Halesowen: Wikis

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Coordinates: 52°27′01″N 2°03′03″W / 52.450164°N 2.050935°W / 52.450164; -2.050935

Halesowen
Halesowen is located in West Midlands
Halesowen

 Halesowen shown within the West Midlands
Population 55,273 
OS grid reference SO9583
Metropolitan borough Dudley
Metropolitan county West Midlands
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HALESOWEN
Postcode district B62, B63
Dialling code 0121 or 01384 (Parts of Cradley)
Police West Midlands
Fire West Midlands
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Halesowen & Rowley Regis
List of places: UK • England • West Midlands

Halesowen is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley, in the West Midlands, England.

The population, as measured by the United Kingdom Census 2001, was 55,273.[1] Halesowen is included in the Halesowen and Rowley Regis constituency and is currently held by the Labour party through Sylvia Heal.

Contents

Geography and administration

Halesowen was traditionally part of the County of Worcestershire but since 1974 it has formed a part of the West Midlands metropolitan county and conurbation, in the Dudley Metropolitan Borough. Halesowen is located approximately ten miles southwest of Birmingham at the edge of the industrial Midlands.

Although predominantly urban or suburban in character, Halesowen borders on green belt land with excellent access to the countryside, for example the Clent Hills. It has extensive road links including junction 3 of the M5 motorway, which allow easy commuting to Birmingham, other areas of the Black County or nationwide. The centre of Birmingham is approximately 30 minutes away by car.

The centre of Halesowen is home to a Norman church, a football ground (where non-league Halesowen Town F.C. play) and College of Further Education which was founded in 1939.

Most of the housing stock in Halesowen is privately owned and was built in the 30 years which followed the end of World War II, although some parts of the town are still made up of Victorian and Edwardian terraced houses. The town centre was almost completely rebuilt during the 1960s.

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Suburbs

In 1974, Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council identified six historical suburbs, within Halesowen, which they signed accordingly with a series of gateway signs. In addition to the Town Centre, these are listed below. A separate sign for Illey was added many years later.

Neighbourhoods

Each of the suburbs above contain various neighbourhoods within them. Here are some.

History

Halesowen was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as being larger than Birmingham. The manor and town was known as Hala (from the Anglo-Saxon word "halh", meaning nook or remote valley), until it was gifted by King Henry II to Welsh Prince David Owen and became known as Halas Owen. The parish of Halesowen, which incorporated other townships later to become independent parishes, was an exclave of the county of Shropshire, but grew to become a town and was transferred to the jurisdiction of Worcestershire by the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844. Included in the boundaries was the ancient village of Brettle.

In the 1220s, Halesowen had a market and fair and, by 1270, it had been granted a charter of liberties by its lord, the Premonstratensian Abbey of Halesowen. By 1300, it is estimated that the population was around 600. The court rolls for Halesowen survive to 1272 and show that the majority of migrants to Halesowen in the 14th century were women at 75%. Little was done to remove them and many went on to become small retailers in the area.[2]

The village is well known by medieval historians for the conflict that took place around this time. In 1279, as the Abbot attempted to increase labour services for his tenants (which had been fixed in 1244), the peasants attempted to plead their case in the King's Court, a privilege forbidden to unfree villeins. The Abbot thus fined them £10, and resistance, led by Roger Ketel, heightened. The conflict was snuffed out in 1282 as Ketel and Alice Edrich (the pregnant wife of another prominent rebel) were murdered by thugs hired by the abbey.

During the 18th century Halesowen developed rapidly as a result of the Industrial Revolution. The manufacture of nails was the staple trade in the town and many mills were used for slitting and iron production.[3] Coal mining had been done in the area from at least as early as the reign of Edward I[3]. Dating to 1893, Coombes Wood was the largest colliery in the town; at its peak in 1919 Halesowen had 130 working mines.[4]

Halesowen became the centre of a poor law union in the 19th century, which later became established as a rural sanitary district and later the Halesowen Rural District in 1894. Oldbury was included into the area of Halesowen under an Act of 1829.[5] With increasing urbanisation of the area, in the early 20th century, it became the Halesowen Urban District in 1925, and obtained a grant of charter to become a municipal borough in 1936.[4] In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Halesowen was incorporated into the new Dudley Metropolitan Borough, in the metropolitan county of the West Midlands.

