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Hand, foot and mouth disease
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 B08.4
ICD-9 074.3
DiseasesDB 5622
MedlinePlus 000965
eMedicine derm/175
MeSH D006232
.Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a human syndrome caused by intestinal viruses of the Picornaviridae family.^ Hand , foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a human syndrome caused by intestinal ...
  • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ C foot and mouth disease and Diseases Disorders.
  • Class Discussion Board 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Hand foot and mouth disease Tags: disease mouth foot hand Hand foot and mouth LinksBiology NewsMedicine NewsBiology ProductsBiology DictionaryHOME MEDICINE DICTIONARYHand foot and mouth disease Hand foot and mouth disease HFMD is a human syndrome caused by intestinal viruses of the Picornaviridae family.
  • MyHealthcare.com 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC myhealthcare.com [Source type: Academic]

.The most common strains causing HFMD are Coxsackie A virus and Enterovirus 71 (EV71).^ Find out about hand foot and mouth syndrome (HFMD) causes (Coxsackie virus A16, Enterovirus 71), symptoms, treatment, diagnosis and infection during pregnancy.
  • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coxsackie (virus) is a cytolytic virus of the Picornaviridae family, an enterovirus (a group containing the polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, and echoviruses).
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[1]
HFMD usually affects infants and children, and is quite common. It is moderately contagious and is spread through direct contact with the mucus, saliva, or feces of an infected person. It typically occurs in small epidemics in nursery schools or kindergartens, usually during the summer and autumn months. The usual incubation period is 3–7 days.
It is extremely uncommon in adults; however, still a possibility. Most adults have strong enough immune systems to defeat the virus, but those with immune deficiencies are very susceptible. .HFMD is not to be confused with foot-and-mouth disease (also called hoof-and-mouth disease), which is a disease affecting sheep, cattle, and swine, and which is unrelated to HFMD (but also caused by a member of the Picornaviridae family).^ C foot and mouth disease and Diseases Disorders.
  • Class Discussion Board 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ C foot and mouth disease and Diseases Disorders.
  • Class Discussion Board 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Crohns disease in http://hand-2c-foot-and-mouth-disease.xdrx.az.pl hand%2C foot and mouth disease .
  • Heart disease prevention and heart disease prevention including symptoms colon cancer liver gallbladder disease 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC japaneseteaching.org [Source type: Academic]

Contents

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms of HFMD include:[2]
  • Painful oral lesions
  • Non-itchy body rash, followed by sores with blisters on palms of hands and soles of feet
  • Oral ulcer
  • Sores or blisters may be present on the buttocks of small children and infants
  • Irritability in infants and toddlers
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Diarrhea
The common incubation period (the time between infection and onset of symptoms) is from three to seven days.
.Early symptoms are likely to be fever often followed by a sore throat.^ My son had a fever for a few days and has sores (that look like canker sores) all over his mouth and throat.
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Loss of appetite and general malaise may also occur. .Between one and two days after the onset of fever, painful sores (lesions) may appear in the mouth and/or throat.^ The rash, which can appear several days after high temperature and painful sore throat, can be itchy and painful, especially on the hands/fingers and bottom of feet.
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^ It wasn't until I looked in his mouth on Sunday night, when he had a high fever and was still not eating...that I realized the sores were all over.
  • IMPORTANT about 4/27 Spirit Cruise! [Archive] - Cruise Critic Message Boards 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC boards.cruisecritic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My son had a fever for a few days and has sores (that look like canker sores) all over his mouth and throat.
  • IMPORTANT about 4/27 Spirit Cruise! [Archive] - Cruise Critic Message Boards 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC boards.cruisecritic.com [Source type: Original source]

.A rash may become evident on the hands, feet,mouth,tongue,inside of the cheeks, and occasionally the buttocks (but generally, the rash on the buttocks will be caused from the diarrhea.^ It causes sores in the mouth and on the hands , feet, and sometimes the buttocks and legs.
  • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rash, which can appear several days after high temperature and painful sore throat, can be itchy and painful, especially on the hands/fingers and bottom of feet.
  • IMPORTANT about 4/27 Spirit Cruise! [Archive] - Cruise Critic Message Boards 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC boards.cruisecritic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hand , Foot , & Mouth Disease information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention, and prognosis.
  • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) Not all symptoms will be present in all cases.

Treatment

.There is no specific treatment for hand, foot and mouth disease.^ Crohns disease in http://hand-2c-foot-and-mouth-disease.xdrx.az.pl hand%2C foot and mouth disease .
  • Heart disease prevention and heart disease prevention including symptoms colon cancer liver gallbladder disease 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC japaneseteaching.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Hand, foot, and mouth can be caused by several viruses.
  • IMPORTANT about 4/27 Spirit Cruise! [Archive] - Cruise Critic Message Boards 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC boards.cruisecritic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Chronic Wasting Disease Florida Parkinson%27s disease claim Disease Prevention Lung Disease Florida Parkinson%27s disease lawsuit lawyers Livestock Disease Protection polycystic ovary disease hand foot and mouth disease Tomato Disease Identification Addisons Disease sexually transmited diseases tomato diseases dog disease.
  • Heart disease prevention and heart disease prevention including symptoms colon cancer liver gallbladder disease 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC japaneseteaching.org [Source type: Academic]

