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Hans Luther

In office
January 15, 1925 – May 12, 1926
Preceded by Wilhelm Marx
Succeeded by Wilhelm Marx

Born 10 March 1879(1879-03-10)
Died 11 May 1962 (aged 83)
Political party None
Profession lawyer

Hans Luther (10 March 1879 – 11 May 1962) was a German politician and Chancellor of Germany.



Born in Berlin, Luther started in politics in 1907 by becoming the town councillor in Magdeburg. He continued on becoming secretary of the German Städtetag in 1913 and then mayor of Essen in 1918. In December 1922, Chancellor Wilhelm Cuno appointed Luther minister of Food and Agriculture.

He kept his position in 1924 when Wilhelm Marx became Chancellor. In 1925, he was appointed Chancellor of Germany, but Marx resumed office the following year. Luther also briefly acted as head of state following the death of Friedrich Ebert.[citation needed]

In 1930, Hans Luther was made president of Reichsbank. Soon after he was made German ambassador to the United States, a position he held from 1933 to 1937, after which he retired.

In 1933 Luther, lectured at the Columbia University campus. Luther's speech stressed Hitler's "peaceful intentions" toward his European neighbors. Nicholas Murray Butler, Columbia's president, rejected student appeals to cancel the invitation, calling the request "illiberal" and citing the need for academic freedom.[1]

After the Second World War, Luther came out of retirement to become an advisor for the new government.

He died in Düsseldorf.

Hans Luther's First Cabinet, January - December 1925


  • October 26, 1925 - Schiele, Schlieben, and Neuhaus resign from the Cabinet. They are replaced on an acting basis by Gessler (who remains also Defense Minister) at Interior, Luther (who remains also Chancellor) at Finance, and Krohne (who remains also Transport Minister) at Economics.
  • November 21, 1925 - Frenken resigns as Justice Minister and is replaced on a temporary basis by Chancellor Luther

Luther's Second Cabinet (January - May 1926)

Further reading

  • C. Edmund Clingan. The Lives of Hans Luther, 1879-1962: German Chancellor, Reichsbank President, and Hitler's Ambassador (Lexington Books; 2010) 166 pages


Preceded by
Wilhelm Marx
Chancellor of Germany
Succeeded by
Wilhelm Marx


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