Harbin Institute of Technology: Wikis

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Harbin Institute of Technology
哈尔滨工业大学
Motto 规格严格,功夫到家
Established 1920
Type Public
President Wang Shuguo (王树国)
Undergraduates 25,002
Postgraduates 12,710
Location Harbin, Heilongjiang,  People's Republic of China
Campus Urban, 4.293 km²
Website www.hit.edu.cn
The name of HIT.jpg
The main building of Harbin Institute of Technology. It is said to resemble that of Moscow University.

The Harbin Institute of Technology (simplified Chinese: 哈尔滨工业大学traditional Chinese: 哈爾濱工業大學pinyin: Hāerbīn Gōngyè Dàxué), or HIT, is colloquially known as Hagongda (哈工大, Hāgōngdà). It is a technical university in the city of Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China. Harbin Institute of Technology is widely recognized as one of the top universities in China. It is ranked 9th nationally in China in 2008 according to Netbig. [1]

Contents

History

Harbin Institute of Technology was established in 1920, as Harbin Sino-Russian School for Industry to educate, after the Russian education style, engineers for the railway. The students were educated in the two majors at the time: Railway Construction and Electric Mechanic Engineering. On April 2, 1922, the School was renamed Sino-Russian Industrial University. The original two majors became two departments: the Railway Construction Department and the Electric Engineering Department. From 1925-28 the University's Rector was Leonid Aleksandrovich Ustrugov, Russian Deputy Minister of Railways under Nicholas II before the Russian Revolution and involved in the development of the East Chinese Railway.

On February 4, 1928 , the institution came under the leadership of the Northeastern Provincial Special Administrative Region of the Republic of China, and was renamed the Industrial University of the Northeastern Provincial Special Administrative Region. On October 20, 1928, the Law College and College of Commerce were incorporated, and the institution was officially named HIT, co-managed by China and the USSR , with General Zhang Xueliang as the President of the School Board. Postgraduate students were recruited from the spring of 1931.

With the invasion by the Japanese, by 1935, the institution had been completely taken over by the Japanese. The classes were taught in Japanese, and only Chinese and Japanese students could be enrolled. On January 1, 1936, the name of the institution was changed into National Harbin Polytechnic. After January 1937, the educational system was entirely transited to that of the Japanese. On January 1, 1938, the name Harbin Institute of Technology was reinstated, from which time on it has been kept until now.

After the Allies victory over Japan in World War II, Japan departed China on September 3, 1945, and HIT came under the joint management of the Chinese and Soviet Governments through the China Changchun Railway Administration.

In June 1950, HIT was taken over by the New China and started a period of full-scale reform and growth. In 1951, HIT was approved by the Central Government to become one of the two institutions of higher learning to learn advanced experiences from the USSR . Then the important base for learning from the USSR and training talents for universities throughout the country, HIT enjoyed the fame of the 'Cradle for Engineers'.

In 1958, HIT made significant rearrangement in its majors, creating a batch of advanced disciplines. By 1962, HIT had basically accomplished the change from civic purposes to that of military, becoming an all-embracing, multidisciplinary university, whose disciplines complementing one another, serving the construction of national economy and national defense science and technology.

During this era, the enrollment increased incessantly, the largest being more than 8000. The number of teachers also increased rapidly. By 1957, teachers numbered more than 800, averaged 27.5 years of age, charged with all the teaching and research tasks, and being reputed the '800 warriors' of HIT. Research witnessed great development and improvement. All the disciplines established ties of scientific cooperation with factories and research institutes, laying solid foundation for the integration of teaching, research, and production and for scientific research to serve the national economy.

The Cultural Revolution, which started in 1966, severely affected the normal teaching and research activities of HIT.

In Spring 1970, according to the order of the authorities, a small number of HIT personnel and most equipment moved south to Chongqing , and, together with Department 2 of the PLA Military Engineering Institute , formed Chongqing Institute of Technology. The rest of HIT, combined with Heilongjiang Institute of Technology and Harbin Institute of Electrotechnics, became the new HIT. In August 1973, the State Council and the Military Commission of the CPC Central Committee decided that Chongqing Institute of Technology should again move back north to Harbin.

In 1977, the undergraduate programs reopened, 1978 the graduate programs, and in 1982 doctoral programs were for the first time offered. In 1984, HIT again found its way into the list of 15 universities to be favorably built. In the same year, HIT became one of the first 22 universities to establish a graduate school. In 1992, HIT High- and New- Tech Park was founded. In 1996, HIT was in the first batch of universities to enter the list of Project 211. In November 1999, HIT was appointed by the Central Government one of the 9 best universities to be preferentially built according to the standards of internationally renowned universities.

In 1985 HIT opened a new campus in Weihai, Shandong Province. In 2000 Harbin University of Architecture was merged into HIT.

