Hatred: Wikis

  
  

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Hatred (or hate) is an intense feeling of dislike. It may occur in a wide variety of contexts, from hatred of inanimate objects or animals, to hatred of other people, entire groups of people, people in general, existence, or everything; themselves (misanthropy; self-loathing).

Contents

Philosophical views

Philosophers have offered many influential definitions of hatred. René Descartes viewed hate as an awareness that something is bad combined with an urge to withdraw from it. Baruch Spinoza defined hate as a type of pain that is due to an external cause. Aristotle viewed hate as a desire for the annihilation of an object that is incurable by time. Finally, David Hume believed that hate is an irreducible feeling that is not definable at all.[1]

Psychological views

In psychology, Sigmund Freud defined hate as an ego state that wishes to destroy the source of its unhappiness.[2] More recently, the Penguin Dictionary of Psychology defines hate as a "deep, enduring, intense emotion expressing animosity, anger, and hostility towards a person, group, or object."[3] Because hatred is believed to be long-lasting, many psychologists consider it to be more of an attitude or disposition than a temporary emotional state.

Neurological research

The neural correlates of hate have been investigated with an fMRI procedure. In this experiment, people had their brains scanned while viewing pictures of people they hated. The results showed increased activity in the medial frontal gyrus, right putamen, bilaterally in the premotor cortex, in the frontal pole, and bilaterally in the medial insula of the human brain. The researchers concluded that there is a distinct pattern of brain activity that occurs when people are experiencing hatred.[4]

Legal issues

A hate crime (also known as a "bias-motivated crime") generally refers to criminal acts which are seen to have been motivated by hatred of one or more of the listed conditions. Incidents may involve physical assault, damage to property, bullying, harassment, verbal abuse or insults, or offensive graffiti or letters (hate mail).[5] Those who commit hate crimes target victims because of their perceived membership in a certain social group, usually defined by racial group, religion, sexual orientation, disability, class, ethnicity, nationality, age, gender, gender identity, or political affiliation.[6]

Hate speech is speech perceived to disparage a person or group of people based on their social or ethnic group,[7] such as race, gender, age, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, language ability, ideology, social class, occupation, appearance (height, weight, skin color, etc.), mental capacity, and any other distinction that might be considered by some as a liability. The term covers written as well as oral communication and some forms of behaviors in a public setting. It is also sometimes called antilocution and is the first point on Allport's scale which measures prejudice in a society. In many countries, deliberate use of hate speech is a criminal offence prohibited under incitement to hatred legislation.

See also

References

  1. ^ Royzman, E. B., Drake , C. & [Michael Jackson], P. (2005). From Plato to Putnam: Four ways to think about hate. In The Psychology of Hate by Sternberg, R.
  2. ^ Freud, S. (1915). The instincts and their vicissitudes.
  3. ^ Reber, A.S., & Reber, E. (2002). The Penguin dictionary of psychology. New York: Penguin Books.
  4. ^ Zeki, S.; Romaya, J.P. (October 2008). "Neural Correlates of Hate". PLoS ONE 3 (10): e3556. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003556. http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0003556;jsessionid=0C68BB34FD6B6212E02B082F9B250990. 
  5. ^ Hate crime, Home Office
  6. ^ Stotzer, R.: Comparison of Hate Crime Rates Across Protected and Unprotected Groups, Williams Institute, 2007–06. Retrieved on 2007-08-09.
  7. ^ Dictionary.com: Hate speech

Further reading

  • The Psychology of Hate by Robert Sternberg (Ed.)
  • Hatred: The Psychological Descent into Violence by Willard Gaylin
  • Why We Hate by Jack Levin
  • The Big Bash Theory by Waqas Bashir
  • The Psychology of Good and Evil: Why Children, Adults, and Groups Help and Harm Others by Ervin Staub
  • Prisoners of Hate: The Cognitive Basis of Anger, Hostility, and Violence by Aaron T. Beck
  • Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing by James Waller

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Hate article)

From Wikiquote

This page is for quotations on Hatred.

