Hannover: Wikis


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The New Town Hall in Hanover, built from 1901 to 1913.
The New Town Hall in Hanover, built from 1901 to 1913.
Coat of arms of Hanover
Hanover is located in Germany
Coordinates 52°22′N 9°43′E / 52.36667°N 9.71667°E / 52.36667; 9.71667
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Hanover
City subdivisions 13 districts
Lord Mayor Stephan Weil (SPD)
Governing parties SPDGreens
Basic statistics
Area 204.01 km2 (78.77 sq mi)
Elevation 55 m  (180 ft)
Population  522,944  (1 November 2007)[1]
 - Density 2,563 /km2 (6,639 /sq mi)
 - Metro 1,128,543 
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate H
Postal codes 30001 - 30669
Area code 0511
Website www.hannover.de
Location of the city of Hanover within Hanover district

Hanover or Hannover[nb 1] (German: About this sound Hannover , [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of Great Britain, in their dignities as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (which title was later called the Elector of Hanover at the end of the historical period known as Early Modern Europe). After the Napoleonic Wars ended, the Electorate was enlarged and made into the capital of the Kingdom of Hanover.

In addition to being the capital of Lower Saxony, Hanover was the capital of the administrative area Regierungsbezirk Hannover (Hanover region) until Lower Saxony's administrative regions were disbanded at the beginning of 2005. Since 2001 it is part of the Hanover district (Region Hannover), which is a municipal body made up from the former district (Landkreis Hannover) and city of Hanover (note: although both Region and Landkreis are translated as district they are not the same).

With a population of 522,944 (1 February 2007) the city is a major center of northern Germany, known for hosting annual commercial expositions such as the Hanover Fair and the CeBIT. Every year Hanover hosts the Schützenfest Hannover, the world's largest Marksmen's Fun Fair, and the Oktoberfest Hannover, which is the second largest Oktoberfest in the world. In 2000, Hanover hosted the world fair Expo 2000. The Hanover fairground, due to numerous extensions, especially for the Expo 2000, is the largest in the world. Hanover also has regional importance because of its universities and medical school, its international airport, and its large zoo. The city is also a major crossing point of railway lines and highways (Autobahnen), connecting European main lines in east-west-direction (Berlin - Ruhr area) and north-south-direction (Hamburg - Munich et al.).



Hanover was founded in medieval times on the south bank of the river Leine. Its original name Honovere may be translated as "high bank", though this is debated. Hanover was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen that became a comparatively large town in the 13th century due to its position at a natural crossroads. As overland travel was relatively difficult, its position on the upper navigable reaches of the river helped it to grow by increasing trade. It was connected to the Hanseatic League city of Bremen by the Leine, and was also situated near the southern edge of the wide North German plain and north-west of the Harz mountains, so that east-west traffic such as mule trains passed through it. Hanover thus acted as a gateway to the Rhine, Ruhr and Saar River valleys and their industrial areas to the southwest, the plains regions to its east and north, as was used by overland traffic skirting the Harz between the Low Countries and Saxony or Thuringia.

In the 14th century the main churches of Hanover were built, as well as a city wall with three city gates. The beginning of industrialization in Germany led to trade in iron and silver from the northern Harz mountains, which increased the city's importance.

In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover. The Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-elector in 1692, and this elevation was confirmed by the Diet in 1708. Thus the principality was upgraded to the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, which was colloquially called the Electorate of Hanover after Calenberg's capital (see also: House of Hanover). Its electors would later become in personal union monarchs of Great Britain (after 1801, monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland). The first of these was George I Louis, who acceded to the British throne in 1714. The last British monarch who ruled in Hanover was William IV: Salic law, which required succession by the male line, forbade the accession of Queen Victoria in Hanover. As a male-line descendant of George I, Queen Victoria was herself a member of the House of Hanover. Her descendants, however, bore her husband's titular name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Three kings of Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, were at the same time Electoral Princes of Hanover.

During the time of the personal union of the crowns of the United Kingdom and Hanover (1714–1837), the monarchs rarely visited the city. In fact, during the reigns of the final three joint rulers (1760–1837), there was only one short visit, by George IV in 1821. From 1816 to 1837 Viceroy Adolphus represented the monarch in Hanover.

During the Seven Years' War the Battle of Hastenbeck was fought on July 26, 1757, near the city. The French army defeated the Hanoverian Army of Observation, leading to the city's occupation as part of the Invasion of Hanover. It was recaptured by Anglo-German forces led by Ferdinand of Brunswick the following year.


19th century

Am Kröpcke, 1895.
Schloss Herrenhausen, 1895.

After Napoleon imposed the Convention of Artlenburg (Convention of the Elbe) on July 5, 1803, about 30,000 French soldiers occupied Hanover. The Convention also meant the disbanding of the army of Hanover. George III did not recognize the Convention of the Elbe. As a result of this, a great number of soldiers from Hanover eventually emigrated to Great Britain, leading to the formation of the King's German Legion, which was the only German army to fight throughout the entire Napoleonic wars against the French. They later played an important role in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. The Congress of Vienna in 1815 elevated the electorate to the Kingdom of Hanover. The capital town Hanover expanded to the western bank of the Leine and has grown considerably since then.

In 1837, the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended as William IV's heir in the United Kingdom was female (Queen Victoria). According to Salic Law Hanover could only be inherited by males. As a consequence, Hanover passed to William IV's brother, Ernest Augustus, and remained a kingdom until 1866, when it was annexed by Prussia during the Austro-Prussian war. Despite having defeated Prussia at the Battle of Langensalza, the city of Hanover became a Prussian provincial capital. After the annexation, the people of Hanover opposed the Prussian regime.

However, for Hanoverian industry, the new connection with Prussia meant an improvement in business. The introduction of free trade promoted economic growth, and also led to the recovery of the Gründerzeit (founders' era). In the period from 1871 to 1912 the population of Hanover grew from 87,600 to 313,400.

In 1872 the first horse railway was inaugurated, and from 1893 an electric tram was developed.

In 1887 Emile Berliner invented the record and the gramophone.

The upswing in Hanover started with the era of urban Director Heinrich Tramm. From 1891–1918 he was director of the city of Hanover, and fundamentally shaped the look of the city up to the turn of the century (The "Tramm Era"). The New Town Hall, the Trammplatz, is named after him.

In 1883 from the city of Hanover, the Hanover district government was created and became active.

The city was enlarged first in 1869, and again in 1882 by adding Königsworther Platz and the Welfengarten. In 1891 the municipalities of Herrenhausen, Hainholz, Vahrenwald were added. In 1907 the municipalities of Stöcken, Gutsbezirk Mecklenheide, Bothfeld, Klein-Buchholz, Groß-Buchholz, Kirchrode, Döhren and Wülfel were incorporated into Hanover.

The Synagogue Memorial in Hanover.

Nazi Germany

From 1937 the Lord Mayor and the state commissioners of Hanover were members of the NSDAP (Nazi party). As everywhere else in Germany, there was a Jewish population in Hanover. In October 1938, 484 Hanoverian Jews of Polish origin were expelled to Poland, including the Grynszpan family. However, Poland refused to admit them. The Grynszpans and thousands of other Polish-Jewish deportees were left stranded at the border, fed only intermittently by the Polish Red Cross and Jewish welfare organizations. Their son Herschel Grynszpan was in Paris at the time. When he heard about the expulsion of his family to Poland, he drove to the German embassy and killed the German diplomat Eduard Ernst vom Rath.

The Nazis took this act as a pretext to stage a nationwide pogrom known as Kristallnacht. It was in Hanover on November 9, 1938 that the synagogue, designed in 1870 by Edwin Oppler in neo-romantic style, was burnt by the Nazis.

In September 1941, through the "Action Lauterbacher" plan, a ghettoisation of the remaining Hanoverian Jewish families began. Even before the Wannsee Conference, on December 15, 1941, the first Jews from Hanover were deported to Riga. A total of 2,400 people were deported, and very few survived. Of the approximately 4,800 Jews who had lived in Hannover 1938, less than 100 were still in the city when troops of the United States Army arrived on April 10, 1945 to occupy Hanover at the end of the war. Today, a memorial at the Opera Square is a reminder of the persecution of the Jews in Hanover.

After the war a large group of Orthodox Jewish Survivors of the nearby Bergen-Belsen concentration camp settled in Hannover. The Orthodox Jewish community was led by Rabbi Chaim Pinchos Lubinsky. Rabbi Lubinsky was assisted in this capacity by Rabbi Shlomo Zev Zweigenhaft. Following the departure of Rabbi Lubinsky in 1949, Rabbi Zweigenhaft assumed the position of Chief Rabbi of Hannover. Shortly thereafter Rabbi Zweigenhaft was appointed Chief Rabbi of the entire Lower Saxony a position he held until his departure in 1951. The Orthodox Jewish community made every attempt to convince Rabbi Zweigenhaft to remain, even offering to fund his weekly commute from Switzerland. Unfortunately, their proposal was turned down by Rabbi Zweigenhaft. As a result the leaderless Orthodox Jewish community quickly began to disperse and shortly thereafter ceased to exist entirely. Both Rabbis Lubinsky and Zweigenhaft settled in the United States.