Present

Harbin Institute of Technology is composed of 20 full-time schools, 73 bachelor's degree programs, 143 master degree programs, 81 doctorate degree programs. It has 40 national key disciplines granted by the Ministry of Education P.R.C. At present, it has 10 national key laboratories and 30 provincial ministerial-level key laboratories. Currently, Harbin Institute of Technology enrolls over 39,000, including full-time students and students in continuing education and online education. Additionally, there are nearly 760 overseas students.

Harbin Institute of Technology has a high-level research faculty of over 2,900 full-time teachers and researchers, including 1,950 professors and associate professors, 22 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, nearly 640 doctoral supervisors. It has 12 principal scientists of Project 973 and 13 “Young Experts with Prominent Contributions to the Country.”

Research

With a strong emphasis in scientific research. HIT has been bold and innovative in its scientific research and has consistently undertaken large-scale and highly sophisticated national projects. Because of this, the funding for research increases yearly. In 2009, research funding from the government, industry, and business sectors reached 1.6 billion yuan (US $233million ),ranked No.2 in China.

HIT is known to have close links to the People's Liberation Army and the space program of China is usually regarded as the main university in China for space and defence-related research. HIT made great contribution to the Chinese Shenzhou spacecraft project.

As reported, most of the key technology of National internet information security management system and Internet censorship in the People's Republic of China were developed by the Harbin Institute of Technology.

Academics

Campus

The main campus of HIT locates on No.92 of West Dazhi Street in Harbin, capital and the largest city of Heilongjiang Province. As an urban campus, the main campus is considered crowed and sometimes noisy by the students. However, the other campuses are more quiet and comfortable.

The institute's main building, or Zhu-Lou in Chinese, is a smaller version of the main building of the Moscow State University, and the majority of the buildings were built during the time of Sino-Soviet friendship from 1949 to 1959 when the Soviets were very active in helping to develop Northeast China.

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The Campuses of the Original Harbin University of Architecture

The School of Architecture locates on No.92 of West Dazhi Street, not far from the Main Building. It originally belonged to HIT, however, when HIT was divided into 3 institutes in 1959, it was used by the Harbin Institute of Architectural Engineering. After the integration of Harbin University of Architecture (formerly Harbin Institute of Architectural Engineering)into HIT, the building is called "Civil Building", though it is the building of the architecture school.

The No.2 campus in Harbin is originally a campus of the Harbin University of Architecture. All the undergraduate students will spend their first year in that campus since 2003. The school buses between the No.2 campus and main campus are free of charge.

Satellite Campus

HIT has a satellite campus in Weihai, Shandong Province. It has a graduate school in Shenzhen ,Guangdong Province besides the graduate school in Harbin.

People

  • Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) [1]

Liu Yongtan, Wang Guangyuan, Xie Lili, Huang Wenhu, Li Guibai, Liang Weiyan, Fu Hengzhi, Wang Zhongqi, Zhang Jie, Shen Shizhao, Chen Qingquan, Lei Tingquan, Cai Hegao, Du Shanyi, Zhang Naitong, Wang Zicai, Qin Yukun, Ou Jinping, Zhao Liancheng, Chen Yushu, Fang Binxing

  • Members of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) [2]

Liu Yongtan, Ma Zuguang

  • Alumni
    • Scholar
    • * Vice Dean of Chinese Academy of Science (CAS), Li Jinghai
    • * Member of Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) and Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE),Liu Yongtan
    • * Sun Yu XXX, Premier of Republic of China (aka Taiwan).
    • Enterpreneurs
      • CEO of Neptunus Group [3], 10th of Top Forbes China Rish List 2001, Zhang Simin
      • CEOs of Broad Air Conditioning Group [4], 10th of Top Forbes China Rish List 2001 , Zhang Jian, Zhang Yue
      • CEO of Changning Group, Shi Shanli
      • CEO of Geely Group, Li Shufu
    • Politicians
      • 10th President of Executive Yuan, Sun Yunxuan
      • Ex-Vice Chairman of North Korea, Li Jong Ok[5]
      • Ex-County Chief of Kaolan in China, Jiao Yulu
      • Member of the Standing Committee of Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Li Changchun
      • Member of Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Wang Zhaoguo
      • Member of Military Commission of the CPC Central Committee, Li Jinai

Events

  • In recent years, the research staffs and student made great contribution to the success of Shenzhou series Spacecraft
  • April 2004, the 'Experiment Satellite No.1' was launched successfully, which is the first applicable small satellite led by a Chinese college.
  • In 1999, one of the nine universities in China to be developed as a world-class university.
  • In 1996, one of the first universities in Project 211
  • In 1954, one of the top six universities in China.

See also: List of universities in Mainland China

References

  1. ^ http://www.netbig.com

External links

Coordinates: 45°44′49″N 126°37′50″E / 45.746998°N 126.630692°E / 45.746998; 126.630692


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