Sourced

  • If you hate a person, you hate something in him that is a part of yourself. What isn't part of ourselves doesn't disturb us.
  • Hatred is a vice of narrow souls; they feed it with all their meanness, and make it a pretext for sordid tyranny.
  • The passion of hatred is so durable and so inveterate that the surest prognostic of death in a sick man is a wish for reconciliation.
    • Les haines sont si longues et si opiniâtres que le plus grand signe de mort dans un homme malade, c'est la réconciliation
    • Jean de La Bruyère Les Caractères (1688) De l'Homme 108
  • Now hatred is by far the longest pleasure;
    men love in haste but they detest at leisure.
  • We hate some persons because we do not know them; and we will not know them because we hate them.
  • La haine, c'est la colère des faibles!
    • Hatred is the anger of the weak.
    • Alphonse Daudet, Lettres de mon Moulin (1869; repr. Paris: Alphonse Lemerre, 1882) p. 19; John P. Macgregor (trans.) Letters from My Mill (New York: Taplinger, 1967) p. 18.
  • Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that. Hate multiplies hate, violence multiplies violence, and toughness multiplies toughness in a descending spiral of destruction ... The chain reaction of evil — hate begetting hate, wars producing more wars — must be broken, or we shall be plunged into the dark abyss of annihilation.
  • Hatred paralyzes life; love releases it. Hatred confuses life; love harmonizes it. Hatred darkens life; love illumines it
  • Like an unchecked cancer, hate corrodes the personality and eats away its vital unity. Hate destroys a man's sense of values and his objectivity. It causes him to describe the beautiful as ugly and the ugly as beautiful, and to confuse the true with the false and the false with the true. Power at its best is love implementing the demands of justice. Justice at its best is love correcting everything that stands against love.
  • Why only hate? Where does love remain? Or at least a little decency toward other people? Exactly the same as we behaved against the Jews, we now wish to do against all other people who are in our way, to smash, crush - yes, even exterminate.
  • When our hatred is too keen it places us beneath those we hate.
    • La Rochefoucauld Reflections; or Sentences and Moral Maxims (1665–1678) maxim 348
  • There's nothing in this world so sweet as love,
    And next to love the sweetest thing is hate!
  • If you hate your enemies, you will contract such a vicious habit of mind, as by degrees will break out upon those who are your friends, or those who are indifferent to you.
    • Joseph Addison The Spectator Tuesday 24 July, 1711, No. 125 said to be a quote from Plutarch probably a summary of the views in On the Advantage to Be Derived from One's Enemies
  • Hatred, as well as love, renders its votaries credulous.
  • The worst sin towards our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them: that's the essence of inhumanity.
    • G.B. Shaw The Devil's Disciple, Act II (1901)
  • It is the nature of the human disposition to hate him whom you have injured.
    • Proprium humani ingenii est odisse quem laeseris
    • Tacitus Agricola Book I Chapter 42
  • I would permit no man, no matter what his colour might be, to narrow and degrade my soul by making me hate him.
  • Hate your enemy with a whole heart, and if a man smite you on one cheek, SMASH him on the other!
  • I will tell you what to hate. Hate hypocrisy, hate cant, hate indolence, oppression, injustice; hate Pharisaism; hate them as Christ hated them — with a deep, living, godlike hatred.

Unsourced

  • Fear leads to Anger, Anger leads to Hate, Hate leads to Suffering.
  • Oh, you hate your job? Why didn't you say so? There's a support group for that. It's called EVERYBODY, and they meet at the bar.
  • Learn to think in positive affirmations. Affirmations are any statements you make. Too often we think in negative affirmations. Negative affirmations only create more of what you say you don't want. Saying, I hate my job, will get you nowhere. Declaring, I now accept a wonderful new job, will open the channels in your consciousness to create that.
  • Hate heals, you should try it sometime.
  • Hate is like fire; it burns those who hold it.
  • Hate is a cancer that spreads one cell at a time.
  • I totally hate Broccoli
    • George H W Bush
  • The hatred we bear our enemies injures their happiness less than our own.
    • J. Petit-Senn
  • People that hate cats will come back as mice in their next life.
  • The hatred of persons related to each other is the most violent.
  • The native american grandfather tells his grandson that there are two wolves inside of him, fighting for control. One wolf, is the wolf of love, peace, and kindness. The other wolf is a wolf of greed, hatred, and corruption. The grandson asks "Which wolf will win?" The grandfather replies "Whichever wolf I feed."
    • Native American proverb
  • When you hate someone, the only person you are hurting is yourself
  • Hate is something everyone can do cheaply on the “never-never”.
  • There really is only one question about the future of civilization: Which is stronger love or hate? If the answer is hate we are all doomed.
  • Love is a word
    That is constantly heard
    Hate is a word
    that is not
    Love, I am told
    Is more precious than gold
    Love, I have heard
    Is hot
    But hate is the verb
    That to me is superb
    And love, just a drug
    On the mart
    For any kiddie from school
    Can love like a fool
    But hating, my boy
    Is an art

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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


among the works of the flesh (Gal. 5:20). Altogether different is the meaning of the word in Deut. 21:15; Matt. 6:24; Luke 14:26; Rom. 9:13, where it denotes only a less degree of love.

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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Simple English

Hate or hatred is an emotion of very strong dislike for someone or something. It is a desire to avoid, restrict, remove, or destroy that person or thing. It is often thought the opposite of love.

Sigmund Freud said that hatred was a selfish feeling that wishes to get rid of whatever is making that person unhappy.[1] The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology says that hate is a "deep, enduring (long-lasting), intense emotion expressing animosity, anger, and hostility towards a person, group, or object."[2]

References

  1. Freud, S. (1915). The instincts and their vicissitudes.
  2. Reber, A.S., & Reber, E. (2002). The Penguin dictionary of psychology. New York: Penguin Books.

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