World War II

The Aegidienkirche was not rebuilt and its ruins were kept as a WWII memorial.

Hanover was an important road junction and production center that was a target area of the Strategic bombing during World War II, including the Oil Campaign. Targets included the AFA (Stöcken), the Deurag-Nerag refinery (Misburg), the Continental plant (Vahrenwald), the United light metal works (VLW) in Ricklingen and Laatzen, and in Linden, the Hanover/Limmer rubber reclamation plant, the Hanomag factory, and NMH. Forced laborers were used from the Hannover-Misburg subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp. The residential areas were also targeted and more than 6,000 people were killed in the Allied bombing raids. More than 90% of the city center was destroyed in 88 bombing raids[5]. After the war, the Aegidienkirche was not rebuilt and its ruins were kept as a war memorial.

Hanover was in the British zone of occupation of Germany after the war, and became part of the new state (Land) of Lower Saxony in 1946.

Today the City of Hanover is a Vice-President City of Mayors for Peace, an international Mayoral organization mobilizing cities and citizens worldwide to abolish and eliminate nuclear weapons by the year 2020.[6]



Hanover experiences a oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb).

Climate data for Hanover
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
Average low °C (°F) -2.2
Precipitation mm (inches) 53.3
Source: Intellicast[7] 2009-09-19



Boroughs of Hanover
Hanover Region
  1. Mitte
  2. Vahrenwald-List
  3. Bothfeld-Vahrenheide
  4. Buchholz-Kleefeld
  5. Misburg-Anderten
  6. Kirchrode-Bemerode-Wülferode
  7. Südstadt-Bult
  8. Döhren-Wülfel
  9. Ricklingen
  10. Linden-Limmer
  11. Ahlem-Badenstedt-Davenstedt
  12. Herrenhausen-Stöcken
  13. Nord


Main sights

Panoramic view from the viewing platform at the New Town Hall
Ernst August memorial, central railway station
The Staatsoper Hanover ("state opera") is housed in its classical 19th century opera house.
Market Church in Hanover
Old Town Hall
Leine River At Hanover City
Waterloo Column in Hanover

One of the most famous sights is the Royal Gardens of Herrenhausen:

The Great Garden is an important European baroque garden. The palace itself, however, was largely destroyed by Allied bombing. Some points of interest are the Grotto (the interior was designed by the French artist Niki de Saint-Phalle), the Gallery Building, the Orangerie and the two pavilions by Remy de la Fosse. The Great Garden consists of several parts. The most popular ones are the Great Ground and the Nouveau Jardin. At the centre of the Nouveau Jardin is Europe's highest garden fountain. The historic Garden Theatre inter alia hosted the musicals of the German rock musician Heinz Rudolf Kunze.

The Berggarten is an important European botanical garden. Some points of interest are the Tropical House, the Cactus House, the Canary House and the Orchid House, which hosts one of the world's biggest collection of orchids, and free-flying birds and butterflies. Near the entrance to the Berggarten is the historic Library Pavillon. The Mausoleum of the Guelphs is also located in the Berggarten. Like the Great Garden, the Berggarten also consists of several parts, for example the Paradies and the Prairie Garden. There is also the Sea Life Centre Hanover, which is the first tropical aquarium in Germany.

The Georgengarten is an English landscape garden. The Leibniz Temple and the Georgen Palace are two points of interest there.

Other gardens are the Guelph Garden with the Guelph Palace and the Prince Garden. Nearby are the Water Art, the Hardenbergsche House and the Prince House.

The landmark of Hanover is the New Town Hall (Neues Rathaus). Inside the building are four scale models of the town and the only working diagonal elevator in Germany, which goes up the large dome.

The Hanover Zoo is one of the most spectacular and best zoos in Europe. The zoo received the Park Scout Award for the third year running in 2008, placing it among the best zoos in Germany. The zoo consists of several theme areas: Sambesi, Meyers Farm, Gorilla-Mountain, Jungle-Palace, and Mullewapp. Some smaller areas are Australia, the wooded area for wolves, and the so-called swimming area with many seabirds. There is also a tropical house, a jungle house, and a show arena. The new Alaska-themed area, Yukon Bay, is still under construction.

Another point of interest is the Old Town. At the centre are the huge Market Church and the Old Town Hall. Nearby are the Leibniz House, the Nolte House, and the Beguine Tower. A very nice quarter of the Old Town is the Kreuz-Church-Quarter around the Kreuz Church with many nice little lanes. Nearby is the old theatre, called Ballhofeins. On the edge of the Old Town are the Market Hall, the Leine Palace, and the ruin of the Aegidien Church which is now a monument to the victims of war and violence. Through the Marstall Gate you arrive at the bank of the river Leine, where the world-famous Nanas of Niki de Saint-Phalle are located. They are part of the Mile of Sculpture which leads from the Königsworter Square up to the entrance of the Georgengarten. Near the Old Town is the district Calenberger Neustadt where the Catholic Church of St. Clemens, the Reformed Church, and the Protestant Neustädter Church are located.

Some other popular sights are the Waterloo Column, the Laves House, the Wangenheim Palace, the Lower Saxony State Archives, the Hanover Playhouse, the Kröpcke Clock, the Anzeiger Tower Block, the Administration Building of the NORD/LB, the Cupola Hall of the Congress Centre, the Lower Saxony Stock, the Ministry of Finance, the Garten Church, the Luther Church, the Gehry Tower (designed by the American architect Frank O. Gehry), the specially designed Bus Stops, the Opera House, the Central Station, the Maschsee lake and the city forest Eilenriede, which is one of the largest of its kind in Europe. With its around 40 parks, forests and gardens, a couple of lakes, two rivers and one canal, Hanover offers a large variety of leisure activities.

Since 2007 the historic Leibniz Letters, which can be viewed in the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Library, are an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Outside the city centre is the EXPO-Park, the former site of EXPO 2000. Some points of interest are the Planet M., the former German Pavillon, the Yempa Event-Palace, the Expowale, the EXPO-Plaza and the EXPO-Gardens (Parc Agricole, EXPO-Park South and the Gardens of change). The fairground can be reached by the Exponale, one of the largest pedestrian bridges in Europe. The Hanover fairground is the largest in the world[citation needed]. Two important sights on the fairground are the Hermes Tower (88.8 metres high) and the EXPO Roof, the largest wooden roof in the world[citation needed].

In the district of Anderten is the European Cheese Centre, the only Cheese Experience Centre in Europe. Another tourist sight in Anderten is the Hindenburg Lock, which was the biggest lock in Europe at the time of construction in 1928. The Animalgarden in the district of Kirchrode is a huge forest and shows the local animals.

In the district of Groß-Buchholz is the Telemax, the tallest building in Lower Saxony and one of the highest television towers in Northern Germany. Some other remarkable towers are the VW-Tower and the old towers of the former mid-age defence belt: Döhrener Tower, Lister Tower and the Horse Tower.

The 36 most important sights of the city centre are connected with a 4.2 kilometres (3 mi) long red line, which is painted on the pavement. This so-called Red Thread marks out a walk that starts at the Tourist Information Office and ends on the Ernst-August-Square in front of the central station. There is also a guided sightseeing-bus tour through the city.

Society and culture

Museums and galleries

The Historic Museum describes the history of Hanover, from the medieval settlement "honovere" to the world-famous Exhibition City of today. The museum focuses on the period from 1714 to 1834 when Hanover had a strong relationship with the British royal house.

With more than 4,000 members, the Kestnergesellschaft is the largest art society in Germany. The museum hosts exhibitions from classical modernist art to contemporary art. One big focus is put on film, video, contemporary music and architecture, room installments and big presentations of contemporary paintings, sculptures and video art.

The Kestner Museum is located in the House of 5.000 windows. The museum is named after August Kestner and exhibits 6,000 years of applied art in four areas: Ancient cultures, ancient Egypt, applied art and a valuable collection of historic coins.

The KUBUS is a forum for contemporary art. It features mostly exhibitions and projects of famous and important artists from Hanover.

The Kunstverein Hannover (Art Society Hanover) was established in 1832 as one of the first art societies in Germany. It is located in the Künstlerhaus (House of artists). There are around 7 international monografic and thematic Exhibitions in one year.

The Lower Saxony State Museum is the largest museum in Hanover. The State Gallery shows the European Art from the 11th to the 20th century, the Nature Department shows the zoology, geology, botanic, geology and a Vivarium with fishes, insects, reptiles and amphibians. The Primeval Department shows the primeval history of Lower Saxony and the Folklore Department shows the cultures from all over the world.

The Sprengel Museum shows the art of the 20th century. It is one of the most notable art museums in Germany. The focus is put on the classical modernist art with the collection of Kurt Schwitters, works of the German expressionism, and the French cubism, the cabinet of abstracts, the graphics and the department of photography and media. Furthermore the museum shows the famous works of the French artist Niki de Saint-Phalle.

The Theatre Museum shows an exhibition of the history of the theatre in Hanover from the 17th century up to now: opera, concert, drama and ballet. The museum also hosts several touring exhibitions during the year.

