The Full Wiki

Harlan County, Kentucky: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Harlan County, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Harlan County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Seat Harlan
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

468 sq mi (1,212 km²)
467 sq mi (1,210 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.17%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

33,202
71/sq mi (27/km²)
Founded 1819
Named for Silas Harlan (1753–1782), soldier in the Battle of Blue Licks.
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Harlan County Kentucky Courthouse.jpg
Harlan County courthouse in Harlan, Kentucky
Website www.harlancountychamber.com

Harlan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It was formed in 1819. As of 2000, the population was 33,200. Its county seat is Harlan. The state's highest peak, Black Mountain (4,145 feet (1,263 m)) is in Harlan County.

With regard to the sale of alcohol, it is classified as a moist county—a county in which alcohol sales are prohibited (a dry county), but containing a "wet" city, in this case Cumberland, where package alcohol sales are allowed.[1]

Contents

History

Harlan County was formed in 1819 from a part of Knox County. It is named after Silas Harlan.

Silas Harlan, a pioneer, was born on March 17, 1753 in Berkeley County, West Virginia, the son of George and Ann (Hurst) Harlan. Journeying to Kentucky with James Harrod in 1774, Harlan served as scout, hunter, and held the rank of Major in the Continental Army. Harlan assisted Harrod's party in Harrodsburg to deliver gunpowder to settlers in Kentucky, and to assist them against the British in the Revolutionary War.

Harlan built a log stockade with the help of his uncle Jacob and his brother James near Danville known as "Harlan's Station." He served under George Rogers Clark in the Illinois campaign of 1778-79 against the British. He also commanded a company in John Bowman's raid on Old Chillicothe in 1779, and assisted Clark in establishing Fort Jefferson at the mouth of the Ohio River in 1780.

Silas Harlan died leading the advance party at the Battle of Blue Licks on August 19, 1782. At the time of his death, Harlan was engaged to Sarah Caldwell, who later married his brother James and was the grandmother of U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan. [2][3]

Harlan County Courthouse

The county has been the site of great labor unrest beginning in the early 20th century, primarily surrounding the coal mining industry. Labor unrest in the form of riots and murders in the 1930s led to the county being referred to as "Bloody Harlan County" for several years. The county was the subject of the film Harlan County, USA, which documented strikes and organizing during a second major period of labor unrest in the 1970s.

The county is the site of a criminal case in which a man, Condy Dabney, was convicted in 1924 of murdering a person who was later found alive.[4]

Harlan County was the home to many displaced persons of mixed Native American heritage Ridgetop Shawnee during Harlan's early years. These groups, sometimes known as Melungeons, have had their claims challenged by groups like the Ridgetop Shawnee, who have been documenting the racial heritage of Harlan's early settlers through 19th century photographs, DNA analysis and other forms of documentation.

Harlan County is mentioned in the Aaron Watson song, "Kentucky Coal Miner's Prayer".

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 468 square miles (1,212 km2), of which 467 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) is water.

Advertisements

Geographic features

The headwaters of the Cumberland River are located in Harlan County: Poor Fork (extending from the city of Harlan east past the city of Cumberland and into Letcher County), Clover Fork extending East from above Evarts, and Martins Fork (extending through the city of Harlan west). The confluence is located in Baxter.

Black Mountain, located east of Lynch is Kentucky's highest point, with an elevation of 4,145 feet (1,263 m) above sea level.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1820 1,961
1830 2,929 49.4%
1840 3,015 2.9%
1850 4,268 41.6%
1860 5,494 28.7%
1870 4,415 −19.6%
1880 5,278 19.5%
1890 6,197 17.4%
1900 9,838 58.8%
1910 10,566 7.4%
1920 31,546 198.6%
1930 64,557 104.6%
1940 75,275 16.6%
1950 71,751 −4.7%
1960 51,107 −28.8%
1970 37,370 −26.9%
1980 41,889 12.1%
1990 36,574 −12.7%
2000 33,202 −9.2%
Est. 2008 30,783 −7.3%
http://ukcc.uky.edu/~census/21095.txt
Graph of Harlan County population by census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 33,202 people, 13,291 households, and 9,449 families residing in the county. The population density was 71 per square mile (27 /km2). There were 15,017 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.56% White, 2.62% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 13,291 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 13.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.

The age distribution was 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,665, and the median income for a family was $23,536. Males had a median income of $29,148 versus $19,288 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,585. About 29.10% of families and 32.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.10% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over. During Harlan County's early history a large number of Native Americans of mixed heritage, or commonly called Melungeons, settled the area. Groups like the Ridgetop Shawnee are organizing the descendants of those early Native American settlers.

