Hanover, New Hampshire: Wikis

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Hanover, New Hampshire
—  Town  —
Baker Memorial Library, Dartmouth College
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°42′08″N 72°17′22″W / 43.70222°N 72.28944°W / 43.70222; -72.28944Coordinates: 43°42′08″N 72°17′22″W / 43.70222°N 72.28944°W / 43.70222; -72.28944
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Grafton
Incorporated 1761
Government
 - Board of Selectmen Brian F. Walsh, Chairman
Peter L. Christie
Katherine S. Connolly
Judith A. Doherty
Athos J. Rassias
Area
 - Total 50.2 sq mi (130.0 km2)
 - Land 49.1 sq mi (127.1 km2)
 - Water 1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)  2.23%
Elevation 528 ft (161 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 10,850
 Density 221.0/sq mi (85.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03755
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-33860
GNIS feature ID 0873619
Website www.hanovernh.org

Hanover is a town along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 10,850 at the 2000 census. In 2007, CNN and Money magazine rated Hanover the second best place to live in America.[1]

Dartmouth College and the US Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) are located in town. Hanover is one of only a handful of communities where the Appalachian Trail passes through the town center.

Contents

History

Hanover was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth on July 4, 1761, and in 1765-1766 its first inhabitants arrived, the majority from Connecticut. Although the surface is uneven, the town developed into an agricultural community. Dartmouth College was established in 1769 beside the Common at a village called the Plain -- an extensive and level tract of land a mile (1.61 kilometers) from the Connecticut River, and about 150 feet (45.72 meters) above it. [2]

At one point in its history, the southwest corner of Hanover was known as Dresden, which in the 1780s joined other disgruntled New Hampshire towns along the Connecticut River that briefly defected to what was then the independent Republic of Vermont. For a time, Dresden was capital of the republic. [3] After various political posturings, however, the towns returned to New Hampshire at the heated insistence of George Washington. [4] One remnant of this era is that the name Dresden is still used in the Dresden School District, an interstate school district serving both Hanover and Norwich, Vermont -- the first and one of the few inter-state school districts in the nation.

Etymology

"Hannover" (as it was spelled in the charter) was named either after a local parish in Sprague, Connecticut, or after the House of Hannover in honor of the reigning British king, George III. [5]

While it is possible that the name "Dresden" derived from Dresden in Germany, it is more likely derived directly from the old Sorbian word drezg ("forest") or Drezd'ane, for an inhabitant of a forest. [6] [7]

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.2 square miles (130 km2), of which 49.1 sq mi (127 km2) is land and 1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2) is water, comprising 2.23% of the town. The primary settlement in Hanover, where over 75% of the town's population resides, is defined as the Hanover census-designated place (CDP) and contains the areas around Dartmouth College and the intersections of New Hampshire Routes 10, 10A, and 120. The CDP has a total area of 5.0 sq mi (13 km2), of which 4.6 sq mi (12 km2) is land and 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2) is water.

Hanover borders the towns of Lyme, Canaan, and Enfield, New Hampshire; Norwich, Vermont; and the city of Lebanon, New Hampshire. Inside the limits of Hanover are the small rural villages of Etna and Hanover center.

The highest point in Hanover is the north peak of Moose Mountain, at 2,305 feet (703 m) above sea level. Hanover lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[8]

There are a great many trails and nature preserves in Hanover, and the majority of these trails are suitable for snowshoes and cross-country skis.

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Climate

Hanover experiences a warm summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).


Climate data for Hanover, New Hampshire
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 30
(-1.1)
32
(0)
41
(5)
53
(11.7)
68
(20)
75
(23.9)
80
(26.7)
77
(25)
69
(20.6)
57
(13.9)
42
(5.6)
32
(0)
53
(11.7)
Average low °F (°C) 8
(-13.3)
10
(-12.2)
21
(-6.1)
32
(0)
41
(5)
51
(10.6)
55
(12.8)
53
(11.7)
46
(7.8)
35
(1.7)
28
(-2.2)
15
(-9.4)
32
(0)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.6
(66)
2.3
(58.4)
2.6
(66)
2.7
(68.6)
3.2
(81.3)
3.3
(83.8)
3.6
(91.4)
3.5
(88.9)
3.2
(81.3)
3.1
(78.7)
3.0
(76.2)
2.7
(68.6)
35.8
(909.3)
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 10,850 people, 2,832 households, and 1,761 families residing in the town. The population density was 85.3 people per km2 (221.0/sq mi). There were 2,989 housing units at an average density of 23.5/km2 (60.9/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 87.98% White, 1.74% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.76% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. 2.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,832 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 37.6% from 18 to 24, 16.6% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $72,470, and the median income for a family was $99,158. Males had a median income of $63,409 versus $35,771 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,393. About 0.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Town center