Individual symptoms, such as fever and pain from the sores, may be eased with the use of medication. .HFMD is a viral disease that has to run its course; many doctors do not issue medicine for this illness, unless the infection is severe.^ Hand , foot , and mouth disease (HFMD) is a contagious viral illness that commonly ...
  • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Search] Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Fact Sheet Hand , foot and mouth disease is a mild viral illness that can occur at any age, ...
  • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hand - foot - and - mouth disease (HFMD) is a viral infection that causes sores in the ...
  • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Infection in older children, adolescents, and adults is normally very mild and lasts around 1 week or sometimes more. Fever reducers will help to control high temperatures. Luke-warm baths will also help bring temperature down.
Only a very small minority of sufferers require hospital admission, mainly as a result of neurological complications (encephalitis, meningitis, or acute flaccid paralysis) or pulmonary edema/pulmonary hemorrhage.

Recorded outbreaks of a deadly strain

1997

1998

  • In 1998, there was an outbreak in Taiwan, affecting mainly children.[4] There were 405 severe complications, and 78 children died.[5] The total number of cases in that epidemic is estimated to have been 1.5 million.[5]

2006

2008

.
  • An outbreak in China, beginning in March in Fuyang, Anhui, lead to 25,000 infections, and 42 deaths, by May 13.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13].^ May 7th, 2008, 11:25 PM Pediatrician here.
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    Similar outbreaks were reported in Singapore (more than 2,600 cases as of April 20, 2008)[1], Vietnam (2,300 cases, 11 deaths)[14], Mongolia (1,600 cases)[15], and Brunei (1053 cases from June - August 2008) [16]

2009

  • 17 children died in an outbreak in during March and April 2009 in China's eastern Shandong Province, and 18 children died in the neighboring Henan Province.[17] .Out of 115,000 reported cases in China from January to April, 773 were severe and 50 were fatal.^ China reported a jump Monday in the number of children sickened with hand , foot and mouth disease, saying more than 11,900 cases have been reported.
    • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [18]
  • .
  • In Indonesia, where the disease is often called Singaporean influenza or flu Singapura,[19] the disease was reported in the Jakarta area, starting with eight young children.^ China reported a jump Monday in the number of children sickened with hand , foot and mouth disease, saying more than 11,900 cases have been reported.
    • Hand Foot And Mouth - Web - Copernic 22 September 2009 20:43 UTC ws.copernic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [20] By late April, Jakartan health agencies were warning community health centers and advocating preventive steps, including the use of thermal scanners in airports and avoiding travel to Singapore.[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Suhaimi, Nur Dianah (April 20, 2008). "HFMD: 1,000 cases a week is unusual, says doc". Singapore: The Sunday Times (Straits Times). pp. 1–2. 
  2. ^ "Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease: Signs & Symptoms". mayoclinic.com. The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease/DS00599/DSECTION=2. Retrieved 2008-05-05. 
  3. ^ a b See also reports from Sarawak Health Department http://www.sarawak.health.gov.my/hfmd.htm#INFO13
  4. ^ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (1998). "Deaths among children during an outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease--Taiwan, Republic of China, April-July 1998". MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 47 (30): 629–32. PMID 9704628. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00054640.htm. 
  5. ^ a b Ho M, Chen ER, Hsu KH, et al. (1999). "An epidemic of enterovirus 71 infection in Taiwan. Taiwan Enterovirus Epidemic Working Group". N. Engl. J. Med. 341 (13): 929–35. doi:10.1056/NEJM199909233411301. PMID 10498487. http://content.nejm.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=short&pmid=10498487&promo=ONFLNS19. 
  6. ^ The Hindu : Kerala News : Outbreak of rare child disease in Malappuram
  7. ^ Viral epidemic maintains grip in China, with three more deaths (accessed May 15th, 2008)
  8. ^ Mass intestinal virus infection kills 19 children -- XinHuaNet.com (Retrieved on May 2, 2008.)
  9. ^ Mass intestinal virus infection in east China up to 2,477, kills 21 -- XinHuaNet.com (Retrieved on May 2, 2008.)
  10. ^ China on alert as virus spreads
  11. ^ Spreading virus kills 28 children (Retrieved on May 7, 2008.)
  12. ^ BBC NEWS | World | Asia-Pacific | China virus toll continues rise
  13. ^ China on alert over deadly child virus (Retrieved on May 3, 2008.)
  14. ^ Viet Nam News: HFMD cases prompt tighter health screening at airport (accessed May 15th, 2008)
  15. ^ EV-71 Virus Continues Dramatic Rise (accessed May 23rd, 2008)
  16. ^ http://www.bt.com.bn/en/home_news/2008/11/07/1_053_hfmd_cases_recorded
  17. ^ "Hand-foot-mouth disease death toll rises to 17 in East China's Shandong Province". China View. April 9, 2009. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-04/09/content_11159556.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  18. ^ "Health Ministry: Hand-foot-mouth disease claims 50 lives this year". China View. April 10, 2009. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-04/10/content_11165126.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  19. ^ http://www.infeksi.com/articles.php?lng=in&pg=44 (Indonesian)
  20. ^ http://www.tempo.co.id/hg/nasional/2009/04/15/brk,20090415-170465,uk.html
  21. ^ http://www.wikiberita.com/pendeteksi-suhu-panas-bandara-soekarno-hatta/22816

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