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Halhul
Halhul Logo.jpg
Municipal Seal of Halhul
Halhul is located in the Palestinian territories
Halhul
Arabic حلحول
Governorate Hebron
Government City
Coordinates 31°34′43.99″N 35°05′55.69″E / 31.5788861°N 35.0988028°E / 31.5788861; 35.0988028Coordinates: 31°34′43.99″N 35°05′55.69″E / 31.5788861°N 35.0988028°E / 31.5788861; 35.0988028
Population 22,128 (2007)
Jurisdiction

37,335  dunams (37.3 km²)

Head of Municipality Ziad Abu Yousef
Website www.halhul-city.com

Halhul (Arabic: حلحول‎, transliteration: Halhûl) is a Palestinian city located in the southern West Bank, 5 kilometers (3 mi) north of Hebron in the Hebron Governorate. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the city had a population of 22,108 mostly Muslim inhabitants in 2007.[1]

Contents

History

Chronicler Ali of Herat documented in 1173 CE, that while Halhul was a part of the Kingdom of Jerusalem of the Crusaders, it was a village in which the tomb of Yunis ibn Matta (Jonah son of Amittai) was located.[2] Under the Ayyubids in 1226, a mosque with a minaret was constructed in the town.[3] That same year, Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi visited Halhul, reporting that it lay between Hebron and Jerusalem and contained the tomb of Jonah.[4] An early Jewish traveler noted that the tomb of Gad the seer was located in Halhul.[5]

villagers waiting for an open-air film show. 1940

Biblical scholar Edward Robinson visited Halhul in 1838, describing its surroundings as "thrifty", with numerous fields, vineyards, cattle, and goats. He reported that it was the "head of its district" and that the old mosque was in poor condition and had a tall minaret from which many other villages could be seen.[6] Robinson identified the town with the "Halhul" mentioned in the Book of Joshua.[5]

In July 1939, during the Arab Revolt, the village was the site of an atrocity committed by the British Black Watch Regiment. In an attempt to force the villagers to give up weapons they were suspected of hiding, all the men in the village were imprisoned in a wire cage in the sun with little water.[7] According to the British official Keith-Roach, after permission had been obtained, the officers

… instructed that they be kept there [in an open cage] and he gave them half a pint of water per diem. I saw the original order. The weather was very hot for it was summer. According to Indian Army Medical standards, four pints of water a day is the minimum that a man can live upon exposed to hot weather. After 48 hours treatment most of the men were very ill and eleven old and enfeebled ones died. I was instructed that no civil inquest should be held. Finally, the High Commissioner, MacMichael, decided compensation should be paid, and my Assistant and I assessed the damage at the highest rate allowed by the law, and paid out over three thousand pounds to the bereft families.[7]

Some witnesses mentioned a second cage, either for women or a 'good' cage with adequate water for men who cooperated.[7] A man who was driven by thirst to falsely claim to have hidden a gun down a well was killed when he failed to retrieve it. [7]

In March 1979, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) enforced a curfew in Halhul lasting sixteen days. Two youths, one a young girl, were shot and killed by Jewish settlers while protesting during the curfew.[8] In the Second Intifada, in February 2002, the IDF raided Halhul destroying its police station, several houses, and a machine shop suspected of manufacturing weapons for Palestinian militants.[9]

Geography

It is built atop Mount Nabi Yunis, the highest peak in the West Bank at 1,030 meters above sea level.[10] The city has a land area of 37,335 dunams.[11]

Demographics

In 1922, Halhul had a population of 1,927, rising to 2,523 in a 1931 British Mandate census.[12] According to Sami Hadawi's 1945 land and population survey, Halhul had a recorded population of 3,380 Arabs.[13] While a part of Jordan, in 1961, there were 5,387 residents. Under the Israelis, in censuses taken in 1982 and 1987, Halhul had a population of 6,040 and 9,800, respectively.[12]

According to the first census by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) in 1997, of the total 15,663 residents, 1,686 (10.8%) were Palestinian refugees.[14] The gender makeup was 51.4% male and 48.6% female. About 54.7% of the inhabitants were below the age of 20, 41.2% were between the ages of 20 and 64, and 0.4% were over the age of 64.[15]

Government

In the latest municipal elections in Halhul in 2004, held by Palestinian National Authority, 13 council members were elected to replace the very long-serving council headed by Mohammed Milhim. The newly elected council members elected engineer Raed al-Atrash who, despite the short serving period of nine months, managed to restructure the municipality and introduce new faces to the serving staff. After Atrash's resignation, the council elected deputy Ziad Abu Yousef as the new mayor. The council has two women in the female seats.[16]

References

  1. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.
  2. ^ Ali of Herat quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.447.
  3. ^ Mujir ad-Din quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.478.
  4. ^ Al-Hamawi quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.477.
  5. ^ a b Robinson, 1841, p.282.
  6. ^ Robinson, 1841, p.281.
  7. ^ a b c d Hughes, M. (2009) The Banality of Brutality: British Armed Forces and the Repression of the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936–39, English Historical Review Vol. CXXIV No. 507, 314–354.
  8. ^ Report of the Special Committee to investigate Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the population of the occupied territories. [1]
  9. ^ Winslow, 2007, p.105.
  10. ^ A house demolished, three others threatened in the town of Halhul Land Research Center. 2007-03-24
  11. ^ Welcome To Halhul: Town Statistics and Facts Sami Hadawi (Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center) via palestineremembered.com
  12. ^ a b Welcome to Halhul Palestine Remembered.
  13. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.50.
  14. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  15. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality, Sex and Age Groups in Years Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  16. ^ 291/mayor.htm Curriculum vitae of the Mayor] Halhul Municipality

Bibliography

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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


full of hollows, a town in the highlands of Judah (Josh. 15:58). It is now a small village of the same name, and is situated about 5 miles north-east of Hebron on the way to Jerusalem. There is an old Jewish tradition that Gad, David's seer (2 Sam. 24:11), was buried here.

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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