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Hatillo, Puerto Rico

Flag
Nickname(s): El Pueblo sin Sopa", "Capital De La Industria Lechera"' "Hatillo Del Corazón De Riego", "Tierra de Campos Verdes", "Los Ganaderos
Location of Hatillo, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico.
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded June 30, 1823
Government
 - Mayor José Rodríguez (PPD)
 - Senatorial dist. 3 - Arecibo
 - Representative dist. 15
Area
 - Total 58.7 sq mi (152.10 km2)
 - Land 41.8 sq mi (108.22 km2)
 - Water 16.9 sq mi (43.88 km2)
Population (2006)
 - Total 42,483
 - Density 1,030/sq mi (397.7/km2)
 - Gentilic Hatillanos
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Anthem - "De un mar azul en el Atlántico"

Hatillo (pronounced [aˈt̪iʝo]) is a municipality located on Puerto Rico's north coast, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Lares and Utuado to the south, Camuy to the west, and Arecibo to the east. According to the 2000 US Census Hatillo is spread over 9 wards and Hatillo Pueblo (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Don Agustín Ruiz Miranda and Canarian immigrants founded Hatillo on approximately ten "cuerdas" (a cuerda is less than an acre) in 1823. Miranda granted these cuerdas on the condition that public buildings be erected and wide streets be built, and that the remaining land be sold or used for homes.

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Flag

The flag consists of three broad stripes - Blue, Yellow and Green. Blue represents the sea, yellow represents the material and artistic wealth of the town, and green represents the vegetation of its fields in all its territorial extension.

Coat of Arms

On top of the shield is a gold crown with three towers over a silver field a Custard Apple tree (annona reticulata) and a field with two cows in gold which is over eight blue and silver-plated waves. At the center is a shield of "La Orden del Carmen". Under the shield the motto is inscribed, Hatillo Del Corazón.

Barrios (Districts/Wards)[1]

  • Aibonito
  • Bayaney
  • Buena Vista
  • Campo Alegre
  • Capáez
  • Carrizales
  • Corcovado
  • Hatillo
  • Naranjito

Geo/Topography

Camuy River

Economy

Agriculture

Today, Hatillo is the major producer of milk on the island and produces a third of the milk consumed in Puerto Rico.

Business

Plaza del Norte is a shopping mall located in the barrio of Carrizales.

Tourism

Hatillo, along with Camuy and Lares are known for the Parque de las Cavernas del Río Camuy, a large network of natural limestone caves and underground waterways. Cueva Clara (main attraction of the park), Cueva de Empalme and a portion of the Tres Pueblos Sinkhole among other features are inside Bayaney, Hatillo. The cave system was first documented in the 1973 book Discovery At The Rio Camuy (ISBN 0-517-50594-0) by Russell and Jeanne Gurnee. The park built around the cave system features tours of some of the caves, and is one of the most popular natural attractions in Puerto Rico. The caverns were created by the Río Camuy. Other attraction is the Sardinera beach.

Landmarks and places of interest

  • Antigua Central Bayaney
  • Casa De Playa Country Inn
  • Colonial Walk
  • Paseo del Carmen
  • Francisco Deida Méndez Stadium
  • Hacienda Santa Rosa Ruins
  • Hatillo Caverns
  • José Antonio Monrouzeau Theater
  • Grand Family Park Mar Azul Urbanization
  • Family Park Hatillo del Mar Urbanization
  • La Marina
  • Los Ilustres Park
  • Pagan Caverns
  • Parish
  • Plaza del Norte Mall
  • Robinson Schoolhouse
  • Sardinera Beach
  • Trapiche de Santa Rosa