The Wilhelm-Busch-Museum is the German museum for caricature and critical graphics. The collection of the works of Wilhelm Busch and the extensive collection of caricatures and critical graphics is this museum unique in Germany. Furthermore the museum hosts several exhibitions of national and international artists during the year.

A cabinet of coins is the Münzkabinett der TUI-AG. The Polizeigeschichtliche Sammlung Niedersachsen is the largest police museum in Germany. Textiles from all over the world can be visited in the Museum for textile art. The EXPOseeum is the museum of the world-exhibition "EXPO 2000 Hannover". Carpets and things from the orient can be visited in the Oriental Carpet Museum. The Blind Man Museum is a rarity in Germany, another one is only in Berlin. The Museum of veterinary medicine is unique in Germany. The Museum for Energy History describes the 150 years old history of the application of energy. The Home Museum Ahlem shows the history of the district of Ahlem. The Mahn- und Gedenkstätte Ahlem describes the history of the Jewish people in Hanover and the Stiftung Ahlers Pro Arte / Kestner Pro Arte shows modern art. Modern art is also the maintopic of the Kunsthalle Faust, the Nord/LB Art Gellery and of the Foro Artistico / Eisfabrik.

Some leading art events in Hanover are the Long Night of the museums and the Zinnober Kunstvolkslauf which features all the galleries in Hanover.

People who are interested in space should visit the Observatory Geschwister Herrschel on the Lindener Mountain or the small planetarium inside of the Bismarck School.

Theatre, cabaret and musical

Around 40 theatres are located in Hanover. The Opera House, the Schauspielhaus (Play House), the Ballhofeins, the Ballhofzwei and the Cumbarlandsche Galerie belong to the Lower Saxony State Theatre. The Theater am Aegi is Hanovers big theatre for musicals, shows and guest performances. The Neues Theater (New Theatre) is the Boulevard Theatre of Hanover. The Theater für Niedersachsen is another big theatre in Hanover, which also has an own Musical-Company. Some of the most important Musical-Productions are the rockmusicals of the German rockmusician Heinz Rudolph Kunze, which take place at the Garden-Theatre in the Great Garden.

Some important theatre-events are the Tanztheater International, the Long Night of the Theatres, the Festival Theaterformen and the International Competition for Choreographs.

Hanovers leading cabaret-stage is the GOP Variety theatre which is located in the Georgs Palace. Some other famous cabaret-stages are the Variety Marlene, the Uhu-Theatre. the theatre Die Hinterbühne, the Rampenlich Variety and the revue-stage TAK. The most important Cabaret-Event is the Kleines Fest im Großen Garten (Little Festival in the Great Garden) which is the most successful Cabaret Festival in Germany. It features artists from around the world. Some other important events are the Calenberger Cabaret Weeks, the Hanover Cabaret Festival and the Wintervariety.


Hanover's own band, the Scorpions

The rock bands Scorpions and Fury in the Slaughterhouse are originally from Hanover. Also, acclaimed DJ Mousse T has his main recording studio in the area.

There are/were two big international competitions for classical music in Hanover:


Hannover 96 (nickname Die Roten or 'The Reds') is the local football team that plays in the Bundesliga top division. Home games are played at the AWD-Arena, which hosted matches in the 1974 and 2006 World Cups and the Euro 1988. Their reserve team Hannover 96 II plays in the fourth league and the home games are played in the traditional Eilenriedestadium. Arminia Hannover is another very traditional soccer team in Hanover that has played in the first league for years and plays now in the Niedersachsen-West Liga (Lower Saxony League West). Home matches are played in the Rudolf-Kalweit-Stadium.

Inside the AWD-Arena

Hanover is one of Germany's centres for ice hockey. The Hannover Scorpions play in the top division and their home games are played in the TUI Arena. The Hannover Indians are the second ice hockey team in Hanover. Even though the Hanover Indians are in the second league usually more people come to matches at the "PferdeTurm" than to matches of the "Hannover Scorpions". This is because the Indians are originally from Hanover whereas the Scorpions moved to Hanover to access the larger market.

Hanover is also one of the Rugby union capitals in Germany. The first German Rugby team was founded in Hanover in 1878. Hanover is one of the leading towns in the German Rugby scene. DRC Hannover plays in the first division, and SV Odin von 1905 as well as SG 78/08 Hannover play in the second division.

The first German Fencing Club was founded in Hanover in 1862. Today there are three more Fencing Clubs in Hanover.

Hanover is a centre for Water Sports. Thanks to the lake Maschsee, the rivers Ihme and Leine and to the channel Mittellandkanal Hanover hosts sailing schools, yacht schools, waterski clubs, rowing clubs, canoe clubs and paddle clubs. The water polo team WASPO W98 plays in the first division.

The Hannover Regents play in the first German Baseball division.


The Hannover Marathon is the biggest running event in Hanover with more than 11.000 participants and usually around 200.000 spectators. Some other important running events are the Gilde Stadtstaffel (relay), the Sport-Check Nachtlauf (night-running), the Herrenhäuser Team-Challenge, the Hannoversche Firmenlauf (company running) and the Silvesterlauf (sylvester running).

Hanover hosts also an important international cycle race: The Nacht von Hannover (night of Hanover). The race takes place around the Market Hall.

The lake Maschsee hosts the International Dragon Boat Races and the Canoe-Polo-Tournament. Many regattas take place during the year. Head of the river Leine on the river Leine is one of the biggest rowing regattas in Hanover.

Some other important sport events are the Lower Saxony Beach Volleyball Tournament, the international horse show German Classics and the international ice hockey tournament Nations Cup.

Regular events

CeBIT 2008 conference centre in Hanover

Hanover is one of the leading Exhibition Cities in the world. Each year Hanover hosts more than 60 international and national exhibitions. The most popular ones are the CeBIT, the Hanover Fair, the Domotex, the Ligna, the IAA Nutzfahrzeuge and the Agritechnica. Hanover also hosts a huge number of congresses.

But Hanover is not only one of the most important Exhibition Cities in the world, Hanover is also one of the German capitals for the marksmen. The Schützenfest Hannover is the largest Marksmen's Fun Fair in the world and takes place once a year. It consists of more than 260 rides and inns, five large beer tents and a big entertainment program. The highlight of this fun fair is the 12 kilometres (7 mi) long Parade of the Marksmen with more than 12.000 participants from all over the world, among them around 5.000 marksmen, 128 bands and more than 70 wagons, carriages and big festival vehicles. It is the longest procession in Europe. Around 2 million people visit this fun fair every year. The landmark of this Fun Fair is the biggest transportable Ferris Wheel in the world (60 m/197 ft high). The origins of this fun fair is located in the year 1529.

Hanover also hosts one of the two largest Spring Festivals in Europe with around 180 rides and inns, 2 large beer tents and around 1.5 million visitors each year. The Oktoberfest Hannover is the second largest Oktoberfest in the world with around 160 rides and inns, two large beer tents and around 1 million visitors each year.

The Maschsee Festival takes place around the Maschsee Lake. Each year around 2 million visitors want to enjoy live music, comedy, cabaret and many more. It is the largest Volksfest of its kind in Northern Germany.

The Great Garden hosts every year the International Fireworks Competition, and the International Festival Weeks Herrenhausen with lots of music and cabaret.

The Carnival Procession is around 3 kilometres (2 mi) long and consists of 3.000 participants, around 30 festival vehicles and around 20 bands and takes place every year.

Some more festivals are for example the Festival Feuer und Flamme (Fire and Flames), the Gartenfestival (Garden Festival), the Herbstfestival (Autumn Festival), the Harley Days, the Steintor Festival (Steintor is a party area in the city centre) and the Lister-Meile-Festival (Lister Meile is a large pedestrian area).

Hanover also hosts Food Festivals, for example the Wine Festival and the Gourmet Festival.

Furthermore Hanover hosts some special markets. The Old Town Flea Market is the oldest flea market in Germany[citation needed]and the Market for Art and Trade has a high reputation. Some other big market is of course the Christmas Market Hanover in the Old Town.


Citaro G natural gas bus designed by James Irvine


The city's central station, Hannover Hauptbahnhof, is a hub of the German high-speed ICE network. It is the starting point of the Hanover-Würzburg high-speed rail line and also the central hub for the Hanover S-Bahn. It offers many international and national connections.


Hanover and its area is served by Hanover/Langenhagen International Airport (HAJ)


Hanover is also an important hub of Germany's Autobahn network; the junction of two major autobahns, the A2 and A7 is at Kreuz Hannover-Ost, at the northeastern edge of the city. Local autobahns are A 352 (a short cut between A7 (north) and A2 (west), also known as the airport autobahn because it passes Hanover Airport) and the A 37. The Schnellweg (en: expressway) system, a number of Bundesstraße roads, forms a structure loosely resembling a large ring road together with A2 and A7. The roads are B 3 , B 6 and B 65, called Westschnellweg (B6 on the northern part, B3 on the southern part), Messeschnellweg (B3, becomes A37 near Burgdorf, crosses A2, becomes B3 again, changes to B6 at Seelhorster Kreuz, then passes the Hanover fairground as B6 and becomes A37 again before merging into A7) and Südschnellweg (starts out as B65, becomes B3/B6/B65 upon crossing Westschnellweg, then becomes B65 again at Seelhorster Kreuz).