Cities

Unincorporated communities

  • Ages-Brookside
  • Baxter
  • Bledsoe
  • Cawood
  • Coldiron
  • Cranks
  • Dayhoit
  • Elcomb
  • Fresh Meadows
  • Grays Knob
  • Gulston
  • Highsplint
  • Holmes Mill
  • Kenvir
  • Pathfork
  • Putney
  • Pine Mountain
  • Rosspoint
  • South Wallins
  • Smith
  • Teetersville
  • Totz
  • Verda

Education

Higher education

The county's only higher education institution is Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College (formerly known as Southeast Community College), a part of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System, which has its main campus in Cumberland.

K-12 public schools

The county has two K-12 public school districts.

Harlan County Public Schools

Harlan County Public Schools covers all of Harlan County, except for the city of Harlan and some small unincorporated communities adjacent to the city. The district operates one high school, Harlan County High School, which opened in August 2008. The school mascot is the Black Bears, reflecting the area's increasing black bear population. The new high school, located in the rural community of Rosspoint east of Harlan, replaced three other high schools:

  • Cumberland High School, Cumberland,[1] served students from the cities of Cumberland, Benham, Lynch, and near the Letcher County border.
  • Evarts High School, Evarts, [2] served a wide geographical area reaching from the Harlan City limits to the Virginia border.
  • James A. Cawood High School, Harlan, [3] served students in central Harlan County.

The district also operates the following K-8 schools:

  • Evarts Elementary
  • Black Mountain Elementary
  • Cawood Elementary
  • Green Hills Elementary
  • Cumberland Elementary
  • James A. Cawood Elementary
  • Wallins Elementary
  • Rosspoint Elementary

Harlan Independent Schools

Harlan Independent Schools is a separate district covering the city of Harlan and operating the following schools:

  • Harlan High School
Mascot: Green Dragons [4]
  • Harlan Middle School
  • Harlan Elementary School

K-12 private schools

There are two private schools in the county:

  • Harlan County Christian School (Putney) [5]
  • Victory Road Christian Academy (Cumberland) [6]

Notable residents

Area attractions

  • Black Mountain Recreation Park - This off-road park has been voted number one all-terrain vehicle (ATV) destination by ATV Pathfinder [10] for two years running. It consists of more than 7,000 acres (28 km2) set aside for quads and 4WD vehicle recreation. The park attracts several thousand visitors and is considered by many to be the best riding area in the eastern United States. Harlan county also holds the Guinness world record for the largest ATV parade.[6]
  • Kingdom Come State Park - Elevation: 2,700 feet (820 m). Size: 1,283 acres (5.19 km2) Location: On the outskirts of the city of Cumberland, and is connected to the Little Shepherd Trail. This state park was named after the popular Civil War novel, "The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come," by Kentucky author John Fox, Jr.. The park contains a picnic area, hiking trails, a fishing lake, a cave amphitheater, several lookouts and contains many natural rock formations, including Log Rock and Raven Rock. It is also the site of the annual Kentucky Black Bear Festival.
Martinsfork.jpg
  • Benham School House Inn
  • Kentucky Coal Mining Museum

Films

See also

Justified, a TV series set in Harlan County

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Wet & Dry Counties in Kentucky" (PDF). Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control. http://www.abc.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/88403470-8A7E-410C-9816-8B520F7649C8/0/WetDryList.pdf. Retrieved March 21 2007. 
  2. ^ Green III, James S (1964). Major Silas Harlan: His Life and Times. Baxter, Ky.. pp. 83. 
  3. ^ Harlan, Alpheus Hibben (1914). History and Genealogy of the Harlan Family. Baltimore. 
  4. ^ Borchard, Edwin M (1932). Convicting the Innocent; Sixty-Five Actual Errors of Criminal Justice. pp. 55. ISBN 1408679604. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Lee-Sherman, Deanna (2006-09-16), "County breaks ATV world record" ( – Scholar search), Harlan Daily Enterprise, http://www.harlandaily.com/articles/2006/09/17/news/local_news/news9568.txt 

External links

Coordinates: 36°52′N 83°13′W / 36.86°N 83.22°W / 36.86; -83.22


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Harlan County, Kentucky
Map
File:Map of Kentucky highlighting Harlan County.png
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the USA highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1819
Seat Harlan
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.17%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

33202
Time zone Eastern : UTC-5/-4
Website: www.harlancountychamber.com
Named for: Silas Harlan (1753–1782), soldier in the Battle of Blue Licks.

Harlan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It was formed in 1819. As of 2000, the population was 33,202. Its county seat is Harlan.6. The state's highest peak, Black Mountain (4145 ft/1263 m) is in Harlan County.

With regard to the sale of alcohol, it is classified as a moist county—a county in which alcohol sales are prohibited (a dry county), but containing a "wet" city, in this case Cumberland, where package alcohol sales are allowed.[1]

Contents

History

Harlan County was formed in 1819 from a part of Knox County. It is named after Silas Harlan.

