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Hardanger
—  District  —
Lofthus.
Country Norway
County Hordaland
Region Vestlandet
Adm. Center Odda
Area
 - Total 6,266 km2 (2,419.3 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - Total 22,810
 - Density 3.6/km2 (9.4/sq mi)
Hardanger is coloured green
From Hardanger, a painting by Hans Gude, 1847

Hardanger is a traditional district in the western part of Norway, dominated by the Hardangerfjord. It consists of the municipalities of Odda, Ullensvang, Eidfjord, Ulvik, Granvin, Kvam and Jondal, and is located inside the fylke of Hordaland.

In the early Viking Age, before Harald Fairhair, Hardanger was a petty kingdom with its capital at Kinsarvik.

Contents

Agriculture

The region is one of Norway's most important sources of fruit and constitutes approximately 40% of the national fruit production, including apple, plum, pear, wild cherry and redcurrant.[1] Apples have been cultivated in Hardanger since the 14th century, the agricultural experience brought by English monks who first arrived at Lyse Abbey in 1146.[2] The climate, soil and seasonal conditions of the region are believed to be particularly beneficial to the growth of apples. In 2005, juice produced from Hardanger apples became Norway's third product to be granted protection of origin name, with applications pending for other regional produce.[3]

In 2006, an Ulvik farmer and producer of sparkling cider, Nils Lekve of Hardanger Saft og Siderfabrikk, successfully navigated the narrow and complex directives of Norwegian alcohol laws, and completed a distribution agreement with monopoly alcoholic beverage outlet Vinmonopolet, making Hardanger Sider Sprudlande available for national sale by July 2006.[4][5] Lekve's efforts earned him a top 3 finalist nomination for the Bygdeutviklingsprisen, (English: Local community development award) awarded by Innovasjon Norge.[6]

Gastronomy

Krotekaker is a type of lefse unique to the region.

Crafts

Hardanger Embroidery is a type of whitework that takes its name from that region. It is made with geometric designs of kloster (blocks), "ships", diamonds, and other embroidery techniques. It is worked on Hardanger or linen fabric which has a "count" of 22 to 29 threads per inch. Traditionally it is worked on white fabric with white cotton thread but in recent years other colors and threads are popular. Norwegian bunads (native costumes) from that region often feature this embroidery on the bottom of the white apron.

The name

The last element is anger fjord (the name originally belonged to the fjord, now called Hardangerfjord). The first element could be hard 'hard' (referring to wind and weather), or it could be the same as in the name of the county it lies in > Hordaland.

References

  1. ^ Opplysningskontoret for Frukt og Grønt. frukt.no. "Hardangerfrukt vil ha beskyttelse" (in Norwegian). http://www.ofg.no/Article.aspx?artid=9027&mnu1id=3002&mnu2id=3123&mnu3id=.  
  2. ^ Opplysningskontoret for Frukt og Grønt. frukt.no. "Epler i Hardanger" (in Norwegian). http://www.frukt.no/Epler_Article.aspx?artid=14454.  
  3. ^ Matmerk (December 16, 2005). "Eplejuice frå hardanger får lovbeskyttelse" (in Norwegian). http://kslmatmerk.no/nyhet/eplejuicefraahardangerfaarlovbeskyttelse.  
  4. ^ Hofseth, Arne, Bergens Tidende (May 29, 2006). "Sprudlande Hardanger i stettglas" (in Norwegian). http://www.bt.no/lokalt/hordaland/article271897.ece.  
  5. ^ hardangerfjord.com. "Saft og cider" (in Norwegian). http://www.hardangerfjord.com/Default.aspx?tabid=880&subtabid=975.  
  6. ^ Bergens Tidende (November 6, 2007). "Ulvik-sider til finalen" (in Norwegian). http://bergenspuls.no/lokalt/bergen/tettpa/article436134.ece.  

Coordinates: 60°20′N 6°30′E / 60.333°N 6.5°E / 60.333; 6.5


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Hardanger is in Norway.

Panorama of the mountains along the Ulvikfjord, a side arm of the Hardangerfjord in Western Norway.
Panorama of the mountains along the Ulvikfjord, a side arm of the Hardangerfjord in Western Norway.

Regions

Hardanger consists of the following municipalities: Jondal, Kvam, Granvin, Ulvik, Eidfjord, Ullensvang and Odda

  • Odda - The only real city in the region. Industrial city settled in the far end of Sørfjorden.
  • Norheimsund - Commercial center of the region. Entrance point when arriving from Bergen.
  • Øystese - Commercial center. Almost merged with Norheimsund.
  • Rosendal - Small village that is a popular stop among tourists. Famous for Norways only barony, dated back to 1665.
  • Ulvik - Small village in the deep end of the Hardangerfjord.
  • Granvin - Small village. Entrance point when arriving from Voss.
  • Eidfjord - Small village. Entrance point when arriving from Oslo.
  • Lofthus - Small village. Home to the anual cherry-festival

Other destinations

Hardangervidda - Largest mountain platou in Europe and the largest national park in Norway. Folgefonna - Glacier located on the east side of the Hardangerfjord Kvamskogen - Mountain area. Home to several skiing resorts.

Understand

When thinking of Norway, most people think of fjords and mountains, and to that degree, Hardanger is one the most stereotypical Norwegian areas in Norway. The region covers the area from Kvam in the west, up north along the Hardangerfjord to Granvin and Ulvik in the north, Eidfjord in the east, and down along the Sørfjord to Odda in the south. Roads cling to the mountainsides along the fjord, and there are three ferries crossing the fjords. Apart from the grand nature, the region is most famous for it's huge fruit production. Farms growing apples, pears, cherries and plums cover almost all the fields along the fjords. This makes the region a spectacular travel location during the fruit blooming in May and early June. The region is also home of several notable artists, musicians and writers. The mountain-areas of the region are good locations for skiing and winter sports. The Folgefonna glacier also has a summer-ski center.

Get in

By car

From Bergen

  • Follow E39 to Arna where you enter E16, which will take you all the way to Norheimsund. 74km.

From Voss

  • Follow RV13 south to Granvin. 26km.

From Oslo

  • Follow E18 to Drammen, from there take E134 to Kongsberg. Follow RV40 for about 150km where you enter RV7. Follow this road to Eidfjord. 328km

By bus

From Bergen

  • Skyss operates the Hardangerline from Bergen to Norheimsund, Øystese and Odda.

From Voss

  • Skyss operates lines to Odda, Granvin, Odda, Øystese and Norheimsund

From Oslo

By train

By boat

  • There are no boat lines serving Hardanger, however you can easily sail here in your own boat. Follow the Hardangerfjord to Norheimsund where you will find a well equiped guest-harbor.

Get around

The easiest way of getting around once you reach Hardanger, is by using a car. However Skyss] operates several local bus-lines which covers the entire region. If you bring a bicycle, the area is well suited for biking trips. Hiking in Hardanger is also recommended.

Eat

Hardanger is famous for it's fruit. Small fruit stalls can be found along all major roads from late summer 'till mid-fall. Most of these stalls are not manned, but rely on the honesty of the customer. Most often there is a small jar where you leave the money for the purchased products. Stealing from these jars would be considered extremely rude.

Drink

The Hardanger apple-cider is world famous, and should be tried if you find yourself in the region. The cider comes in both alcholic and non-alcoholic variants. However, due to national law, the variant containing alcohol can no longer be sold outside the state owned liquor store, where it is only rarely available, The non-alcholic variant is sold from the fruit stall along all major roads from August 'till early October. The price ranges from 50NOK to 80NOK per litre.

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