Hamilton County, Ohio: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hamilton County, Ohio
Seal of Hamilton County, Ohio
Map of Ohio highlighting Hamilton County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Seat Cincinnati
Largest city Cincinnati
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

413 sq mi (1,069 km²)
407 sq mi (1,055 km²)
5 sq mi (14 km²), 1.31%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

845,303
2,075/sq mi (801/km²)
Founded January 2, 1790[1]
Named for Alexander Hamilton
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
County logo Logo of Hamilton County, Ohio
Website www.hamilton-co.org

Hamilton County is a county located in the southwest corner of the state of Ohio, United States. The county seat is Cincinnati, and as of 2000, the population was 845,303. This made it the third most populous county in Ohio (and Ohio's second most densely populated county).[citation needed] The county is named for the first Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton.[2]

Hamilton County is part of the CincinnatiMiddletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Most of Hamilton County was originally owned and surveyed by John Cleves Symmes, and the region was a part of the Symmes Purchase. The first settlers came down the Ohio River in 1788, and established the towns of Losantiville (later Cincinnati) and Cleves.

In 1790, Hamilton County was organized as the second county in the Northwest Territory. At that time its area included about an eighth of Ohio, and had 2,000 inhabitants (not counting Native Americans). Since then, other counties have been organized and its area reduced to its current size. Rapid growth occurred during the 1830s and 1840s as the area became a magnet for German and Irish immigrants.

During the Civil War, Morgan's Raid (a Confederate cavalry assault) passed through the northern part of the county in 1863.

Government

The 800 Broadway building in Cincinnati, where the Hamilton County Juvenile and Domestic Relations courts are housed.

As of 2005, the members of the Hamilton Board of County Commissioners include R. Patrick DeWine, Phil Heimlich, and Todd Portune. Heimlich was elected in 2002, replacing Tom Neyer, Jr., who was president from 1999 through 2002. Since 1963, the Board has employed an administrator to run the day-to-day operations of the county. In November 2006, Heimlich was defeated by challenger David Pepper who replaced Heimlich in January, 2007.

As of July 4th 2009 David Pepper Jr. was President of County Commission with Todd Portune and newly elected, Nov.4th 2008, Gregory Hartmann.

Other elected officers include Dusty Rhodes (Auditor), Joe Deters (Prosecutor), Simon L. Leis, Jr. (sheriff), William W. Brayshaw, (Engineer), Wayne Coates (Recorder), Robert A. Goering (Treasurer), Dr. Odell Owens (Coroner), and Leslie Ghiz (Cincinnati City Council Member & Hamilton County Commission Candidate).

The elected Common Pleas Court includes Judge Kim Wilson Burke, Judge Ethna M. Cooper, Judge Pat DeWine, Judge Dennis S. Helmick, Judge Charles J. Kubicki, Jr., Judge Jody M. Luebbers, Judge William L. Mallory, Judge Melba D. Marsh, Judge Steven E. Martin, Judge Beth A. Myers, Judge Norbert A. Nadel, and Judge Fred Nelson

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 413 square miles (1,069 km²).407 square miles (1,055 km²) of it is land and 5 square miles (14 km²) of it (1.31%) is water.

Geographic features

The county lies in a region of gentle hills formed by the slopes of the Ohio River valley and its tributaries. The Great Miami River, the Little Miami River, and the Mill Creek also contribute to this system of hillsides and valleys. Some steep hillsides reflect rapid changes in elevation but are usually confined to the nature of one sided hills.

The county boundaries include the lowest point in Ohio, located in Miami Township, where the Ohio River flows out of Ohio and flows into Indiana.

Major highways

Interstate 71, Interstate 74, Interstate 75, Interstate 471 and Interstate 275 serve the county. The Norwood Lateral and Ronald Reagan Highway are also prominent east-west thoroughfares in the county.

Railroads

CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern, RailAmerica, and Amtrak. Railroads of Cincinnati

Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River, in Kentucky.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1800 15,692
1810 15,258 −2.8%
1820 31,764 108.2%
1830 52,317 64.7%
1840 80,145 53.2%
1850 156,844 95.7%
1860 216,410 38.0%
1870 260,370 20.3%
1880 313,374 20.4%
1890 374,573 19.5%
1900 409,479 9.3%
1910 460,732 12.5%
1920 493,678 7.2%
1930 589,356 19.4%
1940 621,987 5.5%
1950 723,952 16.4%
1960 864,121 19.4%
1970 924,018 6.9%
1980 873,224 −5.5%
1990 866,228 −0.8%
2000 845,303 −2.4%
Est. 2008 851,494 0.7%
Population 1800-2008.[1]

As of 2000, there were 845,303 people, 346,790 households, and 212,582 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,075 people per square mile (801/km²). There were 373,393 housing units at an average density of 917 per square mile (354/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.93% White, 23.43% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 1.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 346,790 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.40% were married couples living together, 14.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.70% were non-families. 32.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,964, and the median income for a family was $53,449. Males had a median income of $39,842 versus $28,550 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,053. About 8.80% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Localities

Map of Hamilton County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Census-designated places

Other localities

† Only partially in Hamilton County

Education

Public elementary and secondary education is provided by a number of independent school districts, supplemented by a county vocational school district, the Great Oaks Institute of Technology and Career Development. The parochial schools of various denominations add to this base. Among these the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati maintains a system of 108 elementary and 22 secondary schools, the ninth largest private system in the United States. Cincinnati public schools are 71% African American while most suburban school districts are predominantly White.[citation needed]

Colleges and universities

The University of Cincinnati was founded in 1819; The Engineering Research Center, designed by UC Alumnus Michael Graves, was designed to look like a 4-cylinder engine.

Recreation

Miami Whitewater Forest was the second park to join the Hamilton County Park District in 1949; it now spans 4,279 acres.

