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Have Gun — Will Travel
Genre Western
Created by Sam Rolfe
Herb Meadow
Directed by Andrew McLaglen
Sam Peckinpah
Lamont Johnson
Ida Lupino
Richard Boone
others
Starring Richard Boone
Kam Tong
Opening theme composed by
Bernard Herrmann
Ending theme "Ballad of Paladin" composed by
Johnny Western
Richard Boone
Sam Rolfe
performed by
Johnny Western
Country of origin  United States
Language(s) English
No. of seasons 6
No. of episodes 225
Production
Producer(s) Julian Claman
Sam Rolfe
Running time 30 mins.
Production company(s) CBS Television
Filmaster Productions
Broadcast
Original channel CBS
Original run September 14, 1957 – April 20, 1963

Have Gun — Will Travel is an American Western television series that aired on CBS from 1957 through 1963. It was rated either number three or number four in the Nielsen ratings during each year of its first four seasons.[1] It was one of the few television shows to spawn a successful radio version. The radio series debuted November 23, 1958. Have Gun — Will Travel was created by Sam Rolfe and Herb Meadow and produced by Frank Pierson, Don Ingalls, Robert Sparks, and Julian Claman. There were 225 episodes of the TV series (several were written by Gene Roddenberry), of which 101 were directed by Andrew V. McLaglen[2][3] and 19 were directed by the series star Richard Boone.

Contents

Title

The title was a catchphrase used in personal advertisements in newspapers like The Times, indicating that the advertiser was ready-for-anything. It was used in this way from the early 1900s.[4] A form common in theatrical advertising was "Have tux, will travel" and this was the inspiration for the writer Herb Meadow. The TV show popularised the phrase in the sixties and many variations of it were used as titles for other works such as Have Space Suit, Will Travel by Robert Heinlein.[5]

Characters

Paladin

Richard Boone as Paladin

The show followed the adventures of Paladin, a gentleman gunfighter (played by Richard Boone on television, and by John Dehner on radio), who preferred to settle problems without violence, yet, when forced to fight, excelled. Paladin lived in the Carlton Hotel in San Francisco, where he dressed in formal attire, ate gourmet food, and attended the opera. In fact, many who met him initially mistook him for a dandy from the East. When working, he dressed in black, used calling cards, wore a holster that carried a characteristic chess knight emblem, and carried a derringer under his belt.

The knight symbol is in reference to his name — possibly a nickname or working name — and his occupation as a champion-for-hire (see Paladin). The theme song of the series refers to him as "a knight without armor." In addition, Paladin drew a parallel between his methods and the chess piece's movement: "It's a chess piece, the most versatile on the board. It can move in eight different directions, over obstacles, and it's always unexpected."

Paladin was a former Army officer and a graduate of West Point. He was a polyglot, capable of speaking any foreign tongue required by the plot. He also had a thorough knowledge of ancient history and classical literature, and he exhibited a strong passion for legal principles and the rule of law. Paladin was also a world traveler. His exploits included an 1857 visit to India, where he had won the respect of the natives as a hunter of man-eating tigers.

Paladin — whose real name was never revealed — took on his role by happenstance, a backplot revealed in the first episode of the final season. To pay off a gambling IOU, he was forced to hunt down and kill a mysterious gunman named Smoke, who was played by Boone himself without his mustache and with grey-white hair. Smoke gave the Paladin character his nickname, facetiously calling him "a noble paladin." The question turned out to be doubly ironic, as Smoke revealed in his death scene that he was not a criminal gunfighter, but protected the nearby town from the man who had sent Paladin. Paladin adopted Smoke's black costume and confronted the other man when he arrived. It was implied that Paladin killed him. The episode was unusually allegorical and mythical for a popular Western in 1962.[citation needed]

Paladin charged steep fees for his services — typically a thousand dollars a job. His primary weapon was a custom-made, .45 caliber Colt Single Action Army revolver[6] that was perfectly balanced and of excellent craftsmanship. It had a one-ounce trigger pull and a rifled barrel.[7]

This calling card was the identifying graphic of the Have Gun — Will Travel series.