Halesowen was once served by a railway line - in reality two lines which met at an end-on junction at the station. The first was a branch of the Great Western Railway from Old Hill to Halesowen, opened in 1878, followed in 1883 by a section jointly owned by the Great Western and the Midland Railway (though worked mostly by the latter), linking the town with Northfields on the Midlands Birmingham to Bristol main line, with intermediate stations at Rubery, Hunnington, and a workmen's halt at Longbridge serving the car factories (not to be confused with the present Longbridge station). Being largely rural in character, the line failed to attract much traffic and regular passenger services ended between Halesowen and Northfields as far back as 1919, and between Old Hill and Halesowen in 1927, though the workmen's trains continued to serve Longbridge until 1960. The line is now lifted, but the track-bed can be seen close to the town, although there is no sign of the station.

In the 1960s, the town centre underwent vast redevelopment which saw most of the older buildings demolished. The high street was pedestrianised and the Cornbow Centre was developed, housing many new retail units as well as a new public library. The centre was refurbished in the late 1980s and placed undercover.

A further upgrading of the town centre took place in 2007 and 2008, with part of the Cornbow Centre (including a petrol station and several smaller retail units) being demolished to make way for a new Asda superstore which opened on 24 November 2008. The bus station was also rebuilt.

Landmarks

In the eastern part of Halesowen is Leasowes Park, which is considered to be one of the first natural landscape gardens in England. The 18th century poet William Shenstone designed the garden, beginning works in 1743 and continuing until his death in 1763, transforming existing farmland he had inherited after his parents' death. Today, the parkland is Grade One Listed, as it is of national importance. The local theatre and a Wetherspoon's public house are both named after William Shenstone as are at least two roads in the locality.

The Parish Church of St. John the Baptist was founded by Roger de Montgomery and stands on the site of an even earlier Anglo-Saxon church. Several extensions have been made including the outer south aisle which was added in 1883 by John Oldrid Scott[6] although there is still much evidence of the original Norman work. A Medieval cross stands in the churchyard, having previously stood in Great Cornbow until it was blown down by a gale in 1908. [1]

Nearby are the ruins of Halesowen Abbey, founded in 1215 by Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester. The Dissolution of the Monasteries saw the Abbey pass into private hands in 1538. The Abbey was the subject of an archaeological evaluation[7] by Birmingham Archaeology and is now owned and managed by English Heritage.

Most of the town centre was rebuilt in the 1960s to create a modern shopping area that incorporated a new library as well as many supermarkets and shops centred around the Cornbow Centre. This was refurbished in the late 1980s to create a covered shopping area.

Halesowen has recently undergone a £30 million regeneration of its town centre, which has included the construction of a new Asda supermarket located in the Cornbow Centre, together with a new multi-storey car park, a new state-of-the-art bus station and improvements to the road layout.[8]

Economy

The principal industry of Halesowen was traditionally nail making, an industry that was performed on a small scale individually in the backyards of a large number of nail makers. Halesowen also had, along with most other areas of the Black Country, a large number of above and underground coal mines. In more recent years, the arrival of a junction of the motorway network allowed Halesowen to attract a number of large organisations to the town.

Sandvik's UK headquarters are based here as well as Somer's Forge and the Mucklow Group.

Transport

Halesowen, as mentioned above, is no longer served by railway station. It is however served by a fairly comprehensive bus network, and is on the Hagley Road Bus Corridor from Birmingham to Stourbridge and the Merry Hill Shopping Centre (routes 9, 99 and 138). Halesowen Bus Station is located on Queensway, next to the new ASDA supermarket and the Job Centre Plus.

Education

There are currently 14 primary schools, 3 secondary schools and a further education college situated within the district of Halesowen.

In 1972, when still a Borough in its own right, Halesowen Council abolished the traditional infant and junior schools and replaced them with first schools for ages 5 to 9 and middle schools for the 9 to 13 age group, but this system was abolished in 1982 and reverted to the previous infant schools for 5 to 7 year olds and junior schools for ages 7 to 11. The rest of the Dudley Metropolitan Borough (barring Stourbridge and Kingswinford, which had both retained the traditional 5-7 infant and 7-11 junior schools) did not follow suit until 1990.

Primary schools

  • Caslon Primary School
  • Colley Lane Primary School
  • Halesowen Church of England Primary School
  • Hasbury Church of England Primary School
  • Howley Grange Primary School
  • Huntingtree Primary School
  • Hurst Green Primary School
  • Lapal Primary School
  • Lutley Primary School
  • Manor Way Primary School
  • Newfield Park Primary School
  • Olive Hill Primary School
  • Our Lady and St. Kenelm Roman Catholic Primary School
  • Tenterfields Primary School

Secondary schools

Further education

Former schools

Media

Halesowen is served by local editions of two regional evening papers, the Birmingham based Evening Mail and the Wolverhampton based Express & Star. There are two local weekly newspapers, the Halesowen News and the Halesowen Chronicle.