Bus and light rail

Hanover has an extensive Stadtbahn system, operated by üstra. The city is famous for its designer buses and tramways, the TW 6000 and TW 2000 trams being the most well-known examples.


TUI AG headquarters in Hanover

The Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles Transporter (VWN) factory at Hannover-Stöcken is the biggest employer in the region and operates a huge plant at the northern edge of town adjoining the Mittellandkanal and Motorway A2. Jointly with a factory of German tire and automobile parts manufacturer Continental AG, they have a coal-burning power plant. Continental AG, founded in Hanover in 1871, is one of the city's major companies, although a takeover is in progress: the Schaeffler Group from Herzogenaurach (Bavaria) holds the majority of the stock but were required due to the financial crisis to deposit the options as securities at banks.[8] TUI AG has its HQ in Hanover.[9] Hanover is home to many insurance companies, many of which operate only in Germany. One major global reinsurance company is Hannover Re, whose headquarters are east of the city centre.


The Leibniz University Hannover is the largest funded institution in Hanover for providing higher education to the students from around the world. Below are the names of the universities and some of the important schools including newly opened Hannover Medical Research School in 2003 for attracting the students from biology background from around the world.

There are several universities in Hanover:

There is one University of Applied Science and Arts in Hanover:

  • Fachhochschule Hannover [3]

The Schulbiologiezentrum Hannover maintains practical biology schools in four locations (Botanischer Schulgarten Burg, Freiluftschule Burg, Zooschule Hannover, and Botanischer Schulgarten Linden). The University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover also maintains its own botanical garden specializing in medicinal and poisonous plants, the Heil- und Giftpflanzengarten der Tierärztlichen Hochschule Hannover.

Towns named Hanover

Also, Hanover County, Virginia and New Hanover County, North Carolina, U.S. are named after the city.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Hanover is twinned with:[10]


  1. ^ Hanover is the traditional English spelling. The German spelling (with a double n) is becoming more popular in English; recent editions of encyclopedias prefer the German spelling[2][3] and local government uses the German spelling on English websites.[4] The English pronunciation is applied to both the German and English spellings. The traditional English spelling should always be used in historical contexts, especially when referring to the British House of Hanover.

See also


  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsveränderungen in den kreisfreien Städten und Landkreisen im November 2006" (in German). http://www.nls.niedersachsen.de/Tabellen/Bevoelkerung/Bev_veraend_11_06.html. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica uses "Hannover". It says "English Hanover" but uses "Hannover" in the prose.
  3. ^ Microsoft Encarta gives the primary spelling as "Hannover".
  4. ^ http://www.hannover.de/english/ HANNOVER.DE - Official Website of the City and Region of Hannover
  5. ^ History of Hanover 1866-1945, official web site of the city (German)
  6. ^ Mayors for Peace
  7. ^ "Hanover historic weather averages". Intellicast. http://www.intellicast.com/Local/History.aspx?location=GMXX0051. Retrieved 19 September 2009. 
  8. ^ Profile of Continental AG, retrieved on 10 September 2009.
  9. ^ "Contact TUI Group." TUI AG. Retrieved on 29 May 2009.
  10. ^ "Hanover - Twin Towns" (in German). © 2007-2009 HANNOVER.de - Offizielles Portal der Landeshauptstadt und der Region Hannover in Zusammenarbeit mit hier.de. http://www.hannover.de/de/buerger/entwicklung/partnerschaften/staedte_regionspartnerschaften/index.html. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  11. ^ "Bristol City - Town twinning". © 2009 Bristol City Council. http://www.bristol.gov.uk/ccm/navigation/leisure-and-culture/tourism-and-travel/town-twinning/. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  12. ^ "Poznań Official Website - Twin Towns". Flag of Poland.svg (in Polish) © 1998–2008 Urząd Miasta Poznania. http://www.poznan.pl/mim/public/publikacje/pages.html?co=list&id=19&ch=20&instance=1017&lang=pl. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  13. ^ "広島市の姉妹・友好都市". City.hiroshima.jp. http://www.city.hiroshima.jp/shimin/kokusai/shimai/top-e.html. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  14. ^ "Leipzig - International Relations". © 2009 Leipzig City Council, Office for European and International Affairs. http://www.leipzig.de/int/en/int_messen/partnerstaedte/. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Hanover article)

From Wikitravel

Hanover City Hall (Neues Rathaus)
Hanover City Hall (Neues Rathaus)

Hannover (German: Hannover [1], French: Hanovre), is the capital of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) in Germany. Having a huge exhibition complex built for the World EXPO in 2000 and being host to several of the biggest exhibitions in the world, Hannover calls herself the "EXPO City" or "Exhibition City" (EXPO Stadt/Messestadt). Hannover was also played host to the 2006 Football World Cup. The major language spoken is German. English is not common, except during CeBIT or major international events.


Hannover is not a typical European city. Don't expect to see beautiful centuries-old buildings; the city was one of the hardest hit during World War II, leaving it with only a few historical landmarks. Even the Old City (Altstadt) area is "new"; all the old houses left standing after the war (around 40) were taken from throughout the city and collected in one place. This area is surrounded by grey 1950's buildings that give a somewhat heavy atmosphere to the streets.

Hannover has large green areas, with forests and big parks. The landscape is mostly flat, with the river Leine going through the city. The lake Masch (Maschsee) is rather spectacular, considering its size as a man-made object.

The city had a special relationship to the late French artist Niki de Saint-Phalle. She had several of her works in public spots in Hannover (i.e., "the Nanas", "the Cave" in the Great Garden) and also in the Sprengel Museum. To honor her contribution to Hannover, she was granted an honorary citizenship from the city government. Moreover, the recently renovated "underground" shopping passageway from the central station to Kröpcke was named "The Niki de Saint-Phalle Promenade". Hannover's public services are excellent, due to major reconstruction for the World EXPO 2000. The shopping area under the train station was renovated in 2005-2006 in preparation for the World Cup.


Kröpcke is a large pedestrian area in the heart of Hannover. It is Hannover's major shopping spot, home to the Opera house and has lots of places to eat. The main station in the Hanover Stadtbahn network, is also located here. All Stadtbahn lines except the 10 and 17, call at the station and it is the main interchange point for the network. It has six platforms in total on three lines that cross each other in independent tunnels. There is a big green clock in Kröpcke (KröpckeUhr) which makes an ideal meeting point.

Using English

Hannover became more of a tourist destination since it began hosting CeBIT, and especially following the EXPO in 2000. English translation was just recently introduced to some official tourist portals such as the train ticket machines. Germans are generally helpful, but you have to ask for help as they don't like to jump into other people's business without being invited. Most university students speak English. For general information, it's safest to go to the Tourist Office, Prinzenstr. 12 (close to central station), +49-511-12345-111, M-F 9AM-6PM, Sa 9AM-2PM.

Get in

By plane

Hannover airport (IATA: HAJ) [2] handles many European major airlines, including budget airlines Air Berlin [3] and TUI [4]. There is a train that runs twice-an-hour (called the S-Bahn) from the airport to the central station (Hauptbahnhof). A 2-Zone ticket is needed from the airport to city center. The fare is around €5 and will take around 17 minutes. The last train departs around midnight. A taxi ride to the city center costs about €20 and will take about 15 minutes.

The airport offers the option to check in the day before your departure (6-9PM) for some airlines (Hapag-Lloyd, Condor, Air Berlin, Sky Airlines, and Croatia Airlines).

By train

Due to its location, Hannover has good connections from all major cities in Germany through Die Bahn [5], the German rail service. There are also direct trains to the Netherlands, Switzerland, France, and Austria several times a day, including night train connections with Nachtzug trains ([6], CityNightLine [7]). Hannover is also reachable by regional trains, making it possible to use the cheap and popular "weekend tickets".

The high speed Inter City Express Trains (ICE trains) [8] can take you all over Germany to places such as: Frankfurt, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Munich, Cologne, and Berlin. The trip to Hannover from Berlin takes 1:30, from Hamburg 1:20, from Frankfurt 2:20, and from Munich 4:30. Prices vary depending on time of travel and the ticket type such as an economy, freedom or comfort ticket, but a freedom ticket from Berlin to Hannover with cost you from €75.

By car

Hannover is served by the excellent German road system, being on both the Hamburg to Kassel (Autobahn A7)running north and south and the Berlin to Dusseldorf (A2)running east and west. The city is easily reached after leaving these two motorways. In Germany they drive on the right and the autobahns have no speed limits. While the limits on the B-roads are quite high, at up to 130kph outside of towns, they can drop to as low as 50kph in built up areas. From Hamburg the drive is around an hour and a half. From Berlin and Dusseldorf, the drive is around 3 hours.

