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Hanau
Coat of arms of Hanau
Hanau is located in Germany
Hanau
Coordinates 50°08′0″N 08°55′0″E / 50.133333°N 8.916667°E / 50.133333; 8.916667
Administration
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Darmstadt
District Main-Kinzig-Kreis
Lord Mayor Claus Kaminsky (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 76.49 km2 (29.53 sq mi)
Elevation 104 m  (341 ft)
Population 88,251  (30 April 2007)
 - Density 1,154 /km2 (2,988 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate HU
Postal codes 63450, 63452, 63454 63456, 63457
Area code 06181
Website www.hanau.de
Location of the town of Hanau within Main-Kinzig-Kreis district
Map

Hanau is a town in the Main-Kinzig-Kreis, in Hesse, Germany. It is located 25 km east of Frankfurt am Main.

Contents

Geography

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Districts

  • City center
  • Lamboy
  • Kesselstadt
  • Großauheim
  • Klein-Auheim
  • Mittelbuchen
  • Steinheim
  • Wolfgang
  • Hohe Tanne
  • Wilhelmsbad

History

Hanau was first mentioned in 1143 and became a city in 1303.

At the end of the 16th century, Count Philipp Ludwig II allowed Protestant refugees from the Netherlands to found their own settlement near Hanau, to which these Walloons brought their knowledge of jewellery production. For this reason goldsmiths are still educated there. In the 19th century the Neustadt (New Town), as it was called, was merged with Hanau.

In the 19th century Hanau was a centre of the German democratic movement and contributed significantly both in 1830 and in the Revolution of 1848. Also in 1848 the German Gymnastic League (Turnerbund) was founded here.

During World War II Hanau was for the most part destroyed by British airstrikes in March 1945 a few days before it was taken by the US Army. It remained a large US Army garrison until 2008.

Nowadays many inhabitants work in the technological industry (VAC, Heraeus) or commute to Frankfurt. Frankfurt International Airport is only 30 km away.

Population

  • Hanau is the 6th largest town in Hesse. Having recently lost its status as administrative centre of the Main-Kinzig-Kreis (Main-Kinzig district) to Gelnhausen, proposals have been made, that Hanau should form its own administrative district.
  • More than 20% of the inhabitants are foreign nationals.

International relations

Hanau is twinned with 5 other towns[1]:

(Doorn, Netherlands terminated in January 2009.)

In addition it is associated with two other towns:

Sights

  • The German House of Goldsmiths (Deutsches Goldschmiedehaus)
  • Philippsruhe Castle
  • Health Establishment at Hanau-Wilhelmsbad
  • St Mary's Church (Marienkirche)
  • Walloon-Dutch Church (Wallonisch-Niederländische Kirche)

Famous residents

Sculpture of brothers Grimm in Hanau

Sports

  • Turngemeinde 1837 Hanau a.V. (TGH), one of the oldest of Germany's sports clubs
  • Hanauer Rudergesellschaft 1879 e.V. (HRG), one of Germany's oldest rowing clubs
  • 1.Hanauer FC 1893 e.V. (Hanau '93), Hesse's oldest football/soccer club

External links

References

  1. ^ Twinned towns

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Hanau is a city in Hesse, Germany. After it got bombed in WWII, the city failed to reconstruct its old beautiful buildings, leaving the city a depressing shadow of its former self

Get in

The easiest way to get into Hanau would be via Frankfurt, whose Frankfurt International Airport lies only 30 kilometers away.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HANAU, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau, on the right bank of the Main, 14 m. by rail E. from Frankfort and at the junction of lines to Friedberg, Bebra and Aschaffenburg. Pop. (1905) 31,637. It consists of an old and a new town. The streets of the former are narrow and irregular, but the latter, founded at the end of the 16th century by fugitive Walloons and Netherlanders, is built in the form of a pentagon with broad streets crossing at right angles, and possesses several fine squares, among which may be mentioned the marketplace, adorned with handsome fountains at the four corners. Among the principal buildings are the ancient castle, formerly the residence of the counts of Hanau; the church of St John, dating from the 17th century, with a handsome tower; the old church of St Mary, containing the burial vault of the counts of Hanau; the church in the new town, built by the Walloons in the beginning of the 17th century in the form of two intersecting circles; the Roman Catholic church, the synagogue, the theatre, the barracks, the arsenal and the hospital. Its educational establishments include a classical school, and a school of industrial art. There is a society of natural history and an historical society, both of which possess considerable libraries and collections. Hanau is the birthplace of the brothers Grimm, to whom a monument was erected here in 1896. In the neighbourhood of the town are the palace of Philippsruhe, with an extensive park and large orangeries, and the spa of Wilhelmsbad.

Hanau is the principal commercial and manufacturing town in the province, and stands next to Cassel in point of population. It manufactures ornaments of various kinds, cigars, leather, paper, playing cards, silver and platina wares, chocolate, soap, woollen cloth, hats, silk, gloves, stockings, ropes and matches. Diamond cutting is carried on and the town has also foundries, breweries, and in the neighborhood extensive powder-mills. It carries on a large trade in wood, wine and corn, in addition to its articles of manufacture.

From the number of urns, coins and other antiquities found near Hanau it would appear that it owes its origin to a Roman settlement. It received municipal rights in 1393, and in 1528 it was fortified by Count Philip III. who rebuilt the castle. At the end of the 16th century its prosperity received considerable impulse from the accession of the Walloons and Netherlanders. During the Thirty Years' War it was in 1631 taken by the Swedes, and in 1636 it was besieged by the imperial troops, but was relieved on the 13th of June by Landgrave William V. of Hesse-Cassel, on account of which the day is still commemorated by the inhabitants. Napoleon on his retreat from Leipzig defeated the Germans under Marshal Wrede at Hanau, on the 30th of October 1813; and on the following day the allies vacated the town, when it was entered by the French. Early in the 15th century Hanau became the capital of a principality of the Empire, which on the death of Count Reinhard in 1451 was partitioned between the Hanau-Miinzenberg and HanauLichtenberg lines, but was reunited in 1642 when the elder line became extinct. The younger line received princely rank in 1696, but as it became extinct in 1736 Hanau-Miinzenberg was joined to Hesse-Cassel and Hanau-Lichtenberg to Hesse-Darmstadt. In 1785 the whole province was united to Hesse-Cassel, and in 1803 it became an independent principality. In 1815 it again came into the possession of Hesse-Cassel, and in 1866 it was joined to Prussia.

See R. Wille, Hanau im dreissigjahrigen Krieg (Hanau, 1886); and Junghaus, Geschichte der Stadt and des Kreises Hanau (1887).


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Simple English

Hanau

Hanau
Coordinates 50°08′0″N 08°55′0″E / 50.133333°N 8.916667°E / 50.133333; 8.916667
Administration
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Darmstadt
District Main-Kinzig-Kreis
Lord Mayor Claus Kaminsky (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 76.49 km2 (29.53 sq mi)
Elevation 104 m  (341 ft)
Population 88,251  (30 April 2007)
 - Density 1,154 /km2 (2,988 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate HU
Postal codes 63450, 63452, 63454 63456, 63457
Area code 06181
Website www.hanau.de

Hanau is a town in Hesse, Germany. It is located 25 km east of Frankfurt am Main. Hanau has about 89,000 inhabitants, and is the sixth-largest city in Hesse. It is located where the little river Kinzig joins the river Main.

History

Hanau was first mentioned in 1143 and became a city in 1303.

During World War II Hanau was almost completely destroyed by British airstrikes in March 1945.

Famous people

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