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(Norman) Harold Lever, Baron Lever of Manchester, PC (15 January 1914 – 6 August 1995) was a barrister and Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom.

Born in Manchester, he was educated at Manchester Grammar School and Manchester University. He was called to the Bar of the Middle Temple in 1935. During World War II he served in the Royal Air Force.

Lever was elected Member of Parliament for Manchester Exchange at the 1945 general election, then Manchester, Cheetham from 1950-74. His brother, Leslie Lever, was elected MP for the neighbouring Manchester Ardwick seat. He promoted the Private Member's Bill that became the Defamation Act 1952.

He was Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, 1967; Financial Secretary to the Treasury, September 1967-69; Paymaster General, 1969-70, a Member of the Shadow Cabinet from 1970-74 and Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee, 1970-73. His seat changed again, becoming Manchester Central from 1974-79. On Labour's return to power after the February 1974 general election, he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1974-79.

Lever held a number of business appointments in the banking and journalism sectors. He was Governor of the London School of Economics from 1971, and of the English Speaking Union 1973-86. He was a Trustee of the Royal Opera House from 1974-82, and a Member of the Court of Manchester University from 1975-87. He was an Honorary Fellow, and Chairman of the Trustees of the Royal Academy from 1981-87. He held Honorary doctorates in Law, Science, Literature and Technology and was awarded the Grand Cross, Order of Merit, Germany, 1979.

He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1969 and created a life peer as Baron Lever of Manchester, of Cheetham in the City of Manchester in 1979. As a Peer and elder statesman he successfully arbitrated the 1980 Steel Strike, one of the UK's longest industrial disputes. In 1983 he served on the Franks Committee, a committee of inquiry by six privy councillors into the Falklands War. In 1984 he was Chairman of the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' commission into the Developing World Debt Crisis. The following year, 1985 he co-wrote "Debt and Danger" which advocated excusing the Developing World a debt burden which was crippling their fragile economies. His policy was adopted by the G7 in 2005.

References

  • The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.  
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950.  
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955.  

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Henry Hewlett
Member of Parliament for Manchester Exchange
19451950
Succeeded by
William Griffiths
New constituency Member of Parliament for Manchester Cheetham
1950Feb 1974
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Manchester Central
Feb 19741979
Succeeded by
Bob Litherland
Political offices
Preceded by
Niall MacDermot
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1967 – 1969
Succeeded by
Dick Taverne
Preceded by
John Davies
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1974 – 1979
Succeeded by
Norman St John-Stevas
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