By bus

Hannover is linked to the rest of Germany and parts of Europe by frequent bus services. Bus rides tend to be fairly quick avoiding unnecessary hold ups but they are not the most comfortable way to travel especially for long distances. The Central Bus Station (Zentraler Omnibus Bahnhof or "ZOB") is located behind (to the north-west of) the Central Station (Hauptbahnhof).

Get around

By public transportation

Hannover has a fantastic network of public transportation, so it's best to just park your car and ride. If you plan to make more than than two trips by tram, bus, or subway, a day ticket is your best bet, buying you unlimited travel on the public transport system. Day tickets are valid until the last connection of the day (which normally ends sometime after midnight). The public transportation adopts an honor system for tickets, but they do have ticket inspections once in a while (also late at nights and early mornings). The fine is quite high, so make sure you have a ticket all the time. Be aware that some tickets will need to be validated (stamped on the 'blue box'), and some not, depending on the machine. [9]

  • Hannover Card [10]. Hannover Card is issued by the Tourism Office. It includes free use of public transportation and discounts for some local attractions (e.g. museums, opera, the Great Garden), tours, and restaurants. Price: Single ticket: 1 day €9, 3 days €15; Group ticket (2-5 persons): 1 day €17, 3 days €29.
  • Ticket and Cards Regions. It may be confusing to understand the zones of Hannover public transportation. The key is to know that there are "tickets" and "cards". The term "tickets" applies to the ones bought at the machine or elsewhere, while "cards" are the ones with (monthly) subscription. Inside the city area, you only need a 1-zone ticket as it already covers a good part of the city. However, for the airport you will need a 2-zone ticket, as it is located outside Zone 1. Tickets are valid on bus, tram, fast tram (S-Bahn), and regional train.
  • Ticket Price
  • Day ticket: €3.80 (1 zone), €5.00, (2 zones), €6.20 (3 zones)
  • Group day ticket (up to 5 persons): €7.60 (1 zone), €10.00 (2 zones), €12.40 (3 zones)
  • Single-trip ticket: €2.00 (1 zone), €2.70 (2 zone), €3.30 (3 zone)
  • Short-trip ticket (up to 3 stops for tram and 5 stops for bus): €1.20
  • Reduced ticket (children 6-14y, big dogs): €1.10 (all zone)
  • Special price for 6 single-trip tickets (SammelTicket): €11.00 (1 zone), €13.80 (2 zones)

By bicycle or on foot

Bike paths are provided in almost every street that runs through the city. There is no law on using a helmet, but make sure that the bike has both front and rear lights if you don't want to get stopped by the police (Fine: €10). Pedestrian paths are also provided along every street and there is also a pedestrian area in front of Central Station to Kröpcke.

It is possible to take your bike on the tram or bus for free on M-F 8:30AM-3PM and after 7PM. There are no time restrictions on weekends.

By taxi

Unless you have limited time, lots of heavy baggage, or are traveling after public transport stops at night, you might want to think twice about using taxi, as it is very expensive. However, it could be cheaper if traveling in a big group: You can order a 7- or 9-seat taxi by phone and get more people in at the same price.

One corner of the Great Garden during the Small Festival (Kleines Fest)
One corner of the Great Garden during the Small Festival (Kleines Fest)
  • The Great Garden of Herrenhausen (Herrenhäuser Gärten). The world-famous baroque gardens of Herrenhausen were created in the 17th century to copy the Versailles Garden in France. A must see! Even in the winter one can still see its beauty, but it reaches its best at the end of spring until end of summer. There is also a glimmering cave decorated by Niki de Saint Phalle. Getting There: By tram, go to stop named "Herrenhauser Garten". By car, "Herrenhauser Str. 4, 30419".
  • Castle Marienburg (Schloss Marienburg). Marienburg 1, 30982 Pattensen (20km south of Hannover). Considered one of the most important neo-Gothic historical buildings in Germany, the castle will transport you back to a day in the life of a A Hanoverian court. Its many turrets dominates the rolling hills of the valley of the River Leine. You can take a comprehensive tour of the castle allowing you to see its grand halls and historic rooms. Open daily from Easter until the end of October from 10.00AM to 06.00PM. The last castle tour begins at 5:00. Prices: €4.50 adult, €3 7-16, €2 children under 6.
  • Sea Life. Herrenhäuser Straße 4a (Tram 4 or 5, stop: Herrenhäuser Gärten)Hannover Aquarium, has an array of fish and also a rainforest inside. It is open from 10AM daily. For exact opening times, call +49-511- 123300 , [mailto: hannover@sealife.de] [11]. Tickets: Adults €13.95, children €9.95.
  • Hannover Zoo (Erlebnis-Zoo Hannover) [12] is very modern and supposed to be one of the best in Europe. About 2,000 animals from all over the world live in six impressive zoo worlds. The ticket is pricey but should is worth it for a wholes day fun. Day tickets cost € 19,50 for adults. Open year-round. In wintertime, visit the WinterZoo - a charming Christmas market with ice show, ice skating, slides, food & drink, etc.
  • City Hall (Neues Rathaus). See the models of Hannover at four different points in history: 1689, 1939, 1945, and 2000, and then take a sloped elevator to the dome for a beautiful view of the city.
  • The Nanas, at the Leibnizufer. Giant sculptures made by Niki de Saint Phalle.
  • University of Hannover. The main building was the winter palace of the Kings of Hannover. (The summer palace was in the Great Garden complex. However, it was destroyed during the World War II. Now only one wall remains.)
  • Leibniz House, in Holzmarkt near the Historical Museum. The house where Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz lived during the later part of his life.
  • City park (Stadtpark), Theodor-Heuss-Platz 1-3 (Tram 11, direction Zoo, stop: Congress Centrum/Stadthalle.). This is worth visiting on a nice sunny day. Good place to relax with a good book and a perfect place to escape the city center.
  • Tiergarten, Tiergartenstraße 149. A 112 hectares of recreational forest.
  • List, a residential area not so far from the Central Station. This area is popular among students. It has a nice pedestrian area with some small and interesting shops.
  • Eilenriede. 650 hectares of city forest. Very unique considering its size and location in the middle of the city.
  • Home of Baron Munchhausen - in Bodenwerder - a village not far from Hannover. Baron Munchhausen was a hanoverian storyteller who told extraordinary and often far fetched tales about his life as a soldier, hunter, and sportsman. Some of these tales were the basis for the collection The Adventures of Baron Munchausen. (about 20 km south-east of Hamelin)
  • The Tourism Office (nearby Central Station), has self-guiding maps. Follow the red line which starts from the exit of the Tourism Office. The red line will pass all the major attractions of Hanover and can be completed on foot in 1.5 hours. Refer to the map for explanation everytime a number on the red line is encountered.
  • Walk or jog around the Maschsee, especially in the summer. In a (rare) very cold winter, the surface of the lake will be frozen and thick enough for ice skating. If you are lucky enough to encounter this rare opportunity, be sure to join in the fun along with all the other people making the most of it.


Many museums (including the Landesmuseum, the Historical Museum, and the Kestner Museum) can be visited for free on Friday.

  • Landesmuseum a mish mash of exhibitions. There is a prehistorical section focusing on the past of Low Saxony including tools and weapons. You will also find coins of the Kingdom of Hannover, Prussia and the German empire and to top it all off, what every German museum needs, a Japanese tea room.
  • Historical MuseumThe Historical Museum in Hanover traces the history of the city right from the time of its foundation in 1100 to the present day. The museum showcases the history of the town as well as the individual regions. You will also get to know a lot about the folk culture and folk traditions of Hanover. Located towards the west of Balhof in Hanover and is on the Hoshes Ufer where you find the largest flea market held on Saturdays.
  • Sprengel Museum, Kurt-Schwitters-Platz, (any tram to Aegidientorplatz then walk 10 min to the direction of the lake, or Bus 131 from Kröpcke to stop Maschsee/Sprengel Museum) +49-511-16843875, fax +49-511-16845093, [13]. Tu 10AM-8PM, W-Su 10AM-6PM. Should not be missed by modern art lovers. Hosts a great number of art objects from the modern era (20th century). Objects include works from Picasso, Paul Klee, Niki de Saint-Phalle. €7 (adults), €4 (students, seniors, unemployed).
  • Wilhelm-Busch Museum, in Georgengarten, within the Great Garden (Tram 4 or 5 (Direction Garbsen/Stöcken) to stop Wilhelm-Busch Museum) [14]. Tu-F 11AM–5PM, Sa/Su/holiday 11AM–6PM. This museum hosts the unique collection of Busch’s work and others satirical and humorous art. It is respected as the German Museum of Caricature and Critical Graphic Arts. €4.50, €10 family, €2.50 reduced.
  • Blindenmuseum Hannover, Bleekstraße 22, +49-511-52470. The museum hosts objects showing how blind people have been educated between 1843 and today. Free admission, but open only by appointment.
  • Kestner-Museum, Trammplatz 3, (Bus 131/132 stop: Aegidientorplatz, Bus 120 stop: Friedrichswall/Culemannstraße, Bus 250 stop: Bleichenstraße), +49-511-16842120. Tu/Th-Su 11AM-6PM, W 11AM-8PM. Objects include ones from ancient Egyptian, Roman and Greek from the Middle Ages to the present times. €3.
Hanover fireworks
Hanover fireworks


Hanover's people enjoy a lot of fireworks during the year. In addition to the world competition held every summer, there are fireworks every night of the Kleines Fest, every weekend during the Spring Festival (Frühlingsfest) and Oktoberfest, and on the weekend of the Lake Masch Festival. For the first two, the best spot to see is inside or outside the Great Garden, while the latter ones can be seen from any point around Lake Masch. Fireworks usually start at 10PM. Hanover is also place of the annual fireworks world contest (or at least one of the many world contests happening during the year around the world) in the Herrenhäuser Gärten. Six nations participate on six Saturdays, three of them around May - Jun, three in Aug - Sep.