The lever-action Winchester rifle strapped to his horse's saddle was rarely used, but the horsehead insignia embossed on that rifle's stock suggests that this weapon was as meticulously crafted as the six-shooter. The derringer ( a double barrel Remington in most episodes, a single barrel Colt in some) that Paladin hid under his belt had saved his life numerous times. It drew a primal comparison to an "extra" advantage weapon so typical of the arsenal of gadgets James Bond availed for an extra edge. Paladin's intuitive sense of chess-like strategy often anticipating moves ahead of his adversary and backing it up with formidable skills in all areas of personal combat, plus his epicurean tastes and implied lust for women (when relaxing in San Francisco) made him very much a "James Bond" of the old west. Ever a man of refinement, Paladin even carried a few expensive cigars in his boot when out on adventure.

In the final episode of the radio show, Paladin returns to the East to claim a family inheritance. In the 1972-1974 series Hec Ramsey, set at the end of the 19th century, Boone stars as an older former gunfighter turned early forensic criminologist. It is not true that Ramsey at one point says in his younger days as a gunfighter he had worked under the name Paladin. The origin of this myth is that Boone stated in an interview that "Hec Ramsey is Paladin — only fatter." Naturally, he merely meant that the characters had certain similarities: Ramsey was practically buffoonish compared to the erudite Paladin.

Paladin's great advantage over adversaries was not his impressive equipment, or his ability as a marksman (superior as this was). Paladin's edge was his rich education; he had an infallible ability to relate ancient antecedents to his current situations. When the enemy was surrounding him, Paladin could usually make some insightful quip about General Marcellus and the siege of Syracuse or something similar, and then use this insight to his advantage. Burying a rancher killed by Indians, he recited John Donne's "Death Be Not Proud" above the grave. A male role model who memorized poetry was unique in a 1950s television series. Like a chess master, he sought control of the board through superior position, and usually killed only as a last resort.

Hey Boy and Hey Girl

The one other major semi-regular character in the show was the Chinese bellhop at the Carlton Hotel, known as Hey Boy. Hey Boy was played by Kam Tong. According to author and historian Martin Grams, Jr., the character of Hey Boy was featured in all but the fourth of the show's six seasons, with the character of Hey Girl, played by Lisa Lu, replacing Hey Boy for season four while Kam Tong pursued a career with another television series.[2]

In the 1957 episode "Hey Boy's Revenge," Lu appears playing Hey Boy's sister, Kim Li. In that episode, the audience also learns that Hey Boy's name is Kim Chan. In another episode from the first season, "The Singer", Hey Boy responds to a stranger who addresses him with "Hey you!" by annoyedly responding that it is "Hey Boy" and not "Hey you."

Notable guest stars

Guest stars included:

Theme songs

The program's opening theme song was composed and conducted by Bernard Herrmann. Its closing theme song, "Ballad of Paladin", was written by Johnny Western, Richard Boone, and Sam Rolfe, and was performed by Western.

Historical setting

Like many TV westerns, the television show was set during a nebulous period after the Civil War. Based on several episodes, Paladin had served in the cavalry during that war, about 12 years previously, and the episode "The Fifth Man" (5-30-1959) was clearly set during 1875 (the introduction to episodes of the radio version explicitly states the year 1875, as well). On the other hand, the episode of 5-16-1959 ("Comanche") was set during 1876, as it ends with Paladin surveying the aftermath of Custer's Last Stand (Battle of the Little Big Horn), and the episode of 12-6-58 ("The Ballad of Oscar Wilde") takes place during Oscar Wilde's tour of America in 1882.