The Halesowen area is served by commercial and BBC radio stations broadcasting from Wolverhampton and Birmingham as well as from within Worcestershire, Staffordshire and Shropshire. Radio stations serving the area are Kerrang! 105.2, Galaxy, 96.4 BRMB, Beacon Radio and Heart FM.

Leisure

Halesowen has a football team, non-league Halesowen Town F.C., as well as cricket and golf clubs. Halesowen is home to two Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) Good Beer Guide listed pubs, the 'Hawne Tavern' and the 'Waggon and Horses,' both of which have won the local CAMRA branch Pub of the Year accolade in 2005 and 2006 respectively. The 'Waggon and Horses' has also won the West Midlands County Pub of the Year Award for 2006, beating pubs from the Black Country, Birmingham, Solihull and Coventry. The Somers Sports and Social Club has won CAMRA's national Club of the Year award three times, in 2000, 2001 and 2002[9], and Coombes Wood Sports and Social Club has won branch and regional awards. Both clubs are also listed in CAMRA's Good Beer Guide.

Halesowen is the base for two Amateur Dramatic Societies - Startime Variety (pantomimes in January and Summer Variety shows around July, both at the Cornbow Hall Theatre) and Mayham Theatre Company (comedies and dramas, normally two shows per year at the Leasowes Theatre).

Halesowen Jazz Club holds fortnightly concerts on Sundays (except in Summer) at Halesowen Cricket Club (licensed premises), usually featuring Trad and New Orleans Jazz.

Halesowen Boardgamers' Club play adult-orientated board and card games (German and American games such as Settlers of Catan, Acquire and Carcassonne) each Wednesday evening at Halesowen Conservative Club (licensed premises).

The Halesowen Scout Band is based in the town and rehearses and performs there regularly.

The Cycling Section at Halesowen Athletic and Cycling club ranks in British Cycling's top 30. It has a very strong Youth programme with several current National Champions. They also have a tennis club adjacent to the cycling track. These encompass part of the trackbed of the disused railway line.

Notable residents

  • Thomas Attwood, British economist and campaigner for electoral reform, was born at Hawne House, Halesowen on 6 October 1783
  • Chris Crudelli, television presenter, lived here from the age of 9 and studied at Halesowen College.
  • James Grove, Horn button manufacturer.
  • Bill Oddie, television actor and presenter, attended the former Halesowen Grammar School which is now Earls High School.
  • Robert Plant, of Led Zeppelin, was born in West Bromwich but brought up in Halesowen and attended both Halesowen Grammar School and King Edward VI Grammar School, Stourbridge (now Earls High and King Edward VI College respectively).
  • Lee Sharpe, Manchester United and England footballer .
  • William Shenstone, poet and landscape gardener.
  • Frank Skinner, comedian and television presenter, lived in nearby Oldbury and taught at Halesowen College.
  • Julian Smith, Saxophonist, who became known after appearing on the third series of 'Britain's Got Talent' in 2009.
  • Walter Somers, Ironmaster.
  • Jordanne Whiley, International Women's Wheelchair Tennis Champion.
  • Peter Whittingham, Cardiff City mid-fielder, was born and raised in the town.
  • Rex Williams, former World Billiards Champion.
  • Francis Brett Young, novelist and poet.

References

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Retrieved 2009-08-26
  2. ^ Palliser, David Michael; Peter Clark, Martin J. Daunton (2000). The Cambridge Urban History of Britain. Cambridge University Press. pp. 97–9. ISBN 0521417074.  
  3. ^ a b John Hemmingway (2001). "A Brief History of Halesowen". Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. http://www.dudley.gov.uk/community-and-living/town-centre-management/halesowen-town-centre/a-brief-history-of-halesowen. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  
  4. ^ a b "Hales Owen History". Halesowen Roots. http://www.halesowenroots.com/halesowen_history.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  
  5. ^ 'Halesowen: Introduction, borough and manors', A History of the County of Worcester: volume 3 (1913), pp. 136-146. URL: Date accessed: 01 April 2008.
  6. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 Penguin. p180
  7. ^ "Halesowen Abbey". Birmingham Archaeology. http://www.arch-ant.bham.ac.uk/bufau/projects/Halesowen%20Abbey/Halesowen%20Abbey.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-03.  
  8. ^ "Halesowen Regeneration". Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. 2007-11-01. http://www.dudley.gov.uk/index.asp?pgid=29468. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  
  9. ^ CAMRA web site

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

Halesowen is a town in West Midlands, England, UK.


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