Hamilton, Massachusetts: Wikis

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Hamilton, Massachusetts
—  Town  —
Hamilton Town Hall
Location in Essex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°37′10.95″N 70°51′17.24″W / 42.6197083°N 70.8547889°W / 42.6197083; -70.8547889Coordinates: 42°37′10.95″N 70°51′17.24″W / 42.6197083°N 70.8547889°W / 42.6197083; -70.8547889
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Essex
Settled 1638
Incorporated 1793
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
Area
 - Total 14.9 sq mi (38.7 km2)
 - Land 14.6 sq mi (37.8 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 500 ft (152 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 8,315
 Density 569.7/sq mi (220.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01936/01982 (South)
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-27900
GNIS feature ID 0619446
Website www.hamiltonma.gov

Hamilton is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 8,315 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Hamilton was first settled in 1638 and was originally a section of Ipswich known as “The Hamlet.” The town was incorporated on June 21, 1793 and named for Alexander Hamilton, whose portrait became the town seal in 1903. Mr. Hamilton was most likely chosen for his importance in American history.

The Town of Hamilton is located in the eastern central portion of Essex County in eastern Massachusetts. Currently the town has no manufacturing industry and no industrially-zoned land. Hamilton is primarily considered a suburban bedroom community.

Its location on the North Shore of Boston provides easy access to the Atlantic seashore with its preserves, beaches and boating. The town's surroundings typify quaint, rural New England and include many handsome historic houses.

The town has a rich equestrian heritage, which remains strong today. Thus, the visitor to Hamilton is likely to share the back roads with horseback riders.

Situated on a beautiful hill in the town is the Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary.

Hamilton shares a regional school system with the town of Wenham.

Geography and Transportation

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.9 square miles (38.7 km²), of which, 14.6 square miles (37.8 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (2.28%) is water. Hamilton lies five miles inland from Massachusetts Bay, and both the eastern and western portion of town are bordered by water, with Ipswich River to the west and Chebacco Lake and several other small ponds to the east. The highest point in Hamilton is Sagamore Hill, which is the location of the Sagamore Hill Radio Observatory. Several areas of town are protected, including Myopia Hunt Club and parts of Bradley Palmer State Park, Appleton Farm Sanctuary, and the Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary.

Hamilton is bodered by Ipswich to the north, Essex to the east, Manchester-by-the-Sea to the southeast, Wenham to the south, and Topsfield to the west. It is located 8 miles north of Salem and 23 miles northeast of Boston. There are no freeways within town; Route 128 provides the nearest access in Manchester-by-the-Sea. Route 1A passes through the center of town, and Route 22 passes through the eastern corner of town between Wenham and its eastern terminus in Essex. The Hamilton/Wenham station along the Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail lies just north of the Wenham town line, providing access between Newburyport and Boston's North Station. The nearest airport is Beverly Municipal Airport, and the nearest national and international air service can be found at Boston's Logan International Airport.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 8,315 people, 2,668 households, and 2,142 families residing in the town. The population density was 569.7 people per square mile (219.9/km²). There were 2,825 housing units at an average density of 193.5/sq mi (74.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.19% White, 0.47% African American, 0.17% Native American, 4.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.

There were 2,668 households out of which 66.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $72,000, and the median income for a family was $79,886. Males had a median income of $51,776 versus $37,013 for females. The per capita income for the town was $33,222. About 3.4% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Home to Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, an interdenominational evangelical theological seminary located in Hamilton.

Hamilton is also where the majority of the schools in the Hamilton-Wenham Regional School District are located. Only Buker Elementary School is located outside the town, in neighboring Wenham, Massachusetts.

The Pingree School, a private secondary school, is located on the historic Pingree Family Estate in Hamilton.

According to numbers released by the state Dept of Education, Hamilton-Wenham Regional High School ranked 27th in the state based on combined total SAT scores for the 2006/2007 school year.

Transportation

Notable residents

  • General George S. Patton, known for his exploits in World War II, resided in Hamilton. This is the reason for Patton Park, a park made famous by the installation of an M4 Sherman full-sized World War II tank on which many children and young adults play. Longtime resident and native Sandra Klein (nee Phippen) remembers being able to be able to play inside the tank in the late 40s until a fire was set inside - after this the hatches were welded shut.
  • Actor David Morse was born in Hamilton.
  • David McWane of the ska band Big D and the Kids Table is originally from Hamilton.
  • Famous internet comedian Bo Burnham resides in Hamilton.
  • Chief Masconomet, the last Sagamore (Chief) of the Agawam tribe of native Americans. The Agawam tribe once numbered in the tens of thousands and controlled what is modern day Essex County. By the early 1600s their numbers were reduced to several hundred by European diseases. Masconomet befriended the white settlers and eventually ceded all the tribe's land to the state in exchange for a small sum of money and protection from enemy tribes. Masconomet died a ward of the state, penniless and without land and was buried on Sagamore Hill in Hamilton in 1658.").[2]

Historic Places in Hamilton

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Masconomet: Sachem of the Agawam Tribe". Manchester Historical Society. http://www.near-the-sea.com/MHS/masco.html. 

External links

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