Awards

The television show was nominated for three Emmy Awards. These were for Best Actor in a Leading Role (Continuing Character) in a Dramatic Series for Richard Boone (1959); Best Western Series (1959); and Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Series (Lead or Support), for Richard Boone (1960).[3]

Radio show

The Have Gun — Will Travel radio show broadcast 106 episodes on CBS between November 23, 1958, and November 22, 1960. It was one of the last radio dramas featuring continuing characters. John Dehner (a regular on the radio series version of Gunsmoke) played Paladin and Ben Wright usually (but not always) played Hey Boy. Virginia Gregg played the role of Miss Wong, Hey Boy's girl friend, before the television series began featuring the character of Hey Girl. Unlike the small screen version, in this medium there was usually a tag scene back at the Carlton at both the beginning and the end of the episode. Initially, the episodes were adaptations of the television program as broadcast earlier the same week, but eventually original stories were produced, including a finale ("Goodbye, Paladin") in which Paladin left San Francisco, apparently forever, to claim an inheritance back East. The radio version of the show was written by producer/writer Roy Winsor.[citation needed]

Books

There were three novels based on the television show, all with the same title as the show. The first was a hardback written for children, published by Whitman in 1959 as part of a series of novelizations of television shows. It was written by Barlow Meyers and illustrated by Nichols S. Firfires. The second was a 1960 paperback original, written for adults by Noel Lomis. The last book called A Man Called Paladin, written by Frank C. Robertson and published in 1963 by Collier-Macmillan in both hardback and paperback, is based on the television original episode, "Genesis," by Frank Rolfe. This novel is the only source where a name is given to the Paladin character, Clay Alexander, but fans of the series do not consider this name canonical. Dell Comics published a number of comic books with original stories based on the television series.

In 2001, a trade paperback book titled The Have Gun — Will Travel Companion was published, documenting the history of the radio and television series. The 500-page book was authored by Martin Grams, Jr. and Les Rayburn.

Writers

Many of the writers who worked on Have Gun — Will Travel went on to gain fame elsewhere. Gene Roddenberry created Star Trek, Bruce Geller created Mission: Impossible, and Harry Julian Fink is one of the writers who created Dirty Harry. Sam Peckinpah wrote one episode which aired in 1958. Both Star Trek and Mission: Impossible were produced by Desilu Productions and later Paramount Television, which also now owns the rights to Have Gun — Will Travel.

Film

In 1997 it was announced that a movie version of the television series would be made. John Travolta was named as a possible star in the Warner Bros. production scripted by Larry Ferguson and to be directed by The Fugitive director Andrew Davis.[8] However, the film was not made.

In 2006, there were reports of a possible Have Gun — Will Travel movie starring Eminem with a possible release date of 2008, although that was later changed to 2010.[9] Paramount Pictures extended an 18-month option on the television series, and planned to transform the character of Paladin into a modern-day bounty hunter. Eminem was also expected to work on the soundtrack.[10]

Home video and DVD

All of the episodes were released on VHS by Columbia House. As of December 2009, only the first three seasons were available on DVD. CBS/Paramount has announced that the first half of Season 4 will be released on DVD on March 2, 2010.[11]

Note: In the second season DVD, two of the episodes are mislabeled. On disk three, the episode titled "Treasure Trail" is actually "Hunt the Man Down", and on disk four, "Hunt the Man Down" is "Treasure Trail"; the "Wire Paladin" in each case refers to the other episode.

The real Paladin?

In April 1974, a Portuguese cowboy from Rhode Island named Victor DeCosta won a federal court judgment in his second suit against CBS for trademark infringement, a decision supporting his claim that he had created both the Paladin character and some concepts seen in the series.[12]