  • Hanover Opera (Opernhaus), Kröpcke [15]. Hosts a number of operas played by international singers, as well as ballets and classical music. Operas by German composers are performed in German; Italian operas are performed with German subtitles (no English). Tickets normally sell out for the popular Mozart's "Die Zauberfloete" ("Magic Flute") and Strauss' "Der Fledermaus" ("The Bat"). €14-55, €8 students (sold 30 minutes before curtain, ID required).
  • N.D.R. Symphoniker, Rudolf Benigsen Ufer 22, +49-511-9880. The venue for poetry readings, jazz and rock&roll concerts, as well as chamber orchestras. €15-35.
  • Theater am Aegi, Aegidientorplatz 2, +49-511-989330.
  • Cinemaxx [16]. This multiplex movie theater right behind the main train station (Raschplatz) shows some films in original English version. Tickets: €6-7, student €5. Tuesday is the cheap ticket day (€3.50-4.50). Seats are numbered and there is an extra fee (€1) for the "better seats" (Loge, the ones upper than the first few rows). For extra long movie, another extra fee (€0.50-1).
  • Hannover 96 [17] is Hanover's professional soccer club in Germany's premier division.
  • Hannover Scorpions [18] is Hanover's professional ice hockey club in Germany's premier division (DEL).
The huge bavarian-style restaurant, Münchener halle at the fair ground is almost a tourist attraction itself
The huge bavarian-style restaurant, Münchener halle at the fair ground is almost a tourist attraction itself
  • CeBIT [19] at the EXPO area. An annual event lasts several days in March. The biggest computer-related exhibition in the world. Very interesting for tech lovers.
  • Hannover messe [20] A well-known industrial expo later in the spring.
  • Spring Festival (Frühlingfest), Schützenplatz [21]. Annual event in spring, everyday from 2PM. Practically a knock-down amusement park. Lots of fun.
  • Masala World-beat Festival. Musicians from around the world play in several spots throughout the city. An annual event in spring/summer.
Small Festival (Kleines Fest)
Small Festival (Kleines Fest)
  • The Small Festival in the Great Garden (Kleines Fest im großen Garten) (Tram 4, from Kröpcke direction Garbsen) [22]. Around 30-40 performers from around the world perform in this summer festival, including clowns, acrobatic performance, comedy theatre and many more. Every festival day lasted around 4 hours (6-10:30PM), so normally only maximum 7 stage performances can be seen in 1 festival day. At the end of the day (or night), fireworks are lighted, bringing the excitement from the day to a fabulous ending. Tickets can be bought directly on the day, but be prepared for a very long queue. Coming as early as 2 hours before the festival starts is recommended.
  • Still in Herrenhäuser Gärten, there is an International Firework Competition [23] every year (between May and September). Tickets are sold to see the firework from inside the garden. However, the fireworks can also be enjoyed from the outside of the garden. Be prepared to have a stiff neck by the end of the show as each session lasts 20-30 minutes and during this time you will have your head continuously tilted upwards.
  • Lake Maschsee Festival, around the lake. Annual event in the summer.
  • Reincarnation Parade, a one-day street techno party. A much smaller scale of Berlin's Love Parade. Annual event in summer.
  • Rubber Duck Race (Entenrennen). (Tram 10,17 stop: Clevertor); Tram 3,7,9 stop: Markthalle). Date for 2007 was July 7. A fun one day event, especially for the children. Hundreds of rubber duckies "racing" through the river Leine. Numbered rubber duckies can be bought for €3 (incl. €2 start fee) in üstra Service Center City in Kröpcke a few weeks before the event or directly on the spot before the "qualification race". Race starts at the Lower Saxon State Parliament (Landtag Niedersachsen, Leineschloss, Hinrich-Wilhelm-Kopf-Platz 1) and finishes at the bridge Marstallbrücke.
  • Oktoberfest, Schützenplatz. second biggest oktoberfest in the world.
  • Christmas Market (Weihnachtsmarkt) can be found in front of Central Station, in Kröpcke, in Old City (Altstadt), and it last from end of November until a couple of days before Christmas. The best stalls to visit are the Finnish stands in the Old City. They serve very good smoked salmon, herring, and reindeer meat. The hot wine (Glühwein) is probably the best in the whole Christmas Market. Another alternative is the charming Winter Zoo at Hannover Zoo. From the end of November until the middle of January you can enjoy ice shows, ice skating, slides as well as hearty food and drink to keep you warm.
  • The Leibniz University of Hannover, Welfengarten 1, +49-511-7620, fax +49-511-7623456 [24]. Having more than 60 interdisciplinary studies and 24,000 students, this university is one of the major institutions offering higher degree of education in Hannover. Besides the regular German degrees (Diplom, Doktoral), international Bachelor's and Master's degrees are also available.
  • Hannover Medical School (Medizinische Hochschule Hannover or MHH, pronounced ehM-HA-HA), Carl-Neuber Str. 1. (Tram 4: "Medizinische Hochschule") [25]. Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (MHH) is a one of the leading university medical centers in Germany. Besides the regular medical courses, MHH offers a Master degree in Biomedicine [26] (program in both English and German), and doctoral degrees as part of the Hannover Biomedical Research School (HBRS) (see below).
  • Hannover Biomedical Research School (HBRS) [27] currently offers 2 PhD programs: "Molecular Medicine" and "Infection Biology". Both are conducted in English with students coming from all over the world.
  • University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover, Bünteweg 2, +49-511-9536, fax +49-511-9538050 [28].
  • School of Music and Theater, Emmichplatz 1, Tel +49-511-3100281, fax +49-511-3100361 [29].
  • University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Ricklinger Stadtweg 118, Tel. +49-511-92960, fax +49-511-92961010 [30].
  • Protestant University of Applied Sciences, Blumhardtstr. 2, Tel +49-511-53010, fax +49-511-5301195 [31].


As Hanover regularly hosts a number of big exhibitions (eg. CeBIT, Biotechnica), temporary jobs are always available. However, these are very popular side jobs for students and recruitment may be restricted to local residents.

  • Souvenirs of the city Hannover can be easily bought at the Tourism Office.
  • Official merchandise for World Cup 2006 or Hannover 96 soccer team is sold in Karstadt Sport in Kröpcke.
  • Right next to the Central Station there is a huge mall called Ernst August Gallerie.
  • There is a supermarket (Lidl ) in the Central Station. It is the only one open on Sundays. A larger supermarket open 24/6 except Sundays (Kaufland ) is right next to the Central Station - behind the Central Bus Station (at the other side of the Station if you are walking from the city center).
  • Big department stores such as Galeria Kaufhof and Karstadt can be found in Kröpcke.
  • Check Schmorl und von Seefeld in Kröpcke for popular English books. Another large bookstore is Lehmanns in Georg Strasse near Steintor.
  • For sports equipments go to SportScheck or Karstadt Sport.
  • Rossmann and Douglas provide most body care products. Rossmann also offers a good and cheap photo printing service. There is a Rossmann shop right in the Central Station.
  • Horstman & Sander in Kröpcke (Georgstr., direction to Steintor) is a great shop for leather goods and good quality bags ranging from coin purses to backpacks to extra large suitcases.
  • For elegant boutiques, Galerie Luise (Luisenstr.) is the best option.

Flea Market

A flea market located along the Leine River takes place every Saturday, 7AM-4PM. However, it's dominated by electronic goods and overpriced "antiques". Watch out for pickpockets.


In most cafés and small restaurants, paying individually is accepted, as Germans like this system. Tips are not compulsory but most people do. In smaller cafés, if paying separately, rounding up to the next full euro is common; in bigger restaurants, 10% is best.

