Hannibal, Missouri: Wikis

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Hannibal, Missouri
—  City  —
Nickname(s): America's Hometown;
"Louisville of the West"
Location in Missouri
Coordinates: 39°42′15″N 91°22′39″W / 39.70417°N 91.3775°W / 39.70417; -91.3775Coordinates: 39°42′15″N 91°22′39″W / 39.70417°N 91.3775°W / 39.70417; -91.3775
Country United States
State Missouri
Counties Marion, Ralls
Government
 - Mayor
Area
 - Total 15.1 sq mi (39.1 km2)
 - Land 14.6 sq mi (37.8 km2)
 - Water 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
Elevation 502 ft (153 m)
Population (2008)
 - Total 17,432
 - Density 1,215.2/sq mi (469.2/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63401
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-30214[1]
GNIS feature ID 0735640[2]

Hannibal is a city in Marion and Ralls counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. Hannibal is located at the intersection of Interstate 72 and U.S. Routes 24, 36 and 61, approximately 100 miles (160 km) northwest of St. Louis. The population was estimated at 17,432 in 2008.[3] The Hannibal Micropolitan Statistical Area is composed of Marion and Ralls Counties.

Contents

Transportation

Interstate 72 was extended into Hannibal across the Mark Twain Memorial Bridge in 2000. Interstate 72 extends west to the intersection with U.S. Route 61. Future plans call for extending Interstate 72 west along U.S. Route 36 to Cameron, MO giving Hannibal an east-west link connecting Kansas City to Springfield, IL. U.S. Route 61 connects to Saint Louis to the south and is part of the Avenue of the Saints corridor that links to Saint Paul, MN.

Hannibal Regional Airport, (formerly Hannibal Municipal Airport) was named William P. Lear Field in 2003 in honor of the inventor of the Lear Jet. The airport is located 4 miles (6.4 km) west of downtown and has one runway 4,400' x 100'.

Freight railroad tracks link Hannibal in all directions: Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) tracks lead north to the Quad Cities and south to Saint Louis. Norfolk Southern (NS) tracks lead west to Kansas City and east to Springfield, IL. [4]

History and landmarks

Hannibal, Missouri

Although the site of Hannibal was previously occupied by early settlers and Native American tribes, the city of Hannibal was founded by Moses Bates in 1819.[5] Although the city initially grew slowly to a population of only 30 by 1830, access to Mississippi river and railroad transportation fueled growth to 2,020 by 1850. Hannibal had gained "city" status by 1845[5] The city served as a bustling regional marketing center for livestock and grain as well as other products produced locally, such as cement and shoes, throughout the remainder of the 19th century and on to the present time.[6]

The community is best known as the boyhood home of author Mark Twain and as the setting of his The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. with numerous historical sites related to Mark Twain and sites depicted in his fiction. Hannibal draws both American and international tourists. Most Hannibal residents enjoy the visitors and the town at large enjoys much success through tourist revenue.[7]

The town has other distinctions as well. In the Broadway musical Damn Yankees, Hannibal was the hometown of the protagonist's assumed persona (Shoeless Joe from Hannibal, MO). Hannibal was also the birthplace of singer and actor Cliff Edwards ("Ukelele Ike") and 'The Unsinkable Molly' Brown. Other natives include inventor Bill Lear and NBA basketball coach Cotton Fitzsimmons. The Mark Twain Memorial Lighthouse was constructed in 1933 and has been lit at three separate times by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President John F. Kennedy, and President Bill Clinton. Rockcliffe Mansion sits upon a knoll in Hannibal, is listed on the National Register of Historic places.

Geography

Hannibal is located at 39°42′15″N 91°22′39″W / 39.704065°N 91.377378°W / 39.704065; -91.377378 (39.704065, -91.377378).[8] It is adjacent to the Mississippi River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.1 square miles (39.1 km2), of which, 14.6 square miles (37.8 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.2 km2) of it (3.12%) is water.

The Mississippi River at Hannibal, Missouri

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 17,757 people, 7,017 households, and 4,554 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,215.3 people per square mile (469.3/km2). There were 7,886 housing units at an average density of 539.7/sq mi (208.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.61% White, 6.57% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population. 25.9% were of American, 23.8% German, 10.9% Irish and 10.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 7,017 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,892, and the median income for a family was $37,264. Males had a median income of $30,677 versus $20,828 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,902. About 11.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The view from Lover's Leap of Hannibal and the Mississippi River

Hannibal High School was founded in 1896.[9] The current building was erected in 1932. As of 2004 the current enrollment is 1232 ninth through twelfth graders. The athletic teams are named the "Pirates" and play in the North Central Missouri Conference of the Missouri State High School Sports Association. As of 2008 the principal is Ryan Sharkey. The school has Future Teachers of America, Young Democrats, Future Farmers of America, DECA, Key Club, and Natural Helpers (a peer helping group) as well as a wide array of other clubs.