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 8,162 people, 1,829 households, and 967 families residing in the town's central settlement, or census-designated place (CDP). The population density was 1,792.2 people per square mile (692.6/km2). There were 1,891 housing units at an average density of 415.2/sq mi (160.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.27% White, 2.25% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 8.18% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.17% of the population.

There were 1,829 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 11.1% under the age of 18, 49.0% from 18 to 24, 14.5% from 25 to 44, 12.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,143, and the median income for a family was $90,548. Males had a median income of $56,667 versus $35,682 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $26,426. About 1.0% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

There are 3 public schools, 1 private school, 1 college, and 2 libraries in Hanover, including:

Infrastructure

Water

The Hanover Water Company supplies water for downtown Hanover from several local reservoirs. The company is owned by Dartmouth College (52.8%) and the Town of Hanover (47.2%), with management by the Town of Hanover under a contract. In 2000, all full-time company employees became town employees. In recent years, the town has spent over $20 million to upgrade main water lines, and will undergo another $6 million project to build a new water treatment plant. Outside the downtown area, residents rely on private wells that are not maintained by the town.

Other utilities

Fairpoint furnishes telephone communication. The municipality provides sewage treatment.

Notable inhabitants

Students playing cricket at Dartmouth College in 1793

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/moneymag/0707/gallery.BPTL_top_100.moneymag/2.html retrieved on July 17, 2007
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 516-519. http://books.google.com/books?id=OcoMAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA9&ots=cUndZkVSIF&dq=coolidge%20mansfield%20history%20description%20new%20england%201859&pg=PA516#v=onepage&q=&f=false. 
  3. ^ Dartmouth
  4. ^ The Western Rebellion
  5. ^ [1] retrieved October 25, 2008
  6. ^ The settlers in the riverside forest, an appellation fully compatible with that of the early inhabitants of the Hanover Plain.
  7. ^ Dick Hoefnagel and Virginia L. Close. "Dresden: What Is in the Name". http://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/Library_Bulletin/Nov1997/HoefnagelClose.html. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 
  8. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. http://nh.water.usgs.gov/Publications/nh.intro.html. 
  9. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Frances C. Richmond Middle School
  11. ^ Bernice A. Ray Elementary School

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HANOVER, a township of Grafton county, New Hampshire, U.S.A., on the Connecticut river, 75 m. by rail N.W. of Concord. Pop. (1890) 1817; (1900) 1884. No railway enters this township; the Ledyard Free Bridge (the first free bridge across the Connecticut) connects it with Norwich,Vt., which is served by the Boston & Maine railway. Ranges of rugged hills, broken by deep narrow gorges and by the wider valley of Mink Brook, rise near the river and culminate in the E. section in Moose Mountain, 2326 ft. above the sea. Near the foot of Moose Mountain is the birthplace of Laura D. Bridgman. Agriculture, dairying and lumbering are the chief pursuits of the inhabitants. The village of Hanover, the principal settlement of the township, occupies Hanover Plain in the S.W. corner, and is the seat of Dartmouth College, which has a strikingly beautiful campus, and among its buildings several excellent examples of the colonial style, notably Dartmouth Hall. The Mary Hitchcock memorial hospital, a cottage hospital of 36 beds, was erected in 1890-1893 by Hiram Hitchcock in memory of his wife. The charter of the township was granted by Gov. Benning Wentworth on the 4th of July 1761, and the first settlement was made in May 1765. The records of the town meetings and selectmen, 1761-1818, have been published by E. P. Storrs (Hanover, 1905).

See Frederick Chase, A History of Dartmouth College and the Town of Hanover (Cambridge, 1891).


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