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Hart Memorial Trophy
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Established 1924
Current holder(s) Alexander Ovechkin
Awarded to the Most Valuable Player in the National Hockey League

The Hart Memorial Trophy, originally known as the Hart Trophy, the "oldest and most prestigious individual award in hockey", is awarded annually to the "player adjudged most valuable to his team" in the National Hockey League.[1] The Hart Memorial Trophy has been awarded 84 times to 51 different players since its beginnings in 1924. Each year, members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association vote to determine the player who was the most valuable to his team during the regular season.

Contents

History

Elmer Lach with the original trophy in 1945.

The Hart Memorial Trophy is named in honour of Canadian Dr. David Hart. Dr. Hart, who donated the original trophy to the NHL, was the father of Cecil Hart, a former Coach and General Manager of the Montreal Canadiens hockey club. The Hart Trophy was first awarded at the conclusion of the 1923–24 NHL season. The winner of the first Hart Trophy was Frank Nighbor of the Ottawa Senators. The original "Hart Trophy" was retired in Hockey Hall of Fame in 1960, and the NHL began presenting a new trophy, which was dubbed the "Hart Memorial Trophy" in its place. With the exceptions of Tommy Anderson and Al Rollins, every eligible player who won the Hart Trophy has been inducted into the Hall of Fame.[2]

Wayne Gretzky won the award a record nine times during his career, eight consecutively. He has been named MVP more times than any other player in the history of the other three North American Major Professional Leagues (Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, and National Football League). Barry Bonds is second, having won the MVP award seven times in Major League Baseball. Gretzky and his Edmonton Oilers teammate Mark Messier are the only players to win the Hart Trophy with more than one team.[3] In 1990, Mark Messier took the Hart over Ray Bourque by a margin of two votes, the difference being a single first-place vote.[4]

Players from the Montreal Canadiens have won the award sixteen times; players from Boston Bruins are second with twelve winners, and the Detroit Red Wings and Edmonton Oilers have seen players win the award nine times. Joe Thornton became the first Hart Trophy winner to switch clubs during his winning campaign in 2005–06 NHL season, having played for both the Boston Bruins and San Jose Sharks that year.

The voting is conducted at the end of the regular season by members of the Professional Hockey Writers Association, and each individual voter ranks their top five candidates on a 10-7-5-3-1 points system.[5] Three finalists are named and the trophy is awarded at the NHL Awards ceremony after the playoffs.

The closest the voting for the Hart Trophy has ever come was in the 2001–02 season, when Jose Theodore and Jarome Iginla tied in the total voting. The tiebreaker for choosing the Hart Trophy winner in such a case is number of first-place votes: Theodore, who had 86 first-place votes to Iginla's 82, claimed it.[6]

In 2008, NHL.com's official online shop came under criticism after they placed a T-shirt advertising Alexander Ovechkin as the Hart winner on sale a week before the winner was revealed. A spokesperson for the NHL said "in an effort to offer our fans the merchandise they want in a timely manner following an event such as the NHL Awards, our licensees prepare product for all possible outcomes. In this situation, the link for one of the possible products became live early through an error by our e-commerce provider."[7] Ovechkin was later revealed to be the winner.

Winners

Nels Stewart, two-time winner.
Wayne Gretzky, nine-time winner.
Mario Lemieux, three-time winner.
Dominik Hasek, two-time winner.
Joe Sakic, one-time winner.
Chris Pronger, one-time winner.
Martin St. Louis, one-time winner.
Joe Thornton, one-time winner.
Sidney Crosby, one-time winner.
Alexander Ovechkin, two-time winner.
Positions key
C Centre LW Left Wing D Defence RW Right Wing G Goaltender