German Sausages and more
German Sausages and more
  • Asia-Garden, A Chinese buffet restaurant in Ernst-August Platz - just opposite the Central Station. It is on the 2nd floor of the Ernst-August Food Court. You can serve yourself picking bits and pieces from around a dozen Chinese dishes. The small plate costs €4, the big one - €6.
  • Café Mezzo, Lister Meile 4, +49-511-314966, fax: +49-511-3884677. Normally crowded with students during lunch and dinner time. Reservations should be considered if planning to come during this time. Service can be slow sometime, but they offer a wide range of "student" menus with reasonable prices.
  • Check out the variety of food stalls in the market hall (Markthalle). You will find almost everything from Spanish tapas to Mett (raw minced meat).
  • Cuisine Du Monde, Dieffenbachstrasse 23, Phone [0] 531 / 29371, french cuisine, €14/person, Open Mo-So from 17.00 - 24.00,
  • Extrablatt, This is a franchised restaurant easily found in several cities in Germany. They serve burgers, pizza, and wraps. Reasonable prices. For the one in List (Friesenstraße), reservations are not necessary except for large groups.
  • Kabul Haus, Goethestrasse 10. An Afghan all-you-can-eat buffet for €5.
  • Masa, Georgstr. 50b. Afghan food. You may want to opt for the carpeted floor than the tables. Located next door to the coctail bar "Loft".
  • Mr. Phung, A Chinese restaurant inside the central train station. Very quick and has big portions. They have a very good "Ente Kung-Pao" (crunchy fried duck with soya sauce), served with rice. €4.50-8.50.
  • Satluss, Georgenstrasse 112, Phone [0] 531 / 13089, deutsches Essen, €10/person, Open Mo-Sa from 10.00 - 23.00,
  • Schöneberger , Badensche 23, Phone [0] 531 / 31890, deutsches Essen, >€5 for a snack Open Mo-So from 10.00 - 24.00,
  • Wurst-Basar is the perfect place to taste German's favourite dish, the sausages! There are several stalls throughout the city, including inside central station and Kröpcke.
  • Das kleine Museum [32] Grotestr. 10, +49-511-2153979. A corner restaurant/pub with large portions of excellent German, French, and Moroccan inspired food. Run by the owner, the staff are warm and welcoming. The decorations are true to it's name, replete with stuffed crocodiles on the roof.
  • Maredo, Georgstr. 38, +49-511-323148. A chained steak-restaurant famous for its beef variation.
  • Georxx, Georgsplatz 3, +49-511-306183. Breakfast, lunch and a good place to grab a light bite and a beer for dinner. They have a fine selection of naughty snack such as cakes and biscuits which can be enjoyed with afternoon tea or coffee. Great atmosphere, good service.
  • Café Konrad Knochenhauerstrasse 34, +49-511-323666. Gay-friendly restaurant in the Old City. The food is good, but the preparation is quite often slow. Best to come before you get hungry. The atmosphere is great, even for straight diners. They have an English menu and are always happy to help you with it.
  • Mövenpick, in Kröpcke, Georgstr. 35, +49-511-3262840, fax +49-511-3632539. The best place to come for the all-you-can-eat-and-drink breakfast. But not for late sleepers as the breakfast ends at 11:30 a.m. Try the ice cream, a bit expensive but definitely worth the price.
  • Bavarium,[33] near Kröpcke, Windmühlenstraße 3, +49-511-323600. Bavarian restaurant.
  • Mr. Q. on Raschplatz behind the central station, offers all you can eat brunch every Sunday, including coffee and beverages, €12-13
  • Basil,[34] Dragonerstr. 30, +49-511-622636. Dining in a high ceiling, brick domed room creating an medieval appearance whilst at the same time being contemporary and modern. The menu is fresh and changes every 3 weeks to keep it that way. International meals. Open Monday- Saturday 18.30-2.00AM. Set Menu prices begin at €30-35.
  • Brasserie Bruxelles [35], Ernst-August-Platz, +49-511-3530808. A genuine Brasserie set in a lovely courtyard serving international food.
  • Pier51,[36] Rudolf von Bennigsenufer 51, +49-511-8071800, fax +49-511-80718019. 12AM-1AM (kitchen 12AM-3PM, 6:30PM-10:30PM). Fantastic sun deck where you can eat whilst taking in the views of the lake. Mediterranean meals.REservations are more than likely a must especially in the summer season.
  • Vienna Café & Restaurant, Sallstr. 48, +49-511-5344194. Tu-Su, 11:30AM-midnight.
  • Try the local beer,Herrenhäuser Premium Pilsener
  • Lütsche Lage is a typical alcoholic drink made of beer and korn drinken simultanuously from two seperate glasses.
  • Biercafé Pindopp, Altenbekener Damm 9, +49-511-806523. Smaller beer garden compared to others Hanover has to offer. Previews the football games so if you are looking for a place to come and watch a match this is the venue. It also has a pool table, darts and pin ball machines. Open daily from 8.30AM to 1AM.
  • Waterloo Biergarten, Waterloo Straße 1, +49-511-5643. Gets its name from being close to Waterloo square and on Waterloo road. Huge beer garden surrounded by trees, very busy during the summer. Open daily from 11AM.
German Beers
German Beers
  • Uni-Biergarten, Wilhelm-Busch-Str. 2, +49-511-1698191. Calm and relaxing beer garden in the midst of the city. Quite often a place where students and professors meet or go to have a sneaky drink. Food is available. Open form: 11AM-midnight.
  • Lister Turm Biergarten Walderseestr. 100, Tel: +49-511-7242617. Surrounded by trees this is one of the largest beer gardens in Hannover. With the Lister building, in the backdrop as well as all the trees, makes this an idyllic drinking spot. It is family friendly and business savvy as there is a playground for children and WiFI for laptops. The pub also serves food if you're hungry or need a break from drinking.
  • Und der Böse Wolf , Heesestr.1, +49-511-453834. Quirky pub that attracts a lot of football fans as the owner is a Hannover 96 supporter. Serves Thai food! From 5PM daily.
  • Restaurant Café Steintormasch , In der Steintormasch, adjacent to the mansions gardens. Tel: +49-511-7000717. Serves food and hot meals which can be enjoyed in their beer garden. Open every day except Monday.
  • Lunablu, Schaufelderstrasse 11, Tel: +49 (511) 13 1001. Interior designed by Jorge La Guardia and the flamenco musician gave it a desintct Mediterranean and international feel which has proved to be very popular. Whilst sipping on your cocktail try some of the very reasonably priced, exotic dishes. Open daily from 10AM -1AM.
  • Pepe's, Mexican Bar, Friesenstrasse 52, Tel: +49 511124 6086. A small exotic bar serving delicious food. The cocktail of choice here is the 'Caipi', more often known as, 'Caipirinha', made with sugar cane spirit and limes or the Castro Cooler with rum and calvados. The salsa music will have you up on your feet in no time, especially after a few 'Caipi'. Daily from 6.30PM - 1AM.
  • Bolero Bar, Nikolai Str. 3 (in front of Cinemaxx). Bolero Bar offers a great variety of cocktails at a reasonable price. The place seems to be always full, including weeknights, so reservations are recommended. The place is rather large and not as smoky as other cocktail bars. Happy hour daily 5-7PM: half-price for most cocktails; caipi hour daily 11PM-1AM: all caipi variations €4.50, jumbo caipi €6.90; jumbo hour daily after 7PM: cheaper jumbo cocktails.
  • Sausalitos, Osterstraße 38,tel: +49-511-3530919. Mexican restaurant that has a great variety of cocktails. Usually full during happy hour which last until 8PM.
  • Loft Georgstrasse. 50b (you will have to go through an alley to find it) +49-511-3631376. Serves original and different Afgani dishes. Opens at 12AM, and has a Happy Hour on Monday and Sunday.
  • Escenario, Nikolaistr. 12. (Close to Cinemaxx Nikolaistr.) Happy hour 4:30-8PM (Cocktails €3,95). Tuesday is Ladies Night (i.e. Prosecco for €1-1,50).
  • Oscar's, 54 Georgstrasse, Tel: +49 511 235 2434. Award wining cocktails. The bar has won a host of awards from publications ranging from Playboy to Barführer, Germany's authoritative guide to the best bars in the country. The monthly whisky tasting session attracts connoisseurs from all over Germany. Prices are appropriately steep, but the atmosphere is not at all stuffy or pompous. It actually has a relaxed and communal feel to it.
  • Tchibo is the best place for a quick sip of coffee. Can be found everywhere. There is usually no chance of getting a seat, but there are tables where you can at least rest your drink. Some shops also offer cakes.
  • Balzac Coffee has a great variety of coffee, including cold ones resembling Starbucks' Frappucino. There are several in Hannover, including in front of central station (next to Saturn electronic shop), Steintor, and in old townhall (Altes Rathaus).
  • World Coffee, inside Central Station. Also has a good coffee variety, but can be quite smoky as there is no area designated for non-smokers.
  • Holländische Kakao-Stube Ständehausstr. 2, +49-511-304100. Best place in town for hot chocolate (with and without liquor). They also offer the famous Sacher Chocolate Cake imported from Hotel Sacher in Vienna.
  • Teestübchen Am Ballhof 10, Old City area (Altstadt). +49-511-3631682. Offers good variety of tea. A nice place to visit in the afternoon after shopping in the city.
  • Eve Klub, Reuterstr. 3-4. emial: info@eveklub.de. Was voted one of the Best 50 Clubs in Germany by the magazine Maxim in 2004. Partygoers come her eto enjoy high end DJ's or the live performances that happen twice a month.
  • Heartbreak Hotel, Reuterstr 5. One of the newer and fresher nightclubs on the scene. Stays open until daybreak if you have the stamina.
  • Sansibar, Scholvinstr. 7. Music spans 3 decades beginning with 60's soul and traveling through the 70's and 80's.
  • Osho Discothek, Raschplatz 7L. One of the oldest clubs in Hannover but has been revamped on several occasions to keep with the times. Most notable feature is the huge 90 meter square dance floor calling people to boogie the night away.
  • Brauhaus Ernst-August, Schmiedestr. 13. A nightclub which also serves food! Also has freshly brewed beer. Don't be shocked if you see guest dancing on the tables, it is apparently a common sight.


