from Cairo, the hajjiyys reach the plain of Arafat, after passing through Mina and Muzdalifa.
  • The Hajj and Eid - All About Turkey 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We finished our 'umrah [the lesser pilgrimage which precedes the Hajj rites] and stayed in Mecca a while before going to Medina to visit the Prophet (pbuh).
  • altmuslim - Hajj 2008/1429: Standing alone among millions 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.altmuslim.com [Source type: General]

^ I previously mentioned that only three tribes returned to Mecca to circle around the Kaabeh after they made the Hajj to Manat, which was located near Medina .

.Traveling anywhere else in Saudi Arabia will require an additional travel permit, which is difficult and time-consuming to obtain, and is rarely granted without good reason (eg.^ Onward travel to Riyadh or other cities in Saudi Arabia is not permitted.

^ Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Hajj sets hajj visa quotas and designates authorized hajj travel agents in each country.
  • et - Full Story 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.egypttoday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Difficult Journey contains the authors account of his overland journey to Saudi Arabia, to perform the Hajj in Makkah in 1977, this is an inward spiritual journey as well as an outward one.

medical emergencies).
.Expats living in Saudi Arabia can get good deals on flights out of the country at Hajj.^ MINA, Saudi Arabia — Five people died from swine flu during the hajj, Saudi Arabia said Sunday, a relatively small number considering the event ...

^ RIYADH, Saudi Arabia — Children, pregnant women, the elderly and those with chronic diseases should stay away from the annual hajj pilgrimage in...

^ MECCA, Saudi Arabia — On foot and on the roofs of overflowing buses, Muslims poured into the holy city of Mecca for a final day of the hajj on W...

.With all the pilgrims coming in, airlines from any country with a lot of muslims — most places between Nigeria and Indonesia — offer large discounts to avoid flying home with empty planes.^ PPI: Hajj pilgrims have been directed to avoid keeping jewelry and extra money during Hajj and follow all respective rules and regulations...Government.
  • hajj Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ihram clothing is intended to show the equality of all pilgrims in the eyes of Allah : there is no difference between a prince and a pauper when everyone is dressed the same.
  • Hajj encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has become easier for the coming Muslim generations to follow suit because the civil wars and the military insurrections have continued until now inside the Muslim World and between Muslims and other nations and countries.
  • Al Hajj : How Muslims distorted Al Hajj (The Pilgrimage) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.ahl-alquran.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.HAJJ or Hadj, the Arabic word, meaning literally a "setting ,out," for the greater pilgrimage of Mahommedans to Mecca, which takes place from the 8th to the Loth of the twelfth month of the Mahommedan year; the lesser pilgrimage, called umrah or omra, may be made to the mosque at Mecca at any time other than that of the hajj proper, and is also a meritorious act.^ Pilgrims can also go to Mecca to perform the rituals at other times of the year.
  • Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hajj encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Why do muslims go to the Hajj? - Yahoo! Answers 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ This is sometimes called the "lesser pilgrimage", or Umrah .
  • Hajj encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hajj (Arabic, ‘migration’) Pilgrimage to Mecca , made in the 12th month of the Muslim year.
  • hajj Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term hajji or hadji is given to those who have performed the greater pilgrimage.^ For those Muslims who are mentally, physically, and financially able to make the faithful journey to Mecca, performing this ritual is the peak of their religious life.
  • Article: The Hajj: The Muslim Pilgrimage to Mecca and the Holy Places - Domes | HighBeam Research - FREE trial 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.highbeam.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "People become more orthodox yet more tolerant," one of the study's authors, Asim Ijaz Khwaja of Harvard University, said of hajjis -- those who make the pilgrimage.
  • Hajj Breeds Tolerance | Resources | The Radical Middle Way 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC radicalmiddleway.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Hajji , honorific title of one who has completed the Hajj List of Islamic terms in Arabic List of largest religious gatherings Tourism in Saudi Arabia Notes .
  • Hajj encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The word hajj is sometimes loosely used of any Mahommedan pilgrimage to a sacred place or shrine, and is also applied to the pilgrimages of Christians of the East to the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem (see Mecca; Mahommedan Religion).^ Holy places he had visited on his first pilgrimage.

^ In the Near East, a Christian who has made a pilgrimage to the Holy Sepulcher at Jerusalem.

^ Hajj is the pilgrimage of Muslims to the Holy City of Mecca, which is done annually.
  • Questions about Hajj - Ask.com 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

Hajji Khalifa [in full Mustafa ibn `Abdallah Katib Chelebi Hajji Khalifa] (ca. 1599-1658), Arabic and Turkish author, was born at Constantinople. .He became secretary to the commissariat department of the Turkish army in Anatolia, was with the army in Bagdad in 1625, was present at the siege of Erzerum, and returned to Constantinople in 1628. In the following year he was again in Bagdad and Hamadan, and in 1633 at Aleppo, whence he made the pilgrimage to Mecca (hence his title Hajji).^ He/she has to perform the pilgrimage again the following year.
  • Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Muslim who has made the pilgrimage to Mecca.

