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Hannover 96
Full name Hannoverscher Sportverein von 1896
Nickname(s) Die Roten (The Reds)
Founded 12 April 1896
Ground AWD-Arena
(Capacity: 49,000)
President Martin Kind
Manager Andreas Bergmann
League Bundesliga
2008–09 Bundesliga, 11th
Home colours
Away colours

Hannover 96 is a German football club in Hanover, Lower Saxony.




Foundation to WWII

Logo of foundation club Hannoverscher FC 1896

Hannover 96 was founded on 12 April 1896 as Hannoverscher Fußball-Club 1896, upon the suggestion of Ferdinand-Wilhelm Fricke, founder of the Deutscher FV 1878 Hannover.[1] Their initial enthusiasm was for athletics and rugby; football did not become their primary interest until 1899. Most of the membership of Germania 1902 Hannover became part of 96 in 1902, while others of the club formed Hannoverscher Ballspielverein. In 1913, they merged with Ballverein 1898 Hannovera (formed in the 1905 merger of Fußballverein Hannovera 1898 Hannorver and Hannoverscher BV) to become Hannoverscher Sportverein 1896.

Hannoverscher FC's colours were black-white-green, but they played in blue, while BV played in red. The newly united team kept black-white-green as the club colours, but they chose to take to the field in red, giving the team the nickname Die Roten (en: The Reds). The team's third jersey is in the club's official colours.

The club made regular appearances in the national playoffs through the early 1900s, but were unable to progress past Eintracht Braunschweig, planting the seeds of a rivalry that has survived to this day. HSV continued to field strong sides and make national level appearances on into the 1920s.

Under the Third Reich German football was re-organized into sixteen top-flight leagues in 1933 and Hannover became part of the Gauliga Niedersachsen. They appeared in the country's final rounds in 1935 and sent representatives to the national side the next year. They won their first national championship in 1938 in what was one of the biggest upsets in German football history when they beat FC Schalke 04, the most dominant side in the country in the era. The two sides played to a 3:3 draw before Hannover prevailed 4:3 in a tension filled re-match. In 1942, the team moved to the newly formed Gauliga Braunschweig-Südhannover.

Post-War era

Like most other German organizations, the club was dissolved after World War II by occupying Allied authorities. A combined local side was assembled in August, 1945 and the next month a mixed group of players from Hannover 96 and Arminia Hannover played their first post-war match against a British military team. HSV was later formally re-established as Hannoverscher SV on 11 November 1945 before re-adopting its traditional name on 27 April 1946.

The club resumed league play in 1947 in the first division Oberliga Nord and was relegated, but quickly returned to the top-flight in 1949. Hannover 96's next appearance in a national final would not come until 1954 when they soundly defeated 1. FC Kaiserslautern 5:1. The beaten side included five of the same players who would go on later that year to win Germany's first World Cup in a surprise victory known as the Miracle of Bern.

In 1963, the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, began play with sixteen of the nation's top teams. Hannover played in the Regionalliga Nord (II) that season, but earned promotion to the senior circuit in the following year. The club's advance to the Bundesliga in 1964 was well received as they set a league attendance record in their first year, averaging 46,000 spectators a game.

96 played at the upper level for a decade, until finally relegated to the 2nd Bundesliga Nord for the 1974-75 season. They bounced right back, but were again sent down, this time to spend seventeen of the next twenty years in the second tier.

Reunification to present

The club suffered from money problems in the late 70s and again in the early 90s. Then, in 1992, Hannover put together an impressive run that would lead them to the capture of their first DFB-Pokal and help to set their finances right. That run included victories over Bundesliga sides Borussia Dortmund, VfL Bochum, Karlsruher SC, Werder Bremen, and Borussia Mönchengladbach, as they became the first lower division side to win the competition. Hero for the cupwinners was goalkeeper Jörg Sievers who made two saves when the semi-final match went to penalties and then scored the winner in his own turn at the spot. In the cup final, he again made two saves when that match was also decided on penalties.

The team's low point came with demotion to Regionalliga Nord (III) for two years in 1996–98: the fact that the fall from the second league came during their anniversary year unfortunately made them a laughing stock among fans of rival teams for years to come. Hannover made a fresh start with a new team of hungry youngsters, many of whom went on to play for the national team (Gerald Asamoah, Sebastian Kehl, Fabian Ernst) or impress in the Bundesliga. 96 returned to tier II play in 1998, and to the Bundesliga in 2002 on the strength of a record setting 75 point season.