The county, in cooperation with the City of Cincinnati, operates the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County system with a main library and 41 branches. Major sports teams are listed under the communities in which they are located, primarily Cincinnati. The County Park District maintains a series of preserves and educational facilities. The three major parks within the system are Miami Whitewater Forest, Winton Woods, and Sharon Woods.

References

External links

Coordinates: 39°12′N 84°32′W / 39.20°N 84.54°W / 39.20; -84.54


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Hamilton County, Ohio
Seal of Hamilton County, Ohio
Map
File:Map of Ohio highlighting Hamilton County.png
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the USA highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded January 2 1790[1]
Seat Cincinnati
Largest City Cincinnati
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.31%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

845303
Time zone Eastern : UTC-5/-4
Website: www.hamilton-co.org
Named for: Alexander Hamilton

Hamilton County is a county located in the southwest corner of the state of Ohio, United States. The county seat is Cincinnati, and as of 2000, the population was 845,303. This made it the third most populous county in Ohio (and Ohio's second most densely populated county). The county is named for the first Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton.[2]

Contents

History

Most of Hamilton County was originally owned and surveyed by John Cleves Symmes, and the region was a part of the Symmes Purchase. The first settlers came down the Ohio River in 1788, and established the towns of Losantiville (later Cincinnati) and Cleves.

In 1790, Hamilton County was organized as the second county in the Northwest Territory. At that time its area included about an eighth of Ohio, and had 2,000 inhabitants (not counting Native Americans). Since then, other counties have been organized and its area reduced to its current size. Rapid growth occurred during the 1830s and 1840s as the area became a magnet for German and Irish immigrants.

During the Civil War, Morgan's Raid (a Confederate cavalry assault) passed through the northern part of the county in 1863.

Government

Main article: Ohio county government.

The 800 Broadway building in Cincinnati, where the Hamilton County courts are housed.

As of 2005, the members of the Hamilton Board of County Commissioners include R. Patrick DeWine, Phil Heimlich, and Todd Portune. Heimlich was elected in 2002, replacing Tom Neyer, Jr., who was president from 1999 through 2002. Since 1963, the Board has employed an administrator to run the day-to-day operations of the county. In November 2006, Heimlich was defeated by challenger David Pepper who replaced Heimlich in January, 2007.

Other elected officers include Dusty Rhodes (auditor), Joe Deters (prosecutor) and Simon L. Leis (sheriff).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,069 km² (413 sq mi). 1,055 km² (407 sq mi) of it is land and 14 km² (5 sq mi) of it (1.31%) is water.

Geographic features

The county lies in a region of gentle hills formed by the slopes of the Ohio River valley and its tributaries. The Great Miami River, the Little Miami River, and the Mill Creek also contribute to this system of hillsides and valleys. Some steep hillsides reflect rapid changes in elevation but are usually confined to the nature of one sided hills.

The county boundaries include the lowest point in Ohio, where the Ohio River passes the Indiana border.

Major highways

Interstate 71, Interstate 74, Interstate 75, Interstate 471 and Interstate 275 serve the county. The Norwood Lateral and Ronald Reagan Highway are also prominent east-west thoroughfares in the county.

Railroads

CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern, RailAmerica, and Amtrak. Railroads of Cincinnati

Cincinnati viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Hamilton County
Population by year[1]

2000 845,303
1990 866,228
1980 873,224
1970 924,018
1960 864,121
1950 723,952
1940 621,987
1930 589,356
1920 493,678
1910 460,732
1900 409,479
1890 374,573
1880 313,374
1870 260,370
1860 216,410
1850 156,844
1840 80,145
1830 52,317
1820 31,764
1810 15,258
1800 15,692

As of 2000, there were 845,303 people, 346,790 households, and 212,582 families residing in the county. The population density was 801/km² (2,075/sq mi). There were 373,393 housing units at an average density of 354/km² (917/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 72.93% White, 23.43% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 1.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 346,790 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.40% were married couples living together, 14.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.70% were non-families. 32.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,964, and the median income for a family was $53,449. Males had a median income of $39,842 versus $28,550 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,053. About 8.80% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Localities

Map of Hamilton County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Census-designated places

† Only partially in Hamilton County

Other localities

Education

Public elementary and secondary education is provided by a number of independent school districts, supplemented by a county vocational school district, the Great Oaks Institute of Technology and Career Development. The parochial schools of various denominations add to this base. Among these the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati maintains a system of 108 elementary and 22 secondary schools, the ninth largest private system in the United States. Cincinnati public schools are 71% African American while most suburban school districts are overwhelmingly White.

Colleges and universities

The University of Cincinnati was founded in 1819; The Engineering Research Center, designed by UC Alumnus Michael Graves, was designed to look like a 4-cylinder engine.

Recreation

Miami Whitewater Forest was the second park to join the Hamilton County Park District in 1949; it now spans 4,279 acres.

The county, in cooperation with the City of Cincinnati, operates the Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County system with a main library and 41 branches. Major sports teams are listed under the communities in which they are located, primarily Cincinnati. The County Park District maintains a series of preserves and educational facilities. The three major parks within the system are Miami Whitewater Forest, Winton Woods, and Sharon Woods.

References

  1. ^ a b Ohio County Profiles: Hamilton County (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.
  2. ^ {{cite web|url =http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39061&sid=0 |title = Hamilton County data |accessdate = 2007-04-28 |publisher = Ohio State University

External links


Coordinates: 39°12′N 84°32′W / 39.20, -84.54

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hamilton County, Ohio. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Hamilton County, OhioRDF feed
County names Hamilton County, Ohio  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Ohio  +
Short name Hamilton County  +

This article uses material from the "Hamilton County, Ohio" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message