^ This 15-century illustrated scroll attests that Maymunah, daughter of Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah al-Zardali, made the pilgrimage to Mecca and visited the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad in the year 836 AH (AD 1432 to 1433).
  • Hajj certificate 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.bl.uk [Source type: General]

.The following year he was in Erivan and then returned to Constantinople.^ In case it is remembered after the thirteenth of Thul-Hijjah, one should return to Mina to complete it himself or ask his proxy to complete the following year.
  • AlMujtaba Islamic Articles 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC almujtaba.com [Source type: Original source]

.Here he obtained a post in the head office of the commissariat department, which afforded him time for study.^ Here Khabbani and I meet; as we met before; unbeknownst to him at the time though it was.
  • Go On "Hajj" To Mecca and Medina On Saudi's New High Speed Train | Green Prophet 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.greenprophet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following year, 10th Hijra, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) announced a head of time he himself would perform Hajj that year.
  • Hajj 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islam.com [Source type: Original source]

.He seems to have attended the lectures of great teachers up to the time of his death, and made a practice of visiting bookshops and noting the titles and contents of all books he found there.^ What if I woke up and found it was all a dream?

^ Full details of all QCA schemes of work can be found online at: http://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/schemes3/subjects/ Please note that the BBC is not responsible for the content of external websites.
  • BBC - Schools - Hajj and Eid-ul-Adha 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ If I was to go for hajj with an official group and a female member began menses during hajj, what should I do when time comes to go madina and my flights are all booked?
  • Ask-Imam.com: Hajj and Umrah (Pilgrimage) 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.islam.tc [Source type: Original source]

His largest work is the Bibliographical Encyclopaedia written in Arabic. .In this work, after five chapters dealing with the sciences generally, the titles of Arabian, Persian and Turkish books written up to his own time are arranged in alphabetical order.^ Just as people are unanimously agreed that the times for dawn and sunset vary according to their own location, so too the months are also worked out by location, just like the daily timings."
  • Kobe Mosque Hajj English 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.kobemosque.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With regard to analogy, the times for starting and ending the fast each day should be worked out in each country on its own, according to the local times of sunrise and sunset.
  • Kobe Mosque Hajj English 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.kobemosque.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What Muhammed heard but did not write were these words that he “sealed up” in his own book: the Eternal Qur’an.
  • Go On "Hajj" To Mecca and Medina On Saudi's New High Speed Train | Green Prophet 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.greenprophet.com [Source type: Original source]

.With the titles are given, where possible, short notes on the author, his date, and sometimes the intro ductory words of his work.^ NOTE : Occasionally, the Saudi Hajj authorities have changed the Hajj date in very short notice.
  • Barakah Hajj & Umrah | Hajj Packages 2009 10 January 2010 15:25 UTC www.barakahhajj.com [Source type: General]

It was edited by G. Fliigel with Latin translation and a useful appendix (7 vols. Leipzig, 18 351858). The text alone of this edition has been reproduced at Constantinople (1893).
.Hajji Khalifa also wrote in Turkish: a chronological conspectus of general history (translated into Italian by G. R. Carli, Venice, 1697); a history of the Turkish empire from 1594 to 1655 (Constantinople, 1870); a history of the naval wars of the Turks (Constantinople, 1729; chapters 1 -4 translated by J. Mitchell, London, 1831); a general geography published at Constantinople, 1732 (Latin trans.^ Then there is the problem of translation itself, from Hebrew or Aramaic to Greek to Latin and finally into modern languages such as English.

by M. Norberg, London and Gotha, 1818; German trans. of part by J. von Hammer, Vienna, 1812; French trans. of part by V. de St Martin in his Geography of Asia Minor, vol. I).
For his life see the preface to Flagel's edition; list of his works in C. Brockelmann's Gesch. d. arabischen Literatur (Berlin, 1902), vol. ii., pp. 428-429. (G. W. T.)


Simple English

Mosque, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (13 February 2003 - the 11th day of Dhu al-Hijjah 1423 AH - at the time of the Hajj)]]

The Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca, where the Kaaba is located.The Kaaba is a large, black cube situated in "The great mosque" in Mecca.

The pilgrimage is one of the five most important duties a Muslim must do. These duties are called the Five Pillars of Islam.

Muslims must make the Hajj at least once in a lifetime if they can afford it. Usually pilgrims go on a seven day roundtrip around the religious sites. The Kaaba is a holy place for Muslims and shows Muslims that each and every Muslim is equal in the eyes of God, and that he or she must be willing to give up anything are do anything for him. When on the pilgrimage special plain clothes should be worn. Men wear two pieces of white cloth that form a robe while women wear ordinary clothes long enough to cover the body from head to foot.

The Hajj differs from an ordinary pilgrimage, Umrah, as it can only happen at a certain time of the year. The right time of the year is from the 8th to 12th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar.[1] Because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, eleven days shorter than the Gregorian calendar used in the Western world, the Gregorian date of the Hajj is eleven days earlier from year to year.

An ordinary or lesser pilgrimage, Umrah, can be performed at any time of the year. The rituals of Umrah are also performed for Hajj, but there are actions that are exclusive to Hajj.[1]

The pilgrimage to Mecca is very popular as millions of Muslims visit the Islamic city each year.[2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kaddah, May (November 2008). "Hajj: A guide to the spiritual and secular journey". Egypt Today. http://www.egypttoday.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=8254. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  2. Robinson, B.A. (13 December 2006). "About Islam: The Hajj : Pilgrimage to Mecca". Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. http://www.religioustolerance.org/isla1.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-21. "Approximately two million Muslims went in 1999, of which about one million were from Saudi Arabia, and 6,000 were from the U.S. Council on American-Islamic Relations estimated in 2006 that "some 10,000 American Muslims go on Hajj each year."" 



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Hajj, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message