As Hanover frequently hosts big exhibitions, booking your room well in advance is highly recommended as hotels can easily get full and/or raise their rates during these times.

  • Youth Hostel Hanover, Ferdinand-Wilhelm-Fricke-Weg 1, tel: +49 (511) 131 76 74, email=jh-hannover@djh-hannover.de Prices from €24.10, half board from €28.70, full board from €80 (incl. bed linen)" [37] Membership of the German or a national Youth Hostel Association is a prerequisite.
  • Krügers Guesthouse, Bantorfer Brink 61 30890 Barsinghausen. Set in the surroundings of the hiking paradise in the Deister Natural Park. This guest house makes a good base for those coming to view the Hannover exhibition center. They have single, double and triple rooms as well as suits. Rooms are en-suite and breakfast is included.
  • Hostel Hannover, Lenaustr.12, 30169 Hannover. A hostel in a quieter spot of Hannover but close enough to enjoy the cities attractions. Just three tram stops away from the central station. Rooms from €19. A choice of dorms, twin and mixes or female triple room.
  • Haus Sparkuhl Hotel Garni Hischestraße 4. All rooms are equipped with shower/lavatory, hairdryer, telephone, modem connection, radio and cable television. Close to the center of Hannover and good transport links to the airport, the main train station and the exhibition center. Beds from €24.
  • Hotel Flora Hannover Heinrichstr.36, 30175. This hostel is found close to the forest in Hanover and would suit those looking for a quieter place to stay. A 10 minute walk will bring you to a train station where you could easily hop on a train to the center of Hannover if you so wish. Beds from €25 with breakfast thrown in.
  • Bed & Breakfast Hannover, Gaußstrasse 23, +49-511-1695550, fax: +49-511-1695551, [38]. Single rooms €27-46.50, Double €53.50-100, Apartments €35-108.
  • Etap Hotel Hannover City, Runde Strasse 7, +49-511-2355570. In a handy location for the train station. Single €39-44 (+€8 for 2nd/3rd person).
  • Hotel Marjani, Charlottenstraße 53, +49-511-2152121, fax +49-511-2152122, [39] This hotel is located between Hannover and Springe, 15 km distance from Hannover Central Train Station. Families are welcome and children under the age of 12 stay for free. Breakfast is included in the price. Single €30-55, Double €44-85. Breakfast €7/person.
  • Hotel Reverey Garni, Aegidiendamm 8, +49-511-883711, fax +49-511-3537909, [40]. Quite location but with easy access to the center of Hanover. Clean and comfortable rooms and breakfast is included. Prices from: €32+.
  • Suite Hotel, Rundestr. 9. +49-511-374500, fax +49-511-37450333, [41].This hotel offers private suits which have a small kitchenette built in as well as, as standard, free WiFi and TV and video. Try to make sure your stay includes a Thursday as guests receive a free massage on Thursdays! Stays lasting over 4 days will be given free rein over a smart car as well. Facilities also include a fitness center. Centrally located behind the central station. Prices from a not too extravagant €75.
  • Crowne Plaza Hotel Hannover-Schweizerhof, Hinueberstr. 6, [42]. Tel:+49-511-34950, fax: +49-511-3495123. Big chain like hotel in the center of Hannover. Good location and includes all expected amenities of a big hotel but nothing speacial. Rooms are quite spacious however and suites are avaliable. Standard room from €80.
  • Vahrenwalder Hotel, Vahrenwalder St. 181, (Tram 1/2/8, stop: Buttnerstr.) +49-511-3881990, fax +49-511-388199400, [43]. Good and clean, standard breakfast. May be loud due to busy street. Economy single room from €102.
  • Mercure Hotel Hannover Medical Park Feodor-Lynen-Strasse 1 (Tram 4, direction Roderbruch, stop: Medizinische Hochschule), +49-511-95660, fax +49-511-9566333. A boutique hotel located close to Medical School Hannover, with good connection to buses and trams.
  • Ibis Hotel Hannover Medical Park, (within the same complex as Mercure above), +49-511-95670, fax +49-511-9567140. Big chain hotel found in almost all major cities. No thrills but will be comfortable and convenient. Rooms from €47-56, during a big event however they will increase to €159-179.
  • Radisson SAS Hotel, EXPO-Plaza 5, +49-511-383830. Modern design and close-ish to the city center (8km). Business style hotel that includes conference rooms, fitness center and a on site restaurant. Standard room from €97.
  • Queens Hotel Hannover, Tiergartenstraße 117, tel: +49-511-51030, fax: +49-511-5103510, [44]. €250-300.
  • The Kastens Hotel Luisenhof, Luisenstr. 1-3, tel: +49-511-30440, fax +49-511-3044807, [45]. 5* hotel, very close to the central station and the Galerie Luise. Available facilities include Sauna, Fitness Center, Massage, Cycling, Turkish/Steam Bath. Rates:€153-850.


WLAN connection

For those of you with portable computers, WLAN connection is available inside the Central Station. There are also several cafes providing WLAN connection free of charge:

  • Art Oase, Egerstorffstr. 12
  • Depot Cafe & Bar, Kramerstr. 10
  • Viva Gastronomie, Vahrenwalderstr. 92
  • Cafe Extrablatt, Friesenstr. 14

When you supply a german mobile number, each McDonald's restaurant in Hannover provides one hour of free Wifi. The phone number is not used for advertising.

Internet access

Café Mezzo provides a public computer with internet access. Internet cafés are easy to find in Steintor area, especially along the Goethe Strasse, Lange Laube and Am Marstall. The price varies, but normally is from €1 to €2 per hour.

Mobile phone

It is possible to buy prepaid SIM cards from several operators. However, it is compulsory to register your identity, so make sure to bring your passport with you. And since it is registered, take necessary care of the SIM card when you stop using it.

Stay safe

Hannover is normally very safe. Before and after a soccer match there might be quite a few drunken people around, especially in the central station, but there always are police patrolling.

In Kröpcke you may get asked for money by the homeless. Pickpockets may act in crowded area such as inside the trams during a big exhibition.

  • Police: 110
  • Emergency (fire, acute illness): 112
  • Pharmacy for emergency: 01189
  • Hannover Medical School (Medizinische Hochschule Hannover), Carl-Neuberg Str. 1 (Tram 4, direction Roderbruch, stop: Medizinische Hochschule), +49-511-5320. Most likely place to find medical doctors who are willing to speak English.
  • Kinderkrankenhaus auf der Bult (Children's Hospital auf der Bult), Janusz-Korczak-Allee 12, +49-511-8115-0. Specialized in children's disease, but also has an emergency ward.
  • Ärztehaus Hannover Schiffgraben 22-28, 30175 Hannover, Tel.: 0511 / 3 80 380. 24/7 emergency doctor's services near the Central Station.
  • Free Reiki Treatment [46] refreshs your energy after exhaustive Site-Seeing.
  • One laundromat can be found in Oesterleystr. on Sudstadt.
  • There is an unattended laundromat on Engelbosteler Damm, near the "Kopernikusstrasse" tram stop. One machine is about € 3,50 including detergent. Open till 11PM.
  • Another laundromat is at Deisterstrasse (best walk from the "Schwarzer Baer" tram stop). Same proprietor as the place on Engelbosteler Damm, so same prices&conditions.
  • For a laundromat with a twist, try Waschweiber Salon & Bar, Limmerstr.1, +49-511-1237696. Mon-Fri: WASCHsalon 11AM-9PM, Bar 11AM-1AM, Sat: WASCHsalon 9AM-9PM, Bar 11AM-1AM. Last time to start the machines is 9PM.
  • Steinhuder Meer
A lakeside nature park located outside Hannover city, but still within "Hannover Region". Take a regional train (RE) or S1 (direction Minden(Westf)) to Wunstorf and continue with bus. For more information contact: Naturpark Steinhuder Meer Info Center, Höltystr. 17, +49-511-61622211, fax +49-511-6161123128.

There is a special ticket called the "Niedersachsen Ticket" [47] which offers unlimited travel by regional trains inside Lower Saxony area, up to Bremen and Hamburg within one day. This ticket is not valid in fast trains (D, EC, IC, ICE) so make sure you board the right trains (RE, RB, S-Bahn, Metronom) when using this ticket. There are two types of tickets: the group ticket (up to 5 people, €24) and the single ticket (€17). This ticket is also valid on the public transport network in some of the cities (Hannover, Hamburg, Bremen, Brunswick).

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Proper noun


  1. Hanover, a former province of Prussia, now part of Lower Saxony, Germany.
  2. Hanover, capital of Lower Saxony, Germany.


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