Since their promotion the club have consolidated in the top flight, achieving a string of mid-table finishes under the command of several managers. Current coach Dieter Hecking was brought in just weeks into the 2006–07 season after a disastrous start under Peter Neururer, in which the club lost the first 3 matches by a combined 11 goals. Season 2007–08 showed some early promise with impressive pre-season wins over Rangers and Real Madrid. However, they earned mixed results in their opening six Bundesliga matches. The team then put together a three match winning run, capped by a 2–0 win at champions VfB Stuttgart, to surge into the top six. Following the winter break Hannover slipped after putting forth some disappointing performances which they turned around to be defeated only 2 times in their last 11 matches of the season. This secured a points record of 49 for Die Roten in the Bundesliga thus ending them in 8th place.

The 2008–09 season started undesirably for 96 with losses. However it looked to have been rectified with a 5–1 thrashing of Borussia Mönchengladbach, a shock 1–0 win over Bayern Munich at home, which hadn't occurred for 20 years, and a thrilling 3–0 victory over Hamburg SV. Hannover settled in the lower mid table until the winter break. The second half of the season consisted of inconsistent results, relying almost entirely on home form to keep Hannover in the top league. 96 finally achieved an away win with a few games remaining which boosted them away from trouble and stabilized them which led to an 11th place finish. The season was one of inconsistent form and long injuries to key players.

The 2009–10 season was launched with new optimism with a new kit being released which included traditional away and alternative kits. Hannover also signed a new technical director in Jörg Schmadtke which brought a new perspective to the club. The new signings were Karim Haggui and Constant Djakpa from Bayer Leverkusen, Valdet Rama from FC Ingolstadt plus Sofien Chahed and Manuel Schmiedebach from the youth team. The season started undesirably with a late 1–0 loss to Hertha BSC and a disappointing home draw to Mainz 05, after which coach Dieter Hecking resigned voluntarily. He was succeeded by former assistant Andreas Bergmann. As the season continues, once again Hannover have had many key players injured including the majority of attacking players and key defenders, as well as the shocking and tragic death of German international goalkeeper Robert Enke.

Recent seasons

Year Division Position
1999-2000 2. Bundesliga (II) 10th
2000-01 2. Bundesliga 9th
2001-02 2. Bundesliga 1st (promoted)
2002-03 Bundesliga (I) 11th
2003-04 Bundesliga 14th
2004-05 Bundesliga 10th
2005-06 Bundesliga 12th
2006-07 Bundesliga 11th
2007-08 Bundesliga 8th
2008-09 Bundesliga 11th


German Cup play has long been dominated by first division teams: Hannover's 1992 German Cup win made them the only non-Bundesliga side to take that prize since the formation of the professional league in 1963.

  • Südkreisliga champions: 1921
  • Gauliga Niedersachsen champions: 1935, 1938
  • Gauliga Niedersachsen-Süd champions: 1940, 1941
  • Oberliga Nord champions: 1954
  • 2.Bundesliga-Nord champions: 1975
  • 2.Bundesliga champions: 1987, 2002
  • Regionalliga Nord champions: 1997, 1998
  • German champions: 1938, 1954
  • German Cup winners: 1992

Reserve team



Hannover 96 plays in the AWD-Arena, built in 1954 as the "Niedersachsenstadion", which now has a capacity of 49,000 spectators. During the 2006 World Cup the stadium was the site of four first round matches and one Round of 16 match. The stadium had also served as a site for matches of the 1974 World Cup and the 1988 European Championships.

Club culture

Hannover's main rival is Eintracht Braunschweig while other less ancient rivalries include those with Werder Bremen and VfL Wolfsburg. Hannover fans have developed some recent ill feeling towards FC Energie Cottbus based on an incident in the 1997 Regionalliga (III) promotion round for the 2. Bundesliga. The floodlights at the Cottbus ground broke down during the game and many Hannover fans believed this was done deliberately and the effort to fix the lighting was half-hearted. Cottbus later won the rescheduled match 3:1 to advance.

Hamburger SV is seen as a friendly club whose supporters share the rivalry with Werder Bremen. Both clubs are often referred to as HSV. Hannover's supporters also have a good relationship with the fans from Odense Boldklub. Both clubs's fans have traveled to each others games to support one another. There is also a friendship to Arminia Bielefeld a German club plays in the second German league (2. Bundesliga).


For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2009 and List of German football transfers winter 2009–10.

