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Hari Shankar Tiwari is an Indian criminal-politician from Gorakhpur in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Before joining politics with the Indian National Congress he was a notorious mafia don; as the leader of a criminal gang, he had 37 cases against him of murder . he has resemblance of character played by bacchan in movie sarkar or sarkar raj. he is considered as godfather for poor people alone[1]. However, it appears that the case files regarding these charges keep getting "lost" by the prosecution[2], and he is yet to be indited in any case.

Contents

Founder of Criminal-Politician culture

In the 1982 U.P. State Elections, he was one of the first Indian politicians (along with Ravindra Shahi) to win an election while in prison[3]. It is this creative act that exposed the weakness of the Indian legal system - one is held not guilty until one is convicted, and one may fight elections even from behind bars, so long as there is no major conviction (at least two years imprisonment sentence).

In this sense, most criminal-politicians in India today may owe their ancestry to Hari Shankar Tiwari. However, he has also directly mentored a number of other notable criminal-politicians, including Amarmani Tripathi, erstwhile minister under Mulayam Singh Yadav, who is currently on jail for the murder of poetess Madhumita Shukla. Before he entered politics, Tripathi was listed in police records as a "Category A history-sheeter" with 33 criminal cases pending against him, including five relating to murder[4]. He was described as a "member of Hari Shankar Tiwari's gang".

Others noted criminals associated Tiwari with include the gangster Sriprakash Shukla, gunned down by the police in 1998.

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Hung parliament politics

Tiwari is also a shrewd manipulator, and in situations where no party has absolute majority in the legislature, his lack of ideological baggage results in his wielding enormous power. Despite his criminal background, he has been a cabinet minister at the State Assembly in several governments, including the Kalyan Singh (Bharatiya Janata Party) government (1997–1999), when he was charged with forcibly acquiring the property of a widow in Gorakhpur and a retired army officer in Lucknow, though later in both cases he was cleared of the charges[4]. He was also a minister in the Mulayam Singh Yadav (Samajwadi Party) government (2003–2007).

buissness

Two companies promoted by him - Gangotri Associates, headed by his son, and Ganesh Shankar Pandey & Co., headed by his nephew (also a member of the state legislature) is one of topmost construction company of north India

1982-2006

he won consecutively for 6 times from chillupaar legislative assembly

2007

A truck hits his convoy in which people got hurt including ramesh tiwari(hari shankar tiwari's loyal), vishwanath n others

he lost election for the first time to rajesh tripathi of b.s.p

his son lost(vinay shankar tiwari) election to ex-prime minister's son neeraj shekar

2008

his elder son bhisma shankar tiwari won by election from sant kabir nagar seat and went to parliament

2009

bhisma shankar tiwari again won election in general election from sant kabir nagar

2010

his nephew(ganesh pandey) become the speaker of legislative council

Family

Hari Shankar Tiwari has mentored several relatives into senior positions in the Bahujan Samaj Party. His son Bhism Shankar Tewari alias Kushal Tewari, referred in the media as "Mayavati's muscleman"[5], is currently Member of Parliament[6], having won from Sant Kabir Nagar seat west of Gorakhpur, by a margin of 30,000 votes (3.6%)[7].

Another son Vinay Shankar Tewari stood from Gorakhpur but lost to Yogi Adityanath. He had also lost a runoff election from Ballia in 2007 by 130,000 votes[8].

Nephew Ganesh Shankar Pande was a state legislator from Maharajganj, and was named as an witness in the Madhumita Shukla murder case[9]. In 2010 he won mlc election for consecutively for fourth time and now he is speaker of legislative council [10].

References

  1. ^ From Democracy to Kleptocracy. "Shankar Jha". Manushi. http://www.indiatogether.org/manushi/issue128/kleptocracy.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-12. Extracts from the Affidavit Submitted to the Venkatswamy Commission
  2. ^ Geeta Pandey (2007-05-07). "Politics and the barrel of the gun". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/south_asia/6606591.stm. Retrieved 2007-05-12. 
  3. ^ Sunita Aron, Mirzapur, (2007-04-30). "Robin Hoods the people’s choice". Hindustan Times. http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/StoryPage.aspx?id=25314a05-17fe-4ab7-a4c8-c7ec5e6075ec&&Headline=Robin+Hoods+the+people%e2%80%99s+choice. Retrieved 2007-05-12. 
  4. ^ a b Purnima S. Tripathi (October 11–24, 2003). "L'affaire Amarmani". Frontline (magazine), Volume 20, Issue 21. http://www.hinduonnet.com/fline/fl2021/stories/20031024003203200.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-12. 
  5. ^ http://www.samaylive.com/news/musclemen-candidates-figure-in-mayas-team/614576.html
  6. ^ http://india.gov.in/govt/loksabhampbiodata.php?mpcode=4247
  7. ^ http://empoweringindia.com/new/preview.aspx?candid=169419&p=p&cid=62
  8. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/news/sp-wrests-ballia-seat-in-bypolls/256870/
  9. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/2003/dec/23madhu.htm
  10. ^ "3 from UP among top 10 criminal MPs in 15th Lok Sabha". Daily Excelsior. 2009-05-21. http://www.dailyexcelsior.com/web1/09may22/national.htm. 

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