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City of Hammond, Indiana
—  City  —

Flag
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°36′40″N 87°29′35″W / 41.61111°N 87.49306°W / 41.61111; -87.49306Coordinates: 41°36′40″N 87°29′35″W / 41.61111°N 87.49306°W / 41.61111; -87.49306
Country United States
State Indiana
County Lake
Incorporated 1884
Government
 - Mayor Thomas McDermott, Jr. (D)
Area
 - Total 24.8 sq mi (64.3 km2)
 - Land 22.9 sq mi (59.3 km2)
 - Water 2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)
Elevation 577–610 ft (176–186 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 79,985
 Density 3,629.6/sq mi (1,401.4/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 219
FIPS code 18-31000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0435658[2]
Website www.gohammond.com

Hammond (pronounced /ˈhæmənd/) is a city in Lake County, Indiana, United States. It is part of the Chicago metropolitan area. The population was 83,048 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Hammond is located at 41°36′40″N 87°29′35″W / 41.61111°N 87.49306°W / 41.61111; -87.49306 (41.611185, -87.493080)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.8 square miles (64.3 km²), of which, 22.9 square miles (59.3 km²) of it is land and 2.0 square miles (5.1 km²) of it (7.85%) is water. The city's elevation above sea level is 176 m – 186 m (577 ft – 610 ft). The city sits within the boundaries of the former Lake Chicago. Most of the city is on sandy soil with a layer of black topsoil that varies from non-existent to several feet (a meter or more) thick. Much of the exposed sand has been removed for purposes such as industrial use to make concrete and glass.

Lakes and rivers

Adjacent cities, towns and villages

Demographics

Welcome to Hammond
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 699
1890 5,284 655.9%
1900 12,376 134.2%
1910 20,925 69.1%
1920 36,004 72.1%
1930 65,559 82.1%
1940 70,183 7.1%
1950 87,595 24.8%
1960 111,698 27.5%
1970 107,983 −3.3%
1980 91,985 −14.8%
1990 84,236 −8.4%
2000 83,048 −1.4%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 83,048 people, 32,026 households, and 20,880 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,630.0 people per square mile (1,401.4/km²). There were 34,139 housing units at an average density of 1,492.2/sq mi (576.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.35% White, 14.57% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.32% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.04% of the population. Whites with no Hispanic or Latino ancestry were 62.40% of the population.

Ancestries: German (14.0%), Polish (12.3%), Irish (11.6%), English (4.7%), Slovak (3.9%), United States (3.9%).

In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,528, and the median income for a family was $42,221. Males had a median income of $35,778 versus $25,180 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,254. About 12.0% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Cityscape

  • Central Hammond
  • Glendale Park
  • Harrison Park
  • Jacob's Square
  • East Hammond
  • Hessville
  • North Hammond
  • Robertsdale
The Whiting post office (46394) serves not only the City of Whiting but also this adjacent Hammond neighborhood of Robertsdale, immediately to the west of Whiting. Addresses in this Hammond neighborhood show “Whiting, Indiana.” While not legally a part of the City of Whiting, locally the area has long been informally considered to be a culturally integrated part of Whiting. References to Whiting businesses or residents often include those technically from Hammond’s Robertsdale.[4][5][6]
  • South Hammond
  • Forest-Ivanhoe
  • Indi-Illi Park
  • Columbia Center
  • Meadows
  • Woodmar

Infrastructure

Transportation

Borman Expressway

Most of Hammond's streets are laid out in a grid pattern similar to Chicago's streets. While Madison Street in Chicago acts as the reference point for north-south street numbering the first "1" is removed; this makes what would be a five digit address number in Illinois into a four digit address number in Hammond. The state line is used as the reference point for east-west street numbering.

Other cities and towns in Northwest Indiana that use the Hammond numbering system are Whiting, Munster and Highland. Dyer also uses the Hammond numbering system but the first number removed from the north-south streets is a "2," as by that point the Illinois numbers across the state line start with the number 2 (Munster's Street numbers start with a "1" north of the Dyer line, making them 5 digits); and East Chicago uses the canal located in the middle of the city as the east-west reference point, while embodying Hammond's numbering system for the north-south streets.

