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Haplogroup L4
Time of origin
Place of origin East Africa
Ancestor L3'4
Descendants L4a, L4b
Defining mutations 16362[1]

In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup L4 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

It is a small African haplogroup.[2]

Contents

Origin

Distribution

L4 is important in East Africa and Horn of Africa. The highest frequencies are in Tanzania among the Hadza at 60-83% and Sandawe at 48%.[3]

Subclades

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Tree

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup L4 subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation[1] and subsequent published research.

  • L3'4
    • L4
      • L4a or L7
        • L4a1
        • L4a1a
        • L4a2
      • L4b
        • L4b1
        • L4b2 or L4g (formerly L3g)
          • L4b2a
            • L4b2a1
            • L4b2a2
              • L4b2a2a
              • L4b2a2b
                • L4b2a2b1
          • L4b2b

References

Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

  Mitochondrial Eve (L)    
L0 L1 L2 L3   L4 L5 L6
  M N  
CZ D E G Q   A S   R   I W X Y
C Z B F R0   pre-JT P  U
HV JT K
H V J T Former Clusters IWX

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

In human genetics, Haplogroup L4 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. It is a small African haplogroup[1].

References

  1. ^ Haplogroups L4.

See also

External links

Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

  most recent common mt-ancestor    
L0   L1  
L2 L3   L4 L5 L6 L7
  M N  
CZ D E G Q   A I O   R   S W X Y
C Z B F pre-HV   pre-JT P  UK
HV JT U K
H V J T
This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Haplogroup L4 (mtDNA). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "Haplogroup L4 (mtDNA)" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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