Current squad

No. Position Player
2 Brazil DF Vinícius
3 Denmark MF Leon Andreasen
4 Slovakia DF Ján Ďurica (on loan from Lokomotiv Moscow)
5 Switzerland DF Mario Eggimann
6 United States DF Steven Cherundolo (1st vice-captain)
7 Germany MF Sergio Pinto
8 Albania MF Altin Lala (2nd vice-captain)
9 Germany FW Mike Hanke
10 Netherlands MF Arnold Bruggink (Captain)
11 Côte d'Ivoire FW Didier Konan Ya
13 Germany FW Jan Schlaudraff
14 Germany MF Hanno Balitsch
15 Côte d'Ivoire DF Constant Djakpa (on loan from Bayer Leverkusen)
16 Germany GK Uwe Gospodarek
19 Germany DF Christian Schulz
20 Poland MF Jacek Krzynówek
21 Tunisia DF Karim Haggui
No. Position Player
22 Albania MF Valdet Rama
23 Tunisia DF Sofian Chahed
24 Czech Republic FW Jiří Štajner
26 Germany MF Jan Rosenthal
27 Germany GK Florian Fromlowitz
28 Germany DF Leon Balogun
30 Germany GK Morten Jensen
31 Germany DF Tim Hofmann
32 Finland FW Mikael Forssell
33 Germany MF Manuel Schmiedebach
34 Germany DF Konstantin Rausch
35 Germany MF Sofien Chahed
36 Germany MF Hendrik Hahne
37 United States MF Sal Zizzo
38 Poland FW Jarosław Lindner
42 Germany FW Florian Büchler

Retired numbers

Manager History

  • Robert Fuchs (1932-1946)
  • Fritz Pölsterl (1946-1947)
  • Otto Höxtermann (1947-1948)
  • Robert Fuchs (1948-1950)
  • Paul Slopianka-Hoppe (1950-1951)
  • Emil Izsó (1951-1952)
  • Helmut Kronsbein (1952-1957)
  • Kuno Klötzer (1957-1958)
  • Fritz Silken (1958-1959)
  • Günter Grothkopp (1959-1962)
  • Heinz Lucas (1962-1963)
  • Helmut Kronsbein (Jul 1963-Apr 1966)
  • Hannes Kirk (Apr-Jun 1966)
  • Horst Buhtz (Jul 1966-Feb 1968)
  • Karl-Hein Mühlhausen (Feb-Jun 1968; caretaker)
  • Zlatko Čajkovski (Jul 1968-Dec 1969)
  • Hans Pilz (Jan-Jun 1970)
  • Helmuth Johannsen (Jul 1970-Nov 1971)
  • Hans Hipp (Nov 1971-Feb 1973)
  • Hannes Baldauf (Mar 1973-Mar 1974)
  • Helmut Kronsbein (Mar 1974-Jan 1976)
  • Hannes Baldauf (Jan-Dec 1976)
  • Helmut Kronsbein (Dec 1976-Jun 1978)
  • Toni Burghardt (Jul 1978-Jun 1979)
  • Diethelm Ferner (Jul 1979-Nov 1982)
  • Gerd Bohnsack (Nov 1982-Oct 1983)
  • Werner Biskup (Oct 1983-Nov 1985)
  • Jürgen Rynio (Nov 1985-Jan 1986)
  • Jörg Berger (Jan-Mar 1986)
  • Helmut Kalthoff (Mar-May 1986)
  • Jürgen Wähling (Jun 1986-Sep 1988)
  • Hans Siemensmeyer (Sep 1988-Mar 1989)
  • Reinhard Saftig (Mar 1989-Jun 1989)
  • Slobodan Cendic (Jul 1989-Aug 1989)

Hannover 96 Amateure (II)

Hannover fields a successful amateur side that has three German amateur championships to its credit (1960, 1964, 1965) as well as losing appearances in the 1966 and 1967 finals. The second team has also taken part in the German Cup tournament and currently plays in the Oberliga Nord (IV).


  • Amateurliga Niedersachsen-West champions: 1960
  • Amateurliga Niedersachsen-Ost champions: 1964
  • Amateurliga Niedersachsen champions: 1965, 1966, 1967
  • German Amateur champions: 1960, 1964, 1965

Hannover 96 II squad

As of August 1, 2009

Manager: Germany Thomas Flath

No. Position Player
1 Germany GK Marcel Maluck
3 Germany DF Johannes Ibelherr
4 Germany DF Lasse Neubert
5 Germany DF Tim Hofmann
7 Germany FW Ali Moslehe
9 Germany FW Nick Proschwitz
10 Germany MF Stephan Boachie
11 Germany MF Henrik Ernst
12 Tunisia MF Sofien Chahed
13 Poland FW Jarosław Lindner
14 Germany MF Pascal Biank
15 Germany MF Dave Otto
No. Position Player
16 Germany FW Max Wegner
17 Turkey MF Ferhat Bıkmaz
18 Germany MF Michael Braczkowski
19 Germany DF Patrick Herrmann
20 Germany FW Florian Büchler
21 Germany MF Jannick Hilker
22 Germany FW Rubic Ghasemi-Nobakht
23 Germany MF Manuel Schmiedebach
25 Montenegro GK Obrad Sošić
28 Germany DF Hendrik Hahne
30 Germany GK Morten Jensen
41 Germany MF Hendrik Ernst
Germany DF Leon Balogun

External links


  1. ^ Die Roten - Die Geschichte von Hannover 96 (German) Hardy Grüne website - Text samples on his book on the history of Hannover 96, accessed: 25 January 2009


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