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Hans-Adam II
Prince of Liechtenstein
Reign 13 November 1989 – present
(&0000000000000020.00000020 years, &0000000000000065.00000065 days)
Predecessor Francis Joseph II
Heir apparent Hereditary Prince Alois
Regent Hereditary Prince Alois (2004-)
Consort Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau
Issue
Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
Prince Maximilian
Prince Constantin
Princess Tatjana
House House of Liechtenstein
Father Francis Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Mother Countess Georgina von Wilczek
Born 14 February 1945 (1945-02-14) (age 64)
Zürich, Switzerland

Hans-Adam II (Johannes (Hans) Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marko d'Aviano Pius von und zu Liechtenstein; born 14 February 1945, Zurich), is the reigning Prince of Liechtenstein. He is the son of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1906-1989) and his wife Countess Georgina von Wilczek (1921-1989). He also bears the titles Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg. He descends directly in male line of only three of the previous fourteen Princes of Liechtenstein, and of another (and again from two of the above mentioned three) in female line.

Contents

Powers

The Prince of Liechtenstein has sweepingly broad powers; a referendum to adopt Hans-Adam's revision of the constitution to expand his powers passed in 2003.[1] The changes also included a republican option, whereby the Prince was henceforth formally barred from vetoing any bill to establish a republic. In addition, the right to secede for the parishes which make up the Principality was recognized. Prince Hans-Adam had threatened that he and his family would move to Austria if the referendum had failed. Despite opposition from Mario Frick, a former Prime Minister, the Prince's referendum motion was carried by the electorate. Actually, the personal influence of the Ruling Prince is increased by the republican option within the constitution, because, in this strongly pro-monarchy principality, he may more easily use the implied threat to resign as a means to pressure elected representatives and the electorate into accepting measures which he favours.

On 15 August 2004 Prince Hans-Adam II formally turned the power of making day-to-day governmental decisions over to his son Prince Alois, as a way of beginning a transition to a new generation. Formally, Hans-Adam remains Head of State.[2]

Personal wealth

Prince Hans-Adam owns LGT banking group and has a personal fortune of £2 billion,[3] making him one of the world's richest heads of state.[4] He owns an extensive art collection, which is displayed for the public at the Liechtenstein Museum in Vienna.

Personal life

Hans-Adam's mother tongue is German but he is also fluent in English, French and Italian.

On 30 July 1967, at Vaduz, Liechtenstein, he married his cousin Marie Aglaë, Countess Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau (born 1940) who, upon marriage, became Her Serene Highness The Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein .

Their children are:

  • Hereditary Prince Alois (b. Zürich, 11 June 1968) He married Duchess Sophie in Bavaria on 3 July 1993, 4 children:
    • HSH Prince Joseph Wenzel Maximilian Maria of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (born 24 May 1995 in London)
    • HSH Princess Marie-Caroline Elisabeth Immaculata of Liechtenstein, Countess of Rietberg (born 17 October 1996 in Grabs, Canton of St. Gallen)
    • HSH Prince Georg Antonius Constantin Maria of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (born 20 April 1999 in Grabs, Canton of St. Gallen)
    • HSH Prince Nikolaus Sebastian Alexander Maria of Liechtenstein, Count of Rietberg (born 6 December 2000, in Grabs, Canton of St. Gallen)
  • Prince Maximilian Nikolaus Maria (b. St Gallen, 16 May 1969) He married Angela Gisela Brown civilly in Vaduz on 21 January 2000 and religiously in New York City, New York, in the Church of St. Vincent Ferrer (New York), on 29 January 2000, 1 children:
    • Prince Alfons Constantin Maria (b. London, 18 May 2001)
  • Prince Constantin Ferdinand Maria (b. St Gallen, 15 March 1972), married civilly in Vaduz on 14 May 1999 and religiously in (Cicov), Slovakia, on 18 July 1999 Maria Gräfin Kálnoky von Köröspatak (b. Graz, 16 July 1975):[5], 3 children:
    • Prince Moritz Emanuel Maria (b. New York City, New York, 27 May 2003)
    • Princess Georgina Maximiliana Tatiana Maria (b. Vienna, 23 July 2005)
    • Prince Benedikt Ferdinand Hubertus Maria (b. Vienna, 18 May 2008)
  • Princess Tatjana Nora Maria (b. St Gallen, 10 April 1973), married in Vaduz on 5 June 1999 Matthias Claus-Just Carl Philipp von Lattorff (b. Graz, 25 March 1968), 6 children:
    • Lukas Marie von Lattorff (b. Wiesbaden, 13 May 2000)
    • Elisabeth Maria Angela Tatjana von Lattorff (b. Grabs, 25 January 2002)
    • Marie Teresa von Lattorff (b. Grabs, 18 January 2004)
    • Camilla Maria Katharina von Lattorf (b. Monza, 4 November 2005)
    • Anna Pia Theresia Maria von Lattorf (b. Goldgeben, 3 August 2007)
    • Sophie Katharina Maria von Lattorf (b. Goldgeben, 30 October 2009)

In 1969, Hans-Adam graduated from the University of St. Gallen with a degree in Business and Economic Studies.

The Prince is an honorary member of K.D.St.V. Nordgau Prag Stuttgart, a Catholic students' fraternity that is a member of the Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen. Prince Hans Adam II chairs the Advisory Council of the Liechtenstein Institute on Self-determination at Princeton University, LISD. In his childhood he joined the Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Liechtensteins in Vaduz.[6] He is also a former member of the Vienese Scout Group "Wien 16-Schotten".[7] He is a member of the World Scout Foundation[8].

Today he and his wife are patrons of Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Liechtensteins.

He is the 1,305th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria.

In his youth he was a Boy Scout.

Titles

According to their House Laws[9], the Reigning Prince shall bear the title:

Reigning Prince of Liechtenstein, Duke of Troppau and Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg, Sovereign of the House of Liechtenstein

Ancestry

See also

Princely Family of Liechtenstein
Coat of arms of Liechtenstein.png

HSH The Prince
HSH The Princess

External links

Monarchical styles of
Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein coa.png
Reference style His Serene Highness
Spoken style Your Serene Highness
Alternative style Sire

References

  1. ^ Liechtenstein prince wins powers BBC News Online, 16 March 2003. Retrieved 29 December 2006.
  2. ^ Country profile: Liechtenstein - Leaders BBC News, 6 December 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2006.
  3. ^ Fleck, Fiona (2003-03-17), Voters give billionaire prince new powers, The Daily Telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/liechtenstein/1424873/Voters-give-billionaire-prince-new-powers.html, retrieved 2009-10-23  
  4. ^ Liechtenstein redraws Europe map BBC News Online, 28 December 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2006.
  5. ^ http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/kalnoky.html Countly House of Kálnoky
  6. ^ Fürst Hans-Adam II.Retrieved 29 January 2008.
  7. ^ Brósch-Fohraheim, Eugen (October 2008). "Schwedischer König als Pfadfinder in Wien-Zusammenkunft der "Weltpfadfinderstiftung" in Wien 2008" (in German). 29 live: 21.  
  8. ^ Seine Majestät Carl XVI Gustaf König von Schweden zu Gast in WienRetrieved 29 October 2008.
  9. ^ Liechtenstein House Laws
Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Born: 14 February 1945 Living
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Franz Josef II
Prince of Liechtenstein
1989 – present
Incumbent
Heir:
Alois
Family information
Prince Aloys
House of Liechtenstein
Prince Franz Josef II Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Elisabeth Amalie of Austria
Duke Ferdinand of Wilczek Georgina von Wilczek
Norbertine Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau







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