Hannibal-LaGrange College is a four-year, Christian liberal arts college accredited by the Higher Learning Commission and a member of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. Founded in 1858 in LaGrange, Missouri, the campus moved downriver to Hannibal in 1928. Dr. Woodrow Burt was elected the 16th president of Hannibal-LaGrange College on February 10, 1995.

MACC Hannibal Area Higher Education Center is a two year community college established in 1999. Currently housed at 4550 McMasters on the second floor, the community is raising funds to build a full campus. MACC Higher Education Center offers a full Associates of Arts degree.

Law and government

City police service is provided by the Hannibal Police Department.

Hannibal residents

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Fictional Hannibal residents

  • Sherman T. Potter, character in the TV series M*A*S*H.
  • Allison (Liberty Maid) from Josh and S.A.M., 1993 film about two runaway boys fleeing to Canada.
  • Joe Hardy, from the musical, Damn Yankees. A popular song from the musical was called, "Shoeless Joe from Hannibal, Mo"
  • Chris Dennis, from the movie "Nathaniel Neverwas"
  • Joyce Palmieri from the movie Kindergarten Cop

Attractions

Mark Twain's boyhood home is open to the public
  • Riverview Park - 465 acres (1.88 km2) of wooded land and scenic views of the Riverfront.
  • Mark Twain Memorial Lighthouse - The only lighthouse built inland features a panoramic view of Hannibal and the Mississippi River.
  • Mark Twain Cave - World Famous Mark Twain cave.
  • Cameron Cave - Missouri's newest show cave.
  • John Garth's Woodside Mansion - Historic 1870's Victorian mansion is Missouri's highest rated and voted Bed and Breakfast. [11]
  • Tom & Becky Appearances - Local children are chosen to portray the famous literary couple in local appearances.
  • Tom Sawyer Diorama - 16 Hand Carved Scenes from the Book, "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" & The Lollipop Guild Candy Store
  • Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum Properties - Tours are available for the boyhood home, museum, interpretive center, Huckleberry Finn house, Becky Thatcher house, J.M. Clemens Justice of the peace office, and Grant's Drug Store.
  • Mark Twain Mississippi Riverboat - Cruises available.
  • Rockcliffe Mansion - A turn of the century Mansion.
  • Molly Brown Birthplace & Museum Home of Titanic survivor.
  • Sawyer's Creek Fun Park - Amusement complex on the riverfront.
  • Hannibal Rocks Offroad Park: Hannibal Rocks


  • Hannibal Cavemen - Prospect League baseball team. Plays at historic renovated Clemens Field downtown. Summer only.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2008-04-29.xls
  4. ^ http://www.modot.org/othertransportation/rail/documents/rail_freight_101807.pdf | MoDOT Freight Railroad Map
  5. ^ a b Hannibal Convention & Visitors Bureau
  6. ^ Parts http://www.hanmo.com/history.html
  7. ^ Reported to be 3rd major source of city revenue. Agriculture and industry first and second respectively.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  9. ^ http://www.hannibal.k12.mo.us/k12/hhs/index.html
  10. ^ Reichler, Joseph L., ed (1979) [1969] (in English). The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.  
  11. ^ Ralls County Historical

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HANNIBAL, a city of Marion county, Missouri, U.S.A., on the Mississippi river, about 120 m. N.W. of Saint Louis. Pop. (1890), 12,857; (1900), 12,780, of whom 920 were foreign-born and 1836 were negroes. It is served by the Wabash, the Missouri, Kansas & Texas, the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, and the St Louis & Hannibal railways, and by boat lines to Saint Louis, Saint Paul and intermediate points. The business section is in the level bottom-lands of the river, while the residential portion spreads up the banks, which afford fine building sites with beautiful views. Mark Twain's boyhood was spent at Hannibal, which is the setting of Life on the Mississippi, Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer; Hannibal Cave, described in Tom Sawyer, extends for miles beneath the river and its bluffs. Hannibal has a good public library (1889; the first in Missouri); other prominent buildings are the Federal building, the court house, a city hospital and the high school. The river is here spanned by a long iron and steel bridge connecting with East Hannibal, Ill. Hannibal is the trade centre of a rich agricultural region, and has an important lumber trade, railway shops, and manufactories of lumber, shoes, stoves, flour, cigars, lime, Portland cement and pearl buttons (made from mussel shells); the value of the city's factory products increased from $2,698,720 in 1900 to $4,442,099 in 1905, or 64.6%. In the vicinity are valuable deposits of crinoid limestone, a coarse white building stone which takes a good polish. The electric-lighting plant is owned and operated by the municipality. Hannibal was laid out as a town in 1819 (its origin going back to Spanish land grants, which gave rise to much litigation) and was first chartered as a city in 1839. The town of South Hannibal was annexed to it in 1843.


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