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Haruki Kadokawa (角川 春樹 Kadokawa Haruki ?, born January 8, 1942 in Tokyo) is a Japanese publisher, film producer, director and screenwriter. He was the son of Genyoshi Kadokawa and inherited the position of president of the publishing house Kadokawa Shoten in 1975. Under his guidance, the company soon branched into film production, and by 1994 Kadokawa had produced close to 60 films, many of them box-office hits. After being forced to resign from Kadokawa Shoten in 1994 due to a smuggling conviction, he established another company, Kadokawa Haruki Corporation, that has also been involved in the publishing and film production industries.

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Early life

Haruki's father was Genyoshi Kadokawa, the founder of Japanese publishing house Kadokawa Shoten. After graduating from high school, Haruki was accepted into the literature department of Waseda University. However, with his father's influence, he was enrolled in Kokugakuin University instead. Haruki graduated in 1964 with a degree in literature and joined his father's company the next year.

Career with Kadokawa Shoten

Upon Genyoshi's death in 1975, Haruki took over as the company's president. He quickly turned the publisher's direction, changing the company that had previously been known for its serious literary and educational works into creators of popular fiction.[1]

Kadokawa soon also branched out into the film business. His goal was to try and reap synergy benefits by creating film adaptations of the publishing house's most popular books and marketing them simultaneously.[2] The company's first film was the 1976 release The Inugamis, directed by Kon Ichikawa and adopted from a Kadokawa Shoten published novel written by Seishi Yokomizo. Due to an aggressive marketing campaign, the film ended as the second-largest earner of the year in Japan.[3]

Between 1976 and 1993, Kadokawa produced close to 60 films. His company's pictures were usually large-scale epics with sizable budgets and matching advertising campaigns, aimed for mass audiences and box-office success. While critics weren't always kind on Kadokawa's works,[4] the films were consistently popular among the viewing public. By 1992, 7 out of top 20 all-time highest box-office grossing Japanese films were Kadokawa's productions.[5] During his time at Kadokawa Shoten, Haruki was often hailed as the savior of Japan's struggling film industry.[4] Kadokawa's efforts to branch into foreign markets were consistently less successful. His biggest failure came in 1992 when the 25 million US$ film Ruby Cairo starring Andie MacDowell failed to find a distributor in the United States.[6]

Kadokawa also worked as a screenwriter and a director. He made his directorial debut in 1982 with the film The Lost Hero. His most notable work was the 1990 film Heaven and Earth, whose budget of over 5 billion yen was the largest ever for a Japanese film at the time.[7]

Arrest

In 1993, Kadokawa was accused of instructing photographer Takeshi Ikeda, a close aide, to smuggle cocaine from the United States on several occasions.[4] He was charged with smuggling and embezzling money from his company in order to fund the drug purchases.[8] While Kadokawa continued to argue his innocence throughout the ordeal, in September 1994 he was convicted and handed a four-year prison sentence,[5] of which he ended up serving two and a half years.[1]

Due to the "moral embarrassment" regarding the incident the film Rex: A Dinosaur's Story, a 1994 summer blockbuster directed by Kadokawa, was pulled from theaters by Kadokawa's production company and its distribution partner, Shochiku Company.[9] Kadokawa himself was forced to resign from Kadokawa Shoten.[5] The new president was Haruki's younger brother Tsuguhiko,[5] who had previously been forced out of the company in favor of Haruki's son Taro.[10]

Later career

In 1995, Kadokawa started the Kadokawa Haruki Corporation and continued in the publishing business by purchasing the teen magazine Popteen from his old company Kadokawa Shoten. In 2005, after more than a decade away from the business, Kadokawa returned to producing films with the World War II epic Yamato.[11][1] He has since worked as an executive producer on Genghis Khan: To the Ends of the Earth and Sea and a remake of Akira Kurosawa's Sanjuro in 2007.

Other ventures

Throughout his career Kadokawa has earned a reputation for flamboyancy, not all of which stems from his large scale films and their advertising campaigns. In 1974, he built his own Shinto shrine and conducted monthly rituals there.[7] He wrote critically praised haiku and tanka poetry that was published in poetry magazines, a hobby he continued while incarcerated.[12] In 1991, Kadokawa finished building a full-size replica of Christopher Columbus' flagship Santa Maria, which sailed from Barcelona to Japan, with Kadokawa initially at the helm.[6][1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Mark Schilling (2005-12-25). "Spirits of the Yamato". The Japan Times. http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20051225x1.html. Retrieved 2008-03-30.  
  2. ^ Schilling, p. 80
  3. ^ Schilling, p. 81
  4. ^ a b c Schilling, p. 79
  5. ^ a b c d Jon Herskovitz (1997-02-28). "Hit-maker Kadokawa back in film business". Variety. http://www.variety.com/vstory/VR1117436056.html?categoryid=38&cs=1. Retrieved 2008-03-30.  
  6. ^ a b Schilling, p. 84
  7. ^ a b Schilling, p. 83
  8. ^ Schilling, p. 85
  9. ^ Cutts, Johnson, p. 222-223
  10. ^ Schilling, p. 79-80
  11. ^ Patrick Frater (2005-10-17). "Prodigal son returns: Haruki Kadokawa re-emerges to compete with his family's conglom.". Variety. http://www.mywire.com/pubs/Variety/2005/10/17/1646160?extID=10051. Retrieved 2008-03-30.  
  12. ^ Schilling, p. 83, 85

References

  • Mark Schilling (1997). The Encyclopedia of Japanese Pop Culture. Weatherhill. ISBN 978-0-8348-0380-0.  
  • Robert L. Cutts, Chalmers Johnson (1997). An Empire of Schools: Japan's Universities and the Molding of a National Power Elite. M. E. Sharpe. ISBN 1-56324-843-3.  

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