     Player is still active in the NHL

Season Winner Team Position Win #
1923–24 Nighbor, FrankFrank Nighbor Ottawa Senators C 1
1924–25 Burch, BillyBilly Burch Hamilton Tigers C 1
1925–26 Stewart, NelsNels Stewart Montreal Maroons C 1
1926–27 Gardiner, HerbHerb Gardiner Montreal Canadiens D 1
1927–28 Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz Montreal Canadiens C 1
1928–29 Worters, Roy "Shrimp"Roy "Shrimp" Worters New York Americans G 1
1929–30 Stewart, NelsNels Stewart Montreal Maroons C 2
1930–31 Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz Montreal Canadiens C 2
1931–32 Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz Montreal Canadiens C 3
1932–33 Shore, EddieEddie Shore Boston Bruins D 1
1933–34 Joliat, AureleAurele Joliat Montreal Canadiens LW 1
1934–35 Shore, EddieEddie Shore Boston Bruins D 2
1935–36 Shore, EddieEddie Shore Boston Bruins D 3
1936–37 Siebert, BabeBabe Siebert Montreal Canadiens D 1
1937–38 Shore, EddieEddie Shore Boston Bruins D 4
1938–39 Blake, ToeToe Blake Montreal Canadiens LW 1
1939–40 Goodfellow, EbbieEbbie Goodfellow Detroit Red Wings D 1
1940–41 Cowley, BillBill Cowley Boston Bruins C 1
1941–42 Anderson, TommyTommy Anderson Brooklyn Americans D 1
1942–43 Cowley, BillBill Cowley Boston Bruins C 2
1943–44 Pratt, BabeBabe Pratt Toronto Maple Leafs D 1
1944–45 Lach, ElmerElmer Lach Montreal Canadiens C 1
1945–46 Bentley, MaxMax Bentley Chicago Black Hawks C 1
1946–47 Richard, MauriceMaurice Richard Montreal Canadiens RW 1
1947–48 O'Connor, BuddyBuddy O'Connor New York Rangers C 1
1948–49 Abel, SidSid Abel Detroit Red Wings C 1
1949–50 Rayner, ChuckChuck Rayner New York Rangers G 1
1950–51 Schmidt, MiltMilt Schmidt Boston Bruins C 1
1951–52 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 1
1952–53 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 2
1953–54 Rollins, AlAl Rollins Chicago Black Hawks G 1
1954–55 Kennedy, TedTed Kennedy Toronto Maple Leafs C 1
1955–56 Beliveau, JeanJean Beliveau Montreal Canadiens C 1
1956–57 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 3
1957–58 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 4
1958–59 Bathgate, AndyAndy Bathgate New York Rangers RW 1
1959–60 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 5
1960–61 Geoffrion, BernieBernie Geoffrion Montreal Canadiens RW 1
1961–62 Plante, JacquesJacques Plante Montreal Canadiens G 1
1962–63 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 6
1963–64 Beliveau, JeanJean Beliveau Montreal Canadiens C 2
1964–65 Hull, BobbyBobby Hull Chicago Black Hawks LW 1
1965–66 Hull, BobbyBobby Hull Chicago Black Hawks LW 2
1966–67 Mikita, StanStan Mikita Chicago Black Hawks C 1
1967–68 Mikita, StanStan Mikita Chicago Black Hawks C 2
1968–69 Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito Boston Bruins C 1
1969–70 Orr, BobbyBobby Orr Boston Bruins D 1
1970–71 Orr, BobbyBobby Orr Boston Bruins D 2
1971–72 Orr, BobbyBobby Orr Boston Bruins D 3
1972–73 Clarke, BobbyBobby Clarke Philadelphia Flyers C 1
1973–74 Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito Boston Bruins C 2
1974–75 Clarke, BobbyBobby Clarke Philadelphia Flyers C 2
1975–76 Clarke, BobbyBobby Clarke Philadelphia Flyers C 3
1976–77 Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur Montreal Canadiens RW 1
1977–78 Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur Montreal Canadiens RW 2
1978–79 Trottier, BryanBryan Trottier New York Islanders C 1
1979–80 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 1
1980–81 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 2
1981–82 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 3
1982–83 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 4
1983–84 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 5
1984–85 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 6
1985–86 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 7
1986–87 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 8
1987–88 Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux Pittsburgh Penguins C 1
1988–89 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Los Angeles Kings C 9
1989–90 Messier, MarkMark Messier Edmonton Oilers C 1
1990–91 Hull, BrettBrett Hull St. Louis Blues RW 1
1991–92 Messier, MarkMark Messier New York Rangers C 2
1992–93 Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux Pittsburgh Penguins C 2
1993–94 Fedorov, SergeiSergei Fedorov Detroit Red Wings C 1
1994–95 Lindros, EricEric Lindros Philadelphia Flyers C 1
1995–96 Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux Pittsburgh Penguins C 3
1996–97 Hasek, DominikDominik Hasek Buffalo Sabres G 1
1997–98 Hasek, DominikDominik Hasek Buffalo Sabres G 2
1998–99 Jagr, JaromirJaromir Jagr Pittsburgh Penguins RW 1
1999–2000 Pronger, ChrisChris Pronger St. Louis Blues D 1
2000–01 Sakic, JoeJoe Sakic Colorado Avalanche C 1
2001–02 Theodore, JoseJose Theodore Montreal Canadiens G 1
2002–03 Forsberg, PeterPeter Forsberg Colorado Avalanche C 1
2003–04 St. Louis, MartinMartin St. Louis Tampa Bay Lightning RW 1
2004–05 2004–05 NHL lockout
No winner
- - -
2005–06 Thornton, JoeJoe Thornton Boston Bruins/San Jose Sharks C 1
2006–07 Crosby, SidneySidney Crosby Pittsburgh Penguins C 1
2007–08 Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin Washington Capitals LW 1
2008–09 Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin Washington Capitals LW 2

References

General
Specific

See also

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