  • Calumet Avenue (U.S. 41 North)
  • Indianapolis Boulevard (U.S. 41 South, Indiana 152)
  • Kennedy Avenue
  • Cline Avenue (Indiana 912)

Medical centers and hospitals

The only hospital in Hammond is St. Margaret Mercy Healthcare Center, North campus. The hospital lies on Stateline Road, across the street from the Illinois city of Calumet City. The hospital was founded late in 1898 and was originally called St. Margaret Hospital. It merged with Our Lady Of Mercy Hospital in Dyer, Indiana, in the 1990s. The two hospitals became "campuses" of a new entity called Saint Margaret Mercy Medical Center and Hospital, part of the Sisters of St. Francis Health Services. It serves northwest Indiana and south suburban Chicago.

Utilities

The State Line Generating Plant in Robertsdale
  • Electricity - Nearly all of the electricity used in Hammond is produced by Nipsco, a NiSource company.
  • Natural gas - Nearly all of the natural gas used in Hammond is produced by Nipsco, a NiSource company.
  • Water - Water service for nearly all consumers of water in the city is provided by the Hammond Water Department, a state owned utility that is operated by the civil city government.

History

The first permanent residents arrived around 1847 to settle on land between the Grand and Little Calumet Rivers, on the South end of Lake Michigan. Those first residents were German farmers newly arrived from Europe looking for land and opportunity. Before that time, the area was a crossroad for Indian tribes, explorers, stagecoach lines and supply lines to the West. Convenient location and abundant fresh water from Lake Michigan led to the beginning of Hammond's industrialization in 1869 with the G.H. Hammond Company packing house following merchants and farmers to the area. Hammond was incorporated on April 21, 1884. Hammond is one of the oldest cities in Lake County, with Crown Point being the oldest, established in 1834.

On June 22, 1918, the Hammond circus train wreck occurred about 5 1/2 miles east of the city, killing 86 and injuring 127 persons.

According to the 1960 U.S. Census Hammond's population reached a record high of 111,698 residents.[8]

Hammond is also the home of The First Baptist Church of Hammond, one of the nation's largest congregations.

The Flag of Hammond depicts the Grand Calumet River and the Little Calumet River.

Roby Tap was a legendary tavern within a suburb of the city that was finally torn down in 1999 to make room for an expansion of the Horseshoe Casino at the nearby marina. A popular watering hole for the workers at the nearby American Maize and Lever Brothers Soap factories as well as surrounding steel mills, it was founded in 1941. Longtime bartender Michael Smaluk and his wife his Margaret (who created the extremely popular Roby Tap Chili) ran the tavern until its eventual demolition in 1999.

The iconic 65,000-square-foot Gothic Masonic Temple that was once the hub of social activity for many Hammond residents met the claw of an excavator on June 24, 2009, driven by Mayor Thomas McDermott, Jr., clearing the way for the new Hammond Urban Academy. The mammoth cornerstone to the ornately elegant three-story red brick building on Muenich Court was laid May 1, 1907, to great fanfare. Speaker for the day was none other than Charles Fairbanks, vice president under U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. In 1921, the Masonic Building Association enhanced the building to the tune of $440,000. By the 1970s, its replacement cost was estimated at $4.8 million. In 2008, its estimated restoration would have topped $20 million.

Major Businesses

Horseshoe Casino

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Hammond is served by the School City of Hammond, a school corporation under Indiana state law that is independent of the civil city.

High schools

Middle and high schools

  • George Rogers Clark Middle/High School
  • Donald E. Gavit Middle/High School

Middle schools

  • Henry W. Eggers Middle School
  • Scott Middle School

Primary schools

  • Columbia Elementary School
  • Edison Elementary School
  • Benjamin Franklin Elementary School
  • Warren G. Harding Elementary School
  • Joseph Hess Elementary School
  • Washington Irving Elementary School
  • Thomas Jefferson Elementary School
  • Kenwood Elementary School
  • Lafayette Elementary School
  • Lincoln Elementary School
  • Maywood Elementary School
  • Morton Elementary School
  • Frank O'Bannon Elementary School
  • Lew Wallace Elementary School

Privately owned and operated schools include:

Colleges and Universities

Public libraries

Hammond Public Library operates the Main Library, which includes the Suzanne G. Long Local History Room, at 564 State Street. In addition the system operates the E. B. Hayward Branch at 1212 172nd Street and the Howard Branch at 7047 Grand Avenue.[9]

City Government

former Lake County court house
SW corner of Rimbach ST and Hohman AVE
(demolished)

Hammond is incorporated as a city under Indiana law. It therefore has a mayor and a nine member city council. Hammond's City Hall is located at 5925 Calumet Avenue.