Popular culture

  • "The Ballad of Palindrome" is a 1998 spoof performed by the theme song's original singer, Johnny Western. "There are campfire legends that the plainsmen spin, of a man who was nothing like Paladin. Couldn't ride, couldn't shoot, but he won his fame, because everything he said, said backward, was the same."
  • In a scene in Stand By Me, the main characters sing the show's closing theme song. This scene is partially recreated in a scene in an episode of Family Guy.
  • Have Gun — Will Travel is one of many westerns mentioned in the Olympics' 1958 hit song "Western Movies".
  • The 1962 Tom and Jerry cartoon Tall in the Trap (directed by Gene Deitch) was a parody of Have Gun – Will Travel.
  • In an episode of The Richard Boone Show (1963) called A Tough Man to Kill Richard Boone played a modern day Paladin type. This was apparently an homage to the show's original concept.
  • A feature of Frank Zappa's 1970 tour's performances was the "Paladin Routine", a brief improvised comedy sketch based on the Have Gun – Will Travel characters, culminating in a vocalization of the music from the series' opening credit sequence. One such performance is documented on the bootleg album Freaks & Motherfu*#@%! (later released as part of Beat the Boots).
  • The Norma Jean song "ShaunLuu" has lyrics at the end, "have gun, will travel."
  • Megadeth has a song entitled "Have Cool, Will Travel" on their Cryptic Writings album.
  • The webcomic series High Moon was influenced by the radio series, Have Gun — Will Travel.[13]
  • In the game Kane & Lynch: Dead Men by Eidos and IO Interactive, three achievements for the Xbox 360 and PC version are named after the show.
  • The closing song on The Audition's second album, Champion, is entitled "Have Gun, Will Travel".
  • The title of the show appears in Tim O'Brien's short story "The Things They Carried."
  • The hit song by At the Drive-In "Quarantine" (off of their breakthrough album Relationship of Command) includes the refrain, "Have trigger — will travel"
  • "Have Love, Will Travel" is a 1959 song written and recorded by Richard Berry.
  • Lee Tillman, an R&B singer from Baton Rouge, once recorded a song called "Have Gun-Will Travel," during the TV program's run.
  • Yacht delivery captain John Wampler uses "Have Yacht? Will Travel" along with a chess knight piece as his business logo.
  • In the Red Dwarf episode "Gunmen of the Apocalypse" (which is set in a virtual wild west) the antagonist Death uses the line "have infection will travel" in reference to a computer virus.

Listen to

Bibliography

  • The Have Gun — Will Travel Companion by Martin Grams, Jr. and Les Rayburn. OTR Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-9703310-0-2

References/source

  1. ^ ""Richard Boone"". http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/B/htmlB/boonerichar/boonerichar.htm. 
  2. ^ a b The Museum of Broadcast Communications (Encyclopedia of Television) — Have Gun, Will Travel by Peter Orlick
  3. ^ a b ""Have Gun — Will Travel". http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0050025. 
  4. ^ Eric Partridge, Paul Beale, A dictionary of catch phrases: British and American, from the sixteenth century to the present day, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Nm3jbg0JalMC&pg=PT199 
  5. ^ J. Daniel Gifford (2000), Robert A. Heinlein: a reader's companion‎, p. 98 
  6. ^ TV Acres
  7. ^ Movie City News: Have Gun — Will Travel (In the course of the series, the trigger pull weight was given as both one and two ounces. In the first show, "one ounce" is stated. In the episode Julia, "two ounces" is given.)
  8. ^ Michael Fleming (1997-05-15). ""Krane Takes Bull by Horns"". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117341748.html?categoryid=3&cs=1. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  9. ^ "Have Gun — Will Travel". The Internet Movie Database. 2007-07-23. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0816522. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  10. ^ "Eminem to star in Have Gun - Will Travel film remake". CBC News. 2006-06-14. http://www.cbc.ca/arts/story/2006/06/14/eminem-havegun-remake.html. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  11. ^ http://www.tvshowsondvd.com/news/Gun-Travel-Season-4-Volume-1/13110
  12. ^ Time, April 29, 1974.
  13. ^ David Gallaher (2007-10-27). "HIGH MOON: Back Cover of My Notebook Sketch". http://high-moon.blogspot.com/2007/10/high-moon-back-cover-of-my-notebook.html. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 

External links








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