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For the capital of Zimbabwe, see Harare
the Harari Region
ሐረሪ
Et harrar.png
Flag of the Harari Region
Ethiopia-Harari.png
Map of Ethiopia highlighting the Harari Region in red
Capital Harar
Area 374 km²
Population 196.000 (2005)
Population density 524 inhabits km²
ISO 3166-2 ET-HA

Harari (Amharic:ሐረሪ) or officially, Harari People's National Regional State (Amharic:የሐረሪ ሕዝብ ክልል) is one of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia, covering the homeland of the Harari people. Formerly named Region 13, its capital is Harar.

Contents

Demographics

Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), Harari has a total population of 183,344, of whom 92,258 were men and 91,086 women; 99,321 or 54.17% of the population are urban inhabitants. With an estimated area of 311.25 square kilometers, this region has an estimated density of 589.05 people per square kilometer. For the entire region 46,169 households were counted, which results in an average for the Region of 3.9 persons to a household, with urban households having on average 3.4 and rural households 4.6 people. Ethnic groups in the region include the Oromo (56.41%), Amhara (22.77%), Harari (8.65%), Gurage (4.34%), and Argobba (1.26%). The religious composition of the population of the region indicated that 69% were Muslim, 27.1% were Orthodox Christian, 3.4% Protestant, 0.3% Catholic, and 0.2% followers of other religions.[1]

In the previous census, conducted in 1994, the Region's population was reported to be 131,139 and a male to female ratio of about 1:1. At the time of the census, 76,378 lived in urban areas, while 54,761 lived in rural ones; it is the only region where the majority of its population lives in urban area. Ethnic groups in the region recorded in the earlier census include the Oromo (52.3%), Amhara (32.6%), Harari (7.1%), and Gurage (3.2%). The Harari language is the official language of the Region.

The religious composition of the population of the region indicated that 60.3% were Muslim, 38.2% were Orthodox Christian, 0.9% Protestant, 0.5% Catholic, and 0.1% followers of other religions.[2]

According to the CSA, as of 2004, 73.28% of the total population had access to safe drinking water, of whom 39.83% were rural inhabitants and 95.28% were urban.[3] Values for other reported common indicators of the standard of living for the Afar Region as of 2005 include the following: 5.7% of the inhabitants fall into the lowest wealth quintile; adult literacy for men is 78.4% and for women 54.9%; and the Regional infant mortality rate is 66 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, which is less than the nationwide average of 77; at least half of these deaths occurred in the infants’ first month of life.[4]

Economy

The CSA of Ethiopia estimated in 2005 that farmers in Harari had a total 31,730 head of cattle (representing less than 0.1% of Ethiopia's total cattle), 3,440 sheep (less than 0.1%), 26,910 goats (0.21%), 6,320 asses (0.25%), 31,430 poultry of all species (0.1%), and 670 beehives (less than 0.1%).[5]

Presidents of the Executive Committee

  • Haji Gotu 1990s
  • Abdulahi Idris Ibrahim 199x - September 1999
  • Ghazali Mohammed September 1999 - September 2000
  • Nuria Abdulahi (female president) September - October 2000
  • Fuad Ibrahim (HNL) October 2000 - 3 October 2005
  • Murad Abdulhadi (HNL) 3 October 2005 - Present

(This list is based on information from Worldstatesmen.org.)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Census 2007", first draft, Tables 1, 4, 5, 6.
  2. ^ "FDRE States: Basic Information, Harrari" (HTML). The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20070811044655/http://www.ethiopar.net/English/basinfo/infohrrr.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-29.  
  3. ^ "Households by sources of drinking water, safe water sources" CSA Selected Basic Welfare Indicators (accessed 21 January 2009)
  4. ^ Macro International Inc. "2008. Ethiopia Atlas of Key Demographic and Health Indicators, 2005." (Calverton: Macro International, 2008), pp. 2, 3, 10 (accessed 28 January 2009)
  5. ^ "CSA 2005 National Statistics", Tables D.4 - D.7.

External links

Coordinates: 9°18′40″N 42°07′26″E / 9.3109946°N 42.1238136°E / 9.3109946; 42.1238136

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