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Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Location of Hastinapur
in Uttar Pradesh and India
Coordinates 29°10′N 78°01′E / 29.17°N 78.02°E / 29.17; 78.02
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District(s) Meerut
Population 21,248 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

202 m (663 ft)

Hastinapur (Hindi: हस्‍तिनापुर,Sanskrit:हस्‍तिनापुरम्) is a town and a nagar panchayat in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Contents

History

Hastinapura was the capital of the kingdom of the Kauravas, belonging to the Kuru dynasty of kings. The throne of this city was the prize over which the Kurukshetra War of the epic Mahabharata was fought. All incidents in the epic Mahabharata have taken place in this city of Hastinapura. The first reference to Hastinapur in Hindu history comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata.

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Present day location

In the present day Hastinapura is a small town in the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh, called Hastinapur, around 37 km from Meerut and 110 km from Delhi. It is situated at 29 degree 09'31.50 degree north & 77 degree 59'19.46" east. Hastinapur is 120 km north-east of Delhi on Delhi-Meerut-Bijnore national highway no 119. The road to Hastinapur is very green with and sugarcane farms both sides. It is a small township reestablished by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on February 6, 1949. it has the population of approximately 23,000 people.

Brief history

Ancient Indian (Bharata) cities and Places(Title and location names are in English.)

Historical Details: Hastinapura = Hastin (elephant) + pura (city) = city named after the elephants. History of this place begins from the period of Mahabharata. It is also described as Gajpur, Hastinapur, Nagpur, Asandivat, Brahmasthal, Shanti Nagar and Kunjarpur etc. in Shashtras. Grandson of the emperor Asoka, king Samprati has built many temples here during his empire. The ancient temple & the stoops are not present today. Hastinapur city was located on the earlier course of the of holy river Ganga.

Excavation at Hastinapur was carried out in early 1950s, by B.B. Lal, of the Archaeological Survey of India. Although the main aim of this excavation, mentioned by Lal himself, "was to find out the stratigraphic position of the Painted Grey Ware with reference to other known ceramic industries of the early historical period"1, Lal could not resist attempting a correlation between Mahabharata, the text, and the material remains that he uncovered at Hastinapur. This exercise led him to historicize some of the traditions mentioned in the text, as well as link the appearance of the Painted Grey Ware with the arrival of the "Aryans" in upper Ganga basin areas.

Sugarcane is the main agricultural production in the area

Geography

Hastinapur is located at 29°10′N 78°01′E / 29.17°N 78.02°E / 29.17; 78.02[1]. It has an average elevation of 202 metres (662 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Hastinapur had a population of 21,248. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Hastinapur has an average literacy rate of 68%, above than the national average of 59.5%. In Hastinapur, 15% of the population is under 10 years of age.

Places of interest

Temples Digambar Jain Bada Mandir and Old Pandeshwer temple are the main and famous Temples in Hastinapur which were renovated by Gurjar king Nain Singh.

Hindu temples

Old Pandeshwer Temple is an old temple of Lord Shiva, situated in the ruins of old Hastinapur. A statue of "Kali Mata" (Goddess Kali) is situated on hillock of ruins.

A Sadhu at Hastinapur

Karan Temple is an old temple of Lord Shiva. It lies on the bank of old river of Ganga. Shivlinga inside it is said to be established by Karan, one of the main characters in the epic of Mahabharata.

=Jain temples

Jain pilgrims worshiping at Jambudweep
from the top of Kailash Parwat
Kailash Parwat

Hastinapur is considered to be one of the most beautiful Jain pilgrimage sites in India. There are more than a dozen Jain temples in Hastinapur. The simplicity in architecture may remind one that Jainism has always encouraged honesty and frugality. The Jains built some beautiful temples here, some people believe that none come close to Jain temples in India in terms of architectural perfection.

Bada Mandir: Acharya (teacher) of Kharatargatchh Shri Jinchandrasuriji has described four stoops (pillars) at the time of his visit in VS 1627. Muni Shri Soubhagya Vijayji has visited this place in 18th century of VS and described about three stoops (pillars). The Shwetambar temple is renovated recently & the re-establishment (pratishtha) took place on Margshirsh Shukla 10 of VS 2021. Re-establishment (pratishtha) of Digambar temple took place in VS 1863.

Most of the temples in the area are designed according to ancient Vedic texts known as the Sthapatya-Shastra, it features a blend of architectural styles from across India. Within the monument, under the central dome, there is an image of Bhagwan. Other temples are constructed from Rajasthani pink sandstone and white marble with steel and concrete. For the people who come to perform puja here, there are facilities to bathe and get ready.

Jambudweep is about 24 meter tall structure amidst the group of temples.

Lotus temple is a small temple in the courtyard of Jambudweep. It is a House of Worship, popularly known as the Lotus Temple, is a Jain House of Worship and also a prominent attraction in Hastinapur. It was completed in 1989.

Kailash Parwat's main building at the centre of the complex is a 141-foot (43 m)-high monument. Its height and location on the banks of the ravine of the once flowing river Ganges makes its presence felt from afar, and has ornamental detail spreading over the minutely carved ceilings, doorways, pillars and panels. Part of it is still under construction.

Ashtapad is the tallest structure of district Meerut; it is under construction. It is to be 151 feet tall temple. It has been completed and Maha pratishtha took place on 2 December 2009 under nishra of Gachhadipati Acharya Nityanand Surishwerji. Jain shwetamber followers describe this temple's structure as the best in the world.

Nishiaji is the ashram of great saint in Jain religion.

Other cultural programs are held time to time in Hastinapur like Maa Durga Pooja, Kartik Purnima fair and some others organised by NGO's and tourism department time to time.

References


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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