The Hammond city council has meetings scheduled for the second and fourth Mondays of each month.
The city maintains a city court on the second floor of the City Hall[10], exercising a limited jurisdiction within Lake County. The court handles not only local ordinance violations and certain minor criminal matters, but also a significant portion of the debt collection and eviction actions brought in Lake County.

Councilmen at Large
  • Robert A. Markovich
  • Dan Spitale
  • Kathleen Pucalik
District Councilmen
  • 1st District Mark Kalwinski
  • 2nd District Alfonso L. Salinas
  • 3rd District Anthony W. Higgs
  • 4th District Kim Poland
  • 5th District Daniel C. Repay
  • 6th District Homero "Chico" Hinojosa
City Officials
  • Robert Lendi - City Controller
  • James Callhan - Building Commissioner
  • Brian Miller - Police Chief
  • David Hamm - Fire Chief

The Mayor is Thomas McDermott Jr.. He is the son of former mayor Thomas McDermott Sr.

Past Mayors

  • 1884 to 1888 Marcus Towle - Republican
  • 1888 to 1893 Thomas Hammond - Democrat
  • 1893 to 1894 Patrick Reilly - Democrat
  • 1894 to 1898 Fred R. Mott - Republican
  • 1898 to 1902 Patrick Reilly - Democrat
  • 1902 to 1904 Armanis F. Knotts - Republican
  • 1904 to 1911 Lawrence Becker - Democrat
  • 1911 to 1918 John D. Smalley - Democrat
  • 1918 to 1925 Daniel Brown - Republican
  • 1925 to 1930 Adrian E. Tinkham - Republican
  • 1930 to 1935 Charles O. Schonert - Republican
  • 1935 to 1942 Frank Martin - Democrat
  • 1942 to 1948 G. Bertram Smith - Democrat
  • 1948 to 1956 Vernon C. Anderson - Republican
  • 1956 to 1968 Edward Dowling - Democrat
  • 1968 to 1976 Joseph Klen - Democrat
  • 1976 to 1984 Edward J. Raskosky - Democrat
  • 1984 to 1992 Thomas M. McDermott Sr. - Republican
  • 1992 to 2004 Duane Dedelow, Jr - Republican
  • 2004 to Date Thomas M. McDermott Jr. - Democrat

Police Department - Fallen Officers

In the history of the Hammond Police Department, seven officers have died in the line of duty. [11]

Officer Date of death Age Tenure Cause of death
Detective Sergeant Leo K. Fox October 9, 1929 33 6 years Gunfire
Captain George T. Hanlon May 16, 1937 65 36 years Vehicular assault
Patrolman John J. Gerka Jr. January 11, 1947 36 1 year Gunfire
Patrolman Donald B. Cook January 13, 1947 22 1 week Gunfire
Patrolman Frank H. Dunn Jr. June 1, 1961 43 10 years Gunfire
Patrolman Lawrence J. Pucalik November 14, 1980 33 6 years Gunfire
Sergeant Ernest J. Malatinka December 29, 1984 47 Gunfire (Accidental)

Sports

Hammond came in 2nd (against Taipei, Taiwan) in the 1972 Little League World Series [12]

The Hammond Pros (1920-1924)

The Hammond Pros was one of the country's earliest professional football teams. When the American Professional Football League was formed in 1920, the Hammond Pros was a charter member, as it also was when the league changed its name to National Football League in 1922. However, four years later, when the NFL decided to reduce the number of teams, it did so by simply folding smaller franchises; the Hammond Pros (which never played a home game in Hammond) was moved to Akron, Ohio, and became the Akron Pros in 1925.

During the four years the Hammond Pros team was in existence, the NFL had nine African-American players, six of whom played for the Pros. The NFL's first African-American head coach was Hall-of-Famer coach Fritz Pollard of the Pros.

Notable natives and residents

Sister cities

References

12 ^Little League World Series [1]

External links


Simple English

Hammond is a city in the state of Indiana, in the United States. It is a sister city to Galaţi, Romania.








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