Festivals and events

  • "Las Tradicionales" Hatillo Mask Festival - The Mask Festival began in 1823, and was imported by the immigrants from the Canary Islands, where the traditional festival originated. The early tradition of the festival required that the male population dress as women and they would visit each residence where the owners would offer them food and drinks. Currently the festival is celebrated every year on December 28th. The Masks are fashioned and based on the biblical story of King Heron. The costumes used are very elaborate and the Masks represent the soldiers which were sent by the King to kill all the innocent children of Israel. The festival, however is presented in humor and said soldiers only joke around and ride on chariots.
  • Truco (card game) - all year
  • Fiestas de la Cruz - May
  • Festival de la Caña de Azucar- June; Very colorful and informative historical festival depicts how SugarCane was cultivated and Transported all around the island mostly on coastal towns from late 19th century thru the 1960's. How the Puertorican "Jibaro" worked the land to support his family from sunrise to sunset.
  • San Juan Day - June
  • Matron Celebration - July; Its patron saint is Our lady of Mount Carmel. known as Virgen del Carmen. The patron saint festivities are held during the first 2 weeks of July and always includes the 16th of July in its weeks. The 16th of July is the Virgin of Carmel day, and it is celebrated with great pride and devotion still today. The day of the Virgin, La Patrona, is a very special day on our town with several all- day masses starting at 5 am with lots of penitents and favored-ones of the Patrona. Many people come every year for the High Mass at 3 pm. This mass includes the special procession and carriage of the venerated statue of the virgin through all the town center streets, and a special "trip" over to the near ocean shore by the local fishermen on their traditional boats known as "Yolas", because Our Lady Of Carmel is the Patron Saint of fishermen and it is a special devotion for our city.
  • Festival Típico del Cooperativismo - October
  • Festival de las Máscaras - 28 December (colorful mask festival)
  • Typical Festivities - December

There is a Tradition each year on the 28th of December which is known as the Máscaras (Masks) of Hatillo. This Tradition dates back to 1823, when the town of Hatillo was founded. This Tradition came with settlers from the Canary Islands. The meaning of this tradition is the Holy Innocents, or Santos Inocentes: the first martyrs of Christian faith from Matthew's story in which small children were killed by Herod in an unsuccessful attempt to kill Jesus. It is a very special day with lots of fun and a large meeting of Mascaras: masked men and women of all ages, who wear costumes according to tradition, typically covered from head to toe, and parade through their town and nearby towns all day, making jokes and having fun, followed by a large multiple, and celebrated procession through all the town and nearby town's neighborhoods, and ending at the Hatillo town center. It is a multi-dynamic and wonderful experience for everyone in Hatillo and nearby towns. This special tradition came from the Canary Islands, the main place from Spain where the Hatillo, Camuy, and nearby town's Spanish immigrants arrived, mainly in the 1800s. Many of the native people of Hatillo, Camuy, Arecibo, and several nearby towns are proud to call themselves "Isleños", or people descendant from the Canary Island's immigrants.

The transportation to the events was traditionally on horseback, with still a few still doing it today, however, in more modern events the Jeep (carefully decorated to match the riders colors and costumes) and the "Carroza" (a homemade long cart with a long crankshaft and wheel, equally decorated) are used. You can usually see groups of riders that can be a few dozen to groups of 100+ marching all around the town with their "carrozas" equipped with loud speakers, air horns, bright lights and typical music playing. They make frequent stops at homes and stores making pranks and asking for "offerings". Usually food, drinks or money. Usually around mid-day the groups of riders (Usually with names that start with "Los" [name] Ex. Los Conservadores MEANING The Conservatives) head themselves to the center of the town for a parade and an award ceremony for best outfit, best sound, best "carroza" and others.

Sadly, in recent years the event have been controversial with several riders found drunk, getting into fights, harassing people, causing heavy traffic and several other riders getting hurt or even killed (falling from the jeep or carroza after being shaken by his own members) prompting police and government agents to create heavier fines for disorderly conduct or not having his/her carroza registered as a special event vehicle. Such fines can include the impound of the vehicle and even arrest.

References

External links

Coordinates: 18°29′11″N 66°49′32″W / 18.48639°N 66.82556°W / 18.48639; -66.82556


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