Silas Harlan, a pioneer, was born on March 17, 1753 in Berkeley County, West Virginia, the son of George and Ann (Hurst) Harlan. Journeying to Kentucky with James Harrod in 1774, Harlan served as scout, hunter, and military leader of the rank of major. Harlan assisted Harrod's party in Harrodsburg to pick up gunpowder to be delivered to the Kentucky settlers to assist them against the British in the Revolutionary War.

Harlan built a log stockade with the help of his uncle Jacob and his brother James near Danville known as "Harlan's Station." Harlan served under George Rogers Clark in the Illinois campaign of 1778-79 against the British. He also commanded a company in John Bowman's raid on Old Chillicothe in 1779, and assisted Clark in establishing Fort Jefferson at the mouth of the Ohio River in 1780.

Silas Harlan died leading the advance party at the Battle of Blue Licks on August 19, 1782. At the time of his death Harlan was engaged to Sarah Caldwell, who later married his brother James and became the grandmother of U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan.

The county has been the site of great labor unrest beginning in the early 20th century, primarily surrounding the coal mining industry.

Harlan County, Kentucky was also the subject of the film Harlan County, which showed the strikes and labor movement which took place in the area.

The county is the site of a rare criminal case in which a man, Condy Dabney, was convicted in 1924 of murdering a person who was later found alive.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,212 km² (468 sq mi). 1,210 km² (467 sq mi) of it is land and 2 km² (1 sq mi) of it (0.17%) is water.

Geographic Features

The headwaters of the Cumberland River are located in Harlan County: Poor Fork (extending from the city of Harlan east past the city of Cumberland and into Letcher County), Clover Fork extending East from above Evarts, and Martins Fork (extending through the city of Harlan west). The confluence is located in Baxter.

Black Mountain, located east of Lynch is Kentucky's highest point, with an elevation of 4145 ft/1263 m above sea level.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Graph of Harlan County population by census

As of the census² of 2000, there were 33,202 people, 13,291 households, and 9,449 families residing in the county. The population density was 27/km² (71/sq mi). There were 15,017 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (32/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.56% White, 2.62% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,291 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 13.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.

The age distribution was 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,665, and the median income for a family was $23,536. Males had a median income of $29,148 versus $19,288 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,585. About 29.10% of families and 32.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.10% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Cranks

Bledsoe, KY

Education

Colleges

Public schools

The county has two public school districts.

Harlan County Public Schools

This district covers all of Harlan County, except for the city of Harlan and some small unincorporated communities adjacent to the city. Currently, the district operates three high schools:

Serves students from the cities of Cumberland, Benham, Lynch, and near the Letcher County border.
Mascot: Redskins
Serves a wide geographical area reaching from the Harlan City limits to the Virginia border.
Mascot: Wildcats
Serves about one half of students in central Harlan County.
Mascot: Trojans

In 2008, a new consolidated Harlan County High School (nickname: Black Bears) is scheduled to open, replacing all three of the above schools.

The district also operates the following K-8 schools:

  • Evarts Elementary
  • Black Mountain Elementary
  • Cawood Elementary
  • Green Hills Elementary
  • Cumberland Elementary
  • Hall Elementary
  • Wallins Elementary
  • Rosspoint Elementary

Harlan Independent Schools

A separate district covering the city of Harlan, it operates the following schools:

  • Harlan High School
Mascot: Dragons External Link
  • Harlan Middle School
  • Harlan Elementary School

The Harlan Independent district will not be participating in the Harlan County High consolidation.

Private schools

  • Harlan County Christian School (Putney) External Link
  • Victory Road Christian Academy (Cumberland)

Points & People of Interest

Notable Natives

Area Attractions

  • Kingdom Come State Park - Elevation: 2,700 feet (823 m). Size: 1,283 acres (519 ha) Location: On the outskirts of the city of Cumberland, and is connected to the Little Shepherd Trail

This state park was named after the popular Civil War novel, "The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come," by Kentucky author John Fox Jr., the park contains a picnic area, hiking trails, a fishing lake, a cave ampitheather, several lookouts and contains many natural rock formations, including Log Rock and Raven Rock. It is also the site of the annual Kentucky Black Bear Festival.

Films

Notes and references

  1. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.abc.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/88403470-8A7E-410C-9816-8B520F7649C8/0/WetDryList.pdf |title=Wet & Dry Counties in Kentucky |publisher=Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control |accessmonthday=March 21 |accessyear=2007 |format=PDF

External links

Coordinates: 36°52′N 83°13′W / 36.86, -83.22

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Harlan County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Harlan County, KentuckyRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Kentucky  +
Short name Harlan County  +

This article uses material from the "Harlan County, Kentucky" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message